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Limitations And Future Trends In Neural Computation

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ISBN : 1586033247
Genre : Neural computers
File Size : 42. 77 MB
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Author : Alessio Plebe
ISBN : 9783319285528
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 63. 4 MB
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This book examines the concept of “ Neurosemantics”, a term currently used in two different senses: the informational meaning of the physical processes in the neural circuits, and semantics in its classical sense, as the meaning of language, explained in terms of neural processes. The book explores this second sense of neurosemantics, yet in doing so, it addresses much of the first meaning as well. Divided into two parts, the book starts with a description and analysis of the mathematics of the brain, including computational units, representational mechanisms and algorithmic principles. This first part pays special attention to the neural architecture which has been used in developing models of neurosemantics. The second part of the book presents a collection of models, and describes each model reproducing specific aspects of the semantics of language. Some of these models target one of the core problems of semantics, the reference of nouns, and in particular of nouns with a strong perceptual characterization. Others address the semantics of predicates, with a detailed analysis of colour attributes. While this book represents a radical shift from traditional semantics, it still pursues a line of continuity that is based on the idea that meaning can be captured, and explained, by a sort of computation.

Solving Computationally Expensive Engineering Problems

Author : Slawomir Koziel
ISBN : 9783319089850
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 49. 55 MB
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Computational complexity is a serious bottleneck for the design process in virtually any engineering area. While migration from prototyping and experimental-based design validation to verification using computer simulation models is inevitable and has a number of advantages, high computational costs of accurate, high-fidelity simulations can be a major issue that slows down the development of computer-aided design methodologies, particularly those exploiting automated design improvement procedures, e.g., numerical optimization. The continuous increase of available computational resources does not always translate into shortening of the design cycle because of the growing demand for higher accuracy and necessity to simulate larger and more complex systems. Accurate simulation of a single design of a given system may be as long as several hours, days or even weeks, which often makes design automation using conventional methods impractical or even prohibitive. Additional problems include numerical noise often present in the simulation data, possible presence of multiple locally optimum designs, as well as multiple conflicting objectives. In this edited book, various techniques that can alleviate solving computationally expensive engineering design problems are presented. One of the most promising approaches is the use of fast replacement models, so-called surrogates, that reliably represent the expensive, simulation-based model of the system/device of interest but they are much cheaper and analytically tractable. Here, a group of international experts summarize recent developments in the area and demonstrate applications in various disciplines of engineering and science. The main purpose of the work is to provide the basic concepts and formulations of the surrogate-based modeling and optimization paradigm, as well as discuss relevant modeling techniques, optimization algorithms and design procedures. Therefore, this book should be useful to researchers and engineers from any discipline where computationally heavy simulations are used on daily basis in the design process.

Model Based Clustering And Classification For Data Science

Author : Charles Bouveyron
ISBN : 9781108640596
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 37. 47 MB
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Cluster analysis finds groups in data automatically. Most methods have been heuristic and leave open such central questions as: how many clusters are there? Which method should I use? How should I handle outliers? Classification assigns new observations to groups given previously classified observations, and also has open questions about parameter tuning, robustness and uncertainty assessment. This book frames cluster analysis and classification in terms of statistical models, thus yielding principled estimation, testing and prediction methods, and sound answers to the central questions. It builds the basic ideas in an accessible but rigorous way, with extensive data examples and R code; describes modern approaches to high-dimensional data and networks; and explains such recent advances as Bayesian regularization, non-Gaussian model-based clustering, cluster merging, variable selection, semi-supervised and robust classification, clustering of functional data, text and images, and co-clustering. Written for advanced undergraduates in data science, as well as researchers and practitioners, it assumes basic knowledge of multivariate calculus, linear algebra, probability and statistics.

Artificial Intelligence For Future Generation Robotics

Author : Rabindra Nath Shaw
ISBN : 9780323857994
Genre : Computers
File Size : 90. 57 MB
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Artificial Intelligence for Future Generation Robotics offers a vision for potential future robotics applications for AI technologies. Each chapter includes theory and mathematics to stimulate novel research directions based on the state-of-the-art in AI and smart robotics. Organized by application into ten chapters, this book offers a practical tool for researchers and engineers looking for new avenues and use-cases that combine AI with smart robotics. As we witness exponential growth in automation and the rapid advancement of underpinning technologies, such as ubiquitous computing, sensing, intelligent data processing, mobile computing and context aware applications, this book is an ideal resource for future innovation. Brings AI and smart robotics into imaginative, technically-informed dialogue Integrates fundamentals with real-world applications Presents potential applications for AI in smart robotics by use-case Gives detailed theory and mathematical calculations for each application Stimulates new thinking and research in applying AI to robotics

Contemporary Theory And Pragmatic Approaches In Fuzzy Computing Utilization

Author : Chen, Toly
ISBN : 9781466618718
Genre : Computers
File Size : 74. 21 MB
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"This book presents the most innovative systematic and practical facets of fuzzy computing technologies to students, scholars, and academicians, as well as practitioners, engineers, and professionals"--

Advances In Artificial Life

Author : Wolfgang Banzhaf
ISBN : 9783540394327
Genre : Computers
File Size : 52. 94 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 7th European Conference on Artificial Life, ECAL 2003, held in Dortmund, Germany in September 2003. The 96 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from more than 140 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on artificial chemistries, self-organization, and self-replication; artificial societies; cellular and neural systems; evolution and development; evolutionary and adaptive dynamics; languages and communication; methodologies and applications; and robotics and autonomous agents.

Advanced Computing And Intelligent Technologies

Author : Monica Bianchini
ISBN : 9789811621642
Genre : Artificial intelligence
File Size : 27. 14 MB
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This book gathers selected high-quality research papers presented at International Conference on Advanced Computing and Intelligent Technologies (ICACIT 2021) held at NCR New Delhi, India, during March 2021, 2021, jointly organized by Galgotias University, India, and Department of Information Engineering and Mathematics Universita Di Siena, Italy. It discusses emerging topics pertaining to advanced computing, intelligent technologies, and networks including AI and machine learning, data mining, big data analytics, high-performance computing network performance analysis, Internet of things networks, wireless sensor networks, and others. The book offers a valuable asset for researchers from both academia and industries involved in advanced studies.

Artificial Neural Nets Problem Solving Methods

Author : International Work Conference on Artificial and Natural Neural Networks (7, 2003, Mahón)
ISBN : 354040211X
Genre : Computers
File Size : 76. 74 MB
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The two-volume set LNCS 2686 and LNCS 2687 constitute the refereed proceedings of the 7th International Work-Conference on Artificial and Natural Neural Networks, IWANN 2003, held in Maó, Menorca, Spain in June 2003. The 197 revised papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in the book and address the following topics: mathematical and computational methods in neural modelling, neurophysiological data analysis and modelling, structural and functional models of neurons, learning and other plasticity phenomena, complex systems dynamics, cognitive processes and artificial intelligence, methodologies for net design, bio-inspired systems and engineering, and applications in a broad variety of fields.

Corpus Linguistics

Author : Anke Lüdeling
ISBN : 9783110213881
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 40. 97 MB
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This handbook provides an up-to-date survey of corpus linguistics. Spoken, written, and multimodal corpora serve as the bases for quantitative and qualitative research on many issues of linguistic interest. The two volumes together comprise 61 articles by renowned experts from around the world. They sketch the history of corpus linguistics and its relationship with neighbouring disciplines, show its potential, discuss its problems, and describe various methods of collecting, annotating, and searching corpora, as well as processing corpus data. Key features: up-to-date and complete handbook includes both an overview and detailed discussions gathers together a great number of experts

Proceedings 24 Workshop Computational Intelligence Dortmund 27 28 November 2014

Author : Hoffmann, Frank
ISBN : 9783731502753
Genre :
File Size : 88. 73 MB
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Artificial Neural Networks In Pattern Recognition

Author : Friedhelm Schwenker
ISBN : 9783319461823
Genre : Computers
File Size : 21. 37 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 7th IAPR TC3 International Workshop on Artificial Neural Networks in Pattern Recognition, ANNPR 2016, held in Ulm, Germany, in September 2016. The 25 revised full papers presented together with 2 invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 32 submissions for inclusion in this volume. The workshop will act as a major forum for international researchers and practitioners working in all areas of neural network- and machine learning-based pattern recognition to present and discuss the latest research, results, and ideas in these areas.

Cluster Analysis For Corpus Linguistics

Author : Hermann Moisl
ISBN : 9783110363814
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 56. 72 MB
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The standard scientific methodology in linguistics is empirical testing of falsifiable hypotheses. As such the process of hypothesis generation is central, and involves formulation of a research question about a domain of interest and statement of a hypothesis relative to it. In corpus linguistics the domain is text, and generation involves abstraction of data from text, data analysis, and formulation of a hypothesis based on inference from the results. Traditionally this process has been paper-based, but the advent of electronic text has increasingly rendered it obsolete both because the size of digital corpora is now at or beyond the limit of what can efficiently be used in the traditional way, and because the complexity of data abstracted from them can be impenetrable to understanding. Linguists are increasingly turning to mathematical and statistical computational methods for help, and cluster analysis is such a method. It is used across the sciences for hypothesis generation by identification of structure in data which are too large or complex, or both, to be interpretable by direct inspection. This book aims to show how cluster analysis can be used for hypothesis generation in corpus linguistics, thereby contributing to a quantitative empirical methodology for the discipline.

Handbook On Neural Information Processing

Author : Monica Bianchini
ISBN : 9783642366574
Genre : Computers
File Size : 43. 64 MB
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This handbook presents some of the most recent topics in neural information processing, covering both theoretical concepts and practical applications. The contributions include: Deep architectures Recurrent, recursive, and graph neural networks Cellular neural networks Bayesian networks Approximation capabilities of neural networks Semi-supervised learning Statistical relational learning Kernel methods for structured data Multiple classifier systems Self organisation and modal learning Applications to content-based image retrieval, text mining in large document collections, and bioinformatics This book is thought particularly for graduate students, researchers and practitioners, willing to deepen their knowledge on more advanced connectionist models and related learning paradigms.

Computationally Intelligent Systems And Their Applications

Author : Jagdish Chand Bansal
ISBN : 9789811604072
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 20. 25 MB
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This book covers all core technologies like neural networks, fuzzy systems, and evolutionary computation and their applications in the systems. Computationally intelligent system is a new concept for advanced information processing. The objective of this system is to realize a new approach for analyzing and creating flexible information processing of sensing, learning, recognizing, and action taking. Computational intelligent is a part of artificial intelligence (AI) which includes the study of versatile components to empower or encourage savvy practices in intricate and evolving situations. The computationally intelligent system highly relies on numerical information supplied by manufacturers unlike AI.

Machine Learning For Adaptive Many Core Machines A Practical Approach

Author : Noel Lopes
ISBN : 9783319069388
Genre : Computers
File Size : 45. 21 MB
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The overwhelming data produced everyday and the increasing performance and cost requirements of applications are transversal to a wide range of activities in society, from science to industry. In particular, the magnitude and complexity of the tasks that Machine Learning (ML) algorithms have to solve are driving the need to devise adaptive many-core machines that scale well with the volume of data, or in other words, can handle Big Data. This book gives a concise view on how to extend the applicability of well-known ML algorithms in Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) with data scalability in mind. It presents a series of new techniques to enhance, scale and distribute data in a Big Learning framework. It is not intended to be a comprehensive survey of the state of the art of the whole field of machine learning for Big Data. Its purpose is less ambitious and more practical: to explain and illustrate existing and novel GPU-based ML algorithms, not viewed as a universal solution for the Big Data challenges but rather as part of the answer, which may require the use of different strategies coupled together.

Real World Data Mining Applications

Author : Mahmoud Abou-Nasr
ISBN : 9783319078120
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 64. 98 MB
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Data mining applications range from commercial to social domains, with novel applications appearing swiftly; for example, within the context of social networks. The expanding application sphere and social reach of advanced data mining raise pertinent issues of privacy and security. Present-day data mining is a progressive multidisciplinary endeavor. This inter- and multidisciplinary approach is well reflected within the field of information systems. The information systems research addresses software and hardware requirements for supporting computationally and data-intensive applications. Furthermore, it encompasses analyzing system and data aspects, and all manual or automated activities. In that respect, research at the interface of information systems and data mining has significant potential to produce actionable knowledge vital for corporate decision-making. The aim of the proposed volume is to provide a balanced treatment of the latest advances and developments in data mining; in particular, exploring synergies at the intersection with information systems. It will serve as a platform for academics and practitioners to highlight their recent achievements and reveal potential opportunities in the field. Thanks to its multidisciplinary nature, the volume is expected to become a vital resource for a broad readership ranging from students, throughout engineers and developers, to researchers and academics.

Artificial Immune Systems

Author : Hugues Bersini
ISBN : 9783540377498
Genre : Computers
File Size : 22. 50 MB
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ICARIS 2006 is the ?fth instance of a series of conferences dedicated to the comprehension and the exploitation of immunological principles through their translation into computational terms. All scienti?c disciplines carrying a name that begins with “arti?cial” (followed by “life,” “reality,” “intelligence” or “- munesystem”) aresimilarlysu?ering froma veryambiguousidentity.Their axis of research tries to stabilize an on-going identity somewhere in the crossroad of engineering (building useful artifacts), natural sciences (biologyor psychology— improving the comprehension and prediction of natural phenomena) and t- oretical computer sciences (developing and mastering the algorithmic world). Accordingly and depending on which of these perspectives receives more s- port, they attempt at attracting di?erent kinds of scientists and at stimul- ing di?erent kinds of scienti?c attitudes. For many years and in the previous ICARIS conferences, it was clearly the “engineering” perspective that was the most represented and prevailed through the publications. Indeed, since the o- gin of engineering and technology, nature has o?ered a reserve of inexhaustible inspirations which have stimulated the development of useful artifacts for man. Biology has led to the development of new computer tools, such as genetic - gorithms, Boolean and neural networks, robots learning by experience, cellular machines and others that create a new vision of IT for the engineer: parallel, ?exible andautonomous.Inthis type of informatics,complexproblemsareta- led with the aid of simple mechanisms, but in?nitely iterated in time and space.

Compstat 2006 Proceedings In Computational Statistics

Author : Alfredo Rizzi
ISBN : 3790817090
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 47. 44 MB
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International Association for Statistical Computing The International Association for Statistical Computing (IASC) is a Section of the International Statistical Institute. The objectives of the Association are to foster world-wide interest in e?ective statistical computing and to - change technical knowledge through international contacts and meetings - tween statisticians, computing professionals, organizations, institutions, g- ernments and the general public. The IASC organises its own Conferences, IASC World Conferences, and COMPSTAT in Europe. The 17th Conference of ERS-IASC, the biennial meeting of European - gional Section of the IASC was held in Rome August 28 - September 1, 2006. This conference took place in Rome exactly 20 years after the 7th COMP- STAT symposium which was held in Rome, in 1986. Previous COMPSTAT conferences were held in: Vienna (Austria, 1974); West-Berlin (Germany, 1976); Leiden (The Netherlands, 1978); Edimbourgh (UK, 1980); Toulouse (France, 1982); Prague (Czechoslovakia, 1984); Rome (Italy, 1986); Copenhagen (Denmark, 1988); Dubrovnik (Yugoslavia, 1990); Neuchˆ atel (Switzerland, 1992); Vienna (Austria,1994); Barcelona (Spain, 1996);Bristol(UK,1998);Utrecht(TheNetherlands,2000);Berlin(Germany, 2002); Prague (Czech Republic, 2004).

Encyclopedia Of Business Analytics And Optimization

Author : Wang, John
ISBN : 9781466652033
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 43. 50 MB
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As the age of Big Data emerges, it becomes necessary to take the five dimensions of Big Data- volume, variety, velocity, volatility, and veracity- and focus these dimensions towards one critical emphasis - value. The Encyclopedia of Business Analytics and Optimization confronts the challenges of information retrieval in the age of Big Data by exploring recent advances in the areas of knowledge management, data visualization, interdisciplinary communication, and others. Through its critical approach and practical application, this book will be a must-have reference for any professional, leader, analyst, or manager interested in making the most of the knowledge resources at their disposal.

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