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Vw Kubelwagen Schwimmwagen Vw Type 82 Kubelwagen 1940 45 Vw Type 128 166 Schwimmwagen 1941 44

Author : Chric McNab
ISBN : 0857337793
Genre : History
File Size : 84. 79 MB
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Few war films made about the 1939-45 period are complete without sight of a boxy little Kübelwagen light utility vehicle being smartly driven by a German officer. Designed by Ferdinand Porsche and built by Volkswagen, the ‘Kübel' was to the Germans what the Jeep was to the Allies and was used widely by the Wehrmacht and the Waffen-SS. When production ceased at the end of the war, 50,435 Kübelwagen had been built. Of simple but sturdy construction, the VW Type 82 Kübelwagen (which translates as 'bucket car' because of its similarity to a metal bathtub on wheels) was based closely on the legendary VW Beetle. Its winning design features included air cooled engine (the absence of a radiator meant the engine was less vulnerable to bullet damage), a light-weight, flat and smooth under-body that allowed the car to slide over the surface when its wheels were sinking into sand, mud or snow, independent suspension, portal gear hub reduction and self-locking differential. Because the body was not a load-bearing part of the structure of the vehicle it could easily be modified to special purposes. Several dozen variants of the 'Kübel' were developed and built during the war including its cousin the Schwimmwagen. The VW Type 128 and 166 Schwimmwagen (which means floating or swimming car) were amphibious four-wheel drive off-roaders. Like the Kübel, they were used widely by the Wehrmacht and the Waffen-SS during the Second World War. The Type 166 Schwimm is the most numerous mass-produced amphibious car in history (14,265 between 1942 and 1944). Erwin Komenda, Ferdinand Porsche's first car body designer, developed an all-new unitized body-tub structure for the Schwimmwagen swimming car. When crossing water a screw propeller could be lowered from the rear deck engine cover and coupled to the engine's crankshaft to provide drive. The ‘Schwimm' also shared many of the Kübel's mechanicals. The appeal of the Kübel lived on long after the war's end when a derivative version, the Volkswagen Type 181, was manufactured by VW from 1968 to 1983. This was a two-wheel drive, four-door, convertible, off-road military vehicle, which had been developed for the German Army but was also sold to the civilian market as the Kurierwagen in Germany, the Trekker in the UK, the Thing in the US, and the Safari in Mexico. In recent years both the Kübel and Schwimm have acquired something of a cult status among military vehicle collectors worldwide, particularly in Europe (eg, Germany, Poland Czech Republic, Switzerland), the UK and US. There are literally dozens of Kübelwagen and Schwimmwagen enthusiast/owner/interest groups! About 150 original Type 166 Schwimmwagens remain today.

Dreadnought Battleship Manual

Author : Chris McNab
ISBN : 1785210688
Genre : History
File Size : 62. 52 MB
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When HMS Dreadnought was commissioned into the Royal Navy in 1906 this revolutionary new class of big-gun iron-clad warship immediately changed the face of naval warfare, rendering all other battleships worldwide obsolete. Known collectively as 'Dreadnoughts', these powerful warships from Britain and Germany fought at the Battle of Jutland in May 1916, in the greatest clash of naval firepower in history. Chris McNab gives detailed insights into the design, operation and combat history of these incredible vessels, including coverage of the restoration in Belfast of the light cruiser HMS Caroline - the only surviving Jutland veteran.

Eighty Eight Flak Gun Manual

Author : Chris McNab
ISBN : 1785211331
Genre : History
File Size : 29. 27 MB
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The 8.8cm Flugzeugabwehrkanone 18/36/37/41 - more popularly known as the ‘Flak 88’ - was one of the most successful and influential artillery gun types in the German arsenal in the Second World War. Developed during the 1920s and 1930s, the gun combined accuracy, a high muzzle velocity and a rapid rate of fire (15–20rpm). Although at first developed as an anti-aircraft gun, it went on to achieve equal repute as an anti-tank weapon, imposing horrific casualties on Allied armor across all major European and North African theaters of war. In one clash in Normandy, in June 1944, for example, a single Luftwaffe 8.8cm battery destroyed some 40 Allied tanks.

Falklands War Operations Manual

Author : Chris McNab
ISBN : 1785211854
Genre : History
File Size : 46. 97 MB
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The Haynes Falklands War Operations Manual looks at the planning and logistics that made the whole operation possible. It considers how the naval Task Force was raised and assembled in rapid time, the adaptation and conversion of the liners QE2, Canberra and Uganda for war service in the South Atlantic, the logistics of the long voyage south, how Ascension Island became a 24/7 staging post and operations 'hub' for the Task Force, the use of air power (in particular the RAF Harrier and RN Sea Harrier), the RAF’s air-to-air refuelling tanker aircraft that made much of the air component of the operation feasible, the epic Black Buck Vulcan bomber raid on Stanley; ships, landing craft, helicopters, weapons and equipment, and how the re-supply operation kept the fuel, food and ammunition flowing across 7,878 miles of ocean.

Samurai Warrior Operations Manual

Author : Chris McNab
ISBN : 1785215620
Genre : History
File Size : 68. 15 MB
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Samurai Warrior Operations Manual examines the Samurai world: the moral and psychological development of the warrior, the ethical standards they were meant to uphold, their training in both martial arts and strategy, and the enormous role that the traditions of Shintoism, Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism had in influencing samurai ideals. It also examines the more personal aspects of a Samurai warrior: what they ate, how they dressed, the weapons they used, their battle tactics, and the fascinating details of their day to day life.

Napoleon S Military Machine Operations Manual

Author : Chris McNab
ISBN : 1785212214
Genre : History
File Size : 43. 63 MB
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The Grande Armee of Napoleon Bonaparte is widely acknowledged to be one of the greatest fighting forces ever deployed. With it the French scored a streak of historic victories that gave them an unprecedented grip on power over the European continent. At its peak it was made up of 680,000 men, a huge multi-national force of officers, infantry and cavalry, artillery and support services masterminded by a superior and highly flexible system of corps, divisions, brigades and regiments, commanded by officers in which Napoleon placed a huge degree of trust and autonomy to operate within the outlines of his strategic objectives. Looking closely at how this military machine was constructed and mobilized, Napoleon's Military Machine Operations Manual examines all aspects of the Grande Armee, from individual soldiers, what they wore, ate, slept in and were paid, to the chain of command, recruitment and training, intelligence and comms, and logistics and battle tactics. The legacy of Napoleon’s army is assessed, as is how his organization and management initiatives influenced national armies around the world in ways that can still be seen today.

Siege Warfare

Author : Chris McNab
ISBN : 1785211463
Genre : History
File Size : 55. 33 MB
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In contrast to mobile combat, a siege centers around a fixed location, historically ranging from simple hill forts through to entire fortified cities. For the defenders, their job has been to preserve the integrity of defenses, keep out the attackers, and maintain health, hygiene and nutrition until the siege is broken. The attackers, by contrast, have utilized a mixture of guile, patience, technology and brute force to wear down their opponents, smash through the defenses and force submission.

The Blitz Operations Manual

Author : Chris McNab
ISBN : 1785216406
Genre : History
File Size : 71. 99 MB
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The Blitz: Civil Defence Operations Manual explains in detail the procedures, technologies and tactics that enabled the British people to survive the Blitz.

The Complete Guide To Dinosaurs And Prehistoric Reptiles

Author : Chris McNab
ISBN : 0785829156
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 48. 27 MB
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The Complete Guide to Dinosaurs and Prehistoric Reptiles is a thorough guide to the days before humans evolved, when great lizards walked the earth. The reference book will walk readers through prehistoric eras, including the Triassic period, the Jurassic period, and the Cretaceous period. Details on early life, from single-celled ocean life to the first reptiles that walked on land, sets the stage for complex studies of flying reptiles, birdlike dinosaurs, carnivores, herbivores, and omnivores. Dinosaurs may be extinct, but they continue to fascinate. This comprehensive guide to prehistoric creatures identifies over 250 key species and provides detailed information on what they looked like, where and how they lived, how they fought, and how they died. Packed with the latest research and discoveries, and with vivid up-to-date illustrations throughout, this is the biggest and best dinosaur reference available.

Roman Soldier Operations Manual

Author : Chris McNab
ISBN : 1785215655
Genre : History
File Size : 31. 92 MB
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The history of the Roman Empire and its technological and military prowess resounds through the ages. At its height, the empire covered five million square kilometres and held sway over 70 million people. How did a small city state in Latium achieve such prominence and carve an empire against which all other empires are measured? The answer is, in part, the Roman Legionary. It was Roman soldiers who carved out a foothold in Italy from warring neighbours. It was the legions who made safe the empire from external menaces – such as the Carthaginians, Greeks and Parthians – and who defeated fierce tribal leaders such as Boudicca in Britain and Vercingetorix in Gaul. It was the Roman legionaries who did much of the early building in these provinces and who policed the new borders. They maintained internal order, crushed rebellions by subjects or slaves, and provided the necessary muscle for imperial governors. Unique in so many ways, the Roman Army was the most feared fighting force of the ancient world, partly because of its outstanding discipline and organisation, but also because the men who made up its legendary legions were well trained, experienced warriors. The Roman Soldier Operations Manual gets to grips with what we know about the men of the legions, and includes fascinating detail on kit, equipment, weapons and insignia, as well as their unique fighting formations and battle tactics.

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