history of air to air refuelling

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History Of Air To Air Refuelling

Author : Richard Tanner
ISBN : 9781844152728
Genre : History
File Size : 70. 88 MB
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This is a unique account of the development and operational use of air-to-air flight refuelling since its early beginnings in the USA and the UK to the equipment that is in use today. The author draws upon his life-long career as senior design engineer with the successful British company In-Flight Refuelling who were responsible for the development of the hose and drogue technique now preferred by many of the world's air forces. The story begins in the early 1920s when the art of air refuelling was part of the Barn Storming record-breaking attempts that were popular in the USA. It continues into the late thirties when successful experiments were made. Amazingly, the Royal Air Force were not interested in pursuing this great technical advantage during World War II and it was the USAAF who requested the British invention to experiment with on their B-17s and B-24s. The Korean War saw extended use of operational air-to-air refuelling for the first time and now the 'tanker fleet' is an essential unit in major air-forces around the world.

In Flight Refuelling

Author : Keith Wilson
ISBN : 1445666049
Genre :
File Size : 42. 43 MB
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A photographic look at the history and development of the difficult and delicate process of in-flight refuelling.

Military Air Refueling

Author : Department of Defense
ISBN : 1980710066
Genre :
File Size : 60. 35 MB
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Two excellent books provide a wealth of history and information about mid-air military aircraft refueling. Air Force Air Refueling for Naval Operations - History, Practice, and Recommendations - Chapter 1 - SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN THE EVOLUTION OF AIR REFUELING * Flight of Question Mark * Civilian and British Interest in Air Refueling * United States Renews Interest in Air Refueling * Strategic Air Command Develops a Tanker Fleet * Tactical Air Command Desires Tankers * United States Navy Develops Tankers * Single Manager System * Air Refueling in Southeast Asia * Introduction of the KC-10 * Summary * Notes * Chapter 2 - EFFORTS TOWARD UNITED STATES AIR FORCE/NAVY JOINT OPERATIONS * Jointness Grows in 1975-76 * Memorandum of Understanding of 1981 * Memorandum of Understanding of 1982 * Memorandum of Understanding of 1983 * Naval Land-Based Tanker Proposal * Memorandum of Understanding of 1988 * Tanker Management System and Air Force Allocation * Air Force Regulation 55-47, Air Refueling Management * Naval Air Refuelings Increase * Problem Areas * Notes * Chapter 3 - A JOINT AIR REFUELING PUBLICATION IS REQUIRED * Maritime Strategy Includes Use of Land-Based Tankers * Strategic Air Command's Single Manager System and Naval Requirements * Land-Based Tankers Can Increase Naval Capabilities * Additional Land-Based Tanker Enhancements * Enhancements Are Not without Concern * Recommendations * Notes * Appendix A - A Proposed Concept of Operations between the Department of the Air Force and the Department of the Navy on Land-Based Tanker (Air-Refueling) Support for Maritime Operations (Air) * Appendix B - A Chronological Compilation of Navy/Air Force Memorandums of Agreement/Understanding Concerning Aerial Refueling Operations Air Refueling: Without Tankers, We Cannot...: Flight of the "Question Mark" * Air Refueling Development Lags * Extending "the Reach" * Refueling Fighters * Development of the Modern Air Refuelers * A Wing Perspective of Air Refueling History * Air Refuelers in the Vietnam Conflict * Air Refueling and Airlift * Air Refueling and Special Operations * Operation El Dorado Canyon * Extraordinary Air Refueling Effort: The Persian Gulf War * Air Refueling's Ongoing Role in the War on Terror * The Invisible Aircrews * Appendix 1: General Carl A. "Tooey" Spaatz Trophy * Appendix 2: Brigadier General Ross G. Hoyt Award * Appendix 3: Senior Master Sergeant Albert L. Evans Award On 1 January 1929, a tri-engined Fokker C-2 aircraft, with a crew of five aboard, climbed into the southern California sky. This aircraft, dubbed the Question Mark, was not history's first air refueling mission, but it played a crucial role in the beginning of air refueling efforts and in the development of the US Army Air Corps. In fact, the first attempts at air refueling started in 1921 with five-gallon gas cans. On 2 October 1921, a US Navy lieutenant in the back of a Huff-Daland HD-4 used a grappling hook to snag a gas can from a float in the Potomac River, and on 21 November, a wing walker with a gas can strapped to his back climbed from an airborne Lincoln Standard to a Curtiss JN-4 and proceeded to pour the gas into the aircraft's tank. While these two publicity stunts deserve mention, the first air-to-air refueling using a gravity-flow hose occurred in 1923. Earlier that year, the US Army Air Service had equipped two De Haviland DH-4Bs with inflight hoses. After installation, testing, and preparation, the Army Air Service was ready to put it to use, and on 27 June, one of the DH-4s flew a 6-hour and 38-minute flight that included two air refuelings. Testing continued through much of 1923 until 18 November, when the hose became entangled in the right wings of the two aircraft. Lieutenant P. T. Wagner, the pilot of the refueler, was killed in the accident.

Seventy Years Of Strategic Air Refueling 1918 1988

Author : United States. Air Force. Strategic Air Command
ISBN : UIUC:30112105065616
Genre : Airplanes
File Size : 68. 98 MB
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Building A Strategic Air Force

Author : Walton S. Moody
ISBN : IND:30000130068145
Genre : Air defenses
File Size : 20. 74 MB
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Airlift Tanker

Author : Turner Publishing
ISBN : 9781563111259
Genre : History
File Size : 72. 16 MB
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The history of the use of airlift and tanker forces in the U.S. military from the early biplane to today's advanced aircraft is brilliantly described in this book.

Mcconnell Air Force Base

Author : Steve A. Larsen
ISBN : 0738561835
Genre : History
File Size : 64. 77 MB
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Beginning from its earliest days as an empty parcel of pasture that became a major hub airport for transcontinental air travel to its present use as the busiest refueling operation in the U.S. Air Force, the slice of land known as McConnell Air Force Base is inextricably connected to aviation to nearly the dawn of manned flight. Its military history began in 1941 with the arrival of the Air National Guard, and the base grew to a multifaceted operation that extends air power globally through intelligence and air refueling missions performed by its three partner units: the 22nd Air Refueling Wing, the 184th Intelligence Wing, and the 931st Air Refueling Group. This book offers a glimpse into the military history of McConnell Air Force Base through many rarely seen or previously unpublished images drawn primarily from the repository of the 22nd Air Refueling Wing Office of History and the Kansas Aviation Museum.

Raf Tanker Navigator

Author : Peter Bodle
ISBN : 184415744X
Genre : History
File Size : 46. 86 MB
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This book gives a rare insight into the life inside the tanker squadrons of the Royal Air Force, viewed through the eyes of Tony Golds, one of the RAF tanker fleet's longest serving Navigator/Plotters. During his service career which spanned four decades, he flew in dozens of aeroplanes, for literally thousands of hours and covered something in excess of two million miles.Initially the prime role of the first tankers (Valiants) was to service the legendary English Electric Lightning interceptor fighters patrolling the North Sea. During his career, Tony served in every continent of the world, including a healthy series of tours at Ascension just after the Falklands War. He was in one of the tanker crews chosen to assist in devising the procedures needed to get both the Vulcans in the Black Buck operation down to the Falklands, and subsequently the Hercules C130 freighters to form the Ascension / Falklands air bridge, so vital for the support of the Falkland Islands, once the shooting war was over.

History Of The Air National Guard In Phoenix

Author :
ISBN : MINN:20000004716102
Genre :
File Size : 68. 5 MB
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Faster Further Higher

Author : Philip Jarrett
ISBN : STANFORD:36105026121330
Genre : Transportation
File Size : 30. 13 MB
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This volume concentrates on the key developments that prepared the way for the sophisticated civil and military aeroplanes of the 21st century. The first chapter makes a study of the way transonic and supersonic aerodynamics have shaped aeroplane design. The next essay explains how aerodynamic developments have led to technological developments in the cockpit to keep pace with the faster speeds and higher altitudes possible. The third major step in post-war aircraft technology came with the development of in-flight refuelling technologies, and the next chapter covers this. Succeeding chapters cover such technological developments as the use of new materials, the need to make jet engines more fuel efficient, developments in avionics and the problems of mass-producing high-technology aircraft. The Series Editor Philip Jarrett, is a freelance author, editor and consultant specialiszing in aviation. He has been editor of Aeroplane, the Royal Aeronautical Society's newspaper, assistant editor of Aeroplane Monthly, and production editor of Flight International.

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