introduction-to-natural-language-processing

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Introduction To Natural Language Processing

Author : Jacob Eisenstein
ISBN : 9780262042840
Genre : Computers
File Size : 53. 48 MB
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A survey of computational methods for understanding, generating, and manipulating human language, which offers a synthesis of classical representations and algorithms with contemporary machine learning techniques. This textbook provides a technical perspective on natural language processing—methods for building computer software that understands, generates, and manipulates human language. It emphasizes contemporary data-driven approaches, focusing on techniques from supervised and unsupervised machine learning. The first section establishes a foundation in machine learning by building a set of tools that will be used throughout the book and applying them to word-based textual analysis. The second section introduces structured representations of language, including sequences, trees, and graphs. The third section explores different approaches to the representation and analysis of linguistic meaning, ranging from formal logic to neural word embeddings. The final section offers chapter-length treatments of three transformative applications of natural language processing: information extraction, machine translation, and text generation. End-of-chapter exercises include both paper-and-pencil analysis and software implementation. The text synthesizes and distills a broad and diverse research literature, linking contemporary machine learning techniques with the field's linguistic and computational foundations. It is suitable for use in advanced undergraduate and graduate-level courses and as a reference for software engineers and data scientists. Readers should have a background in computer programming and college-level mathematics. After mastering the material presented, students will have the technical skill to build and analyze novel natural language processing systems and to understand the latest research in the field.

Speech And Language Processing

Author : Daniel Jurafsky
ISBN : 9780133252934
Genre : Computers
File Size : 76. 90 MB
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This is the eBook of the printed book and may not include any media, website access codes, or print supplements that may come packaged with the bound book. For undergraduate or advanced undergraduate courses in Classical Natural Language Processing, Statistical Natural Language Processing, Speech Recognition, Computational Linguistics, and Human Language Processing. An explosion of Web-based language techniques, merging of distinct fields, availability of phone-based dialogue systems, and much more make this an exciting time in speech and language processing. The first of its kind to thoroughly cover language technology – at all levels and with all modern technologies – this text takes an empirical approach to the subject, based on applying statistical and other machine-learning algorithms to large corporations. The authors cover areas that traditionally are taught in different courses, to describe a unified vision of speech and language processing. Emphasis is on practical applications and scientific evaluation. An accompanying Website contains teaching materials for instructors, with pointers to language processing resources on the Web. The Second Edition offers a significant amount of new and extended material. Supplements: Click on the "Resources" tab to View Downloadable Files: Solutions Power Point Lecture Slides - Chapters 1-5, 8-10, 12-13 and 24 Now Available! For additional resourcse visit the author website: http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~martin/slp.html

Introduction To Natural Language Processing

Author : Michael Walker
ISBN : 1724811746
Genre :
File Size : 72. 96 MB
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***BUY NOW (Will soon return to 19.59) ******Free eBook for customers who purchase the print book from Amazon*** Are you thinking of learning more about Natural Language Processing (NLP)? This book is for you. It would seek to explain common terms and algorithms in an intuitive way. The authors used a progressive approach whereby we start out slowly and improve on the complexity of our solutions. This book and the accompanying examples, you would be well suited to tackle problems which pique your interests using ]NLP. From AI Sciences Publisher Our books may be the best one for beginners; it's a step-by-step guide for any person who wants to start learning Artificial Intelligence and Data Science from scratch. It will help you in preparing a solid foundation and learn any other high-level courses. To get the most out of the concepts that would be covered, readers are advised to adopt a hands on approach which would lead to better mental representations. Target Users The book designed for a variety of target audiences. The most suitable users would include: Anyone who is intrigued by how algorithms arrive at predictions but has no previous knowledge of the field. Software developers and engineers with a strong programming background but seeking to break into the field of Data Science and NLP. Seasoned professionals in the field of artificial intelligence and machine learning who desire a bird's eye view of current techniques and approaches. What's Inside This Book? Introduction to Natural Language Processing What is Natural Language Processing Perspectivizing NLP: Areas of AI and Their Interdependencies Purpose of Natural Language Processing Text Manipulation Tokenization Stemming Lemmatization Normalization Accessing Text Corpora and Lexical Resources Processing Raw Text Categorizing and Tagging Words NLP Applications Text Classification Sentiment Classification Topic Modelling Question Answering Speech Recognition Machine Translation Word Representation Bag of Words One-Hot Encoding Word Vectors Representation Word2Vec and GloVe Learning to Classify Text Supervised Classification Decision Trees Naive Bayes Classifiers Maximum Entropy Classifiers Deep Learning for NLP What is Deep Learning Feed Forward Neural Networks Recurrent Neural Networks Gated Recurrent Unit Long Short Term Memory Frequently Asked Questions Q: Is this book for me and do I need programming experience? A: If you want to smash NLP concepts and Fundamentals for Beginners from scratch, this book is for you. No need for any coding experience. Q: Does this book include everything I need to become a NLP expert? A: Unfortunately, no. This book is designed for readers taking their first steps in NLP and further learning will be required beyond this book to master all aspects of NLP. Q: Can I have a refund if this book is not fitted for me? A: Yes, Amazon refund you if you aren't satisfied, for more information about the amazon refund service please go to the amazon help platform. We will also be happy to help you if you send us an email at [email protected] If you need to see the quality of our job, AI Sciences Company offering you a free eBook in Machine Learning with Python written by the data scientist Alain Kaufmann at http: //aisciences.net/free-books/

Introduction To Natural Language Processing With Spacy

Author : Aaron Kramer
ISBN : OCLC:1137156153
Genre :
File Size : 58. 28 MB
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"SpaCy is an accessible tool that newcomers to the field of natural language processing (NLP) can use to accomplish large scale information extraction tasks. In this course, which is designed for the intermediate level Python programmer, data scientist Aaron Kramer covers the challenges common to NLP, shows how the spaCy library for Python can address those challenges, explains how and why part-of-speech tagging is used in NLP, and provides you with the knowledge you need to extend spaCy for functional needs like sentiment models or relation extraction."--Resource description page.

An Introduction To Natural Language Processing Through Prolog

Author : Clive Matthews
ISBN : 9781317898337
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 73. 18 MB
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Research into Natural Language Processing - the use of computers to process language - has developed over the last couple of decades into one of the most vigorous and interesting areas of current work on language and communication. This book introduces the subject through the discussion and development of various computer programs which illustrate some of the basic concepts and techniques in the field. The programming language used is Prolog, which is especially well-suited for Natural Language Processing and those with little or no background in computing. Following the general introduction, the first section of the book presents Prolog, and the following chapters illustrate how various Natural Language Processing programs may be written using this programming language. Since it is assumed that the reader has no previous experience in programming, great care is taken to provide a simple yet comprehensive introduction to Prolog. Due to the 'user friendly' nature of Prolog, simple yet effective programs may be written from an early stage. The reader is gradually introduced to various techniques for syntactic processing, ranging from Finite State Network recognisors to Chart parsers. An integral element of the book is the comprehensive set of exercises included in each chapter as a means of cementing the reader's understanding of each topic. Suggested answers are also provided. An Introduction to Natural Language Processing Through Prolog is an excellent introduction to the subject for students of linguistics and computer science, and will be especially useful for those with no background in the subject.

Arabic Natural Language Processing

Author : Nizar Y. Habash
ISBN : 9781598297959
Genre : Computers
File Size : 69. 98 MB
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This book provides system developers and researchers in natural language processing and computational linguistics with the necessary background information for working with the Arabic language. The goal is to introduce Arabic linguistic phenomena and review the state-of-the-art in Arabic processing. The book discusses Arabic script, phonology, orthography, morphology, syntax and semantics, with a final chapter on machine translation issues. The chapter sizes correspond more or less to what is linguistically distinctive about Arabic, with morphology getting the lion's share, followed by Arabic script. No previous knowledge of Arabic is needed. This book is designed for computer scientists and linguists alike. The focus of the book is on Modern Standard Arabic; however, notes on practical issues related to Arabic dialects and languages written in the Arabic script are presented in different chapters. Table of Contents: What is "Arabic"? / Arabic Script / Arabic Phonology and Orthography / Arabic Morphology / Computational Morphology Tasks / Arabic Syntax / A Note on Arabic Semantics / A Note on Arabic and Machine Translation

Natural Language Processing With Python And Spacy

Author : Yuli Vasiliev
ISBN : 9781718500532
Genre : Computers
File Size : 43. 7 MB
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An introduction to natural language processing with Python using spaCy, a leading Python natural language processing library. Natural Language Processing with Python and spaCy will show you how to create NLP applications like chatbots, text-condensing scripts, and order-processing tools quickly and easily. You'll learn how to leverage the spaCy library to extract meaning from text intelligently; how to determine the relationships between words in a sentence (syntactic dependency parsing); identify nouns, verbs, and other parts of speech (part-of-speech tagging); and sort proper nouns into categories like people, organizations, and locations (named entity recognizing). You'll even learn how to transform statements into questions to keep a conversation going. You'll also learn how to: • Work with word vectors to mathematically find words with similar meanings (Chapter 5) • Identify patterns within data using spaCy's built-in displaCy visualizer (Chapter 7) • Automatically extract keywords from user input and store them in a relational database (Chapter 9) • Deploy a chatbot app to interact with users over the internet (Chapter 11) "Try This" sections in each chapter encourage you to practice what you've learned by expanding the book's example scripts to handle a wider range of inputs, add error handling, and build professional-quality applications. By the end of the book, you'll be creating your own NLP applications with Python and spaCy.

Natural Language Processing With Python

Author : Steven Bird
ISBN : 9780596555719
Genre : Computers
File Size : 46. 6 MB
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This book offers a highly accessible introduction to natural language processing, the field that supports a variety of language technologies, from predictive text and email filtering to automatic summarization and translation. With it, you'll learn how to write Python programs that work with large collections of unstructured text. You'll access richly annotated datasets using a comprehensive range of linguistic data structures, and you'll understand the main algorithms for analyzing the content and structure of written communication. Packed with examples and exercises, Natural Language Processing with Python will help you: Extract information from unstructured text, either to guess the topic or identify "named entities" Analyze linguistic structure in text, including parsing and semantic analysis Access popular linguistic databases, including WordNet and treebanks Integrate techniques drawn from fields as diverse as linguistics and artificial intelligence This book will help you gain practical skills in natural language processing using the Python programming language and the Natural Language Toolkit (NLTK) open source library. If you're interested in developing web applications, analyzing multilingual news sources, or documenting endangered languages -- or if you're simply curious to have a programmer's perspective on how human language works -- you'll find Natural Language Processing with Python both fascinating and immensely useful.

Introduction To Chinese Natural Language Processing

Author : Kam-Fai Wong
ISBN : 9781598299328
Genre : Computers
File Size : 21. 11 MB
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This book introduces Chinese language-processing issues and techniques to readers who already have a basic background in natural language processing (NLP). Since the major difference between Chinese and Western languages is at the word level, the book primarily focuses on Chinese morphological analysis and introduces the concept, structure, and interword semantics of Chinese words. The following topics are covered: a general introduction to Chinese NLP; Chinese characters, morphemes, and words and the characteristics of Chinese words that have to be considered in NLP applications; Chinese word segmentation; unknown word detection; word meaning and Chinese linguistic resources; interword semantics based on word collocation and NLP techniques for collocation extraction. Table of Contents: Introduction / Words in Chinese / Challenges in Chinese Morphological Processing / Chinese Word Segmentation / Unknown Word Identification / Word Meaning / Chinese Collocations / Automatic Chinese Collocation Extraction / Appendix / References / Author Biographies

Natural Language Processing

Author : Samuel Burns
ISBN : 107924431X
Genre :
File Size : 83. 75 MB
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Natural language processing (NLP) is about developing applications and services that are able to understand human languages. In this perfect Natural Language Processing Tutorial, we will use Python NLTK library. Natural language toolkit (NLTK) is the most popular library for natural language processing (NLP) which was written in Python and has a big community behind it. This is the Ultimate guide to learn Natural Language Processing (NLP) basics, such as how to identify and separate words, how to extract topics in a text. You dont need a big and a boring book to start today .So Get Your Copy Now!!Book ObjectivesThe book objectives include the following: To help you appreciate big data as a great source of information and knowledge. To help you understand natural language processing. To help you know how to use natural language processing to extract knowledge and information from big data. To help you learn how to implement natural language processing solutions using NLTK (Natural Language Processing Toolkit) and other libraries in Python. Who this Book is for? Do you belong to any of the following categories? You are a complete beginner to natural language processing. You want to learn Python programming for natural language processing. You want to advance your skills in Python for natural language processing. Professors, lecturers or tutors who are looking to find better ways to explain Natural Language Processing to their students in the simplest and easiest way. Students and academicians, especially those focusing on python programming, Neural Networks, Machine Learning, Deep Learning, and Artificial Intelligence. If yes, this is the right book for you. What do you need for this Book? You only have to have installed Python 3.X on your computer. The author guides you on how to install the rest of the libraries on your computer. What is inside the book? GETTING STARTED WITH NATURAL LANGUAGE PROCESSING TEXT WRANGLING AND CLEANSING. REPLACING AND CORRECTING WORDS. TEXT CLASSIFICATION. SENTIMENT ANALYSIS. PARSING STRUCTURE IN TEXT. SOCIAL MEDIA MINING. NLTK FOR SENTIMENT ANALYSIS. SCIKIT-LEARN FOR TEXT CLASSIFICATION. WORK WITH PDF FILES IN PYTHON. WORK WITH TEXT FILES IN PYTHON. WORD2VEC ALGORITHM. NLP APPLICATIONS From the back cover.This comprehensive guide covers both statistical and symbolic approaches to Natural Language Processing. This is a good introduction to all the major topics of computational linguistics, which includes automatic speech recognition and processing, machine translation, information extraction, and statistical methods of linguistic analysis. Indeed, Natural Language Processing is the scientific discipline concerned with making the natural language accessible to machines, and it is a necessary means to facilitate text analytics by establishing structure in unstructured text to enable further analysis. This guide is a fundamental reference for any computational linguist, speech scientist or language data scientist. The explanations and illustrations in this short book are very intuitive and simple. The author helps you understand what natural language processing is. This is basically a theory touching on the fundamentals of natural language processing. The author then explains to you what the NLTK library is and what it does. The rest of the book is about implementing natural language processing tasks using the NLTK library in Python. Samuel Burns uses a combination of theory, Python code examples, and screenshots showing the expected outputs for various program codes.

Speech And Language Processing

Author : Daniel Jurafsky
ISBN : 013122798X
Genre : Automatic speech recognition
File Size : 77. 72 MB
Format : PDF
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This book takes an empirical approach to language processing, based on applying statistical and other machine-learning algorithms to large corpora.Methodology boxes are included in each chapter. Each chapter is built around one or more worked examples to demonstrate the main idea of the chapter. Covers the fundamental algorithms of various fields, whether originally proposed for spoken or written language to demonstrate how the same algorithm can be used for speech recognition and word-sense disambiguation. Emphasis on web and other practical applications. Emphasis on scientific evaluation. Useful as a reference for professionals in any of the areas of speech and language processing.

Foundations Of Statistical Natural Language Processing

Author : Christopher D.. Manning
ISBN : 0262133601
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 75. 90 MB
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An introduction to statistical natural language processing (NLP). The text contains the theory and algorithms needed for building NLP tools. Topics covered include: mathematical and linguistic foundations; statistical methods; collocation finding; word sense disambiguation; and probalistic parsing.

Natural Language Processing Python And Nltk

Author : Nitin Hardeniya
ISBN : 9781787287846
Genre : Computers
File Size : 88. 94 MB
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Learn to build expert NLP and machine learning projects using NLTK and other Python libraries About This Book Break text down into its component parts for spelling correction, feature extraction, and phrase transformation Work through NLP concepts with simple and easy-to-follow programming recipes Gain insights into the current and budding research topics of NLP Who This Book Is For If you are an NLP or machine learning enthusiast and an intermediate Python programmer who wants to quickly master NLTK for natural language processing, then this Learning Path will do you a lot of good. Students of linguistics and semantic/sentiment analysis professionals will find it invaluable. What You Will Learn The scope of natural language complexity and how they are processed by machines Clean and wrangle text using tokenization and chunking to help you process data better Tokenize text into sentences and sentences into words Classify text and perform sentiment analysis Implement string matching algorithms and normalization techniques Understand and implement the concepts of information retrieval and text summarization Find out how to implement various NLP tasks in Python In Detail Natural Language Processing is a field of computational linguistics and artificial intelligence that deals with human-computer interaction. It provides a seamless interaction between computers and human beings and gives computers the ability to understand human speech with the help of machine learning. The number of human-computer interaction instances are increasing so it's becoming imperative that computers comprehend all major natural languages. The first NLTK Essentials module is an introduction on how to build systems around NLP, with a focus on how to create a customized tokenizer and parser from scratch. You will learn essential concepts of NLP, be given practical insight into open source tool and libraries available in Python, shown how to analyze social media sites, and be given tools to deal with large scale text. This module also provides a workaround using some of the amazing capabilities of Python libraries such as NLTK, scikit-learn, pandas, and NumPy. The second Python 3 Text Processing with NLTK 3 Cookbook module teaches you the essential techniques of text and language processing with simple, straightforward examples. This includes organizing text corpora, creating your own custom corpus, text classification with a focus on sentiment analysis, and distributed text processing methods. The third Mastering Natural Language Processing with Python module will help you become an expert and assist you in creating your own NLP projects using NLTK. You will be guided through model development with machine learning tools, shown how to create training data, and given insight into the best practices for designing and building NLP-based applications using Python. This Learning Path combines some of the best that Packt has to offer in one complete, curated package and is designed to help you quickly learn text processing with Python and NLTK. It includes content from the following Packt products: NTLK essentials by Nitin Hardeniya Python 3 Text Processing with NLTK 3 Cookbook by Jacob Perkins Mastering Natural Language Processing with Python by Deepti Chopra, Nisheeth Joshi, and Iti Mathur Style and approach This comprehensive course creates a smooth learning path that teaches you how to get started with Natural Language Processing using Python and NLTK. You'll learn to create effective NLP and machine learning projects using Python and NLTK.

Natural Language Processing With Java

Author : Richard M Reese
ISBN : 9781784398941
Genre : Computers
File Size : 45. 73 MB
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If you are a Java programmer who wants to learn about the fundamental tasks underlying natural language processing, this book is for you. You will be able to identify and use NLP tasks for many common problems, and integrate them in your applications to solve more difficult problems. Readers should be familiar/experienced with Java software development.

Deep Learning In Natural Language Processing

Author : Li Deng
ISBN : 9789811052095
Genre : Computers
File Size : 85. 9 MB
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In recent years, deep learning has fundamentally changed the landscapes of a number of areas in artificial intelligence, including speech, vision, natural language, robotics, and game playing. In particular, the striking success of deep learning in a wide variety of natural language processing (NLP) applications has served as a benchmark for the advances in one of the most important tasks in artificial intelligence. This book reviews the state of the art of deep learning research and its successful applications to major NLP tasks, including speech recognition and understanding, dialogue systems, lexical analysis, parsing, knowledge graphs, machine translation, question answering, sentiment analysis, social computing, and natural language generation from images. Outlining and analyzing various research frontiers of NLP in the deep learning era, it features self-contained, comprehensive chapters written by leading researchers in the field. A glossary of technical terms and commonly used acronyms in the intersection of deep learning and NLP is also provided. The book appeals to advanced undergraduate and graduate students, post-doctoral researchers, lecturers and industrial researchers, as well as anyone interested in deep learning and natural language processing.

Natural Language Processing

Author : Harry Tennant
ISBN : UCAL:B4389870
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 82. 74 MB
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Natural Language Processing With Python Quick Start Guide

Author : Nirant Kasliwal
ISBN : 9781788994101
Genre : Computers
File Size : 31. 87 MB
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Build and deploy intelligent applications for natural language processing with Python by using industry standard tools and recently popular methods in deep learning Key Features A no-math, code-driven programmer’s guide to text processing and NLP Get state of the art results with modern tooling across linguistics, text vectors and machine learning Fundamentals of NLP methods from spaCy, gensim, scikit-learn and PyTorch Book Description NLP in Python is among the most sought after skills among data scientists. With code and relevant case studies, this book will show how you can use industry-grade tools to implement NLP programs capable of learning from relevant data. We will explore many modern methods ranging from spaCy to word vectors that have reinvented NLP. The book takes you from the basics of NLP to building text processing applications. We start with an introduction to the basic vocabulary along with a workflow for building NLP applications. We use industry-grade NLP tools for cleaning and pre-processing text, automatic question and answer generation using linguistics, text embedding, text classifier, and building a chatbot. With each project, you will learn a new concept of NLP. You will learn about entity recognition, part of speech tagging and dependency parsing for Q and A. We use text embedding for both clustering documents and making chatbots, and then build classifiers using scikit-learn. We conclude by deploying these models as REST APIs with Flask. By the end, you will be confident building NLP applications, and know exactly what to look for when approaching new challenges. What you will learn Understand classical linguistics in using English grammar for automatically generating questions and answers from a free text corpus Work with text embedding models for dense number representations of words, subwords and characters in the English language for exploring document clustering Deep Learning in NLP using PyTorch with a code-driven introduction to PyTorch Using an NLP project management Framework for estimating timelines and organizing your project into stages Hack and build a simple chatbot application in 30 minutes Deploy an NLP or machine learning application using Flask as RESTFUL APIs Who this book is for Programmers who wish to build systems that can interpret language. Exposure to Python programming is required. Familiarity with NLP or machine learning vocabulary will be helpful, but not mandatory.

Handbook Of Natural Language Processing

Author : Robert Dale
ISBN : 0824790006
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 22. 77 MB
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This study explores the design and application of natural language text-based processing systems, based on generative linguistics, empirical copus analysis, and artificial neural networks. It emphasizes the practical tools to accommodate the selected system.

Natural Language Processing For Historical Texts

Author : Michael Piotrowski
ISBN : 9781608459476
Genre : Computers
File Size : 41. 88 MB
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More and more historical texts are becoming available in digital form. Digitization of paper documents is motivated by the aim of preserving cultural heritage and making it more accessible, both to laypeople and scholars. As digital images cannot be searched for text, digitization projects increasingly strive to create digital text, which can be searched and otherwise automatically processed, in addition to facsimiles. Indeed, the emerging field of digital humanities heavily relies on the availability of digital text for its studies. Together with the increasing availability of historical texts in digital form, there is a growing interest in applying natural language processing (NLP) methods and tools to historical texts. However, the specific linguistic properties of historical texts -- the lack of standardized orthography, in particular -- pose special challenges for NLP. This book aims to give an introduction to NLP for historical texts and an overview of the state of the art in this field. The book starts with an overview of methods for the acquisition of historical texts (scanning and OCR), discusses text encoding and annotation schemes, and presents examples of corpora of historical texts in a variety of languages. The book then discusses specific methods, such as creating part-of-speech taggers for historical languages or handling spelling variation. A final chapter analyzes the relationship between NLP and the digital humanities. Certain recently emerging textual genres, such as SMS, social media, and chat messages, or newsgroup and forum postings share a number of properties with historical texts, for example, nonstandard orthography and grammar, and profuse use of abbreviations. The methods and techniques required for the effective processing of historical texts are thus also of interest for research in other domains. Table of Contents: Introduction / NLP and Digital Humanities / Spelling in Historical Texts / Acquiring Historical Texts / Text Encoding and Annotation Schemes / Handling Spelling Variation / NLP Tools for Historical Languages / Historical Corpora / Conclusion / Bibliography

The Handbook Of Computational Linguistics And Natural Language Processing

Author : Alexander Clark
ISBN : 9781118448670
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 40. 45 MB
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This comprehensive reference work provides an overview of the concepts, methodologies, and applications in computational linguistics and natural language processing (NLP). Features contributions by the top researchers in the field, reflecting the work that is driving the discipline forward Includes an introduction to the major theoretical issues in these fields, as well as the central engineering applications that the work has produced Presents the major developments in an accessible way, explaining the close connection between scientific understanding of the computational properties of natural language and the creation of effective language technologies Serves as an invaluable state-of-the-art reference source for computational linguists and software engineers developing NLP applications in industrial research and development labs of software companies

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