making-ends-meet

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Making Ends Meet

Author : Barbara Howar
ISBN : 0449230848
Genre : Self-Help
File Size : 35. 53 MB
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Making Ends Meet

Author : Andrew McNeillie
ISBN : 199971783X
Genre :
File Size : 50. 39 MB
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Making Ends Meet

Author : Grace W. Weinstein
ISBN : UVA:X000938554
Genre : Budgets, Personal
File Size : 49. 24 MB
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Making Ends Meet

Author : Daniel P. Franklin
ISBN : UCSC:32106010816715
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 69. 55 MB
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Making Ends Meet

Author : Henry E. Felder
ISBN : 0828007896
Genre : Finance, Personal
File Size : 57. 13 MB
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Making Ends Meet

Author : Kathryn Edin
ISBN : 9781610441759
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 41. 54 MB
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Welfare mothers are popularly viewed as passively dependent on their checks and averse to work. Reformers across the political spectrum advocate moving these women off the welfare rolls and into the labor force as the solution to their problems. Making Ends Meet offers dramatic evidence toward a different conclusion: In the present labor market, unskilled single mothers who hold jobs are frequently worse off than those on welfare, and neither welfare nor low-wage employment alone will support a family at subsistence levels. Kathryn Edin and Laura Lein interviewed nearly four hundred welfare and low-income single mothers from cities in Massachusetts, Texas, Illinois, and South Carolina over a six year period. They learned the reality of these mothers' struggles to provide for their families: where their money comes from, what they spend it on, how they cope with their children's needs, and what hardships they suffer. Edin and Lein's careful budgetary analyses reveal that even a full range of welfare benefits—AFDC payments, food stamps, Medicaid, and housing subsidies—typically meet only three-fifths of a family's needs, and that funds for adequate food, clothing and other necessities are often lacking. Leaving welfare for work offers little hope for improvement, and in many cases threatens even greater hardship. Jobs for unskilled and semi-skilled women provide meager salaries, irregular or uncertain hours, frequent layoffs, and no promise of advancement. Mothers who work not only assume extra child care, medical, and transportation expenses but are also deprived of many of the housing and educational subsidies available to those on welfare. Regardless of whether they are on welfare or employed, virtually all these single mothers need to supplement their income with menial, off-the-books work and intermittent contributions from family, live-in boyfriends, their children's fathers, and local charities. In doing so, they pay a heavy price. Welfare mothers must work covertly to avoid losing benefits, while working mothers are forced to sacrifice even more time with their children. Making Ends Meet demonstrates compellingly why the choice between welfare and work is more complex and risky than is commonly recognized by politicians, the media, or the public. Almost all the welfare-reliant women interviewed by Edin and Lein made repeated efforts to leave welfare for work, only to be forced to return when they lost their jobs, a child became ill, or they could not cover their bills with their wages. Mothers who managed more stable employment usually benefited from a variety of mitigating circumstances such as having a relative willing to watch their children for free, regular child support payments, or very low housing, medical, or commuting costs. With first hand accounts and detailed financial data, Making Ends Meet tells the real story of the challenges, hardships, and survival strategies of America's poorest families. If this country's efforts to improve the self-sufficiency of female-headed families is to succeed, reformers will need to move beyond the myths of welfare dependency and deal with the hard realities of an unrewarding American labor market, the lack of affordable health insurance and child care for single mothers who work, and the true cost of subsistence living. Making Ends Meet is a realistic look at a world that so many would change and so few understand.

Making Ends Meet

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105073062197
Genre : Civil society
File Size : 77. 72 MB
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Making Ends Meet In Contemporary Russia

Author : Simon Clarke
ISBN : STANFORD:36105026178421
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 28. 24 MB
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Throughout the 1990s, Russian households experienced a dramatic fall in their traditional sources of subsistence: wages and social benefits. Many commentators have argued that households have adopted survival strategies that enable them to make ends meet, particularly taking second jobs, growing their own food and calling on the help of family and friends. This text reviews the available data to analyse the forms, scale and incidence of these phenomena. The author finds that so-called survival strategies merely represent a continuation of traditional soviet practices. He demonstrates that they disproportionately benefit the better off and that they do not provide a means by which those who have suffered misfortune can compensate for a fall in their earnings. Instead, he illustrates that most Russian households have adapted simply by cutting expenditure rather than by finding new sources of income. The author concludes by arguing that the notion of a household survival strategy is inappropriate for the study of post-Soviet society.

Making Ends Meet On Less Than 2 000 A Year

Author : Conference Group on Low-Income Families
ISBN : UOM:39015073232509
Genre : Cost and standard of living
File Size : 54. 26 MB
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Making Ends Meet

Author : Audrey Gaughran
ISBN : IND:30000053102053
Genre : Lesotho
File Size : 32. 6 MB
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Making Ends Meet

Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on the Budget
ISBN : PSU:000048687010
Genre : Children of working parents
File Size : 87. 14 MB
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Making Ends Meet

Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on the Budget
ISBN : STANFORD:36105050240089
Genre : Children of working parents
File Size : 41. 57 MB
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Making Ends Meet

Author : Edin/lein
ISBN : 087154234X
Genre : Family & Relationships
File Size : 31. 91 MB
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Examines the realities of welfare dependency and the true cost of subsistence living

Making Ends Meet

Author : United States House of Representatives
ISBN : 9798616148568
Genre :
File Size : 71. 93 MB
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Making ends meet: challenges facing working families in America: hearing before the Committee on the Budget, House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, first session, hearing held in Washington, DC, August 1, 2001.

Making Ends Meet

Author : John Thøgersen
ISBN : OCLC:247008039
Genre :
File Size : 59. 28 MB
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Making Ends Meet

Author : Conboy, Hayley
ISBN : OCLC:1110418003
Genre : Recycling (Waste, etc.)
File Size : 70. 94 MB
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Making Ends Meet At The Margins?

Author : Rekopantswe Mate
ISBN : 2869781717
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 25. 6 MB
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Making Ends Meet In North Dakota

Author : Debra Pankow
ISBN : OCLC:40215727
Genre : Cost and standard of living
File Size : 71. 43 MB
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Women S Work In Special Period Cuba

Author : Daliany Jerónimo Kersh
ISBN : 3030056295
Genre : History
File Size : 29. 98 MB
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The abrupt loss of Soviet financial support in 1989 resulted in the near-collapse of the Cuban economy, ushering in the almost two decades of austerity measures and severe shortages of food and basic consumer goods referred to as the Special Period. Through the innovative framework of individual and collective memory, Daliany Jerónimo Kersh brings together analysis of press sources and oral histories to offer a compelling portrait of how Cuban women cleverly combined various forms of paid work to make ends meet. Disproportionately impacted by the economic crisis given their role as primary caregivers and household managers and unable to survive on devalued state salaries alone, women often employed informal and illegal earning strategies. As she argues, this regression into gendered work such as cooking, sewing, cleaning, reselling, and providing sexual services precipitated by the post-Soviet crisis to a large extent marked a return to pre-revolutionary gendered divisions of labor.

Making Ends Meet On Less Than 2 000 A Year

Author : Conference Group on Low-Income Families
ISBN : UOM:39015073232509
Genre : Cost and standard of living
File Size : 53. 70 MB
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