led lighting for urban agriculture

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Led Lighting For Urban Agriculture

Author : Toyoki Kozai
ISBN : 9789811018480
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 89. 78 MB
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This book focuses on light-emitting diode (LED) lighting, mainly for the commercial production of horticultural crops in plant factories and greenhouses with controlled environments, giving special attention to: 1) plant growth and development as affected by the light environment; and 2) business and technological opportunities and challenges with regard to LEDs. The book contains more than 30 chapters grouped into seven parts: 1) overview of controlled-environment agriculture and its significance; 2) the effects of ambient light on plant growth and development; 3) optical and physiological characteristics of plant leaves and canopies; 4) greenhouse crop production with supplemental LED lighting; 5) effects of light quality on plant physiology and morphology; 6) current status of commercial plant factories under LED lighting; and 7) basics of LEDs and LED lighting for plant cultivation. LED lighting for urban agriculture in the forthcoming decades will not be just an advanced form of current urban agriculture. It will be largely based on two fields: One is a new paradigm and rapidly advancing concepts, global technologies for LEDs, information and communication technology, renewable energy, and related expertise and their methodologies; the other is basic science and technology that should not change for the next several decades. Consideration should be given now to future urban agriculture based on those two fields. The tremendous potentials of LED lighting for urban agriculture are stimulating many people in various fields including researchers, businesspeople, policy makers, educators, students, community developers, architects, designers, and entrepreneurs. Readers of this book will understand the principle, concept, design, operation, social roles, pros and cons, costs and benefits of LED lighting for urban agriculture, and its possibilities and challenges for solving local as well as global agricultural, environmental, and social issues.

Smart Plant Factory

Author : Toyoki Kozai
ISBN : 9789811310652
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 78. 82 MB
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This book describes the concept, characteristics, methodology, design, management, business, recent advances and future technologies of plant factories with artificial lighting (PFAL) and indoor vertical farms. The third wave of PFAL business started in around 2010 in Japan and Taiwan, and in USA and Europe it began in about 2013 after the rapid advances in LED technology. The book discusses the basic and advanced developments in recent PFALs and future smart PFALs that emerged in 2016. There is an emerging interest around the globe in smart PFAL R&D and business, which are expected to play an important role in urban agriculture in the coming decades. It is also expected that they will contribute to solving the trilemma of food, environment and natural resources with increasing urban populations and decreasing agricultural populations and arable land area. Current obstacles to successful PFAL R&D and business are: 1) no well-accepted concepts and methodology for PFAL design and management, 2) lack of understanding of the environmental effects on plant growth and development and hydroponics among engineers; 3) lack of understanding of the technical and engineering aspects of PFAL among horticulturists; 4) lack of knowledge of the technical challenges and opportunities in future PFAL businesses among business professionals, policy makers, and investors and 5) lack of a suitable textbook on the recent advances in PFAL technologies and business for graduate students and young researchers. This book covers all the aspects of successful smart PFAL R & D and business.

Creating Urban Agricultural Systems

Author : Gundula Proksch
ISBN : 9781317751557
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 69. 82 MB
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Creating Urban Agriculture Systems provides you with background, expertise, and inspiration for designing with urban agriculture. It shows you how to grow food in buildings and cities, operate growing systems, and integrate them with natural cycles and existing infrastructures. It teaches you the essential environmental inputs and operational strategies of urban farms, and inspires community and design tools for innovative operations and sustainable urban environments that produce fresh, local food. Over 70 projects and 16 in-depth case studies of productive, integrated systems, located in North America, Europe, and Asia ,are organized by their emphasis on nutrient, water, and energy management, farm operation, community integration and design approaches so that you can see innovative strategies in action. Interviews with leading architecture firms, including WORKac, Kiss + Cathcart, Weber Thompson, CJ Lim/Studio 8, and SOA Architectes, highlight the challenges and rewards you face when creating urban agriculture systems. Catalogs of growing and building systems, a glossary, bibliography, and abstracts will help you find information fast.

Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 33

Author : Eric Lichtfouse
ISBN : 9783319990767
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 89. 16 MB
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This book presents advanced knowledge on the relationships between climate change and agriculture, and various adaptation techniques such as low tillage, salt-adapted beneficial microbes and closed systems. Climate change is unavoidable but adaptation is possible. Climate change and agriculture are interrelated processes, both of which take place on a global scale. Climate change affects agriculture through changes in average temperatures, rainfall and climate extremes; changes in pests and diseases; changes in atmospheric carbon dioxide; changes in the nutritional quality of some foods; and changes in sea level.

Urban Agriculture And City Sustainability

Author : Syngellakis, S.
ISBN : 9781784663650
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 28. 36 MB
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Papers presented at the 1st International Conference on Urban Agriculture and City Sustainability are contained in this book. The research reviews ways in which urban agriculture can contribute to achieve sustainable cities and considers ways of reducing the impact in terms of use of natural resources, waste production and climate change.

Proceedings Of The International Symposium On Soilless Cultivation

Author : Weimin Zhu
ISBN : UCR:31210023939679
Genre : Hydroponics
File Size : 83. 92 MB
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Habitat Debate

Author :
ISBN : WISC:89098171259
Genre : City planning
File Size : 85. 66 MB
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Photonics Volume 3

Author : David L. Andrews
ISBN : 9781119011774
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 89. 32 MB
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Discusses the basic physical principles underlying thetechnology instrumentation of photonics This volume discusses photonics technology and instrumentation. Thetopics discussed in this volume are: Communication Networks; DataBuffers; Defense and Security Applications; Detectors; FiberOptics and Amplifiers; Green Photonics; Instrumentation andMetrology; Interferometers; Light-Harvesting Materials; LogicDevices; Optical Communications; Remote Sensing; Solar Energy;Solid-State Lighting; Wavelength Conversion Comprehensive and accessible coverage of the whole of modernphotonics Emphasizes processes and applications that specifically exploitphoton attributes of light Deals with the rapidly advancing area of modern optics Chapters are written by top scientists in their field Written for the graduate level student in physical sciences;Industrial and academic researchers in photonics, graduate studentsin the area; College lecturers, educators, policymakers,consultants, Scientific and technical libraries, governmentlaboratories, NIH.

The Role Of Urban And Peri Urban Agriculture In Metropolitan City Management In The Development Countries

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015054286094
Genre : Agriculture
File Size : 39. 71 MB
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Food And The City

Author : Jennifer Cockrall-King
ISBN : UCSD:31822040879280
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 71. 71 MB
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