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Learning Causality In A Complex World

Author : Tina A. Grotzer
ISBN : 9781610488655
Genre : Education
File Size : 79. 99 MB
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What do children’s interactions on the playground have to do with foreign policy? How does science understanding in middle school relate to environmental disasters in third world countries? The causal patterns that we detect and how we act upon them pervade every aspect of our lives. These skills will only become more important in the future as our world becomes more global and more interconnected. Yet we aren’t very skilled at thinking about causality. Research shows that instead we rely on limiting default assumptions that can lead to poor choices in a complex world. What can we do about it? This book offers ways to become aware of these patterns and to reframe our thinking to become more effective learners and citizens of the world. Through examples and accessible explanations, it offers a causal curriculum to enable more effective learning so that we can put the power of better causal understanding to work for ourselves and the next generation— for today and tomorrow.

Complex Dynamical Systems In Education

Author : Matthijs Koopmans
ISBN : 9783319275772
Genre : Education
File Size : 29. 6 MB
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This book capitalizes on the developments in dynamical systems and education by presenting some of the most recent advances in this area in seventeen non-overlapping chapters. The first half of the book discusses the conceptual framework of complex dynamical systems and its applicability to educational processes. The second half presents a set of empirical studies that that illustrate the use of various research methodologies to investigate complex dynamical processes in education, and help the reader appreciate what we learn about dynamical processes in education from using these approaches.

Targeted Learning In Data Science

Author : Mark J. van der Laan
ISBN : 9783319653044
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 35. 79 MB
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This textbook for graduate students in statistics, data science, and public health deals with the practical challenges that come with big, complex, and dynamic data. It presents a scientific roadmap to translate real-world data science applications into formal statistical estimation problems by using the general template of targeted maximum likelihood estimators. These targeted machine learning algorithms estimate quantities of interest while still providing valid inference. Targeted learning methods within data science area critical component for solving scientific problems in the modern age. The techniques can answer complex questions including optimal rules for assigning treatment based on longitudinal data with time-dependent confounding, as well as other estimands in dependent data structures, such as networks. Included in Targeted Learning in Data Science are demonstrations with soft ware packages and real data sets that present a case that targeted learning is crucial for the next generation of statisticians and data scientists. Th is book is a sequel to the first textbook on machine learning for causal inference, Targeted Learning, published in 2011. Mark van der Laan, PhD, is Jiann-Ping Hsu/Karl E. Peace Professor of Biostatistics and Statistics at UC Berkeley. His research interests include statistical methods in genomics, survival analysis, censored data, machine learning, semiparametric models, causal inference, and targeted learning. Dr. van der Laan received the 2004 Mortimer Spiegelman Award, the 2005 Van Dantzig Award, the 2005 COPSS Snedecor Award, the 2005 COPSS Presidential Award, and has graduated over 40 PhD students in biostatistics and statistics. Sherri Rose, PhD, is Associate Professor of Health Care Policy (Biostatistics) at Harvard Medical School. Her work is centered on developing and integrating innovative statistical approaches to advance human health. Dr. Rose’s methodological research focuses on nonparametric machine learning for causal inference and prediction. She co-leads the Health Policy Data Science Lab and currently serves as an associate editor for the Journal of the American Statistical Association and Biostatistics.

Critical Thinking And Learning

Author : Mark Mason
ISBN : UOM:39015076180796
Genre : Education
File Size : 85. 57 MB
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This collection of papers evaluates the goals of critical thinking and of life-long and life-wide learning, all of which appear frequently in the rhetoric of educational reform. It discusses what these concepts mean, and what societal, cultural and educational issues arise from them.

Sociological Abstracts

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105122361095
Genre : Sociology
File Size : 71. 44 MB
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CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.

Philosophy Of Educational Research

Author : Richard Pring
ISBN : UOM:39015050125353
Genre : Education
File Size : 87. 3 MB
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The training of educational researchers now requires a thorough introduction to philosophical issues. This book synthesizes the relevant areas of philosophy of mind, epistemology, philosophy of social science, ethics, and the philosophy of education. Written in characteristically lucid style, this is the masterwork of a world authority on the subject.

Children And Adults Reason About Causal Uncertainty

Author : Tamar Kushnir
ISBN : UCAL:C3503314
Genre :
File Size : 72. 45 MB
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Educational Leadership And Administration

Author : Fenwick W. English
ISBN : STANFORD:36105210544735
Genre : Educational leadership
File Size : 83. 11 MB
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Teaching Significant Social Studies In The Elementary School

Author : Elliott Seif
ISBN : UOM:39076006222587
Genre : Sciences sociales - Étude et enseignement (Primaire)
File Size : 90. 2 MB
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In this age of technology and extreme specialization, the task of educating the young for social understanding and responsibility has come to be almost an enigma. What should be the content, values, concepts, principles, and modes of thinking of such an education? How are elementary children to become involved in learning about their social world? What posture should teachers take as they interact with pupils and guide the interactions between pupils? These questions, which face any teacher of social studies, are precisely the questions addressed in this book. Theory and practice are intertwined, and descriptions of activities that translate these theories into practice, examples of social studies curriculum materials, and practical ways of planning, organizing, and teaching social studies. A practical guide in the hands of prospective teachers as students, and as teachers.

Research In Education

Author :
ISBN : UVA:X001117300
Genre : Education
File Size : 78. 37 MB
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Agriculture And Human Values

Author :
ISBN : UCBK:C077316233
Genre : Agriculture
File Size : 59. 32 MB
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Targeted Learning

Author : Mark J. van der Laan
ISBN : 1441997822
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 34. 33 MB
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The statistics profession is at a unique point in history. The need for valid statistical tools is greater than ever; data sets are massive, often measuring hundreds of thousands of measurements for a single subject. The field is ready to move towards clear objective benchmarks under which tools can be evaluated. Targeted learning allows (1) the full generalization and utilization of cross-validation as an estimator selection tool so that the subjective choices made by humans are now made by the machine, and (2) targeting the fitting of the probability distribution of the data toward the target parameter representing the scientific question of interest. This book is aimed at both statisticians and applied researchers interested in causal inference and general effect estimation for observational and experimental data. Part I is an accessible introduction to super learning and the targeted maximum likelihood estimator, including related concepts necessary to understand and apply these methods. Parts II-IX handle complex data structures and topics applied researchers will immediately recognize from their own research, including time-to-event outcomes, direct and indirect effects, positivity violations, case-control studies, censored data, longitudinal data, and genomic studies.

International Cooperation In The World Of Sovereign But Interdependent Nation States

Author : Chien-Hong Lee
ISBN : UCSD:31822031869423
Genre : Asia
File Size : 55. 96 MB
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Controlling Uncertainty

Author : Magda Osman
ISBN : 9781444351804
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 67. 78 MB
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Controlling Uncertainty: Decision Making and Learning in Complex Worlds reviews and discusses the most current research relating to the ways we can control the uncertain world around us. Features reviews and discussions of the most current research in a number of fields relevant to controlling uncertainty, such as psychology, neuroscience, computer science and engineering Presents a new framework that is designed to integrate a variety of disparate fields of research Represents the first book of its kind to provide a general overview of work related to understanding control

Human Learning

Author : Jeanne Ellis Ormrod
ISBN : PSU:000062469555
Genre : Education
File Size : 22. 25 MB
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Human Learning, fifth edition, is the leading text on learning theories applied to education. It covers a broad range of learning theories, including behaviorist, social cognitive, cognitive, and developmental. Complex learning and cognition, including metacognition, transfer, and social processes in knowledge construction are also covered, as is motivation. Coverage demonstrates, through the author's extremely lucid and engaging prose, how different concepts relate to one another. The book provides dozens of proven examples, and emphasizes meaningful learning that makes the fundamentals of these theories comprehensible to students with little or no prior coursework in psychology. Key revisions to this book include a thoroughly updated section on behaviorism, a new, separate chapter on the developmental theories of Piaget and Vygotsky, and a reorganized motivation section.

The European Union In Global Forest Governance

Author : Minna Jokela
ISBN : CORNELL:31924101521957
Genre : Forest conservation
File Size : 47. 4 MB
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Higher Education Review

Author :
ISBN : UCAL:B4557365
Genre :
File Size : 56. 66 MB
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Experimental And Quasi Experimental Designs For Generalized Causal Inference

Author : WS. SHADISH
ISBN : UOM:39015061304716
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 54. 20 MB
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Sections include: experiments and generalised causal inference; statistical conclusion validity and internal validity; construct validity and external validity; quasi-experimental designs that either lack a control group or lack pretest observations on the outcome; quasi-experimental designs that use both control groups and pretests; quasi-experiments: interrupted time-series designs; regresssion discontinuity designs; randomised experiments: rationale, designs, and conditions conducive to doing them; practical problems 1: ethics, participation recruitment and random assignment; practical problems 2: treatment implementation and attrition; generalised causal inference: a grounded theory; generalised causal inference: methods for single studies; generalised causal inference: methods for multiple studies; a critical assessment of our assumptions.

Multimedia Technology For Applications

Author : Bing J. Sheu
ISBN : UCSD:31822025951450
Genre : Computers
File Size : 45. 88 MB
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"With an emphasis on consumer electronics, the contributing authors to Multimedia Technology for Applications present the very latest advances in signal processing, communications and networking, computer databases, and circuits and systems as they relate to multimedia technology and applications. Topics covered include: multimedia systems; standards, and trends; submicro electronic enabling technologies; digital library servers; networking; multimedia signal processing and applications"--Publisher's description.

Critical Thinking And Learning

Author : Danny K. Weil
ISBN : UOM:39015061735265
Genre : Education
File Size : 75. 6 MB
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Examines how critical thinking can be taught in a variety of settings and disciplines.

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