localist connectionist approaches to human cognition scientific psychology series

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Localist Connectionist Approaches To Human Cognition

Author : Jonathan Grainger
ISBN : 9781134804023
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 85. 26 MB
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This volume provides an overview of a relatively neglected branch of connectionism known as localist connectionism. The singling out of localist connectionism is motivated by the fact that some critical modeling strategies have been more readily applied in the development and testing of localist as opposed to distributed connectionist models (models using distributed hidden-unit representations and trained with a particular learning algorithm, typically back-propagation). One major theme emerging from this book is that localist connectionism currently provides an interesting means of evolving from verbal-boxological models of human cognition to computer-implemented algorithmic models. The other central messages conveyed are that the highly delicate issue of model testing, evaluation, and selection must be taken seriously, and that model-builders of the localist connectionist family have already shown exemplary steps in this direction.

The Psychology Of Learning And Motivation

Author :
ISBN : 0080522769
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 29. 45 MB
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The Psychology of Learning and Motivation publishes empirical and theoretical contributions in cognitive and experimental psychology, ranging from classical and instrumental conditioning to complex learning and problem solving. Each chapter provides a thoughtful integration of a body of work.

The Handbook Of Adult Language Disorders

Author : Argye E. Hillis
ISBN : 9781134948017
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 71. 50 MB
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This distinctive handbook is a key reference for both clinicians and researchers working in the scientific investigation of aphasia. The focus is on how the study of acquired language disorders has contributed to our understanding of normal language and its neural substrates, and to the clinical management of language disorders. The handbook is unique in that it reviews studies from the major disciplines in which aphasia research is conducted - cognitive neuropsychology, linguistics, neurology, neuroimaging, and speech-language pathology - as they apply to each topic of language. For each language domain (such as reading), there is a chapter devoted to theory and models of the language task, a chapter devoted to the neural basis of the language task (focusing on recent neuroimaging studies) and a chapter devoted to clinical diagnosis and treatment of impairments in that domain.

A Comparison Of Invariant And Exemplar Models Of The Perception Of Dynamic Properties

Author : Andrew L. Cohen
ISBN : IND:30000082018031
Genre :
File Size : 26. 59 MB
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Researching The Self

Author : Ellen Grünewald
ISBN : STANFORD:36105123364056
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 60. 12 MB
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Researching the Self originated in a conference held at the University of Amsterdam in 2005, where scholars from various academic backgrounds presented their current theories and research. One central theme that emerged from the conference is the need for interdisciplinarity in the study of self. The present volume tries to meet this need, as it covers fields as diverse as psychology, anthropology, neuroscience, philosophy, sociology, and computer science. Additionally, the authors have contributed interdisciplinary reflections, in which they contemplate the other contributions to the present volume, and consider integrating this work with their own.- What are the neural correlates of self?- Can individuals have multiple selves?- How do selves depend on other people?- Will engineers ever construct artificial selves?- What is the problem of self we are trying to solve?- What does the future hold for the self?- Do selves really exist?"As I read the other entries in the current volume I was struck by the implications that the many different perspectives on the self had for each other" (Gillihan, this volume)."We must continue to keep in mind what we know, what we don't know, and what we only think we know in order to successfully conquer this interdisciplinary problem of the self" (Gorman and Keenan, this volume).

The Handbook Of Language Emergence

Author : Brian MacWhinney
ISBN : 9781118346099
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 23. 50 MB
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This authoritative handbook explores the latest integrated theory for understanding human language, offering the most inclusive text yet published on the rapidly evolving emergentist paradigm. Brings together an international team of contributors, including the most prominent advocates of linguistic emergentism Focuses on the ways in which the learning, processing, and structure of language emerge from a competing set of cognitive, communicative, and biological constraints Examines forces on widely divergent timescales, from instantaneous neurolinguistic processing to historical changes and language evolution Addresses key theoretical, empirical, and methodological issues, making this handbook the most rigorous examination of emergentist linguistic theory ever

Unified Social Cognition

Author : Norman H. Anderson
ISBN : 1841698830
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 70. 58 MB
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This eagerly awaited volume presents Anderson's cumulative progress in unified social psychology. The research is grounded in the three fundamental laws of information integration theory. Research shows these laws to apply to topics in social and personality psychology such as person cognition, attitudes, moral cognition, social development, group dynamics and self-cognition. This definitive work will broaden the appreciation of Anderson's unique treatment of psychological processes.

Subject Guide To Books In Print

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105025888517
Genre : American literature
File Size : 20. 34 MB
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Connectionist Models Of Development

Author : Philip T. Quinlan
ISBN : 9781135426590
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 35. 77 MB
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Connectionist Models of Development is an edited collection of essays on the current work concerning connectionist or neural network models of human development. The brain comprises millions of nerve cells that share myriad connections, and this book looks at how human development in these systems is typically characterised as adaptive changes to the strengths of these connections. The traditional accounts of connectionist learning, based on adaptive changes to weighted connections, are explored alongside the dynamic accounts in which networks generate their own structures as learning proceeds. Unlike most connectionist accounts of psychological processes which deal with the fully-mature system, this text brings to the fore a discussion of developmental processes. To investigate human cognitive and perceptual development, connectionist models of learning and representation are adopted alongside various aspects of language and knowledge acquisition. There are sections on artificial intelligence and how computer programs have been designed to mimic the development processes, as well as chapters which describe what is currently known about how real brains develop. This book is a much-needed addition to the existing literature on connectionist development as it includes up-to-date examples of research on current controversies in the field as well as new features such as genetic connectionism and biological theories of the brain. It will be invaluable to academic researchers, post-graduates and undergraduates in developmental psychology and those researching connectionist/neural networks as well as those in related fields such as psycholinguistics.

Program Of The Twelfth Annual Conference Of The Cognitive Science Society 25 28 July 1990 Cambridge Massachusetts

Author : Cognitive Science Society (U.S.). Conference
ISBN : 0805809384
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 74. 76 MB
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First published in 1990. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

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