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If I Were A Rich Man Could I Buy A Pancreas?

Author : Arthur L. Caplan
ISBN : 0253113245
Genre : Medical
File Size : 66. 4 MB
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"An important contribution to a debate that will continue for some time." -- Health and Canadian Society "Insightful and thought-provoking.... As Caplan has demonstrated so clearly... we would all be better off if the ethicists spoke first and not last." -- The Washington Post "Caplan's views are important and instructive.... [This] book represents some of his best work." -- New England Journal of Medicine "Caplan's [book] is thought provoking, insightful, and well argued. I recommend it highly."Â -- The Journal of the American Medical Association "... a generously illustrated discourse on method in medical and practical ethics." -- Ethics A member of the President's Task Force on National Health Care Reform examines some of the most controversial biomedical issues of our time.

Living And Dying Well

Author : Lewis Petrinovich
ISBN : 9781489902061
Genre : Medical
File Size : 36. 56 MB
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Living and Dying Well takes an informed, interdisciplinary approach to the problems, data, theory, and procedures that a just society must consider when establishing policies regarding human life and death. Leading psychologist Lewis Petrinovich expands on the controversial arguments developed in his earlier work, Human Evolution, Reproduction, and Morality, and considers such contemporary issues as: the morality of human genetic screening and of the Human Genome Project; organ transplants; the allowance of suicide and euthanasia; and physicians assisting in the dying process.

Medical Benefit And The Human Lottery

Author : Duff R. Waring
ISBN : 9781402029738
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 42. 35 MB
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Bioethicists, moral philosophers and social policy analysts have long debated about how we should decide who shall be saved with scarce, lifesaving resources when not all can be saved. It is often claimed that it is fairer to save younger persons and that age is an ethically relevant consideration in such tragic decisions. Medical benefit should be maximized and final selection should aim to minimize the contaminating influence of chance. These claims are challenged by Duff R. Waring in Medical Benefit and the Human Lottery, one of the few books that attempts a sustained defence of random patient selection. This book combines ethics and political philosophy in its novel and strict egalitarian approach to patient selection for transplantable organs. Waring addresses the question of whether we should choose between lives on the basis of fair chances or best outcomes. He argues that final selection criteria should be based on fair chances that equalize opportunity as opposed to best outcomes. His defence of "hardy" egalitarianism aims to show that random selection by lottery can affirm both a common humanity and the equal value of lives. The notion of patient selection by lottery has not fared well in bioethics and has been regarded by some as a moral affront. Waring argues that a human selection lottery may be neither as crude nor as ethically anomalous as some have supposed. Indeed, it can reflect a familiar conception of equality as a political and moral ideal. This conception abstracts from many undeniable differences between patients and claims that scarce resources should be allocated on the principled assumption that each of their lives is equally worth saving. The book is also notable for its critiques of some recent utilitarian notions of medical benefit which can have an age-biased impact on elderly patients. Waring then argues against the leading, contemporary age-based approaches to patient selection. He explores the way random selection by lottery can affirm his egalitarian ethos in cases where eligible transplant candidates have each passed a threshold level of prospective medical benefit that has been set by democratic deliberation. Taming chance with a human lottery is defended as the most lucid means of ensuring equal opportunity. In so doing, Waring argues that we give the principle of equal concern and respect a radical expression: above a noncomparative threshold of medical benefit, each candidate can have an equal claim to life.

The Practice Of Autonomy

Author : Carl Schneider
ISBN : 0195113977
Genre : Medical
File Size : 68. 3 MB
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"Exploring what patients do want gives direction to the author's inquiry into what they should want. What patients want, he believes, is properly more complex and ambiguous than being "empowered." In this book he charts that ambiguity to take the autonomy principle past current pieties into the uncertain realities of the sick room and the hospital ward." "The Practice of Autonomy is a sympathetic but trenchant study of the animating principle of modern bioethics. It speaks with freshness, insight, and even passion to bioethicists and moral philosophers (about their theories), to lawyers (about their methods), to medical sociologists (about their subject), to policy-makers (about their ambitions), to doctors (about their work), and to patients (about their lives)."--BOOK JACKET.

Social Work In Health Settings

Author : Toba Schwaber Kerson
ISBN : 0789060183
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 34. 82 MB
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Widely used in social work and health care education courses, Social Work in Health Settings is the most comprehensive text of its kind. It introduces social work students to a range of clients and provides an overview of many social work settings and services in the health arena. If you're a practitioner, you'll find the book useful for examining and evaluating your practice. This second edition features 18 new chapters and chapter subjects and rewritten and updated versions of the 14 chapters which were part of the first edition. As a casebook, Social Work in Health Settings provides you with an excellent opportunity for understanding particular techniques and interventions. You'll find examples from expert practitioners in a variety of health settings and a thorough integration of social work theory and practice that eliminates the need to assign other supplements for undergraduate/graduate sequences in health care. The book will also help you promote discussions of issues that arise when working in particular settings and with certain populations. Social Work in Health Settings presents a framework called “practice in context,” developed as a tool for teaching and evaluation, that addresses the three dimensions of context thought to have the most direct consequences for the relationship between social worker and client--policy, technology, and organization. The framework is applied to 32 settings (ten more than the first edition!) drawn from services to children and/or families; acute and high-technology care; rehabilitation, long-term intervention and advocacy; mental health care; and care for the frail elderly and hospice care. Social Work in Health Settings enables you, as a social work professional, to understand the context in which your work with clients occurs, in order to interpret and influence the important dimensions of your client contact. This thought-provoking volume will also encourage educators and students to understand the decisions that affect the helping relationship so that the needs of clients can be evaluated and met properly. In this era of managed care, downsizing, and cost-cutting, the approach in Social Work in Health Settings proves more salient than ever before.

Ageing Autonomy And Resources

Author : A.Harry Lesser
ISBN : 9780429860799
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 75. 2 MB
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First Published in 1999, lesser collects fourteen papers to create a discourse on the practical importance in a society where the proportion of elderly people is increasing. Exploring how autonomy and how it should be defined, and ethically when is it right to preserve a person’s autonomy and in comparison is it ever ethically right to bring elderly peoples autonomy as a secondary concern is it saves them from harm?

Controversies In The Practice Of Medicine

Author : Myrna Chandler Goldstein
ISBN : 0313311315
Genre : Medical
File Size : 67. 21 MB
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This exploration of fifteen different controversial issues within the medical profession challenges students to use critical thinking skills to draw their own conclusions.

Ethics A Pluralistic Approach To Moral Theory

Author : Lawrence M. Hinman
ISBN : 9781133710974
Genre : Education
File Size : 28. 85 MB
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ETHICS: A PLURALISTIC APPROACH TO MORAL THEORY, FIFTH EDITION provides a comprehensive yet clear introduction to the main traditions in ethical thought, including virtue ethics, utilitarianism, and deontology. Additionally, the book presents a conceptual framework of ethical pluralism to help students understand the relationship among various theories. Lawrence Hinman, one of today's most respected and accomplished educators in ethics and philosophy education, presents a text that gives students plentiful opportunities to explore ethical theory and their own responses to them, using fascinating features such as the Ethical Inventory sections that appear at the beginning and the end of the text. End-of-chapter discussion questions, and the use of current issues and movies help students retain what they've learned and truly comprehend the subject matter. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Philosophy Of Law

Author : Walter E. Block
ISBN : 9783030283605
Genre : Law
File Size : 73. 90 MB
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Looking at discrimination, education, environment, health and crime, this volume analyses United States Supreme Court rulings on several legal issues and proposed libertarian solutions to each problem. Setting their own liberal theory of law, each chapter discusses the law at hand, what it should be, and what it would be if their political economic philosophy were the justification of the legal practice. Covering issues such as sexual harassment, religion, markets in human organs, drug prohibition and abortion, this book is a timely contribution to classical liberal debate on law and economics.

Last Best Gifts

Author : Kieran Healy
ISBN : 9780226322384
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 56. 93 MB
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More than any other altruistic gesture, blood and organ donation exemplifies the true spirit of self-sacrifice. Donors literally give of themselves for no reward so that the life of an individual—often anonymous—may be spared. But as the demand for blood and organs has grown, the value of a system that depends solely on gifts has been called into question, and the possibility has surfaced that donors might be supplemented or replaced by paid suppliers. Last Best Gifts offers a fresh perspective on this ethical dilemma by examining the social organization of blood and organ donation in Europe and the United States. Gifts of blood and organs are not given everywhere in the same way or to the same extent—contrasts that allow Kieran Healy to uncover the pivotal role that institutions play in fashioning the contexts for donations. Procurement organizations, he shows, sustain altruism by providing opportunities to give and by producing public accounts of what giving means. In the end, Healy suggests, successful systems rest on the fairness of the exchange, rather than the purity of a donor’s altruism or the size of a financial incentive.

Older People

Author : Rhonda Nay
ISBN : 9780729581639
Genre : Medical
File Size : 73. 59 MB
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Now in its fourth edition trusted textbook Older People: Issues and Innovations in Care provides a unique collection of conversations and commentaries by leading international and local experts on a range of contemporary issues around the care of older people. Featuring six new chapters, current research and policy changes, the esteemed author team continue to highlight the importance of interdisciplinary healthcare in providing a comprehensive, person-centred approach to care. This edition encourages readers to explore care issues, innovations and change, and to utilise evidence-based practice to improve the care of older people and their families. - Editors’ comments precede each chapter, providing a snapshot of the issues addressed. - Dementia care has an increased focus. New chapters include: - Caring for older people: issues for consumers - Younger people in residential aged care facilities - Health and care of older Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples - Alzheimer’s dementia: neuropsychology, early diagnosis and intervention - Self-esteem, dignity and finding meaning in dementia - My journey of heartbreak: my parents and Alzheimer’s disease. - Vignettes highlight innovative approaches to care that result in improved health outcomes for older people. - Key points are woven through the text to reiterate vital information relevant to nurses and aged care workers. - Reflective questions encourage critical thinking as an instrument for improving practice. - In-text references are made to video interviews available on the Evolve site. This text reflects new thinking in care; include the ideas and experiences of policy analysts, nurses, doctors, allied health professionals and the consumer experience mainly from Australia but with international contributions and be based on contemporary research. It will also point readers to ‘the evidence’ where it exists, and include vignettes of practice and ‘video’ clips where appropriate.

Nursing Older People

Author : Rhonda Nay
ISBN : 9780729578981
Genre : Medical
File Size : 41. 2 MB
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This edition captures the underlying new approach in patient centred care and thinking from a multidisciplinary perspective. It highlights the most recent ideas and experiences of policy analysts, nurses, doctors, allied health professionals and the consumer experience from both Australia and Internationally. Contemporary research compliments the vignettes of practice and in conjunction with accompanying ‘video’ clips serve to capture the realities of caring for older people in our society. Change in focus of health care system with the patient centered care taking precedence and this new philosophy is incorporated into the third edition Key focus on issues and innovations in aged care, with evidence-based examples and clinical vignettes included throughout the new edition Cases are incorporated into each chapter to re-enforce and highlight many issues faced by nurses and health care workers in aged care Written by experts in the field of aged care Accompanying DVD, provides video clips of interviews with health practitioners and it highlights innovations to health care demands; issues such as dementia and broader aging issues. These serve to re-enforce the underpinning interdisciplinary and innovative approach of the third edition. An Evolve ebooks will be available of this title This text reflects new thinking in care; include the ideas and experiences of policy analysts, nurses, doctors, allied health professionals and the consumer experience mainly from Australia but with international contributions and be based on contemporary research. It will also point readers to ‘the evidence’ where it exists, and include vignettes of practice and ‘video’ clips where appropriate.

A Mind Of One S Own

Author : Louise Antony
ISBN : 9780429971235
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 24. 30 MB
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With philosophy so steeped in patriarchal tradition how is it possible for feminists to work within it? In this volume, 13 feminist theorists discuss whether traditional ideals of objectivity and rationality should be given a place within the committed feminist view of philosophy and the world.

Pediatric Ethics From Princ

Author : Cassidy
ISBN : 3718657562
Genre : Medical
File Size : 87. 18 MB
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Pediatric Ethicshas been written by experienced pediatric caregivers. All the most difficult and challenging pediatric issues are faced, from truth-telling for the child to confidentiality for the adolescent and from 'futility' in intensive care to conflicting interests in the private office. This book has been specifically designed to enhance the practitioner's ability to identify, evaluate and manage the real ethical problems that arise in caring for children and their families.

Ethics Of Assisted Reproductive Medicine

Author : Sharmin Islam
ISBN : 9781565645615
Genre : Bioethics
File Size : 43. 28 MB
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Ethics of Assisted Reproductive Medicinecompares and contrasts Western and Islamic models of bioethics to make the case that the Islamic perspective (taken from the Qur’an and the Sunnah) provides a viable and clear alternative that goes beyond the dominance of the secular and its various philosophical bases, to give Revelation and spiritual understanding precedence. In doing so, keeping to principles, it charts the way out of a confused circle of opinion that is making it very hard to decide “what is best.”

Spirit Ethics

Author : Paul T. Jersild
ISBN : 1451415664
Genre : Religion
File Size : 72. 94 MB
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How can Christians responsibly derive moral guidance from the Bible on pressing issues of personal and social morality today? Jersild's book sets the context for a study of Scripture and the moral life in a postmodern, pluralist society with its impact on biblical studies. The ethical contents and authority of Scripture are addressed, and a "Spirit ethics" is proposed as a way of developing a biblically based Christian ethics. Christians cannot simply adopt a once-and-for-all set of rules nor simply cite Bible verses against the latest sins. "Absolutely essential," says Jersild, "is the ongoing engagement of the church with the moral environment of society and the issues that this raises for the church." Jersild applies his model fruitfully and persuasively to three pressing and perplexing issues: assisted suicide, homosexuality, and genetic programs.

Scientific Innovation Philosophy And Public Policy Volume 13

Author : Ellen Frankel Paul
ISBN : 0521589940
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 62. 63 MB
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Recent and ongoing developments in science and technology hold out the promise of vastly improving the quality of human life, but they can also raise serious ethical, legal, and public policy questions. The thirteen essays in this volume address these questions and related issues.

Am I My Brother S Keeper?

Author : Arthur L. Caplan
ISBN : 0253113741
Genre : Medical
File Size : 74. 1 MB
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"... this book is though-provoking, bringing a scientist's reason and a moralist's outrage to bear on a subject that's largely escaped attention." -- Wired "Caplan's choice of topics is broad and his opinions challenging.... This volume will interest the general public. It is a good survey of a broad range of ethical issues, as seen by one prominent bioethicist who has thought much about the subject. Caplan's well-merited reputation as a commentator and interpreter between the scholarly and the public arena is reaffirmed in this book." -- The Washington Post "Arthur Caplan -- with assiduous effort, unflagging energy, encyclopedic knowledge, and imposing talent -- has become America's most visible commentator on bioethics." -- The Philadelphia Inquirer "Arthur Caplan is perhaps the most quoted bioethicist in the US and this new collection of essays illustrates why." -- Nature Medicine "... an important book of essays addressing the most problematic and persistent questions in the realm of contemporary bioethics. He offers a highly readable text balancing irony and incisive analysis with a palpable sense of moral urgency as he confronts a variety of subjects." -- Curtis W. Hart, BCC "Careful consideration of some of the knottier bioethical problems of our times, by the director of the Center for Bioethics at the University of Pennsylvania, who fears that cynicism and mistrust have eroded our ability to see ourselves as our brothers' keepers." -- Kirkus Reviews "Caplan's particular skill is an ability to identify, analyze, and explain the extremely complex moral questions that grow out of changes in health care, science, and medicine." -- The New York Times Magazine "An important critical voice for American medicine." -- The New England Journal of Medicine "... a useful introduction to a variety of bioethical issues." -- Library Journal In this impassioned book, Arthur L. Caplan, America's leading bioethicist, calls for an end to cynicism and mistrust in our approach to resolving health care issues. He brings this vision to discussions of some of the most exciting issues at the frontiers of medical ethics today -- including doctor-assisted suicide, gene therapy, and the headline-grabbing case of Dolly the sheep and the possibility that human beings might one day be cloned.

Ethics And Technology Assessment A Participatory Approach

Author : Matthew Cotton
ISBN : 9783642450884
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 56. 59 MB
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Whether it is nuclear power, geo-engineering or genetically modified foods, the development of new technologies can be fraught with complex ethical challenges and political controversy which defy simple resolution. In the past two decades there has been a shift towards processes of Participatory Technology Assessment designed to build channels of two-way communication between technical specialists and non-expert citizens, and to incorporate multiple stakeholder perspectives in the governance of contentious technology programmes. This participatory turn has spurred a need for new tools and techniques to encourage group deliberation and capture public values, moral and choices. This book specifically examines the ethical dimensions of controversial technologies, and discusses how these can be evaluated in a philosophically robust manner when the ones doing the deliberating are not ethicists, legal or technical experts. Grounded in philosophical pragmatism and drawing upon empirical work in partnership with citizen-stakeholders, this book presents a model called “Reflective Ethical Mapping” - a new meta-ethical framework and toolbox of techniques to facilitate citizen engagement with technology ethics.

Out From The Shadows

Author : Sharon L. Crasnow
ISBN : 9780199921331
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 56. 44 MB
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This collection draws together 18 mostly new papers on topics in standard areas of traditional analytical philosophy written from a feminist perspective. It aims to bring out from the shadows traditional philosophy by challenging it in a constructive, socially critical way that is essential for philosophy's fundamental goal of pursuing truth that matters.

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