learning-artificial-languages

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The Effect Of Sleep On Learning An Artificial Language

Author : Amir Grosvirt
ISBN : OCLC:951797331
Genre : Languages, Artificial
File Size : 22. 5 MB
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Language Mind And Nature

Author : Rhodri Lewis
ISBN : 9780521874755
Genre : History
File Size : 90. 61 MB
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The first reconstruction of the artificial language movement in seventeenth-century England.

Encyclopedia Of The Sciences Of Learning

Author : Norbert M. Seel
ISBN : 9781441914279
Genre : Education
File Size : 23. 72 MB
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Over the past century, educational psychologists and researchers have posited many theories to explain how individuals learn, i.e. how they acquire, organize and deploy knowledge and skills. The 20th century can be considered the century of psychology on learning and related fields of interest (such as motivation, cognition, metacognition etc.) and it is fascinating to see the various mainstreams of learning, remembered and forgotten over the 20th century and note that basic assumptions of early theories survived several paradigm shifts of psychology and epistemology. Beyond folk psychology and its naïve theories of learning, psychological learning theories can be grouped into some basic categories, such as behaviorist learning theories, connectionist learning theories, cognitive learning theories, constructivist learning theories, and social learning theories. Learning theories are not limited to psychology and related fields of interest but rather we can find the topic of learning in various disciplines, such as philosophy and epistemology, education, information science, biology, and – as a result of the emergence of computer technologies – especially also in the field of computer sciences and artificial intelligence. As a consequence, machine learning struck a chord in the 1980s and became an important field of the learning sciences in general. As the learning sciences became more specialized and complex, the various fields of interest were widely spread and separated from each other; as a consequence, even presently, there is no comprehensive overview of the sciences of learning or the central theoretical concepts and vocabulary on which researchers rely. The Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning provides an up-to-date, broad and authoritative coverage of the specific terms mostly used in the sciences of learning and its related fields, including relevant areas of instruction, pedagogy, cognitive sciences, and especially machine learning and knowledge engineering. This modern compendium will be an indispensable source of information for scientists, educators, engineers, and technical staff active in all fields of learning. More specifically, the Encyclopedia provides fast access to the most relevant theoretical terms provides up-to-date, broad and authoritative coverage of the most important theories within the various fields of the learning sciences and adjacent sciences and communication technologies; supplies clear and precise explanations of the theoretical terms, cross-references to related entries and up-to-date references to important research and publications. The Encyclopedia also contains biographical entries of individuals who have substantially contributed to the sciences of learning; the entries are written by a distinguished panel of researchers in the various fields of the learning sciences.

Artificial Languages

Author : Arshavir W. Blackwell
ISBN : UCSD:31822021421524
Genre : Language acquisition
File Size : 62. 34 MB
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The Usage Based Study Of Language Learning And Multilingualism

Author : Lourdes Ortega
ISBN : 9781626163249
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 90. 2 MB
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Usage-based linguistics, which is currently very popular, bases its understanding of language on two key points: Languages are cognitive-social constructs (i.e., learned vs genetically endowed), and, in order for communication and meaning to happen, speakers must find a way to meet/understand each other, overcoming various differences (lexicon, social, register, etc.) to arrive there. In this book, high-level contributors combine research from various usage-based perspectives to explore these questions: How do proficient speakers accomplish 'mental contact' or communication through the available semiotic linguistic resources they share with other members of their discourse community? How do young children learn to accomplish this? And how do speakers of multiple languages learn to accomplish this across languages?

Cognitive Individual Differences In Second Language Processing And Acquisition

Author : Gisela Granena
ISBN : 9789027266323
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 60. 53 MB
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Cognitive Individual Differences in Second Language Processing and Acquisition contains 14 chapters that focus on the role of cognitive IDs in L2 learning and processing. The book brings together theoretical and methodological approaches to the study of cognitive IDs, as well as empirical studies that investigate the mediating role of cognitive IDs in various linguistic domains. Chapters include contributions from researchers working within second language acquisition (SLA), psycholinguistics, and cognitive psychology, sharing a common interest in the application of cognitive IDs to their respective areas of study. The interdisciplinary understanding of cognitive IDs presented in this book makes the book of interest to a wide readership of graduate students, faculty members, and academic researchers in the fields of SLA, psycholinguistics, cognitive psychology, and education.

Library Of Congress Subject Headings

Author : Library of Congress
ISBN : OSU:32435050025964
Genre : Subject headings, Library of Congress
File Size : 72. 28 MB
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Library Of Congress Subject Headings

Author : Library of Congress. Cataloging Policy and Support Office
ISBN : UOM:39015035911802
Genre : Subject headings, Library of Congress
File Size : 28. 25 MB
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Natural Artificial Languages

Author : Gary Stephen Perlman
ISBN : UCSD:31822010010395
Genre : Languages, Artificial
File Size : 59. 98 MB
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An artificial language is one created for concise and precise communication within a limited domain such as mathematics. A natural artificial language is one that people find easy to learn and use. The author discusses low-level properties of natural artificial languages, especially those in which names are chosen for concepts, and symbols are chosen for names, a class of artificial languages he calls linguistically mediated artificial languages. These properties include choosing mnemonic symbols for names, and suggestive names for concepts, and using both internally and externally consistent syntax. He outlines a model of processing linguistically mediated artificial language and present results from experiments in support of the model. The results of the experiments are applied to the design of a user interface to a programming system, demonstrating their practicality along with their theoretical interest. The research shows the tradeoffs in designing natural artificial languages: naturalness in a specific domain is gained at the cost of generality for other domains. (Author).

Language Acquisition And Development

Author : Anna Gavarró
ISBN : 9781443815901
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 82. 55 MB
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This volume gathers fifty papers from the conference Generative Approaches to Language Acquisition, GALA 2007, celebrated in Barcelona between the 6th and 8th of September, 2007. It covers the areas of syntax and phonology of child language from the theoretical perspective of generative grammar – the theoretical outlook which first placed language acquisition at the centre of linguistic inquiry.

Natural And Artificial Computation In Engineering And Medical Applications

Author : Jose Manuel Ferrandez Vicente
ISBN : 9783642386220
Genre : Computers
File Size : 63. 5 MB
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The two volume-set, LNCS 7930 and LNCS 7931, constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Work-Conference on the Interplay between Natural and Artificial Computation, IWINAC 2013, held in Mallorca, Spain, in June 2013. The 92 revised full papers presented in LNCS 7930 and LNCS 7931 were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The first part, LNCS 7930, entitled "Natural and Artificial Models in Computation and Biology”, includes all the contributions mainly related to the methodological, conceptual, formal, and experimental developments in the fields of neurophysiology and cognitive science. The second part, LNCS 7931, entitled “Natural and Artificial Computation in Engineering and Medical Applications”, contains the papers related to bioinspired programming strategies and all the contributions related to the computational solutions to engineering problems in different application domains, specially Health applications, including the CYTED “Artificial and Natural Computation for Health” (CANS) research network papers. In addition, this two volume-set reflects six interesting areas: cognitive robotics; natural computing; wetware computation; quality of life technologies; biomedical and industrial perception applications; and Web intelligence and neuroscience.

Statistical Learning And Language Acquisition

Author : Patrick Rebuschat
ISBN : 9781934078242
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 74. 69 MB
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Open publication This volume brings together contributors from cognitive psychology, theoretical and applied linguistics, as well as computer science, in order to assess the progress made in statistical learning research and to determine future directions. An important objective is to critically examine the role of statistical learning in language acquisition. While most contributors agree that statistical learning plays a central role in language acquisition, they have differing views. This book will promote the development of the field by fostering discussion and collaborations across disciplinary boundaries.

Linguistic Nativism And The Poverty Of The Stimulus

Author : Alexander Clark
ISBN : 1444390554
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 74. 36 MB
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This unique contribution to the ongoing discussion of language acquisition considers the Argument from the Poverty of the Stimulus in language learning in the context of the wider debate over cognitive, computational, and linguistic issues. Critically examines the Argument from the Poverty of the Stimulus - the theory that the linguistic input which children receive is insufficient to explain the rich and rapid development of their knowledge of their first language(s) through general learning mechanisms Focuses on formal learnability properties of the class of natural languages, considered from the perspective of several learning theoretic models The only current book length study of arguments for the poverty of the stimulus which focuses on the computational learning theoretic aspects of the problem

Linguistics And Language Behavior Abstracts

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015079657337
Genre : Language and languages
File Size : 32. 83 MB
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Artificial Companion For Second Language Conversation

Author : Sviatlana Höhn
ISBN : 9783030155049
Genre : Computers
File Size : 77. 70 MB
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The research described in this book shows that conversation analysis can effectively model dialogue. Specifically, this work shows that the multidisciplinary field of communicative ICALL may greatly benefit from including Conversation Analysis. As a consequence, this research makes several contributions to the related research disciplines, such as conversation analysis, second-language acquisition, computer-mediated communication, artificial intelligence, and dialogue systems. The book will be of value for researchers and engineers in the areas of computational linguistics, intelligent assistants, and conversational interfaces.

Language And Language Behavior Abstracts

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105024573565
Genre : Language and languages
File Size : 27. 8 MB
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Attention And Awareness In Foreign Language Learning

Author : Richard W. Schmidt
ISBN : 9780824817947
Genre : Education
File Size : 60. 57 MB
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Presents research into the learning of Spanish, Japanese, Finnish, Hawaiian, and English as a second language, with additional comments and examples from French, German, and miniature artificial languages.

Cyclical Change

Author : Elly van Gelderen
ISBN : 9789027255297
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 59. 85 MB
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Linguistic Cycles are ever present in language change and involve a phrase or word that gradually disappears and is replaced by a new linguistic item. The most well-known cycles involve negatives, where an initial single negative, such as "not, " is reinforced by another negative, such as "no thing," and subjects, where full pronouns are reanalyzed as endings on the verb. This book presents new data and insights on the well-known cyclical changes as well as on less well-known ones, such as the preposition, auxiliary, copula, modal, and complementation cycles. Part I covers the negative cycle with chapters looking in great detail at the steps that are typical in this cycle. Part II focuses on pronouns, auxiliaries, and the left periphery. Part III includes work on modals, prepositions, and complementation. The book ends with a psycholinguistic chapter. This book brings together linguists from a variety of theoretical frameworks and contributes to new directions in work on language change.

Annual Report Of The Department Of Education

Author : Massachusetts. Board of Education
ISBN : UIUC:30112051062781
Genre : Education
File Size : 73. 30 MB
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1st-72nd include the annual report of the Secretary of the Board.

Annual Report Of The Board Of Education

Author : Massachusetts. Board of Education
ISBN : UCAL:B2984909
Genre :
File Size : 55. 97 MB
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