long term durability of polymeric matrix composites

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Long Term Durability Of Polymeric Matrix Composites

Author : Kishore V. Pochiraju
ISBN : 1441993088
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 82. 56 MB
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Long-Term Durability of Polymeric Matrix Composites presents a comprehensive knowledge-set of matrix, fiber and interphase behavior under long-term aging conditions, theoretical modeling and experimental methods. This book covers long-term constituent behavior, predictive methodologies, experimental validation and design practice. Readers will also find a discussion of various applications, including aging air craft structures, aging civil infrastructure, in addition to engines and high temperature applications.

Proceedings Of The Tenth U S Japan Conference On Composite Materials

Author : Fu-Kuo Chang
ISBN : 1932078134
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 85. 8 MB
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Presentations by advanced materials specialists from around the world. Of special interest in this volume are the presentations on application areas such as automotive and civil engineering, nanomaterials, ceramic/metal composites, smart materials, and composite structures.

High Performance Structural Fibers For Advanced Polymer Matrix Composites

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 0309181836
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 89. 68 MB
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Military use of advanced polymer matrix composites (PMC)â€"consisting of a resin matrix reinforced by high-performance carbon or organic fibersâ€"while extensive, accounts for less that 10 percent of the domestic market. Nevertheless, advanced composites are expected to play an even greater role in future military systems, and DOD will continue to require access to reliable sources of affordable, high-performance fibers including commercial materials and manufacturing processes. As a result of these forecasts, DOD requested the NRC to assess the challenges and opportunities associated with advanced PMCs with emphasis on high-performance fibers. This report provides an assessment of fiber technology and industries, a discussion of R&D opportunities for DOD, and recommendations about accelerating technology transition, reducing costs, and improving understanding of design methodology and promising technologies.

Durability Of Composites For Civil Structural Applications

Author : Vistasp M. Karbhari
ISBN : 9781845693565
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 56. 51 MB
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Given the increasing use of fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites in structural civil engineering, there is a vital need for critical information related to the overall durability and performance of these new materials under harsh and changing conditions. Durability of composites for civil and structural applications provides a thorough overview of key aspects of the durability of FRP composites for designers and practising engineers. Part one discusses general aspects of composite durability. Chapters examine mechanisms of degradation such as moisture, aqueous solutions, UV radiation, temperature, fatigue and wear. Part two then discusses ways of using FRP composites, including strengthening and rehabilitating existing structures with FRP composites, and monitoring techniques such as structural health monitoring. Durability of composites for civil and structural applications provides practising engineers, decision makers and students with a useful and fundamental guide to the use of FRP composites within civil and structural engineering. Provides a thorough overview of key aspects of the durability of composites Examines mechanisms of degradation such as aqueous solutions, moisture, fatigue and wear Discusses ways of using FRP composites, including strengthening and rehabilitating existing structures

Creep And Fatigue In Polymer Matrix Composites

Author : Rui Miranda Guedes
ISBN : 9780081026021
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 20. 22 MB
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Creep and Fatigue in Polymer Matrix Composites, Second Edition, updates the latest research in modeling and predicting creep and fatigue in polymer matrix composites. The first part of the book reviews the modeling of viscoelastic and viscoplastic behavior as a way of predicting performance and service life. Final sections discuss techniques for modeling creep rupture and failure and how to test and predict long-term creep and fatigue in polymer matrix composites. Reviews the latest research in modeling and predicting creep and fatigue in polymer matrix composites Puts a specific focus on viscoelastic and viscoplastic modeling Features the time-temperature-age superposition principle for predicting long-term response Examines the creep rupture and damage interaction, with a particular focus on time-dependent failure criteria for the lifetime prediction of polymer matrix composite structures that are illustrated using experimental cases

Durability Of Composites In A Marine Environment

Author : Peter Davies
ISBN : 9789400774179
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 46. 89 MB
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Composites are widely used in marine applications. There is considerable experience of glass reinforced resins in boats and ships but these are usually not highly loaded. However, for new areas such as offshore and ocean energy there is a need for highly loaded structures to survive harsh conditions for 20 years or more. High performance composites are therefore being proposed. This book provides an overview of the state of the art in predicting the long term durability of composite marine structures. The following points are covered: • Modelling water diffusion • Damage induced by water • Accelerated testing • Including durability in design • In-service experience. This is essential reading for all those involved with composites in the marine industry, from initial design and calculation through to manufacture and service exploitation. It also provides information unavailable elsewhere on the mechanisms involved in degradation and how to take account of them. Ensuring long term durability is not only necessary for safety reasons, but will also determine the economic viability of future marine structures.

High Temperature And Environmental Effects On Polymeric Composites

Author : Thomas S. Gates
ISBN : 0803124244
Genre : Materials at high temperatures
File Size : 69. 93 MB
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Going To Extremes

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 9780309097154
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 42. 36 MB
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Advanced polymer matrix composites (PMC) have many advantages such as light weight and high specific strength that make them useful for many aerospace applications. Enormous uncertainty exists, however, in predicting long-term changes in properties of PMCs under extreme environmental conditions, which has limited their use. To help address this issue, the Department of Defense requested a study from the NRC to identify the barriers and limitations to the use of PMCs in extreme environments. The study was to focus on issues surrounding methodologies for predicting long-term performance. This report provides a review of the challenges facing application of PMCs in extreme environments, the current understanding of PMC properties and behavior, an analysis of the importance of data in developing effective models, and recommendations for improving long-term predictive methodologies.

Computational Modeling Of Polymer Composites

Author : Samit Roy
ISBN : 9781466586505
Genre : Science
File Size : 38. 92 MB
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Computational Modeling of Polymer Composites: A Study of Creep and Environmental Effects details the development of polymeric materials and their use in smart materials and composite structures in aerospace and automotive industries. Based on the authors' work during the past 30 years, this book provides a strong understanding of the theories and associated finite element life-prediction models for elastic and viscoelastic response of polymers and polymer composites in aggressive environments. The subject is an interdisciplinary one where chemists, material scientists, and chemical, mechanical, and structural engineers contribute to the overall product. Books on polymer composites are usually of three types: material science, mechanics, and computational. This book combines mechanics of materials with the computational element. The authors suggest an introductory course on mechanics of materials to cover all bases. The book begins with mathematical preliminaries, equations of anisotropic elasticity, virtual work principles, and variational methods. It provides an introduction to the finite element method and finite element analysis of viscoelastic materials, and then moves on to the solvent diffusion process in polymers and polymeric composites, as well as the linear and nonlinear viscoelastic models and the implementation of finite element models of viscoelastic materials. Computational Modeling of Polymer Composites: A Study of Creep and Environmental Effects delves into both uniaxial and multiaxial cases and delayed failure before discussing the finite element analysis of the nonlinear diffusion process in polymers. It also includes non-Fickean diffusion of polymers, the coupled hygrothermal cohesive layer model for simulating debond growth in bimaterial interfaces, and the viscoelastic cohesive layer model for the prediction of interlaminar shear strength of carbon/epoxy composites. The final chapter covers a multi-scale viscoelastic cohesive layer model for predicting delamination in high temperature polymer composites. This book can be used as a reference or as a graduate course textbook on theory and/or finite element analysis of polymers and polymeric composites.

Nontraditional Methods Of Sensing Stress Strain And Damage In Materials And Structures

Author : George T. Lucas
ISBN : 9780803124035
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 37. 8 MB
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These facsimiles of 16 contributions from the symposium held in May 1996 in Orlando provide information on the behavior of materials and structures. The authors describe novel ways to measure point to point deformation (or strain, when normalized), procedures for measuring crack length and the stres

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