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Land Use And Land Cover Change

Author : Eric F. Lambin
ISBN : 3540322027
Genre : Science
File Size : 36. 19 MB
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This book presents recent estimates on the rate of change of major land classes. Aggregated globally, multiple impacts of local land changes are shown to significantly affect central aspects of Earth System functioning. The book offers innovative developments and applications in the fields of modeling and scenario construction. Conclusions are also drawn about the most pressing implications for the design of appropriate intervention policies.

Changes In Land Use And Land Cover

Author : University Corporation for Atmospheric Research Office for interdiscip
ISBN : 0521470854
Genre : Science
File Size : 27. 21 MB
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This book analyses the impact of human activities on the Earth's surface and environment.

Land Use And Land Cover Changes

Author : Nicole Mölders
ISBN : 9400715277
Genre : Science
File Size : 73. 51 MB
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Wildfires, changing glaciers, deforestation, open-pit mining, increasing demands for food and bio-fuel production and the growth of megacities change our landscape. The book comprehensively reviews the current knowledge on how natural and anthropogenic land-use/cover changes affect weather, air quality and climate worldwide and explains how these changes may trigger further land-use/cover changes. It discusses how anthropogenic land-use/cover changes have affected local and regional climate and air quality since the settlement of America and the industrialisation. It addresses the topic how long-range transport of pollutants and dust of devasted areas as well as teleconnections may cause changes far away from the areas where the land-use/cover changes occurred, for which land-use/cover change may become an international issue similar to CO2. It also discusses relations to global change and future societal and scientific challenges related to land-use/cover changes.

Land Use Land Cover And Soil Sciences Volume I

Author : Willy H. Verheye
ISBN : 9781848262355
Genre : Land use
File Size : 24. 48 MB
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This Encyclopedia of Land Use, Land Cover and Soil Sciences is a component of the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. Land is one of our most precious assets. It represents space, provides food and shelter, stores and filters water, and it is a base for urban and industrial development, road construction, leisure and many other social activities. Land is, however not unlimited in extent, and even when it is physically available its use is not necessarily free, either because of natural limitations (too cold, too steep, too wet or too dry, etc.) or because of constraints of access or land tenure. This 7-volume set contains several chapters, each of size 5000-30000 words, with perspectives, applications and extensive illustrations. It carries state-of-the-art knowledge in the fields of Land Use, Land Cover and Soil Sciences and is aimed, by virtue of the several applications, at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students, Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy Analysts, Managers, and Decision Makers and NGOs.

Land Use Cover Changes In Selected Regions In The World

Author :
ISBN : 4907651120
Genre :
File Size : 74. 53 MB
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Remote Sensing Of Land Use And Land Cover

Author : Chandra P. Giri
ISBN : 9781420070750
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 46. 30 MB
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Filling the need for a comprehensive book that covers both theory and application, Remote Sensing of Land Use and Land Cover: Principles and Applications provides a synopsis of how remote sensing can be used for land-cover characterization, mapping, and monitoring from the local to the global scale. With contributions by leading scientists from around the world, this well-structured volume offers an international perspective on the science, technologies, applications, and future needs of remote sensing of land cover and land use. After an overview of the key concepts and history of land-use and land-cover mapping, the book discusses the relationship between land cover and land use and addresses the land-cover classification system. It then presents state-of-the-art methods and techniques in data acquisition, preprocessing, image interpretation, and accuracy assessment for land-use and land-cover characterization and mapping. Case studies from around the world illustrate land-cover applications at global, continental, and national scales. These examples use multiple data sources and provide in-depth understanding of land cover and land-cover dynamics in multiple spatial, thematic, and temporal resolutions. Looking to the future, the book also identifies new frontiers in land-cover mapping and forecasting. The availability and accessibility of accurate and timely land-cover data sets play an important role in many global change studies, highlighting the need for better land-use and land-cover change information at multiple scales. A synthesis of current knowledge in remote sensing of land-use and land-cover science, this book promotes more effective use of Earth observation data and technology to assess, monitor, and manage land resources.

Impacts Of Land Use And Land Cover Change On Regional Climate A Case Study In The Agro Pastoral Transitional Zone Of China

Author :
ISBN : OCLC:1052038628
Genre :
File Size : 54. 96 MB
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Abstract: Assessing the impacts of land use and land cover change (LUCC) on regional climate is essential for understanding land–atmosphere interactions and for designing climate adaptation and mitigation strategies. Using the weather research and forecasting (WRF) model, we examined how different land use and land cover patterns affect regional climate in the agro-pastoral transitional zone of North China, whose environmental and socioeconomic conditions are sensitive to climate change. We parameterized WRF using land use and land cover maps corresponding to 2001 and 2010 conditions, which differ in the representation of four land surface biophysical parameters: vegetation fraction, leaf area index (LAI), albedo, and emissivity. From 2001 to 2010, vegetation fraction and LAI increased in summer, emissivity increased and albedo decreased in winter. Our WRF simulations show that differences in land use and land cover patterns led to widespread reduction in summer temperature with local cooling on the order of 1 °C, and extensive increase in winter temperature with local warming exceeding 0.8 °C. By contrast, simulations using the default landscape representation, provided by WRF itself, show only minor and random changes in temperature. Model evaluation further reveals that our simulations with appropriate land surface properties improve the performance of the WRF model. Our findings demonstrate that LUCC in Northern China has altered the regional climate over the past decade. The magnitude and spatial patterns of temperature changes quantified by our simulations provide useful information for understanding the impacts of LUCC on climate and for developing mitigation and adaptation strategies in arid and semiarid regions.

Our Earth S Changing Land L Y

Author : Helmut Geist
ISBN : 0313327041
Genre : Land cover
File Size : 60. 40 MB
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Scientists predict that the environment over the next 100 years will be threatened by severe challenges--the loss of biodiversity, expected changes in world-wide climate, and decreasing amounts of arable land and potable water for an exploding human population. All of these will greatly impact how the earth will be able to support life in the future. And at the center of these global environmental changes are developments in land use. Over the last 300 years, and in particular the last 50 years, the earth's land has been altered drastically as a result of increasing industrialization and urbanization worldwide, as well as by changes in agricultural techniques in lands under cultivation. These developments raise troubling questions about out future: How will these changes affect the sustainability of certain types of land use? How will they impinge upon critical regions, like rainforests and deserts? Will the earth be able to provide for the basic human needs of food, shelter, and water?

Impacts Of Land Use And Land Cover Changes On Surface Energy And Water Balance In The Heihe River Basin Of China 2000 2010

Author :
ISBN : OCLC:1053723432
Genre :
File Size : 66. 59 MB
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Highlights: Spatiotemporal variance of LUCC impact on energy and water balance. WRF model in inland river basin. Conversion from grassland to barren or sparsely vegetated land. Similar seasonal trends of the impacts of LUCC. Precipitation, runoff and evapotranspiration. Abstract: It is well known that there are huge land use and land cover changes (LUCC) all over the world in recent decades, and plenty of ensuing effect appeared on the energy and water balance. This study aims to analyze the impacts of land use and land cover changes on the energy and water balance in the Heihe River Basin of China during 2000–2010, and four key study sites with representative hydrological stations and dramatic LUCC in the past decades were selected to illustrate the responses of the energy and water balance to LUCC. First, LUCC of the Heihe River Basin from 2000 to 2010 was analyzed based on the interpretation of remote sensing images. Then a series of indicators of the energy and water balances were simulated with the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model and corresponding land use and land cover data. Thereafter the impacts of LUCC on the surface energy and water balance were detected and analyzed. The spatial–temporal variance of the impacts of LUCC on energy and water balance in a typical arid inland river basin was specifically presented in following analysis. The results show that different land use/cover conversions result in various energy balances. During this process, the most significant impacts on surface energy balance occurred when grassland was converted to barren or sparsely vegetated land. As for water balance, the impact is measured with variations of precipitation, runoff and evapotranspiration induced by LUCC, which were also remarkable, although seasonal trends of the effects are similar among various land use/cover conversions during 2000–2010. At last, policy suggestions, e.g., shifting the water balance by LUCC to improve the water management, are given to conclude this study.

Land Use And Land Cover Mapping In Europe

Author : Ioannis Manakos
ISBN : 9789400779693
Genre : Science
File Size : 22. 17 MB
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Land use and land cover (LULC) as well as its changes (LUCC) are an interplay between bio-geophysical characteristics of the landscape and climate as well as the complex human interaction including its different patterns of utilization superimposed on the natural vegetation. LULC is a core information layer for a variety of scientific and administrative tasks(e.g. hydrological modelling, climate models, land use planning).In particular in the context of climate change with its impacts on socio-economic, socio-ecologic systems as well as ecosystem services precise information on LULC and LUCC are mandatory baseline datasets required over large areas. Remote sensing can provide such information on different levels of detail and in a homogeneous and reliable way. Hence, LULC mapping can be regarded as a prototype for integrated approaches based on spaceborne and airborne remote sensing techniques combined with field observations. The book provides for the first time a comprehensive view of various LULC activities focusing on European initiatives, such as the LUCAS surveys, the CORINE land covers, the ESA/EU GMES program and its resulting Fast-Track- and Downstream Services, the EU JRC Global Land Cover, the ESA GlobCover project as well as the ESA initiative on Essential Climate Variables. All have and are producing highly appreciated land cover products. The book will cover the operational approaches, but also review current state-of-the-art scientific methodologies and recommendations for this field. It opens the view with best-practice examples that lead to a view that exceeds pure mapping, but to investigate into drivers and causes as well as future projections.

Land Use And Land Cover Study Of The Savannah Ecosystem In The Upper West Region Ghana Using Remote Sensing

Author : Stephen Edem Korbla Duadze
ISBN : 9783865370419
Genre : Land cover
File Size : 24. 22 MB
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Multi Agent System For Simulation Of Land Use And Land Cover Change

Author : Bao-Le Quang
ISBN : 9783865376275
Genre :
File Size : 30. 17 MB
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Urban Land Use Land Cover Change And Its Drivers

Author : Yuhao Wang
ISBN : 9798645426354
Genre : Electronic dissertations
File Size : 56. 72 MB
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Comparing to the central and east coastal regions of the country, China's northwest is less developed. However, land use and land cover (LULC) changes in this region are also worthy of study because of its resource scarcity and thus its sustainability. The objective of this study was to analyze the LULC changes in Zhangye City over the past 17 years and determine the major drivers of these changes, by integrating remote sensing derived land use/cover information with socio-economic analyses. The Landsat imagery was processed for every two years from 2001 to 2017 in Google Earth Engine environment, and then classified into land use and land cover maps using the random forest classification method. To improve accuracy, NDVI, NDWI, DEM and GLCM were incorporated in the classification. These LULC maps were then used in change detection analysis to quantify the rate of urban expansion and land use changes. The resulting land use change matrices were then used in logistic regression model to determine key socio-economic factors. The correlations between LULC changes and published policies were further analyzed to understand policy implications. The results confirmed the following: a) The Zhangye city went through a dramatic land use change from 2001 to 2017; b) Its urban built-up, water surface, cropland, grassland and forest areas all increased at the cost of surrounding bare lands; and c) The city planning and national government's five-year plan were the main drivers of urban expansion and economic growth, while environmental regulations determined the cropland, grassland and forest expansions. The findings from this study seem to suggest that Zhangye should focus on ecological conservation, environment restoration, and eco-tourism as a pillar of local economic growth.

Understanding Land Use And Land Cover Change In Global And Regional Context

Author : Elena Milanova
ISBN : 9781482294477
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 76. 34 MB
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Most of the papers of this book were presented in the "IGU-LUCC 2003 Moscow Workshop on Global and Regional Land Use/Cover Changes" and at International Conference "Society and Environment Interaction Under Global and Regional Changes" which was held in Barnaul (Altai), Russia in summer 2003.

Dynamic Land Use Cover Change Modelling

Author : Jamal Jokar Arsanjani
ISBN : 3642237053
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 36. 50 MB
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The thesis is an original and novel contribution to land use/land cover change analysis using methods of geosimulation and agent-based modeling. The author implements several traditional methodologies of land use change by means of remote sensing and GIS techniques. An Agent-Based Model was developed in order to simulate land use change in the Tehran metropolitan area, comparing the outcomes of each particular methodology. All methods are compared, and advantages and disadvantages discussed.

Land Cover And Land Use Changes In Eastern Europe After The Collapse Of The Soviet Union In 1991

Author : Garik Gutman
ISBN : 9783319426389
Genre : Science
File Size : 30. 22 MB
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This work analyzes the effects of one of the most dramatic changes of entire societies that the world has ever witnessed. It explores the collapse of socialist governance and management systems on land cover and land use in various parts of Eastern Europe. As readers will discover, this involved rapid and unprecedented changes such as widespread agricultural abandonment. Changes in the countries of the former Soviet block, former Soviet Union republics, and European Russia are compared and contrasted. Contributing authors cover topics such as the carbon cycle and the environment, effects of institutional changes on urban centers and agriculture, as well as changes in wildlife populations. The volume includes analysis of the drivers of agricultural land abandonment, forest changes in Black Sea region, an extreme drought event of 2010, impacts of fires on air quality and other land-cover/land-use issues in Eastern Europe. Satellite data used were mostly from optical sensors including night lights observations, with both coarse and medium spatial resolution. Ultimately, this work highlights the importance of understanding socioeconomic shocks: that is, those brief periods during which societies change rapidly resulting in significant impact on land use and the environment. Thus it shows that change is often abrupt rather than gradual and thereby much harder to predict. This book is a truly international and interdisciplinary effort, written by a team of scientists from the USA, Europe, and Russia. It will be of interest to a broad range of scientists at all levels within natural and social sciences, including those studying recent and ongoing changes in Europe. In particular, it will appeal to geographers, environmental scientists, remote sensing specialists, social scientists and agricultural scientists.

Quantifying Impacts Of Land Use And Land Cover Change On Groundwater Recharge And Soil Hydraulic Properties Of Catchments In South West Mau Kenya

Author : Steven Okoth Owuor
ISBN : OCLC:1164487273
Genre :
File Size : 30. 41 MB
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Validation Of Land Use Land Cover Changes For Denmark

Author : Vivian Kvist Johannsen
ISBN : 8779037992
Genre :
File Size : 76. 16 MB
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Land Use Land Cover And Soil Sciences Volume Vi

Author : Willy H. Verheye
ISBN : 9781848262409
Genre :
File Size : 31. 67 MB
Format : PDF
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This Encyclopedia of Land Use, Land Cover and Soil Sciences is a component of the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. Land is one of our most precious assets. It represents space, provides food and shelter, stores and filters water, and it is a base for urban and industrial development, road construction, leisure and many other social activities. Land is, however not unlimited in extent, and even when it is physically available its use is not necessarily free, either because of natural limitations (too cold, too steep, too wet or too dry, etc.) or because of constraints of access or land tenure. This 7-volume set contains several chapters, each of size 5000-30000 words, with perspectives, applications and extensive illustrations. It carries state-of-the-art knowledge in the fields of Land Use, Land Cover and Soil Sciences and is aimed, by virtue of the several applications, at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students, Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy Analysts, Managers, and Decision Makers and NGOs.

Urbanization As A Driver For Land Use Land Cover Change

Author : Genetu Fekadu Akalu
ISBN : 3847318349
Genre : Cities and towns
File Size : 71. 47 MB
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The study evaluated changes in land use/land cover that occurred from 1957 to 1994 in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia. The objective of the study was to evaluate the extent of urbanization and its impact on the surrounding rural communities of the town. Results indicated that, significant urban expansion was occurred. The major expansion sites were; Abay mado, Merawi and Mota outlet. The principal factors contributed for the expansion were: population growth, housing demand and urban development policy. Land use land cover change also occurred as result of horizontal expansion and intensification of the town. These brought land cover changes mainly on; built up, forestland and water bodies in the town. The negative consequences outweigh the positives of the urban expansion. A total of 242.2 hectares of farmlands have been encroached for urban land uses from sample households in the surrounding rural communities of the town. The livestock possessions per household head have been considerably reduced in the rural communities after land expropriation. According to prediction of regression model for the next 15 years 4768.36 hectares of land will be encroached as a result of expansion of the town.

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