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Handbook Of Industrial Crystallization

Author : Allan S. Myerson
ISBN : 0521196183
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 71. 88 MB
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Learn from the experts about industrial crystallization in this third edition of a widely regarded classic that has been completely revised to reflect the latest developments in the field. New chapters on crystal nucleation, molecular modelling application, and precipitation and crystallization of pigments and dyes are included, as well as completely revised chapters on crystallization of proteins, crystallizer selection and design, control of crystallization processes, and process analytical technology. Richly illustrated with 150 new diagrams and photographs, and with dozens of practical hands-on examples, this is an ideal introduction for newcomers, and serves as an excellent reference for experienced professionals covering aspects of industrial crystallization in a single, complete volume.

Handbook Of Industrial Crystallization

Author : Allan Myerson
ISBN : 0080533515
Genre : Science
File Size : 23. 97 MB
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Crystallization is an important separation and purification process used in industries ranging from bulk commodity chemicals to specialty chemicals and pharmaceuticals. In recent years, a number of environmental applications have also come to rely on crystallization in waste treatment and recycling processes. The authors provide an introduction to the field of newcomers and a reference to those involved in the various aspects of industrial crystallization. It is a complete volume covering all aspects of industrial crystallization, including material related to both fundamentals and applications. This new edition presents detailed material on crystallization of biomolecules, precipitation, impurity-crystal interactions, solubility, and design. Provides an ideal introduction for industrial crystallization newcomers Serves as a worthwhile reference to anyone involved in the field Covers all aspects of industrial crystallization in a single, complete volume

14th International Symposium On Industrial Crystallization

Author :
ISBN : 9780852954249
Genre : Science
File Size : 44. 6 MB
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This conference provides a forum for discussion of the advances in the theory and practice of crystallization as it relates to the production of bulk crystalline materials.

Crystallization Technology Handbook

Author : A. Mersmann
ISBN : 9780824745110
Genre : Science
File Size : 40. 77 MB
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This handbook seeks to facilitate the selection, design and operation of large-scale industrial crystallizers that process crystals with the proper size distribution, shape and purity sought. This second edition offers results on direct-contact cooling crystallization.

Industrial Crystallization Process Monitoring And Control

Author : Angelo Chianese
ISBN : 9783527331734
Genre : Science
File Size : 57. 82 MB
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Crystallization is an important technique for separation and purification of substances as well as for product design in chemical, pharmaceutical and biotechnological process industries. This ready reference and handbook draws on research work and industrial practice of a large group of experts in the various areas of industrial crystallization processes, capturing the essence of current trends, the markets, design tools and technologies in this key field. Along the way, it outlines trouble free production, provides laboratory controls, analyses case studies and discusses new challenges. First the instrumentation and techniques used to measure the crystal size distribution, the nucleation and solubility points, and the chemical composition of the solid and liquid phase are outlined. Then the main techniques adopted to control industrial crystallizers, starting from fundamental approaches to the most advanced ones, including the multivariable predictive control are described. An overview of the main crystallizer types is given with details of the main control schemes adopted in industry as well as the more suitable sensors and actuators.

Industrial Crystallization

Author : Alison Lewis
ISBN : 9781107052154
Genre : Science
File Size : 44. 64 MB
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A comprehensive overview of industrial crystallization, its theory and practice, including recent advances, real world case studies, and worked examples.

Advances In Industrial Crystallization

Author : Heike Lorenz
ISBN : 9783036503301
Genre : Science
File Size : 55. 72 MB
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This Special Issue is result of a call for papers of the Section Industrial Crystallization of MDPI’s scientific journal Crystals. It addresses scientists and engineers active in research and process & product development in life-science industries (e.g. pharmaceuticals, fine chemicals and biotechnology products) and bulk chemical applications (e.g. desalination) as well. The contributions comprise several fundamental and application-oriented facets of crystallization providing an overview of industrially relevant subjects in the field. Main issues cover phase equilibria and solid-state behavior of crystalline compounds, crystal shape and size and related measurement techniques. Melt and solution crystallization are considered specifically addressing contemporary aspects of continuous crystallization and process intensification.

Chemical Process Equipment Selection And Design Revised 2nd Edition

Author : James R. Couper
ISBN : 0080919723
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 22. 80 MB
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A facility is only as efficient and profitable as the equipment that is in it: this highly influential book is a powerful resource for chemical, process, or plant engineers who need to select, design or configures plant sucessfully and profitably. It includes updated information on design methods for all standard equipment, with an emphasis on real-world process design and performance. The comprehensive and influential guide to the selection and design of a wide range of chemical process equipment, used by engineers globally • Copious examples of successful applications, with supporting schematics and data to illustrate the functioning and performance of equipment Revised edition, new material includes updated equipment cost data, liquid-solid and solid systems, and the latest information on membrane separation technology Provides equipment rating forms and manufacturers’ data, worked examples, valuable shortcut methods, rules of thumb, and equipment rating forms to demonstrate and support the design process Heavily illustrated with many line drawings and schematics to aid understanding, graphs and tables to illustrate performance data

Sme Mineral Processing And Extractive Metallurgy Handbook

Author : Courtney A. Young
ISBN : 9780873353854
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 39. 2 MB
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This landmark publication distills the body of knowledge that characterizes mineral processing and extractive metallurgy as disciplinary fields. It will inspire and inform current and future generations of minerals and metallurgy professionals. Mineral processing and extractive metallurgy are atypical disciplines, requiring a combination of knowledge, experience, and art. Investing in this trove of valuable information is a must for all those involved in the industry—students, engineers, mill managers, and operators. More than 192 internationally recognized experts have contributed to the handbook’s 128 thought-provoking chapters that examine nearly every aspect of mineral processing and extractive metallurgy. This inclusive reference addresses the magnitude of traditional industry topics and also addresses the new technologies and important cultural and social issues that are important today. Contents Mineral Characterization and AnalysisManagement and ReportingComminutionClassification and WashingTransport and StoragePhysical SeparationsFlotationSolid and Liquid SeparationDisposalHydrometallurgyPyrometallurgyProcessing of Selected Metals, Minerals, and Materials

Industrial Separation Processes

Author : André B. de Haan
ISBN : 9783110654806
Genre : Science
File Size : 66. 26 MB
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Separation processes on an industrial scale account for well over half of the capital and operating costs in the chemical industry. Knowledge of these processes is key for every student of chemical or process engineering. This book is ideally suited to university teaching, thanks to its wealth of exercises and solutions. The second edition boasts an even greater number of applied examples and case studies as well as references for further reading.

Chemical Process Equipment

Author : James R. Couper
ISBN : 9780123972361
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 20. 59 MB
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Chemical Process Equipment is a results-oriented reference for engineers who specify, design, maintain or run chemical and process plants. This book delivers information on the selection, sizing and operation of process equipment in a format that enables quick and accurate decision making on standard process and equipment choices, saving time, improving productivity, and building understanding. Coverage emphasizes common real-world equipment design rather than experimental or esoteric and focuses on maximizing performance. Legacy reference for chemical and related engineers who work with vendors to design, specify and make final equipment selection decisions Copious examples of successful applications, with supporting schematics and data to illustrate the functioning and performance of equipment Provides equipment rating forms and manufacturers’ data, worked examples, valuable shortcut methods, and rules of thumb to demonstrate and support the design process Heavily illustrated with line drawings and schematics to aid understanding, as well as graphs and tables to illustrate performance data

Melt Crystallization Technology

Author : Tine Arkenbout-de Vroome
ISBN : 9781351432238
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 68. 80 MB
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From the Author's Preface: There is a growing demand for ultrapure organic compounds such as fine chemicals, pharmaceuticals, and basic materials for use in the polymer industry. . . . In quite a number of cases, it is difficult or impossible to manufacture ultrapure organics efficiently using conventional separation techniques such as distillation. Moreover, conventional techniques usually require large amounts of energy. To improve the purification efficiency of organics, special techniques based on crystallization from the melt have been developed. Melt crystallization meets industry's need for a highly selective separation process for organic compounds which operates at low enough temperatures to prevent thermal degradation. Melt crystallization processes have the added advantage that they are energy-efficient and ecologically sound. Melt crystallization techniques appear to be particularly promising for upgrading organic materials and are one of the few routes that appear to be feasible for purifying starter materials for high-tech polymers. The aim of this book is to provide basic information on melt crystallization technology. . . . This monograph consists of three parts: 1. basic principles, 2. process options, and 3. technical equipment and applicability. This new book is the first unified guide and reference to an important chemical process technology. It is comprehensive and organized for easy reference. More than 150 diagrammatic representations, flow charts and photographs illustrate equipment and processes. More than 40 tables provide useful reference data.

Crystallization Of Organic Compounds

Author : Hsien-Hsin Tung
ISBN : 0470447788
Genre : Science
File Size : 26. 20 MB
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Filled with industrial examples emphasizing the practical applications of crystallization methodologies Based on the authors' hands-on experiences as process engineers at Merck, Crystallization of Organic Compounds guides readers through the practical aspects of crystallization. It uses plenty of case studies and examples of crystallization processes, ranging from development through manufacturing scale-up. The book not only emphasizes strategies that have been proven successful, it also helps readers avoid common pitfalls that can render standard procedures unsuccessful. The goal of this text is twofold: Build a deeper understanding of the fundamental properties of crystallization as well as the impact of these properties on crystallization process development. Improve readers' problem-solving abilities by using actual industrial examples with real process constraints. Crystallization of Organic Compounds begins with detailed discussions of fundamental thermodynamic properties, nucleation and crystal growth kinetics, process dynamics, and scale-up considerations. Next, it investigates modes of operation, including cooling, evaporation, anti-solvent, and reactive crystallization. The authors conclude with special applications such as ultrasound in crystallization and computational fluid dynamics in crystallization. Most chapters feature multiple examples that guide readers step by step through the crystallization of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs). With its focus on industrial applications, this book is recommended for chemical engineers and chemists who are involved with the development, scale-up, or operation of crystallization processes in the pharmaceutical and fine chemical industries.

Chemical Engineering Volume 2

Author : J H Harker
ISBN : 9780080490649
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 75. 42 MB
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Chemical Engineering Volume 2 covers the properties of particulate systems, including the character of individual particles and their behaviour in fluids. Sedimentation of particles, both singly and at high concentrations, flow in packed and fluidised beads and filtration are then examined. The latter part of the book deals with separation processes, such as distillation and gas absorption, which illustrate applications of the fundamental principles of mass transfer introduced in Chemical Engineering Volume 1. In conclusion, several techniques of growing importance - adsorption, ion exchange, chromatographic and membrane separations, and process intensification - are described. A logical progression of chemical engineering concepts, volume 2 builds on fundamental principles contained in Chemical Engineering volume 1 and these volumes are fully cross-referenced Reflects the growth in complexity and stature of chemical engineering over the last few years Supported with further reading at the end of each chapter and graded problems at the end of the book

Crystallization

Author : Wolfgang Beckmann
ISBN : 9783527327621
Genre : Science
File Size : 34. 55 MB
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Crystallization is a natural occurring process but also a process abundantly used in the industry. Crystallization can occur from a solution, from the melt or via deposition of material from the gas phase (desublimation). Crystals distinguish themself from liquids, gases and amorphous substances by the long-range order of its building blocks that entail the crystals to be formed of well-defined faces, and give rise to a large number of properties of the solid. Crystallization is used at some stage in nearly all process industries as a method of production, purification or recovery of solid materials. Crystallization is practiced on all scales: from the isolation of the first milligrams of a newly synthesized substance in the research laboratory to isolating products on the mulit-million tonne scale in industry. The book describes the breadth of crystallization operations, from isolation from a reaction broth to purification and finally to tailoring product properties. In the first section of the book, the basic mechanisms - nucleation, growth, attrition and agglomeration are introduced. It ensures an understanding of supersaturation, the driving force of crystallization. Furthermore, the solubility of the substance and its dependences on process conditions and the various techniques of crystallization and their possibilities and limitations are discussed. Last but not least, the first part includes an intensive treatment of polymorphism . The second part builds on the basics, exploring how crystallization processes can be developed, either batch-wise or continuous, from solution or from the melt. A discussion of the purification during crystallization serves as a link between the two sections, where practical aspects and an insight using theoretical concepts are combined. Mixing and its influence on the crystallization as well as the mutual interference of down-stream processes with the crystallization are also treated. Finally, techniques to characterize the crop are discussed. The third part of the book is dedicated to accounts of actual developments and of carried-out crystallizations. Typical pitfalls and strategies to avoid these as well as the design of robust processes are presented.

Precision Crystallization

Author : Ingo Leubner
ISBN : 1439806756
Genre : Science
File Size : 38. 92 MB
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Despite the fact that crystals make up an estimated 80% of chemical and pharmaceutical products, few resources exist that provide practical guidance on achieving precision control of their size and size distribution. Based on a model developed by the author and his colleagues, Precision Crystallization: Theory and Practice of Controlling Crystal Size presents scientists and product engineers with the tools to control crystal nucleation, enabling them to ultimately control crystal size and size distribution for batch and continuous crystallizations. At the cutting edge of crystallization science and technology, this volume presents information never before available. Introducing the Balanced Nucleation and Growth (BNG) model, the book demonstrates how the results of the nucleation process are quantitatively related to practical experimental control values such as: reaction addition rate crystal solubility temperature residence time (continuous crystallizations) the effect of ripening agents (crystal supersizing) during nucleation the effect of crystal growth restrainers (crystal nanosizing) during nucleation control of renucleation The author shows how the BNG theory predicts previously unknown phenomena and also how it corrects erroneous perceptions of the importance of reaction volume on the outcome of crystal nucleation. Going above and beyond classical nucleation theories which rely to a large extent on guesswork, the BNG model gives precise guidance to scientists working in a range of critical areas, leading to promising implications for research, quality control, product development, production processes, pilot plant operations, and manufacturing.

Process Technology

Author : André B. de Haan
ISBN : 9783110336726
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 85. 83 MB
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Process Technology provides a general overview about chemical and biochemical process technology. It focuses on the structure and development of production processes, main technological operations and the important aspects of process economics. The theoretical foundations in each chapter are supplemented by case studies and examples in a clear and instructive manner to illustrate the practical aspects. The author highlights operating principles, reasons for application and available industrial equipment of technological operations. Aim is to facilitate those without a process technology background in multi-disciplinary cooperation with (bio-) chemical engineers by providing an overview of this exciting field. The textbook is organized into seven distinct parts: Structure of the chemical industry and (bio-) chemical processes (Bio-) Chemical reaction engineering Molecular separations (distillation, extraction, absorption, adsorption) Mechanical separations (filtration, sedimentation, membranes) Particle and final product manufacturing Development, scale-up, design and safety of processes Major industrial process descriptions

Industrial Catalytic Processes For Fine And Specialty Chemicals

Author : Sunil S Joshi
ISBN : 9780128016701
Genre : Science
File Size : 38. 60 MB
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Industrial Catalytic Processes for Fine and Specialty Chemicals provides a comprehensive methodology and state-of-the art toolbox for industrial catalysis. The book begins by introducing the reader to the interesting, challenging, and important field of catalysis and catalytic processes. The fundamentals of catalysis and catalytic processes are fully covered before delving into the important industrial applications of catalysis and catalytic processes, with an emphasis on green and sustainable technologies. Several case studies illustrate new and sustainable ways of designing catalysts and catalytic processes. The intended audience of the book includes researchers in academia and industry, as well as chemical engineers, process development chemists, and technologists working in chemical industries and industrial research laboratories. Discusses the fundamentals of catalytic processes, catalyst preparation and characterization, and reaction engineering Outlines the homogeneous catalytic processes as they apply to specialty chemicals Introduces industrial catalysis and catalytic processes for fine chemicals Includes a number of case studies to demonstrate the various processes and methods for designing green catalysts

Food Processing

Author : Kshirod Kumar Dash
ISBN : 9781000377699
Genre : Science
File Size : 26. 75 MB
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Advances in thermal and non-thermal food processing aims to discuss emerging trends based on the future scope and challenges and to explain uncertain challenges in food processing. In thermal processing different operations in food engineering namely advance drying methods, evaporation, extrusion cooking, different extraction techniques, crystallizations are covered in terms food engineering and process modeling aspect. For non-thermal processing, high pressure processing, ultrasound, ohmic heating, pulse electric field, pulse light technology, osmotic dehydration and so forth are discussed. Relevant mathematical modeling and numerical simulations has been included in every chapter. Features: Presents engineering focus on thermal and non-thermal food processing technologies. Discusses sub-classification for recent trends and relevant industry information/examples. Describes advances in drying, evaporation, blanching, crystallization and ohmic heating. Covers high-pressure processing, pulse electric field, pulse light technology, irradiation, and ultrasonic techniques. Includes mathematical modeling and numerical simulations. The book is aimed at graduate students, professionals in food engineering and food technology, biological systems engineering.

Pharmaceutical Crystals

Author : Tonglei Li
ISBN : 9781119046202
Genre : Science
File Size : 28. 40 MB
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An important resource that puts the focus on understanding and handling of organic crystals in drug development Since a majority of pharmaceutical solid-state materials are organic crystals, their handling and processing are critical aspects of drug development. Pharmaceutical Crystals: Science and Engineering offers an introduction to and thorough coverage of organic crystals, and explores the essential role they play in drug development and manufacturing. Written contributions from leading researchers and practitioners in the field, this vital resource provides the fundamental knowledge and explains the connection between pharmaceutically relevant properties and the structure of a crystal. Comprehensive in scope, the text covers a range of topics including: crystallization, molecular interactions, polymorphism, analytical methods, processing, and chemical stability. The authors clearly show how to find solutions for pharmaceutical form selection and crystallization processes. Designed to be an accessible guide, this book represents a valuable resource for improving the drug development process of small drug molecules. This important text: Includes the most important aspects of solid-state organic chemistry and its role in drug development Offers solutions for pharmaceutical form selection and crystallization processes Contains a balance between the scientific fundamental and pharmaceutical applications Presents coverage of crystallography, molecular interactions, polymorphism, analytical methods, processing, and chemical stability Written for both practicing pharmaceutical scientists, engineers, and senior undergraduate and graduate students studying pharmaceutical solid-state materials, Pharmaceutical Crystals: Science and Engineering is a reference and textbook for understanding, producing, analyzing, and designing organic crystals which is an imperative skill to master for anyone working in the field.

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