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Introduction To Genomics

Author : Arthur Lesk
ISBN : 9780199564354
Genre : Medical
File Size : 20. 3 MB
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Introduction to Genomics is a fascinating insight into what can be revealed from the study of genomes: how organisms differ or match; how different organisms evolved; how the genome is constructed and how it operates; and what our understanding of genome structure and function means in terms of our future health and wellbeing.

Introduction To Genomics

Author : Arthur M. Lesk
ISBN : 9780198754831
Genre : Genomics
File Size : 90. 4 MB
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Our genome is the blueprint for our existence: it encodes all the information we need to develop from a single cell into a hugely complicated functional organism. Yet it is more than a static information store: our genome is a dynamic, tightly-regulated collection of genes, which switch on and off in many combinations to give the variety of cells from which our bodies are formed. But how do we identify the genes that make up our genome? How do we determine their function? And how do different genes form the regulatory networks that direct the processes of life? Introduction to Genomics is the most up-to-date and complete textbook for students approaching the subject for the first time. Lesk's engaging writing style brings a narrative to a disparate field of study and offers a fascinating insight into what can be revealed from the study of genomes. The book covers: the similarities and differences between organisms; how different organisms evolved; how the genome is constructed and how it operates; and what our understanding of genomics means in terms of our future health and wellbeing. The Online Resource Center accompanying Introduction to Genomics features: For students *Extensive and imaginative weblems (web-based problems) for each chapter designed to give you practice with the tools required for further study and research in the field *Hints and answers to end-of-chapter problems and exercises support your self-directed learning *Guided tour of websites and major archival databanks in genomics offer a wealth of resources to springboard your own research *Journal club: links to related research articles on topics covered in the book are paired with engaging questions to improve your interpretation of the primary literature *Rotating figures allow you to visualize complex structures For instructors *Downloadable figures from the book.

Genomics

Author : John M. Archibald
ISBN : 9780198786207
Genre : Science
File Size : 61. 93 MB
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Genomics has transformed the biological sciences. From epidemiology and medicine to evolution and forensics, the ability to determine an organism's complete genetic makeup has changed the way science is done and the questions that can be asked of it. Its most celebrated achievement was theHuman Genome Project, a technologically challenging endeavor that took thousands of scientists around the world 13 years and over 3 billion US dollars to complete. In this Very Short Introduction John Archibald explores the science of genomics and its rapidly expanding toolbox. Sequencing a human genome now takes only a few days and costs as little as $1,000. The genomes of simple bacteria and viruses can be sequenced in a matter of hours on a device that fitsin the palm of your hand. The resulting sequences can be used to better understand our biology in health and disease and to 'personalize' medicine. Archibald shows how the field of genomics is on the cusp of another quantum leap; the implications for science and society are profound.ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, andenthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Introduction To Computational Genomics

Author : Nello Cristianini
ISBN : 9781139460156
Genre : Computers
File Size : 71. 7 MB
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Where did SARS come from? Have we inherited genes from Neanderthals? How do plants use their internal clock? The genomic revolution in biology enables us to answer such questions. But the revolution would have been impossible without the support of powerful computational and statistical methods that enable us to exploit genomic data. Many universities are introducing courses to train the next generation of bioinformaticians: biologists fluent in mathematics and computer science, and data analysts familiar with biology. This readable and entertaining book, based on successful taught courses, provides a roadmap to navigate entry to this field. It guides the reader through key achievements of bioinformatics, using a hands-on approach. Statistical sequence analysis, sequence alignment, hidden Markov models, gene and motif finding and more, are introduced in a rigorous yet accessible way. A companion website provides the reader with Matlab-related software tools for reproducing the steps demonstrated in the book.

Introduction To Genomic Signal Processing With Control

Author : Aniruddha Datta
ISBN : 1420006673
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 90. 2 MB
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Studying large sets of genes and their collective function requires tools that can easily handle huge amounts of information. Recent research indicates that engineering approaches for prediction, signal processing, and control are well suited for studying multivariate interactions. A tutorial guide to the current engineering research in genomics, Introduction to Genomic Signal Processing with Control provides a state-of-the-art account of the use of control theory to obtain intervention strategies for gene regulatory networks. The book builds up the necessary molecular biology background with a basic review of organic chemistry and an introduction of DNA, RNA, and proteins, followed by a description of the processes of transcription and translation and the genetic code that is used to carry out the latter. It discusses control of gene expression, introduces genetic engineering tools such as microarrays and PCR, and covers cell cycle control and tissue renewal in multi-cellular organisms. The authors then delineate how the engineering approaches of classification and clustering are appropriate for carrying out gene-based disease classification. This leads naturally to expression prediction, which in turn leads to genetic regulatory networks. The book concludes with a discussion of control approaches that can be used to alter the behavior of such networks in the hope that this alteration will move the network from a diseased state to a disease-free state. Written by recognized leaders in this emerging field, the book provides the exact amount of molecular biology required to understand the engineering applications. It is a self-contained resource that spans the diverse disciplines of molecular biology and electrical engineering.

Introduction To Evolutionary Genomics

Author : Naruya Saitou
ISBN : 9781447153047
Genre : Computers
File Size : 55. 42 MB
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This book is the first of its kind to explain the fundamentals of evolutionary genomics. The comprehensive coverage includes concise descriptions of a variety of genome organizations, a thorough discussion of the methods used, and a detailed review of genome sequence processing procedures. The opening chapters also provide the necessary basics for readers unfamiliar with evolutionary studies. Features: introduces the basics of molecular biology, DNA replication, mutation, phylogeny, neutral evolution, and natural selection; presents a brief evolutionary history of life from the primordial seas to the emergence of humans; describes the genomes of prokaryotes, eukaryotes, vertebrates, and humans; reviews methods for genome sequencing, phenotype data collection, homology searches and analysis, and phylogenetic tree and network building; discusses databases of genome sequences and related information, evolutionary distances, and population genomics; provides supplementary material at an associated website.

Introduction To Bioinformatics

Author : Stephen A. Krawetz
ISBN : 1588290646
Genre : Computers
File Size : 81. 17 MB
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A comprehensible introduction to the key biological, mathematical, statistical, and computer concepts and tools behind bioinformatics. For physical scientists, the book provides a sound biological framework for understanding the questions a life scientist would ask in the context of currently available computational tools. For life scientists, a complete discussion of the UNIX operating system offers biologists graphical-user-interface comfort in a command-line environment, plus an understanding of the installation and management of UNIX-based software tools. In the applications sections the book provides a common meeting ground for life and physical scientists. Here they will find examples of the management and analysis of DNA sequencing projects, the modeling of DNA as a statistical series of patterns, various methods of pattern discovery, protein visualization, and the use of multiple sequence alignment to infer both functional and structural biological relationships. An accompanying CD contains several full and limited trial-versions of the programs discussed in the text, as well as a complete set of illustrations from each chapter suitable for lectures and presentations.

Introduction To Protein Science

Author : Arthur Lesk
ISBN : 0198716842
Genre : Genomics
File Size : 49. 18 MB
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Not only are proteins the fundamental building blocks of all life forms, but they also have a wide range of functions - from forming enzymes acting as catalysts for specific reactions, to crucial molecules such as antibodies in the immune system, and as signalling molecules between cells. Introduction to Protein Science, 3rd edition provides a rich and broad introduction to this fascinating field by covering not only the structureand function of proteins, but also the methods and experimental techniques used to study them. The practical applications of our knowledge to diverse fields such as biotechnology and medicine are emphasizedthroughout, to help students appreciate the relevance of the subject to the real world.

Welcome To The Genome

Author : Robert DeSalle
ISBN : 9781118750308
Genre : Science
File Size : 52. 58 MB
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The popular introduction to the genomic revolution for non-scientists—the revised and updated new edition Welcome to the Genome is an accessible, up-to-date introduction to genomics—the interdisciplinary field of biology focused on the structure, function, evolution, mapping, and editing of an organism's complete set of DNA. Written for non-experts, this user-friendly book explains how genomes are sequenced and explores the discoveries and challenges of this revolutionary technology. Genomics is a mixture of many fields, including not only biology, engineering, computer science, and mathematics, but also social sciences and humanities. This unique guide addresses both the science of genomics and the ethical, moral, and social questions that rise from the technology. There have been many exciting developments in genomics since this book's first publication. Accordingly, the second edition of Welcome to the Genome offers substantial new and updated content to reflect recent major advances in genome-level sequencing and analysis, and demonstrates the vast increase in biological knowledge over the past decade. New sections cover next-generation technologies such as Illumina and PacBio sequencing, while expanded chapters discuss controversial ethical and philosophical issues raised by genomic technology, such as direct-to-consumer genetic testing. An essential resource for understanding the still-evolving genomic revolution, this book: Introduces non-scientists to basic molecular principles and illustrates how they are shaping the genomic revolution in medicine, biology, and conservation biology Explores a wide range of topics within the field such as genetic diversity, genome structure, genetic cloning, forensic genetics, and more Includes full-color illustrations and topical examples Presents material in an accessible, user-friendly style, requiring no expertise in genomics Discusses past discoveries, current research, and future possibilities in the field Sponsored by the American Museum of Natural History, Welcome to the Genome: A User's Guide to the Genetic Past, Present, and Future is a must-read book for anyone interested in the scientific foundation for understanding the development and evolutionary heritage of all life.

Genomics And Bioinformatics

Author : Tore Samuelsson
ISBN : 9781107008564
Genre : Computers
File Size : 47. 98 MB
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A hands-on introduction to Unix, Perl and other bioinformatics tools using relevant and interesting molecular biology problems.

Introduction To Marine Genomics

Author : J. Mark Cock
ISBN : 9048186390
Genre : Science
File Size : 69. 27 MB
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Marine biology has always played an important role in biological research, being at the origin of many key advances. To a certain extent, the influence of marine biology on the biological sciences was overshadowed over a period of several years by the remarkable advances that were made using powerful model organisms from terrestrial environments. This situation is now changing again, however, due primarily to spectacular developments in genomic methodologies that have significantly accelerated research in a broad spectrum of marine biology disciplines ranging from biodiversity to developmental biology to biotechnology. The data generated by marine genomics projects have had an impact on questions as diverse as understanding planetary geochemical cycles, the impact of climate change on marine fauna and flora, the functioning of marine ecosystems, the discovery of new organisms and novel biomolecules, and investigation of the evolution of animal developmental complexity. This book represents the first attempt to document how genomic technologies are revolutionising these diverse domains of marine biology. Each chapter of this book looks at how these technologies are being employed in a specific domain of marine research and provides a summary of the major results obtained to date. The book as a whole provides an overview of marine genomics as a discipline and represents an ideal starting point for exploring this rapidly developing domain.

Comparative Genomics

Author : Melody Clark
ISBN : 0412830809
Genre : Medical
File Size : 66. 95 MB
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Comparative genomics: an introduction: sequencing projects and model organisms (M. S. Clark). Drosophila melanogaster: a genetic tool (U. Schafer, H. Jackle). Tunicates: models for chordate evolution and development at low genomic complexity (W. R. Jeffrey). Fugu rubripes: a fish model genome (M. S. Clark, G. Elgar). The mouse and the genomic era (T. J. Wilson, F. Lazner, I. Kola, P. J. Hertzog). Quantitative Trait Loci in domestic animals - complex inheritance patterns (E. Lipkin, m. Soller). Comparative genomics of vertebrates and the evolution of sex chromosomes (J. A. M. Graves, S. Shetty). Insights into mammalian genome organization evolution by molecular cytogenetics (J. Wienberg, L. Froniecke, R. Stanyon). Index.

Computing For Comparative Microbial Genomics

Author : David Wayne Ussery
ISBN : 9781848002548
Genre : Science
File Size : 59. 56 MB
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Overview and Goals This book describes how to visualize and compare bacterial genomes. Sequencing technologies are becoming so inexpensive that soon going for a cup of coffee will be more expensive than sequencing a bacterial genome. Thus, there is a very real and pressing need for high-throughput computational methods to compare hundreds and thousands of bacterial genomes. It is a long road from molecular biology to systems biology, and in a sense this text can be thought of as a path bridging these ? elds. The goal of this book is to p- vide a coherent set of tools and a methodological framework for starting with raw DNA sequences and producing fully annotated genome sequences, and then using these to build up and test models about groups of interacting organisms within an environment or ecological niche. Organization and Features The text is divided into four main parts: Introduction, Comparative Genomics, Transcriptomics and Proteomics, and ? nally Microbial Communities. The ? rst ? ve chapters are introductions of various sorts. Each of these chapters represents an introduction to a speci? c scienti? c ? eld, to bring all readers up to the same basic level before proceeding on to the methods of comparing genomes. First, a brief overview of molecular biology and of the concept of sequences as biological inf- mation are given.

Introduction To Protein Science

Author : Arthur Lesk
ISBN : 9780199541300
Genre : Education
File Size : 57. 49 MB
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Introduction to Protein Science provides a broad introduction to the contemporary study of proteins in health and disease, suitable for students on biological, biochemical, and biomedical degrees internationally. The book relates the study of proteins to the context of modern high-throughput data streams of genomics and proteomics.

An Introduction To Ecological Genomics

Author : Nico M. van Straalen
ISBN : 9780199594689
Genre : Science
File Size : 31. 18 MB
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The genomics revolution has expanded from its origins in molecular biology to impact upon every discipline in the life sciences, including ecology. This new edition incorporates a balance of plant, animal, and microbial examples, and continues to define the new and exciting field of ecological genomics.

Fungal Genomics

Author :
ISBN : 0080527469
Genre : Science
File Size : 50. 84 MB
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Research in the genomics of a handful of fungi has matured at an unprecedented rate allowing comprehensive review. Developments in fungal genomics should be of great significance to new strategies in fields where disciplinary crossovers of fungal genomics, genes and their regulation, expression, and engineering will have a strong impact in dealing with agriculture, foods, natural resources, life sciences, biotechnology, informatics, metabolomics, pharmaceuticals and bioactive compounds. This volume analyzes the commonly used molecular markers systems, and elaborates the development of biochemical genetics, which provides a model system that established the relationship between genes and enzymes. Current knowledge about the genomic and genetic variability of Candida albicans, the polymorphic fungus that is an opportunistic human pathogen of increasing medical importance, has been covered in detail. Current understanding of the genetics and functional genomic analysis of the most important fungal pathogens of staple food crops, rice and wheat among others is covered including chapters dealing with the genomics of economically important fungi such asMagnaporthe grisea, Aspergillus, Fusarium, Penicillium, Trichoderma, Rhizoctonia, Mycosphaerella graminicola, and entomopathogenic fungi. With several thousand recent citations, it is hoped that volume four will serve as a useful reference for knowledgeable veterans and beginners as well as those crossing disciplinary boundaries into the exciting field of biotechnology, genomics and bioinformatics of fungi.

Applied Computational Genomics

Author : Yin Yao Shugart
ISBN : 9789400755581
Genre : Medical
File Size : 89. 5 MB
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"Applied Computational Genomics" focuses on an in-depth review of statistical development and application in the area of human genomics including candidate gene mapping, linkage analysis, population-based, genome-wide association, exon sequencing and whole genome sequencing analysis. The authors are extremely experienced in the area of statistical genomics and will give a detailed introduction of the evolution in the field and critical evaluations of the advantages and disadvantages of the statistical models proposed. They will also share their views on a future shift toward translational biology. The book will be of value to human geneticists, medical doctors, health educators, policy makers, and graduate students majoring in biology, biostatistics, and bioinformatics. Dr. Yin Yao Shugart is investigator in the Intramural Research Program at the National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, Maryland USA. ​

Fundamentals Of Data Mining In Genomics And Proteomics

Author : Werner Dubitzky
ISBN : 9780387475097
Genre : Science
File Size : 25. 46 MB
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This book presents state-of-the-art analytical methods from statistics and data mining for the analysis of high-throughput data from genomics and proteomics. It adopts an approach focusing on concepts and applications and presents key analytical techniques for the analysis of genomics and proteomics data by detailing their underlying principles, merits and limitations.

Statistical Genomics

Author : Ben Hui Liu
ISBN : 0849331668
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 54. 99 MB
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Genomics, the mapping of the entire genetic complement of an organism, is the new frontier in biology. This handbook on the statistical issues of genomics covers current methods and the tried-and-true classical approaches.

Genomics In Drug Discovery And Development

Author : Dimitri Semizarov
ISBN : 9780470409763
Genre : Medical
File Size : 78. 62 MB
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Early characterization of toxicity and efficacy would significantly impact the overall productivity of pharmaceutical R&D and reduce drug candidate attrition and failure. By describing the available platforms and weighing their relative advantages and disadvantages, including microarray data analysis, Genomics in Drug Discovery and Development introduces readers to the biomarker, pharmacogenomic, and toxicogenomics toolbox. The authors provide a valuable resource for pharmaceutical discovery scientists, preclinical drug safety department personnel, regulatory personnel, discovery toxicologists, and safety scientists, drug development professionals, and pharmaceutical scientists.

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