interface science in drinking water treatment theory and applications interface science and technology

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Interface Science In Drinking Water Treatment

Author : Gayle Newcombe
ISBN : 0080530516
Genre : Science
File Size : 70. 61 MB
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It is difficult to imagine anything more important to the human population than safe drinking water. Lack of clean drinking water is still the major cause of illness and death in young children in developing countries. In more fortunate communities, where water treatment is practiced, the primary aim of water authorities is to provide water that is free from pathogens and toxins. Most countries now have water quality regulations, or guidelines, which are driving water authorities to produce purer water, with the minimum of contamination from natural or man-made origin. At the same time, consumers are demanding that chemicals added during the treatment of drinking water be kept to a minimum. As a consequence, conventional clarification methods are being challenged to comply with the new regulations and restrictions and our understanding of the mechanisms involved is being tested as never before. Interface Science in Drinking Water Treatment contains a rigorous review of water treatment practices from a fundamental viewpoint. The book includes material from leading experts in the field of water treatment, reviewing their specific fields of expertise against a background of colloid and surface chemistry, and examines each step of the journey from source to consumer tap. It therefore permits the reader to develop a deep understanding of the complex processes taking place and of the necessary treatments which are vital for the provision of safe and palatable drinking water. The book is aimed at researchers, educators and practitioners in science and engineering, particularly those involved in water treatment and colloidal chemistry. · Covers all existing water treatment processes, approached from a fundamental surface and colloid science viewpoint · Unique collection of R&D authors, all experts in water treatment processes · Comprehensive review of water treatment with a complete list of references

Interface Science And Composites

Author : Soo-Jin Park
ISBN : 9780123750495
Genre : Science
File Size : 56. 32 MB
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The goal of Interface Science and Composites is to facilitate the manufacture of technological materials with optimized properties on the basis of a comprehensive understanding of the molecular structure of interfaces and their resulting influence on composite materials processes. From the early development of composites of various natures, the optimization of the interface has been of major importance. While there are many reference books available on composites, few deal specifically with the science and mechanics of the interface of materials and composites. Further, many recent advances in composite interfaces are scattered across the literature and are here assembled in a readily accessible form, bringing together recent developments in the field, both from the materials science and mechanics perspective, in a single convenient volume. The central theme of the book is tailoring the interface science of composites to optimize the basic physical principles rather than on the use of materials and the mechanical performance and structural integrity of composites with enhanced strength/stiffness and fracture toughness (or specific fracture resistance). It also deals mainly with interfaces in advanced composites made from high-performance fibers, such as glass, carbon, aramid, and some inorganic fibers, and matrix materials encompassing polymers, carbon, metals/alloys, and ceramics. Includes chapter on the development of a nanolevel dispersion of graphene particles in a polymer matrix Focus on tailoring the interface science of composites to optimize the basic physical principles Covers mainly interfaces in advanced composites made from high performance fibers

Surface Complexation Modelling

Author : Johannes Lutzenkirchen
ISBN : 0080467784
Genre : Science
File Size : 27. 31 MB
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Surface Complexation Modelling deals with various aspects associate to the modelling of solutes adsorption from of solutes from aqueous solutions to minerals. The individual contributions cover fundamental aspects and applications. Applications cover case studies and present consistent surface complexation parameter sets. The model approaches range from simplistic to mechanistic. More fundamental contributions address underlying phenomena or stress the opportunities of modern computational methods. Several mineral systems are covered, including goethite, gibbsite, clay minerals etc. Surface Complexation Modelling presents the state-of-the-art of surface complexation modelling and suggests ideas for further model development. A number of chapters are authored by scientists working on nuclear waste storage, where the retention of radionuclides contributes to preventing radionuclide migration from the repository to the biosphere. Other contributions come from soil and environmental chemists with an interest in reactive transport of pollutants in soils or aquifers. Covering a wide range of disciplines Bringing together contributions from experts in the field Providing a balance between the theoretical and applied aspects

Self Assembly Processes At Interfaces

Author : Vincent Ball
ISBN : 9780128019726
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 53. 42 MB
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Self-Assembly Processes at Interfaces: Multiscale Phenomena provides the conceptual and unifying view of adsorption, self-assembly, and grafting processes at solid–liquid and liquid–gas interfaces, also describing experimental methods where applicable. An invaluable resource for (post)-graduate students looking to bridge the gap between acquiring the field’s existing knowledge and the creation of new insights, the book recalls fundamental concepts, giving rigorous, but first-principle-based, calculations and exercises, and showing how these concepts have been used in recent research articles. Readers will find guidelines on how best to start research in the field of surface chemistry with biological macromolecules and molecules able to undergo self-assembly process at interfaces in the presence of a liquid, along with discussions on the very fundamental aspects and applications using concepts of biomimetic chemistry. By highlighting the interdisciplinary aspects of the field of self-assembly at interfaces, the book is an ideal resource for chemical engineers, chemists, physicists, and biologists. In addition, important equations are demonstrated on the basis of fundamental concepts, and overly complex mathematical developments are avoided. Presents an interdisciplinary work that is ideal for chemical engineers, chemists, physicists, and biologists Provides a unifying view of the field, from fundamentals, to methods and applications Includes concepts applicable at both solid–liquid and liquid–gas interfaces

Graphene Surfaces

Author : Karim Kakaei
ISBN : 9780128145241
Genre : Science
File Size : 38. 95 MB
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Graphene Surfaces: Particles and Catalysts focuses on the surface chemistry and modification of graphene and its derivatives from a theoretical and electrochemical point-of-view. It provides a comprehensive overview of their electronic structure, synthesis, properties and general applications in catalysis science, including their relevance in alcohols and their derivatives oxidation, oxygen reduction, hydrogen evolution, energy storage, corrosion protection and supercapacitors. The book also covers emerging research on graphene chemistry and its impact. Chemical engineers, materials scientists, electrochemists and engineers will find information that will answer their most pressing questions on the surface aspects of graphene and its effect on catalysis. Serves as a time-saving reference for researchers, graduated students and chemical engineers Equips the reader with catalysis knowledge for practical applications Discusses the physical and electrochemical properties of graphene Provides the most important applications of graphene in electrochemical systems Highlights both experimental and theoretical aspects of graphene

Chemistry On Modified Oxide And Phosphate Surfaces

Author : Robson Fernandes de Farias
ISBN : UCSD:31822037166295
Genre : Science
File Size : 64. 90 MB
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This title in the authoritative Interface Science and Technology Series presents the key features and applications of modified oxide and phosphate surfaces. * Examines both basic and applied aspects * Incorporates examples from recent publications

Water Quality Treatment A Handbook On Drinking Water

Author : American Water Works Association
ISBN : 0071630104
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 48. 55 MB
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The definitive water quality and treatment resource--fully revised and updated Comprehensive, current, and written by leading experts, Water Quality & Treatment: A Handbook on Drinking Water, Sixth Edition covers state-of-the-art technologies and methods for water treatment and quality control. Significant revisions and new material in this edition reflect the latest advances and critical topics in water supply and treatment. Presented by the American Water Works Association, this is the leading source of authoritative information on drinking water quality and treatment. NEW CHAPTERS ON: Chemical principles, source water composition, and watershed protection Natural treatment systems Water reuse for drinking water augmentation Ultraviolet light processes Formation and control of disinfection by-products DETAILED COVERAGE OF: Drinking water standards, regulations, goals, and health effects Hydraulic characteristics of water treatment reactors Gas-liquid processes and chemical oxidation Coagulation, flocculation, sedimentation, and flotation Granular media and membrane filtration Ion exchange and adsorption of inorganic contaminants Precipitation, coprecipitation, and precipitative softening Adsorption of organic compounds by activated carbon Chemical disinfection Internal corrosion and deposition control Microbiological quality control in distribution systems Water treatment plant residuals management

Macromolecules In Solution And Brownian Relativity

Author : Stefano A. Mezzasalma
ISBN : UCSD:31822035349927
Genre : Science
File Size : 63. 13 MB
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This book illustrates the recent picture of statistical physics of polymers and polymer solutions that emerges from some paradigms of contemporary science joint together. Among its principal aims are discussing the consequences of a novel self-diffusion theory, which benefits from an extension towards relativistic-like principles, and the generalization of usual concepts met in polymer science in terms of geometry alone. The monograph gives the whole fundamentals necessary to handle the view proposed, which is set in the final chapters. All the formers see about to provide the reader with a comprehensive treatation of the necessary fundamentals of classical, relativistic, quantum and statistical mechanics. Among the most important mechanical theories ever developed, a chapter on the Brownian movement and another on macromolecules prepare the ground that is specific to face universality and scaling behaviors in polymer solutions. The scope of the book is therefore two-fold: On the one hand, it wishes to involve the readers and scholars into a new research on polymer physics and chemistry. On the other, to get close chemical physicists and physical chemists to disciplines which, traditionally, are far from their direct fields of interest. Cross-disciplinarity Novelty Potentiality

Application Of Population Balance Methods To Particle Aggregation Modelling

Author : Anders Olof Wistrom
ISBN : UCAL:X53286
Genre :
File Size : 81. 98 MB
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Wrc Information

Author : Water Research Centre (Great Britain).
ISBN : STANFORD:36105010852742
Genre : Water
File Size : 26. 16 MB
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