law and theology in the middle ages

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Law And Theology In The Middle Ages

Author : G.R. Evans
ISBN : 9781134526154
Genre : Religion
File Size : 76. 15 MB
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An unrivalled introduction to a fascinating subject, Law and Theology in the Middle Ages explores the relationship between law and theology in medieval Europe. Focusing on legal and theological responses to justice, mercy, fairness, and sin, this text examines the tension between ecclesiastical and secular authority in medieval Europe, illustrating areas of dispute in a clear and accessible way.

Law Sex And Christian Society In Medieval Europe

Author : James A. Brundage
ISBN : 0226077896
Genre : Law
File Size : 22. 72 MB
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This monumental study of medieval law and sexual conduct explores the origin and develpment of the Christian church's sex law and the systems of belief upon which that law rested. Focusing on the Church's own legal system of canon law, James A. Brundage offers a comprehensive history of legal doctrines–covering the millennium from A.D. 500 to 1500–concerning a wide variety of sexual behavior, including marital sex, adultery, homosexuality, concubinage, prostitution, masturbation, and incest. His survey makes strikingly clear how the system of sexual control in a world we have half-forgotten has shaped the world in which we live today. The regulation of marriage and divorce as we know it today, together with the outlawing of bigamy and polygamy and the imposition of criminal sanctions on such activities as sodomy, fellatio, cunnilingus, and bestiality, are all based in large measure upon ideas and beliefs about sexual morality that became law in Christian Europe in the Middle Ages. "Brundage's book is consistently learned, enormously useful, and frequently entertaining. It is the best we have on the relationships between theological norms, legal principles, and sexual practice."—Peter Iver Kaufman, Church History

Law And The Illicit In Medieval Europe

Author : Ruth Mazo Karras
ISBN : 0812240804
Genre : History
File Size : 60. 36 MB
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In the popular imagination, the Middle Ages are often associated with lawlessness. However, historians have long recognized that medieval culture was characterized by an enormous respect for law and legal procedure. This book makes the case that one cannot understand the era's cultural trends without considering the profound development of law.

Theology And The Scientific Imagination From The Middle Ages To The Seventeenth Century

Author : Amos Funkenstein
ISBN : 0691024251
Genre : Religion
File Size : 30. 85 MB
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This pioneering work in the history of science, which originated in a series of three Gauss Seminars given at Princeton University in 1984, demonstrated how the roots of the scientific revolution lay in medieval scholasticism. A work of intellectual history addressing the metaphysical foundations of modern science, Theology and the Scientific Imagination raised and transformed the level of discourse on the relations of Christianity and science. Amos Funkenstein was one of the world's most distinguished scholars of Jewish history, medieval intellectual history, and the history of science. Called a genius and Renaissance man by his academic colleagues, Funkenstein was legendary for his ability to recite long literary passages verbatim and from memory in Latin, German, French, Hebrew, Yiddish, and Greek decades after he had last read them. A winner of the coveted Israel Prize for History, Funkenstein was born and raised in Palestine and received his Ph.D. in history and philosophy at the Free University of Berlin in 1965, as one of the first Jewish students to receive a doctorate in Germany after World War II. Author of seven books and more than fifty scholarly articles in four languages, Funkenstein was at the height of his powers in Theology and the Scientific Imagination, which ends with the author's influential discernment of the seventeenth century's "unprecedented fusion" of scientific and religious language. It remains a fundamental text to historians and philosophers of science.

Law And Criminality In The Middle Ages

Author : Onyoo Elizabeth Kim
ISBN : 1596890681
Genre : Law
File Size : 88. 75 MB
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LAW AND CRIMINALITY IN THE MIDDLE AGES: ACADEMIC ESSAYS by Professor Onyoo Elizabeth Kim of Handong University in Korea is an academic feat in legal studies. Trained by America's best medieval canon lawyers and having had extensive medieval law research experience in Europe, Professor Kim delivers a book on the Law of the Middle Ages that is relevant for today's legal, scholarly, and intellectual discussions. This book contains five of Professor Kim's academic essays: "War and Its Justification in the Law of the Middle Ages"; "Understanding "Intent" in Criminal Law via Gratian's Decretum and St. Augustine"; "Medieval Canon Law and Sacramental Theology: The Case of Baptism"; "The Order of the Templars and their Criminalization in the 14th Century AD"; "Understanding the History of Penance through Medieval Canon Law." Professor Onyoo Elizabeth Kim is licensed to practice law in the states of California, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. Professor Kim graduated Phi Beta Kappa from the University of Pennsylvania in 2004 with a B.A. in history and classics and a M.A. in medieval history. Professor Kim received her J.D. degree from the UCLA School of Law in 2007. Since then Professor Kim has researched extensively on medieval law and its comparative and causative worth for modern law at UCLA, Yale University, the University of Pennsylvania, and the University of Cologne Law School in Germany.

Theological Quodlibeta In The Middle Ages The Thirteenth Century

Author : Chris Schabel
ISBN : 9789047404149
Genre : History
File Size : 50. 49 MB
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The first of two volumes on special theological disputations from ca. 1230-1330 in which audience members asked the era's greatest intellectuals questions de quolibet, "about anything." The variety of the material and the authors’ stature make the genre uniquely fascinating.

A Companion To The Eucharist In The Middle Ages

Author : Ian Levy
ISBN : 9789004201415
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 86. 31 MB
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This volume presents the medieval Eucharist in all its glory combining introductory essays on the liturgy, art, theology, architecture, devotion and theology from the early, high and late medieval periods.

Aliens In Medieval Law

Author : Keechang Kim
ISBN : 0521800854
Genre : History
File Size : 43. 81 MB
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Originally published in 2000, this original reinterpretation of the legal status of foreigners in medieval England boldly rejects the canonical view which has for centuries dominated the imagination of historians and laymen alike. Keechang Kim proposes an understanding of the genesis of the modern legal regime and the important distinction between citizens and non-citizens. Making full use of medieval and early modern sources, Kim offers a compelling argument that the late medieval changes in legal treatment of foreigners are vital to an understanding of the shift of focus from status to the State, and that the historical foundation of the modern state system should be sought in this shift of outlook. The book contains a re-evaluation of the legal aspects of feudalism, examining, in particular, how the feudal legal arguments were transformed by the political theology of the Middle Ages to become the basis of the modern legal outlook.

Law Person And Community

Author : John J. Coughlin
ISBN : 9780199877188
Genre : Law
File Size : 56. 11 MB
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Law, Person, and Community: Philosophical, Theological, and Comparative Perspectives on Canon Law takes up the fundamental question "What is law?" through a consideration of the interrelation of the concepts of law, person, and community. As with the concept of law described by secular legal theorists, canon law aims to set a societal order that harmonizes the interests of individuals and communities, secures peace, guarantees freedom, and establishes justice. At the same time, canon law rests upon a traditional understanding of the spiritual end of the human person and religious nature of community. The comparison of one of the world's ancient systems of religious law with contemporary conceptions of law rooted in secular theory raises questions about the law's power to bind individuals and communities. Professor John J. Coughlin employs comparative methodology in an attempt to reveal the differing concepts of the human person reflected in both canon law and secular legal theory. Contrasting the contemporary positivistic view of law with the classical view reflected in canon law, Law, Person, and Community discusses the relationship between canon law, theology, and natural law. It also probes the interplay between the metaphysical and historical in the theory of law by an examination of canonical equity, papal authority, and the canon law of marriage. It juxtaposes the assumptions of canon law about church-state relations with those of the modern liberal state as exemplified by U.S. first amendment jurisprudence. No scholarly work has yet addressed this question of how the principles and substance of canon law, both past and present, relate to current issues in legal theory, such as the foundation of human rights and in particular the right of religious freedom for individuals and communities.

Crossing Boundaries At Medieval Universities

Author : Spencer E. Young
ISBN : 9789004192157
Genre : Education
File Size : 64. 58 MB
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This collaborative volume explores how the creation and the crossing of faculty, disciplinary and social boundaries contributed to the development of the medieval European university.

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