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Jesus In The Targums

Author : Tov Rose
ISBN : 1523680334
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John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. Most people do not realize that the Apostle John was actually using terminology familiar to 1st Century Jewish people. It was familiar, because it was language read in the Targums in the Synagogue every week. What John was doing by stating his first sentence in the manner was very similar to the technique used at the time (and today in some Orthodox Jewish sects), whereby one person would recite the first verse of a Psalm, and the students (or members of the Synagogue), would begin to recite the rest of the Psalm. Jesus did this as is recorded in the New Testament. The hearers should have understood to recite the entirety of Psalm 22 in response, "And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, 'Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?" that is, "My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?'" Matthew 27:46 Using this technique, John the Apostle, was calling on Jewish familiarity with the Aramaic Tagums and calling them to apply what they learned from the Targums about The Word of the Lord, to Yeshua/Jesus himself. This study is simply highlighting all of those passages that would have been read in the Synagogue throughout the course of a year in 1st Century Judaism, calling attention to the passages mentioning The Word of the Lord. Jewish theology of the period understood that The Word of the Lord was a "lesser Yahweh." In other words, he was the God who interacted with humanity and creation directly, performing miracles, signs and wonders and simply speaking to humans. The "Greater Yahweh" was understood to exist in the Heaven. The "lesser Yahweh" did the will of and spoke the words of the "Greater Yahweh." This is the theological and social context of the 1st Century Jewish mind that first encountered the Apostle John's words: John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. This work is a side-by-side comparison of passages in the various Targums showing that "The Word of the Lord" was considered an important person of the Godhead in the understanding of Judaism predating 3 AD/CE.

The Jewish Targums And John S Logos Theology

Author : John L. Ronning
ISBN : 1598563068
Genre : Religion
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At the beginning of his gospel, John refers to Jesus Christ as the logos - the "Word." Scholars have long debated the writer's use of the term and its meaning for his understanding of Christ. Some suggest that the designation is imported from Greek thinking through the Jewish philosopher Philo. Others contend that the logos is drawn from the Old Testament where God's word is personalized. Ronning makes a case that the Jewish Targums - interpretive translations of the Old Testament into Aramaic that were read in the synagogues in Palestine where John grew up - hold the key to understanding John's concept of logos. Examining numerous tests in the Fourth Gospel in light of the Targums, Ronning shows how connecting the logos with the Targumic concept of memra clarifies a host of theological themes that run throughout the Gospel, including Jesus' "I am" sayings, the designation of Jesus as the "Son of Man," the meaning of Jesus' going to "prepare a place" for his followers, and Jesus' role as bridegroom and lawgiver. Heavily referenced to original documents and contemporary scholarship, Ronning's impressive work will be welcomed by researchers in ancient language and New Testament studies. Includes modern author, ancient sources, and subject indices.

A History Of The Jewish People In The Time Of Jesus Christ

Author : Emil Schürer
ISBN : HARVARD:HNRQCN
Genre : Apocrypha
File Size : 90. 86 MB
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The Quelle And The Targums

Author : Pino Di Luccio
ISBN : UOM:39015075676224
Genre : Religion
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Originally presented as the author's thesis (Ph.D.)--Hebrew University, Jerusalem, 2006.

The Life And Times Of Jesus The Messiah

Author : Alfred Edersheim
ISBN : HARVARD:AH42U3
Genre : Bible
File Size : 83. 79 MB
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The Words Of Jesus In The Original Aramaic

Author : Stephen Andrew Missick
ISBN : 9781600341076
Genre : Religion
File Size : 89. 67 MB
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A History Of The Jewish People In The Time Of Jesus Christ

Author : Emil Schürer
ISBN : WISC:89096179080
Genre : Bible
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Studying The Historical Jesus

Author : Bruce David Chilton
ISBN : 9004111425
Genre : Religion
File Size : 79. 82 MB
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This coordinated collection of studies provides important critical assessments of recent progress in Life of Jesus research. Topics treated include Jesus and Palestinian politics, the parables and miracles of Jesus, and the Jesus tradition in extracanonical sources.

Targum And New Testament

Author : Martin McNamara
ISBN : 316150836X
Genre : Religion
File Size : 64. 49 MB
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The relevance of the Targums (Aramaic translations of the Hebrew Bible) for the understanding of the New Testament has been a matter of dispute over the past three hundred years, principally by reason of the late date of the Targum manuscripts and the nature of the Aramaic. The debate has become more focused by reason of the Qumran finds of pre-Christian Aramaic documents (1947) and the identification of a complete text of the Palestinian Targum of the Pentateuch in the Vatican Library (Codex Neofiti, 1956). Martin McNamara traces the history of the debate down to our own day and the annotated translation of all the Targums into English. He studies the language situation (Aramaic and Greek) in New Testament Palestine and the interpretation of the Scriptures in the Targums, with concepts and language similar to the New Testament. Against this background relationships between the Targums and the New Testament are examined. A way forward is suggested by regarding the tell-like structure of the Targums (with layers from different ages) and a continuum running through for certain texts.

Jesus And His Contemporaries

Author : Craig A. Evans
ISBN : 0391041185
Genre : Religion
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This book offers several points of comparison between Jesus and his approximate contemporaries. It concludes that Jesus is not a Cynic of Stoic philosopher but a charismatic prophet who was recognized as Messiah through whom the Kingdom of God would appear. This publication has also been published in hardback (no longer available).

Jesus

Author : Edward Schillebeeckx
ISBN : UOM:39015005871119
Genre :
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Jesus Gnosis And Dogma

Author : Riemer Roukema
ISBN : 9780567615855
Genre : Religion
File Size : 88. 54 MB
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In Jesus, Gnosis and Dogma Roukema investigates and assesses the various views of Jesus in early Christianity, basing his approach on a distinction between historical and theological statements about Jesus. Historical statements can be arrived at through a critical study of the earliest records, although Roukema recognizes that scholars differ widely here. Theological statements about Jesus are to do with what has been and is believed about him. Roukema demonstrates that Gnostic traditions about Jesus mostly derive from the earlier traditions preserved in the New Testament writings and do not give a more accurate view of the historical Jesus. He shows that the view of Jesus as the divine Lord (Yahweh) and Son of God is inspired by an early Jewish pattern that was exploited by the very first Christians. In spite of some later dogmatic precisions, there is more continuity between the New Testament picture of Jesus and the Nicene creed than between the historical Jesus and the Jesus of early Gnosticism. Even the essence of the Trinitarian dogma appears to have Jewish roots.

History Of The Jewish People In The Age Of Jesus Christ

Author : Emil Schürer
ISBN : 0567022420
Genre : Religion
File Size : 68. 30 MB
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Critical presentation of the whole evidence concerning Jewish history, institutions, and literature from 175 BC to AD 135; with updated bibliographies.

Jesus And The Ethics Of The Kingdom

Author : Bruce Chilton
ISBN : UOM:39015013305183
Genre : Bible
File Size : 73. 56 MB
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Handbook For The Study Of The Historical Jesus 4 Vols

Author : Tom Holmén
ISBN : 9789004210219
Genre : Religion
File Size : 59. 83 MB
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With ca. 120 articles from ca. 100 writers from ca. 20 countries, this publication forms a repository where students and scholars can readily get to know their way around the breadth of recent research on the historical Jesus.

Jesus And Isaac

Author : James Swetnam
ISBN : STANFORD:36105037408163
Genre : Bible
File Size : 53. 45 MB
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Jesus Christ

Author : Edmond de Pressensé
ISBN : HARVARD:HNAWG7
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The Targums

Author : Paul V.M. Flesher
ISBN : 9789004218178
Genre : Religion
File Size : 81. 74 MB
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This remarkable survey introduces critical knowledge and insights that have emerged over the past forty years, including targum manuscripts discovered this century and targums known in Aramaic but only recently translated into English. Prolific scholars Flesher and Chilton guide readers in understanding the development of the targums; their relationship to the Hebrew Bible; their dates, language, and place in the history of Christianity and Judaism; and their theologies and methods of interpretation.

Alternative Approaches To New Testament Study

Author : Anthony Ernest Harvey
ISBN : UOM:39015041176358
Genre : Bible
File Size : 86. 58 MB
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The Theological Significance Of Jesus Temple Action In Mark S Gospel

Author : Emilio G. Chávez
ISBN : IND:30000085753287
Genre : Religion
File Size : 73. 55 MB
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This work brings together a nuanced exegesis, developed in conversation with concurrent and divergent voices. Topics include Jesus' exorcizing activity and 'exousia' over the accepted religious practices.

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