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In Vivo Reprogramming In Regenerative Medicine

Author : Açelya Yilmazer
ISBN : 9783319657202
Genre : Science
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This new volume reviews current progress on different approaches of in vivo reprogramming technology. Leaders in the field discuss how in vivo cell lineage reprogramming can be used for tissue repair and regeneration in different organs, including brain, spinal cord, pancreas, liver and heart. Recent studies on in vivo cell reprogramming towards pluripotency are reviewed; examples are given to show its potential in regenerative medicine. In each chapter, the regenerative potential of different in vivo reprogramming approaches is discussed in detail. More specifically, how different tissue failures or damages can be treated with this technology is explained. Examples from various animal models are given and the regenerative potential of in vivo reprogramming is compared to that of cell transplantation studies. The last chapter discusses current challenges of these preclinical studies and gives suggestions in order to improve the current strategies. Future directions are indicated for the transition of in vivo reprogramming technology to clinical settings. This is among the first books in the literature which specifically focuses on the in vivo reprogramming technology in regenerative medicine and these chapters collectively cover one of the most important and exciting topics of regenerative medicine.

Chemical Biology In Regenerative Medicine

Author : Charles C. Hong
ISBN : 9781118695753
Genre : Science
File Size : 65. 5 MB
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Chemical Biology in Regenerative Medicine: Bridging Stem Cells and Future Therapies The field of regenerative medicine has advanced at a rapid pace and this comprehensive summary of new developments is a timely contribution to the field as clinical trials have begun to assess the safety and efficacy of cell-based therapies. In Chemical Biology in Regenerative Medicine, an international team of experts provides an overview of progress towards clinical application in the areas of transplantation (allogenic and autologous), manipulation of niche environment and homing, and cell reprogramming (trans-differentiation and de-differentiation). The book highlights the interdisciplinary approaches undertaken to resolve current technical problems in regenerative medicine, with special attention paid to small molecules and biomaterials engineering. This volume provides an essential overview of this emerging technology for researchers in academic, industrial and clinical environments working in regenerative medicine, chemical biology, biochemistry, cell biology, biomaterials and bioengineering. It is appropriate for training students and newcomers to the field, benefitting readers in broadening their knowledge and giving them insights to regenerative chemical biology, as well as encouraging readers to implement the key points in their own fields of study to develop new technologies.

Stem Cells Regenerative Medicine

Author : Krishnarao Appasani
ISBN : 1607618605
Genre : Science
File Size : 60. 83 MB
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Defined as, “The science about the development of an embryo from the fertilization of the ovum to the fetus stage,” embryology has been a mainstay at universities throughout the world for many years. Throughout the last century, embryology became overshadowed by experimental-based genetics and cell biology, transforming the field into developmental biology, which replaced embryology in Biology departments in many universities. Major contributions in this young century in the fields of molecular biology, biochemistry and genomics were integrated with both embryology and developmental biology to provide an understanding of the molecular portrait of a “development cell.” That new integrated approach is known as stem-cell biology; it is an understanding of the embryology and development together at the molecular level using engineering, imaging and cell culture principles, and it is at the heart of this seminal book. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine: From Molecular Embryology to Tissue Engineering is completely devoted to the basic developmental, cellular and molecular biological aspects of stem cells as well as their clinical applications in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. It focuses on the basic biology of embryonic and cancer cells plus their key involvement in self-renewal, muscle repair, epigenetic processes, and therapeutic applications. In addition, it covers other key relevant topics such as nuclear reprogramming induced pluripotency and stem cell culture techniques using novel biomaterials. A thorough introduction to stem-cell biology, this reference is aimed at graduate students, post-docs, and professors as well as executives and scientists in biotech and pharmaceutical companies.

Principles Of Regenerative Medicine

Author : Anthony Atala
ISBN : 0123814235
Genre : Science
File Size : 82. 34 MB
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Virtually any disease that results from malfunctioning, damaged, or failing tissues may be potentially cured through regenerative medicine therapies, by either regenerating the damaged tissues in vivo, or by growing the tissues and organs in vitro and implanting them into the patient. Principles of Regenerative Medicine discusses the latest advances in technology and medicine for replacing tissues and organs damaged by disease and of developing therapies for previously untreatable conditions, such as diabetes, heart disease, liver disease, and renal failure. Key for all researchers and instituions in Stem Cell Biology, Bioengineering, and Developmental Biology The first of its kind to offer an advanced understanding of the latest technologies in regenerative medicine New discoveries from leading researchers on restoration of diseased tissues and organs

Identification Of Stem Cell Genes And Transcriptional Reprogramming Through Cell Fusion And Nanog Overexpression

Author : Benjamin L. Kidder
ISBN : MINN:31951P00959424J
Genre : Cell hybridization
File Size : 55. 35 MB
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Regenerative Medicine And Cell Therapy

Author : Hossein Baharvand
ISBN : 9781627030984
Genre : Science
File Size : 72. 7 MB
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Therapeutic applications within regenerative biomedicine has gained tremendous interest from a growing, multidisciplinary community of investigators in recent years, driven by the hope of finding cures for several diseases. Regenerative Medicine and Cell Therapy discusses cutting-edge science in the field of regenerative biomedicine and its therapeutic applications to various medical disorders. The chapters are written by renowned scientists in the specific fields. This will be a useful book for basic and clinical scientists, especially young investigators and stem cell biology students who are newly entering the world of stem cells research. The editors’ goal is that the new knowledge and research outlined in this book will help contribute to new therapies for a wide variety of diseases that presently afflict humanity.

Stem Cell Engineering

Author : Gerhard M. Artmann
ISBN : 3642118658
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 25. 56 MB
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The potential of stem cells for healing and disease prevention in all fields of medicine is tremendous and has revolutionized the high-tech biomedical research. In this book, many of the most prominent researchers discuss the challenging topics of stem cell engineering, for example: Ethical issues of stem cell research; technological challenges, stem cell growth and differentiation, therapeutic applications, bioreactors and bioprocesses, high throughput and microfluidic screening platforms, stem cell identification and sorting, intercellular signaling and engineered niches, novel approaches for embryonic and adult stem cell growth and differentiation, stem cells and drug discovery, screening platforms. Stem Cell Engineering offers valuable background and reference for both the public and professionals including industrial staffers, faculty, researchers, engineers, students and scientific journalists.

Identification And Characterization Of Novel Regulators Of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Fate

Author : Eric Matthew Mendenhall
ISBN : MINN:31951P010387336
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Cell Engineering For Neuromuscular Regeneration Neural Reprogramming

Author : LeeAnn Kai-Yin Li
ISBN : OCLC:1163652201
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Neurological disorders are the primary cause of disability and the second leading cause of deaths worldwide, with an ever-increasing burden as populations grow and age. The peripheral nervous system (PNS) possesses great regenerative capability, but even so, no effective therapy exists for severe peripheral nerve injuries (PNIs) and underlying mechanisms are incompletely understood. Conversely, treatment for central nervous system (CNS) disease is crippled by little innate regenerative ability of the brain and inaccessibility of patient neural tissue. Direct reprogramming or transdifferentiation of adult somatic cells into neuronal fate ("induced neurons") has great potential for overcoming these barriers, but still suffers from low and variable efficiencies of conversion. My thesis harnessed principles of cell engineering, neuroengineering, and regenerative medicine to address these issues. In the PNS, we demonstrated a novel proof-of-concept that engineered synthetic neuromuscular tissue (SyNMT) can be used to guide development of and screening for stem cell therapies to treat denervation injuries. We compared neural crest stem cells (NCSCs) to bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Three-dimensional (3D) multicellular spheroids of NCSCs enhanced in vitro regenerative functions and dramatically increased in vivo longevity, with significant functional improvement in rat trials that recapitulated SyNMT findings of NCSC but not MSC improvements in neuromuscular junction innervation. In the CNS, we demonstrated that 3D spheroids promoted the direct reprogramming of human fibroblasts into neurons, increasing conversion efficiency by over 67 times. Moreover, reprogramming displayed distinct spatial patterns dependent on adhesive polarity that could be rescued by dual BMP & TGF- pathway inhibition. Overall, this work demonstrated the significant impact of engineering biophysical cues to improve regeneration and survival of neuromuscular cell therapies as well as to improve neural reprogramming, enhancing translational potential for biomedical applications.

Science Medicine

Author :
ISBN : UCLA:L0099053290
Genre :
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Wiley Encyclopedia Of Chemical Biology Volume 4

Author : Tadhg P. Begley
ISBN : STANFORD:36105210630856
Genre : Science
File Size : 58. 22 MB
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The first major reference at the interface of chemistry, biology, and medicine Chemical biology is a rapidly developing field that uses the principles, tools, and language of chemistry to answer important questions in the life sciences. It has enabled researchers to gather critical information about the molecular biology of the cell and is the fundamental science of drug discovery, playing a key role in the development of novel agents for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease. Now students and researchers across the range of disciplines that use chemical biology techniques have a single resource that encapsulates what is known in the field. It is an excellent place to begin any chemical biology investigation. Major topics addressed in the encyclopedia include: Applications of chemical biology Biomolecules within the cell Chemical views of biology Chemistry of biological processes and systems Synthetic molecules as tools for chemical biology Technologies and techniques in chemical biology Some 300 articles range from pure basic research to areas that have immediate applications in fields such as drug discovery, sensor technology, and catalysis. Novices in the field can turn to articles that introduce them to the basics, whereas experienced researchers have access to articles exploring the cutting edge of the science. Each article ends with a list of references to facilitate further investigation. With contributions from leading researchers and pioneers in the field, the Wiley Encyclopedia of Chemical Biology builds on Wiley's unparalleled reputation for helping students and researchers understand the crucial role of chemistry and chemical techniques in the life sciences.

Cellular Dedifferentiation And Regenerative Medicine

Author : Xiaobing Fu
ISBN : 9783662561799
Genre : Medical
File Size : 35. 69 MB
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This book focuses on the contribution of cell dedifferentiation to the regenerative process in all body systems, as well as its underlying molecular mechanisms and applications. The book is divided into four parts, the first of which addresses the history of cell dedifferentiation and regenerative medicine. In turn, Part II compares three routes by which cells change their phenotype: dedifferentiation, transdifferentiation, and reprogramming. Part III includes an extensive review of cell dedifferentiation events in all nine body systems for lower organisms and mammalians, respectively. The final part reviews the relationship between cell dedifferentiation and the development of cancer and several other diseases, while also outlining the prospects of and future research directions in cell dedifferentiation and regenerative medicine. The main purpose of the book is to underline the importance of cell dedifferentiation in stem cell and regenerative medicine by providing a systematical review of dedifferentiation in all body systems, together with the latest reliable evidence.

Stem Cells Tissue Engineering And Regenerative Medicine

Author : David Warburton
ISBN : 9789814612791
Genre : Science
File Size : 60. 62 MB
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Stem cells, tissue engineering and regenerative medicine are fast moving fields with vastly transformative implications for the future of health care and capital markets. This book will show the state of the art in the translational fields of stem cell biology, tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. The state of developments in specific organ systems, where novel solutions to organ failure are badly needed such as the lungs, kidney and so forth, are discussed in various chapters. These present and future advances are placed in the context of the overall field, offering a comprehensive and quick up-to-date drink from the fountain of knowledge in this rapidly emerging field. This book provides an investigator-level overview of the current field accessible to the educated scientific generalist as well as a college educated readership, undergraduates and science writers, educators and professionals of all kinds. Contents:Developmental Biology, Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cells: The Hope Machine is Justified (David Warburton)Towards Broader Approaches to Stem Cell Signaling and Therapeutics (Edwin Jesudason)Pluripotent Stem Cells from the Early Embryo (Claire E Cuddy and Martin F Pera)The First Cell Fate Decision During Mammalian Development (Melanie D White and Nicolas Plachta)Asymmetric Cell Divisions of Stem/Progenitor Cells (Ahmed HK El-Hashash)Microenvironmental Modulation of Stem Cell Differentiation with Focus on the Lung (Shimon Lecht, Collin T Stabler, Seda Karamil, Athanasios Mantalaris, Ali Samadikuchaksaraei, Julia M Polak and Peter I Lelkes)Smart Matrices for Distal Lung Tissue Engineering (Mark J Mondrinos and Peter I Lelkes)Skin Stem Cells and Their Roles in Skin Regeneration and Disorders (Chao-Kai Hsu, Chao-Chun Yang and Shyh-Jou Shieh)Stem Cell Recruitment and Impact in Skin Repair and Regeneration (Tim Hsu, Tai-Lan Tuan and Yun-Shain Lee)Epigenetic and Environmental Regulation of Skin Appendage Regeneration (Ting-Xin Jiang, Chih-Chiang Chen, Michael W Hughes, Cheng-Ming Chuong and Randall Widelitz)Cranial Neural Crest: An Extraordinarily Migratory and Multipotent Embryonic Cell Population (Samuel G Cox and J Gage Crump)Modeling Neurodegenerative Diseases and Neurodevelopmental Disorders with Reprogrammed Cells (Kate E Galloway and Justin K Ichida)Cytokine Regulation of Intestinal Stem Cells (Philip E Dubé, Unice J K Soh and D Brent Polk)The Intestinal Stem Cell Niche and Its Regulation by ErbB Growth Factor Receptors (Dana Almohazey and Mark R Frey)Tissue Engineering: Intestine (Avafia Y Dossa, Kathy A Schall, Tracy C Grikscheit and Christopher P Gayer)Liver Stem and Progenitor Cells in Development, Disease and Regenerative Medicine (Nirmala Mavila and Kasper S Wang)Lung Mesenchymal Stem Cells (Wei Shi)FGF Signaling in Lung Stem and Progenitor Cells (Soula Danopoulos and Denise Al Alam)Bioengineering Distal Airways (Christine Finck and Todd Jensen)The Isolation and Molecular Characterization of Cancer Stem Cells (Aggressive Endophenotypes) in Individual Lung Cancers (Raj K Batra, Scott Oh and Saroj Basak)Mesenchymal Stromal Cell-Based Therapies for Lung Diseases and Critical Illnesses (Fernanda Cruz, Patricia RM Rocco and Daniel J Weiss)Heart Regeneration and Repair: What We Have Learned from Model Organisms (Laurent Gamba, Michael R Harrison and Ching-Ling Lien)Leveraging Structure-Based Rational Drug Design and Nanotechnology to Destroy Leukemic Stem Cells (Fatih M Uckun, Jianjun Cheng, Cheney Mao and Sanjive Qazi)Placenta-Derived Stem Cells: Development and Preclinical Applications for Regenerative Medicine (Jennifer Izumi Divine, Hee Kyung Jung and Toshio Miki)Stem Cells in the Real World: Environmental Impacts (Theresa M Bastain, Lu Gao and Frank D Gilliland)Establishing a Research Grade Human Pluripotent Stem Cell Laboratory (Laura-Marie Nucho and Victoria Fox) Readership: Stem cell and tissue engineering scientists, patient advocates, educated laypeople, high school science students, undergraduate students, graduate students, physicians and surgeons. Key Features:This book presents up-to-date latest breakthroughs and near future applicationsBench to bedsideThis book features potential curesKeywords:Stem Cells;Tissue Engineering;Regenerative Medicine

Stem Cell Biology And Regenerative Medicine

Author : Charles Durand
ISBN : 9788793237070
Genre : Medical
File Size : 26. 16 MB
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The study of stem cell biology is under intensive investigations. Because stem cells have the unique capability to self-renew and differentiate into one or several cell types, they play a critical role in development, tissue homeostasis and regeneration. Stem cells also constitute promising cell candidates for cell therapy. The aim of this book is to provide an accurate knowledge on stem cell biology and regenerative medicine. This book will cover many topics in the field and is based on seminars given by recognized scientists involved the international master program on stem cell biology at the University Pierre and Marie Curie (UPMC) in Paris. Content Preface. Pierre Charbord and Charles Durand. 1) General concepts 1.Stem cell concepts. Charles Durand and Pierre Charbord. 2.Transcriptional regulation in stem cells. Eric Soler and Frank Grosveld. 3.DNA repair in stem cells. Leyla Vahidi Ferdousi and Miria Ricchetti. 4. Stem cells and epigenetic regulation. Emma L. Walton and Claire Francastel. 5. Hydra and the evolution of stem cells. Alexander Klimovich, Anna Marei Böhm and Thomas C.G. Bosch. 6. Ontogeny of stem cells. Thierry Jaffredo. 7. Regeneration in anamniotic vertebrates. Dunja Knapp. 8. Computational models of spatio-temporal stem cell organization. Peter Buske and Joerg Galle. 2) Pluripotent stem cells 9. X chromosome inactivation in stem cells and development. Agnese Loda, Friedemann Loos and Joost Gribnau. 10. Molecular machinery of reprogramming. Romain Desprat, Ollivier Milhavet and Jean-Marc Lemaitre. 11. Modeling human genetic disorders using induced pluripotent stem cells. Franck Lebrin. 3) Adult stem cells 12. Developmental biology of hematopoietic stem cells : Cellular aspects. Laurent Yvernogeau, Jean-Charles Boisset and Catherine Robin. 13. Developmental biology of haematopoietic stem cells: Cell intrinsic and extrinsic regulators of their emergence. Katrin Ottersbach. 14. Biology of hematopoietic stem cells in the adult. Marie-Laure Arcangeli, Rima Haddad, Francoise Pflumio. 15. Epithelial stem cells in the skin. Romain Fontaine, Mathieu Castela and Selim Aractingi. 16. Skeletal muscle stem cells. Elisa Negroni, Maximilien Bencze, Stéphanie Duguez, Gillian Butler-Browne and Vincent Mouly. 17. Mammary stem cells. Marie-Ange Deugnier, Marisa M. Faraldo and Marina A. Glukhova. 18. Intestinal stem cells. Silvia Fre. 19. Neural stem cells. Nathalie Kubis and Martin Catala. 20. Dental stem cells. Anne Poliard. 21. Bone marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells: from stemness to stromal property of hematopoietic support. Pierre Charbord and Bruno Delorme. 22. Retinal stem cells. Olivier Goureau, Angélique Terray, Katherine S. Matho, Sacha Reichman, and Gael Orieux. 4) Stem cell-related diseases and therapy using stem cells 23. Leukemic stem cells: what the concept brings to disease and patient management. Berent Lunden and Christine Chomienne. 24. Stem cells for cardiac repair. Philippe Menasché. 25. Stem cells for red blood cell production. Christelle Mazurier, Guillaume F Rousseau, Luc Douay and Hélène Lapillonne. 26. Prospectives for therapy with stem cells in skeletal muscular diseases. Maximilien Bencze, Elisa Negroni, Vincent Mouly and Gillian Butler-Browne. 5) Regulatory and philosophical aspects 27. Legal framework for research on Human Embryonic Stem Cells in France and in Europe. Arnaud de Guerra, Emmanuelle Prada-Bordenave 28. Stem cell epistemological issues. Lucie Laplane. 29. Future outlook. Pierre Charbord and Charles Durand.

Embryonic Stem Cell Formation Maintenance And Differentiation

Author : Bahram Valamehr
ISBN : UCLA:L0102977915
Genre :
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Stem Cells And Regenerative Medicine

Author : Walter C. Low
ISBN : 9789812775771
Genre : Electronic books
File Size : 21. 29 MB
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The commercialization of biotechnology has resulted in an intensive search for new biological resources for the purposes of increasing food productivity, medicinal applications, energy production, and various other applications. Although biotechnology has produced many benefits for humanity, the exploitation of the planet's natural resources has also resulted in some undesirable consequences such as diminished species biodiversity, climate change, environmental contamination, and intellectual property right and patent concerns.This book discusses the role of biological, ecological, environmental, ethical, and economic issues in the interaction between biotechnology and biodiversity, using different contexts. No other book has discussed all of these issues in a comprehensive manner. Of special interest is their impact when biotechnology is shared between developed and developing countries, and the lack of recognition of the rights of indigenous populations and traditional farmers in developing countries by large multinational corporations.

Stem Cells

Author : Gregory R. Bock
ISBN : 0470091436
Genre : Science
File Size : 34. 7 MB
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Understanding stem cells at the molecular level is essential to understanding their behaviour in a physiological context. This volume in our acclaimed Novartis Foundation series features animated discussion from the world’s experts in this topic on the important ethical issues that are raised by research on stem cells. They review the various regulatory regimes, which apply in different countries – a key factor in determining where future stem cell research is carried out. Potential clinical applications covered in the book include the production of cardiomyocytes to replace damaged heart tissue, the production of insulin-producing cells for patients with diabetes, and the generation of neurons for the treatment of patients with Parkinson’s disease or spinal cord injury. Particular attention is paid to the factors that maintain stem cells in a pluripotent state or which drive them to create differentiated and lineage-committed cells in vitro and in vivo. Nuclear reprogramming, the process by which a nucleus acquires developmental potential, is covered here as well. It is relevant to stem cell research generally, and also to research on the cloning of animals by nuclear transfer. This book is an essential purchase for all those engaged in stem cell research, whether in the laboratory, the clinic or the regulatory authorities. From the reviews: "...this book provides: a comprehensive overview of current issues in stem cell research, with contributions from leading figures..." —BRITISH SOCIETY OF CELL BIOLOGY

Cell Engineering And Regeneration

Author : Jeffrey M. Gimble
ISBN : 3319370766
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 23. 94 MB
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This reference work presents the origins of cells for tissue engineering and regeneration, including primary cells, tissue-specific stem cells, pluripotent stem cells and trans-differentiated or reprogrammed cells. There is particular emphasis on current understanding of tissue regeneration based on embryology and evolution studies, including mechanisms of amphibian regeneration. The book covers the use of autologous versus allogeneic cell sources, as well as various procedures used for cell isolation and cell pre-conditioning , such as cell sorting, biochemical and biophysical pre-conditioning, transfection and aggregation. It also presents cell modulation using growth factors, molecular factors, epigenetic approaches, changes in biophysical environment, cellular co-culture and other elements of the cellular microenvironment. The pathways of cell delivery are discussed with respect to specific clinical situations, including delivery of ex vivo manipulated cells via local and systemic routes, as well as activation and migration of endogenous reservoirs of reparative cells. The volume concludes with an in-depth discussion of the tracking of cells in vivo and their various regenerative activities inside the body, including differentiation, new tissue formation and actions on other cells by direct cell-to-cell communication and by secretion of biomolecules.


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ISBN : UCSD:31822030815179
Genre : Heart
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Author : Sir Norman Lockyer
ISBN : UOM:49015003312338
Genre : Electronic journals
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