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Human Language And Our Reptilian Brain

Author : Philip Lieberman
ISBN : 0674040228
Genre : Medical
File Size : 63. 55 MB
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This book is an entry into the fierce current debate among psycholinguists, neuroscientists, and evolutionary theorists about the nature and origins of human language. A prominent neuroscientist here takes up the Darwinian case, using data seldom considered by psycholinguists and neurolinguists to argue that human language--though more sophisticated than all other forms of animal communication--is not a qualitatively different ability from all forms of animal communication, does not require a quantum evolutionary leap to explain it, and is not unified in a single language instinct. Using clinical evidence from speech-impaired patients, functional neuroimaging, and evolutionary biology to make his case, Philip Lieberman contends that human language is not a single separate module but a functional neurological system made up of many separate abilities. Language remains as it began, Lieberman argues: a device for coping with the world. But in a blow to human narcissism, he makes the case that this most remarkable human ability is a by-product of our remote reptilian ancestors' abilities to dodge hazards, seize opportunities, and live to see another day.

Literature Speech Disorders And Disability

Author : Christopher Eagle
ISBN : 9781135041939
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 27. 13 MB
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Examining representations of speech disorders in works of literature, this first collection of its kind founds a new multidisciplinary subfield related but not limited to the emerging fields of disability studies and medical humanities. The scope is wide-ranging both in terms of national literatures and historical periods considered, engaging with theoretical discussions in poststructuralism, disability studies, cultural studies, new historicism, gender studies, sociolinguistics, trauma studies, and medical humanities. The book’s main focus is on the development of an awareness of speech pathology in the literary imaginary from the late-eighteenth century to the present, studying the novel, drama, epic poetry, lyric poetry, autobiography and autopathography, and clinical case studies and guidebooks on speech therapy. The volume addresses a growing interest, both in popular culture and the humanities, regarding the portrayal of conditions such as stuttering, aphasia and mutism, along with the status of the self in relation to those conditions. Since speech pathologies are neither illnesses nor outwardly physical disabilities, critical studies of their representation have tended to occupy a liminal position in relation to other discourses such as literary and cultural theory, and even disability studies. One of the primary aims of this collection is to address this marginalization, and to position a cultural criticism of speech pathology within literary studies.

Animal Bodies Human Minds Ape Dolphin And Parrot Language Skills

Author : William Hillix
ISBN : 0306477394
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 51. 86 MB
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Several books chronicle attempts, most of them during the last 40 years, to teach animals to communicate with people in a human-designed language. These books have typically treated only one or two species, or even one or a few research projects. We have provided a more encompassing view of this field. We also want to reinforce what other authors, for example Jane Goodall, Sue Savage-Rumbaugh, Penny Patterson, Birute Galdikas, and Roger and Deborah Fouts, so passionately convey about our responsibility for our closest animal kin. This book surveys what was known, or believed about animal language throughout history and prehistory, and summarizes current knowledge and the controversy around it. The authors identify and attempt to settle most of the problems in interpreting the animal behaviours that have been observed in studies of animal language ability.

The Handbook Of The Neuropsychology Of Language

Author : Miriam Faust
ISBN : 9781444345889
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 79. 82 MB
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This handbook provides a comprehensive review of new developments in the study of the relationship between the brain and language, from the perspectives of both basic research and clinical neuroscience. Includes contributions from an international team of leading figures in brain-language research Features a novel emphasis on state-of-the-art methodologies and their application to the central questions in the brain-language relationship Incorporates research on all parts of language, from syntax and semantics to spoken and written language Covers a wide range of issues, including basic level and high level linguistic functions, individual differences, and neurologically intact and different clinical populations

Second Language Teaching

Author : Marcel Danesi
ISBN : 9789401001878
Genre : Education
File Size : 27. 84 MB
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This volume offers a practical introduction to the use of neuroscience to teach second languages. It provides information on the relation between how the brain learns and how this can be used to construct classroom activities, evaluates methods, syllabi, approaches, etc. from the perspective of brain functioning. It illustrates how teaching can unfold with actual examples in several languages.

The Basal Ganglia Vii

Author : Louise F.B. Nicholson
ISBN : 9781461507154
Genre : Medical
File Size : 56. 81 MB
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This volume, The Basal Ganglia VII, is derived from the proceedings ofthe Seventh Triennial Meeting of the International Basal Ganglia Society (IBAGS). The Meeting was held from II - 15 February 2001 at The Copthorne Resort, Waitangi, Bay of Islands, New Zealand, the site of the signing of the Treaty ofWaitangi in 1840 and the traditional birth-place of the New Zealand Nation. As at previous Meetings, our aim was to hear and discuss new ideas and research developments on the basal ganglia and the implications of these findings for novel treatment strategies for basal ganglia disorders. The International Basal Ganglia Society (IBAGS) was founded in September 1983 when a small group of about 50 neuroscientists and clinicians with a passion for research on the basal ganglia met for a three day meeting in a small isolated seaside resort, Lome, 150km from Melbourne in Australia. The meeting was organised by John McKenzie and was so successful that the participants decided to establish IBAGS and to meet every 3 years at an isolated seaside resort in different countries of the world.

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook Of Operant And Classical Conditioning

Author : Frances K. McSweeney
ISBN : 9781118468173
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 83. 85 MB
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This combined survey of operant and classical conditioning provides professional and academic readers with an up-to-date, inclusive account of a core field of psychology research, with in-depth coverage of the basic theory, its applications, and current topics including behavioral economics. Provides comprehensive coverage of operant and classical conditioning, relevant fundamental theory, and applications including the latest techniques Features chapters by leading researchers, professionals, and academicians Reviews a range of core literature on conditioning Covers cutting-edge topics such as behavioral economics

The Heartbeat Of Intelligence

Author : Elaine Matthews
ISBN : 9781462086856
Genre : Body, Mind & Spirit
File Size : 79. 37 MB
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The Evolving Heart Nature's Astonishing Evolutionary Intention for Humanity The Heartbeat of Intelligence shows why we are not fulfilling our potential, as individuals and as a species. It shows how and why we stepped off the evolutionary path intended by Nature, a path which would have put us several evolutionary steps ahead of where we are now had we not strayed from it. The book shows how stepping off the path has severely jeopardized the mysterious connection between the heart and the brain, a connection which is essential for our continued evolution as a species. The author believes that we will not continue evolving or even survive as a species without that understanding. The book explains: The theory of neoteny and why this is the most crucial aspect of human evolution. Why synchronicity is the law by which human beings will live in the future. How left-brain dominance has led to nearly all of the problems we face today. Why Nature is far more profound and mysterious than science allows. Why seeing the Universe as a hologram answers so many puzzling questions. Love and compassion, passion and joy, goodness and beauty, are the birthright of every human being, built into our genes and intended by Nature to speak in every beat of our heart. The book shows us the delightful steps of joy and lightness which will not only take us several evolutionary steps forward, but will help us save our beautiful planet. Astonishingly, this could all be accomplished in less than a generation.

Linguistics An Introduction

Author : William B. McGregor
ISBN : 9780567488688
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 54. 70 MB
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This is the new edition of Linguistics: An Introduction. It is a bestselling introductory textbook for all students of linguistics and language studies. This reworked edition features: -new chapters on sign languages, writing, and text and discourse -coverage of writing in electronic media -revised and updated chapters on languages of the world and psycholinguistics Firmly based around taught courses and catering to student needs, it addresses all the topics that a student will need in their study of language. With key terms, further reading, questions at the end of each chapter, exercises and key paragraphs in stand-out boxes, this is a firmly pedagogic text that takes difficult concepts and explains them in an easy to understand way. It features examples taken from a range of languages across the world. Global in its scope and comprehensive in its coverage, this is the textbook of choice for linguistics students. The book comes with a large Companion Website, also extensively revised and expanded. For lecturers and instructors, a comprehensive Answer Book is also available to go along with the questions throughout the chapters.

Intangible Materialism

Author : Ronald Schleifer
ISBN : 9780816644674
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 47. 17 MB
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Taking as his point of departure Norbert Weiner's statement that information is basic to understanding materialism in our era, Ronald Schleifer shows how discoveries of modern physics have altered conceptions of matter and energy and the ways in which both information theory and the study of literature can enrich these conceptions. Expanding the reductive notion of "the material" as simply matter and energy, he formulates a new, more inclusive idea of materialism.

How To Think Like A Neandertal

Author : Thomas Wynn
ISBN : 9780199912339
Genre : Science
File Size : 24. 62 MB
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There have been many books, movies, and even TV commercials featuring Neandertals--some serious, some comical. But what was it really like to be a Neandertal? How were their lives similar to or different from ours? In How to Think Like a Neandertal, archaeologist Thomas Wynn and psychologist Frederick L. Coolidge team up to provide a brilliant account of the mental life of Neandertals, drawing on the most recent fossil and archaeological remains. Indeed, some Neandertal remains are not fossilized, allowing scientists to recover samples of their genes--one specimen had the gene for red hair and, more provocatively, all had a gene called FOXP2, which is thought to be related to speech. Given the differences between their faces and ours, their voices probably sounded a bit different, and the range of consonants and vowels they could generate might have been different. But they could talk, and they had a large (perhaps huge) vocabulary--words for places, routes, techniques, individuals, and emotions. Extensive archaeological remains of stone tools and living sites (and, yes, they did often live in caves) indicate that Neandertals relied on complex technical procedures and spent most of their lives in small family groups. The authors sift the evidence that Neandertals had a symbolic culture--looking at their treatment of corpses, the use of fire, and possible body coloring--and conclude that they probably did not have a sense of the supernatural. The book explores the brutal nature of their lives, especially in northwestern Europe, where men and women with spears hunted together for mammoths and wooly rhinoceroses. They were pain tolerant, very likely taciturn, and not easy to excite. Wynn and Coolidge offer here an eye-opening portrait of Neandertals, painting a remarkable picture of these long-vanished people and providing insight, as they go along, into our own minds and culture.

Power Verbs For Career Consultants Coaches And Mentors

Author : Michael Lawrence Faulkner
ISBN : 9780133154139
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 58. 83 MB
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Electrify all your personal interactions, and help all your colleagues and clients reach their full potential! The right verbs • make you unforgettable • ignite passion and illuminate purpose • make people desperately want to take action Grab the right verb and use it the right way to: Help others find new strength and perseverance Celebrate successes and kindle new sparks of possibility Transform obstacles into challenges that can be attacked and overcome Build powerful teams and support networks Use every form of communication to transform mentees’ opportunities and lives Jam-packed with examples drawing on thousands of years of storytelling, literature, and experience Indispensable for everyone who wants to help others succeed and flourish!

A Sensible God

Author : Seán ÓLaoire
ISBN : 9781469119489
Genre : Religion
File Size : 51. 37 MB
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A SENSIBLE GOD This, the third volume in the series, comes from a Celtic soul, a scientific mind and a poetic heart. It is a book of stories and scriptures, of science and psychology, of theology and wisdom, of poetry and passion. The Big Bang was the sound of God laughing uproariously at the wonder of His latest creation. And since the main difference between fanaticism and passion is a sense of humor, this volume has plenty to make the reader laugh. It comes from the tongue of a story-teller priest who spent his childhood steeped in the mythology of Ireland and another 14 years immersed in the folklore of East Africa.

The Intuitive Compass

Author : Francis Cholle
ISBN : 9781118119099
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 53. 23 MB
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A dynamic new way to understand intuition, already implemented around the world at top companies and business schools Neuroscience shows that instinct has a leading role in complex decision-making, yet imaginative play is the most direct means of activating our creativity and problem-solving abilities. Based on over 20 years of Cholle's wide-ranging professional experience and insights, The Intuitive Compass offers a fascinating new approach to innovative problem-solving, decision-making, and sustainable value creation. Through a concept known as Intuitive Intelligence, Cholle shows how anyone can improve creative brainpower by harnessing the balance between reason and instinct. Explores the tension between linear efficiency and random play, and the synergy between reason and instinct Helps us realize our natural tendencies to think holistically, think paradoxically, notice the unusual, or lead by influence Shows these tenets in action through case studies of the luxury house Hermes, Paris; Google and its paradoxical work culture; Virgin America, and its ability to notice the unusual about what matters for consumers and exert leadership in its industry The Intuitive Compass shows how to thrive within chaos and offers actionable information for reinventing our path to sustainable success.

The Triune Brain In Evolution

Author : P.D. MacLean
ISBN : 0306431688
Genre : Medical
File Size : 30. 49 MB
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"This is MacLean's major work on the evolutionary development of the human brain. In its evolution the human forebrain expands along the lines of three basic formations that anatomical and biochemically reflect an ancestral relationship, respectively, to reptiles, early mammals, and late mammals. MacLean describes this as the Triune Brain." -- Amazon.com viewed July 29, 2020.

The Psyche In Chinese Medicine E Book

Author : Giovanni Maciocia
ISBN : 9780702047770
Genre : Medical
File Size : 86. 98 MB
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THE PSYCHE IN CHINESE MEDICINE comprehensively discusses the treatment of mental-emotional disorders with both acupuncture and herbal medicine. Suitable for practitioners and students of Chinese medicine it discusses first the aetiology, pathology and diagnosis of mental disorders. It explores the nature of the Mind (Shen), Ethereal Soul (Hun), Corporeal Soul (Po), Intellect (Yi) and Will-Power (Zhi) and then presents the diagnosis and treatment of the most common psychological disorders with both acupuncture and Chinese herbs in detail. Specific chapters focus on the treatment of common conditions including depression, anxiety, insomnia, panic attacks, bipolar disorder and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Each condition is illustrated with case histories from the author’s 35 years-long practice. Comprehensive discussion of the nature of the Shen, Hun, Po, Yi and Zhi in Chinese medicine The first detailed description of the nature and functions of the Hun (Ethereal Soul) and how that relates to conditions such as depression, bipolar disorders and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder An entire chapter dedicated to the functions of acupuncture points in the treatment of mental-emotional disorders Case studies that offer realistic insights and understanding to the range of diagnostic and treatment choices the practitioner can make Attractive 2-colour page layout gives easy access and navigation around the text

Brain Evolution Language And Psychopathology In Schizophrenia

Author : Paolo Brambilla
ISBN : 9781134694426
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 64. 2 MB
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This book provides a comprehensive review of new developments in the study of language processing and related neural networks in schizophrenia by addressing the complex link between psychopathology, language and evolution at different levels of analysis. Psychopathological symptoms in schizophrenia are mainly characterized by thought and language disorders, which are strictly intertwined. In particular, language is the distinctive dimension of human beings and is ontologically related to brain development. Although normal at the levels of segmental phonology and morphological organization, the speech of patients suffering from schizophrenia is often characterized by flattened intonation and word-finding difficulties. Furthermore, research suggests that the superior temporal gyrus and specific prefrontal areas which support language in humans are altered in people with schizophrenia. Brambilla and Marini bring together international contributors to explore the link between brain evolution and the psychopathological features of schizophrenia, with a focus on language and its neural underpinnings. Divided into three sections the book covers: • brain evolution and language phylogenesis • brain abnormalities in schizophrenia • psychopathology and schizophrenia. This theoretical approach will appeal to professionals including clinical psychologists, cognitive neuroscientists, neuropsychiatrists, neuropsychologists, neurolinguists, and researchers considering the links between brain evolution, language and psychopathology in schizophrenia.

The Rediscovery Of The Wild

Author : Peter H. Kahn, Jr.
ISBN : 9780262312837
Genre : Nature
File Size : 71. 58 MB
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A compelling case for connecting with the wild, for our psychological and physical well-being and to flourish as a species We often enjoy the benefits of connecting with nearby, domesticated nature—a city park, a backyard garden. But this book makes the provocative case for the necessity of connecting with wild nature—untamed, unmanaged, not encompassed, self-organizing, and unencumbered and unmediated by technological artifice. We can love the wild. We can fear it. We are strengthened and nurtured by it. As a species, we came of age in a natural world far wilder than today's, and much of the need for wildness still exists within us, body and mind. The Rediscovery of the Wild considers ways to engage with the wild, protect it, and recover it—for our psychological and physical well-being and to flourish as a species. The contributors offer a range of perspectives on the wild, discussing such topics as the evolutionary underpinnings of our need for the wild; the wild within, including the primal passions of sexuality and aggression; birding as a portal to wildness; children's fascination with wild animals; wildness and psychological healing; the shifting baseline of what we consider wild; and the true work of conservation.

Theatre And Mind

Author : Bruce McConachie
ISBN : 9781137015617
Genre : Art
File Size : 28. 28 MB
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All performance depends upon our abilities to create, perceive, remember, imagine and empathize. This book provides an introduction to the evolutionary and cognitive foundations of theatrical performing and spectating and argues that this scientific perspective challenges some of the major assumptions about what takes place in the theatre.

Hope For Humanity

Author : Malcolm Hollick
ISBN : 9781846947568
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 89. 38 MB
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Trauma warps our personality blights our health stunts our development and condemns us to living well below our potential. Yet it is so embedded in human culture that we do not recognize it. We accept aggression violence hierarchy and the drive for power status and wealth as normal. To survive we need to act urgently to reduce the incidence and impacts of trauma and develop a new culture of peace cooperation and equality. We must evolve towards higher levels of compassion love and consciousness. This book documents the nature of trauma and its role in history and the present before proposing a strategy for change that will foster the emergence of the possible human.

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