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Dementia And Memory

Author : Lars-Göran Nilsson
ISBN : 9781317916581
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 56. 84 MB
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A negative effect of the ageing population is that more individuals are experiencing cognitive decline and some form of neurodegenerative disease. With the number of people experiencing dementia likely to double in the next 20 years, this change in society presents one of greatest challenges facing public health personnel in the 21st century. The aim of this volume is to describe research that is in progress, and the major findings that have been obtained in the scientific study of dementia. The chapters in the first section of the book focus upon early signs of dementia, and consider several approaches to finding early cognitive signs and biological markers of dementia. The second section considers whether dementia is inevitable for people who become very old, and features chapters on risk factors and proactive influences, cognitive reserve and intervention. Each chapter in the final section describes phenomena which are related to differences in function between memory systems, including anterograde memory in fronto-temporal dementia, and the role semantic memory and semantic cognition may play in developing an understanding of the development of the degenerative processes in dementia. With contributions from world-class researchers in this area, the volume offers a concise overview of key findings in recent research on dementia and memory. It will be of great interest to researchers and advanced students of cognitive psychology, and to those working in related fields, such as gerontology, rehabilitation sciences, and allied health.

Memory Functioning In Dementia

Author : Lars Bäckman
ISBN : UOM:39015025197479
Genre : Medical
File Size : 84. 62 MB
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Dementia diseases are the most common cause of severe mental deterioration in the world today, and expected changes in the population structure will inevitably result in a gradually increasing occurrence of dementia. One of the primary symptoms of dementia diseases is severe memory dysfunction. Knowledge about the ways in which dementia diseases affect memory increases our knowledge about the relationship between brain structures and memory functions, is imperative for early clinical diagnosis, and forms a basis for sound behavioral and pharmacological intervention. While the memory impairment in dementia has been known for more than 2000 years, the nature of this impairment is not yet completely understood. Research in this area has not, until quite recently, utilized theoretical and methodological advances from basic cognitive psychology. This volume gives a comprehensive treatment of this new and increasingly developing field of inquiry.

Episodic Memory Functioning In Nonagenarians

Author : Linda Björk Hassing
ISBN : UOM:39015058850465
Genre : Memory
File Size : 61. 52 MB
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Cognitive Communication Disorders Of Mci And Dementia

Author : Kathryn Bayles
ISBN : 9781635500592
Genre : Medical
File Size : 60. 33 MB
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A Must-Have Resource for Clinicians, Instructors, and Students in Training! Written by internationally recognized experts, Cognitive Communication Disorders of MCI and Dementia, Third Edition provides professionals and students the most up-to-date research on the clinical assessment and management of individuals with dementia and those with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), the fastest growing clinical population. Dr. Kimberly McCullough, an expert on MCI and cognitive stimulation, joined Bayles and Tomoeda as co-author and this edition has an increased coverage of MCI, its characteristic features, the diagnostic criteria for its diagnosis, and treatment options. Students and practicing professionals will appreciate the authors' overview of the relation of cognition to communicative function and the characterization of how both are affected in MCI and the common dementia-related diseases including Alzheimer's, Lewy Body, Vascular, Parkinson's, Huntington's, Frontotemporal and Down Syndrome. A summary of important points at the end of chapters highlights essential clinical information and guides student learning. An all-new Clinical Guide comprises the second half of the book providing an extensive discussion of the process of assessment and evidence-based treatments for individuals in all stages of dementia. Features of the New Clinical Practice Guide Assessment: The authors provide a step-by-step discussion of the assessment process, an overview of reputable tests, and how to differentiate cognitive-communication disorders associated with MCI and dementing diseases. Treatment: This section includes comprehensive and detailed instructions for implementing evidence-based interventions for individuals in all stages of dementia. Additional topics include: A person-centered model for successful interventionCognitive stimulation programming for MCIClinical techniques supported by the principles of neuroplasticityIndirect interventions that facilitate communication, quality of life, and the safety of individuals with dementiaCaregiver counselingCare planning, goal setting, reimbursement and required documentation Case Examples: Includes restorative and functional maintenance plans. Cognitive-Communication Disorders of MCI and Dementia: Definition, Assessment, and Clinical Management was written by individuals dedicated to the study and treatment of cognitive-communicative disorders associated with dementia. Their research has received support by the NIH, the Alzheimer's and Related Disorders Association, the Andrus Foundation, as well as the University of Arizona, Appalachian State University and the University of Central Arkansas.

Dementia

Author : Michelle S. Bourgeois
ISBN : 9781136874246
Genre : Medical
File Size : 21. 99 MB
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Clinicians from many disciplines have been challenged to provide appropriate and effective interventions for the diverse behavioral symptoms that define the neurologically degenerative condition, dementia. SLPs have only recently begun to develop assessment and treatment approaches for the cognitive and communication deficits that accompany dementia. This timely volume aims to serve as a reference manual and the starting point for those who want to provide life-enhancing services to persons with dementia, and to inspire the continued generation of quality research to demonstrate the value of cognitive-communication intervention. Students, researchers, and practitioners in all areas of communication sciences and disorders will find this book immensely helpful.

Diagnosis And Management Of Dementia

Author : Gordon K. Wilcock
ISBN : UOM:39015047475804
Genre : Medical
File Size : 56. 96 MB
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Organised services for those with memory disorders are growing. This growth is stimulated by an increase in the number of people with memory problems and by an increased appreciation of the complexity of the needs of such patients. Further growth is likely, especially now that we appear to have crossed the threshold of effective treatment for many patients with dementia. With these advances has come the recognition of the necessity for an interdisciplinary approach to management. Diagnosis and Management of Dementia: A Manual for Memory Disorders Teams is an edited volume covering all aspects of the operation of a memory disorders team. It is aimed at all those working in the dementia or memory disorders team, whether in a clinic or a community setting. The book is divided into three sections. Section one takes the reader through the practical details of setting up and organising a clinic, from timetabling, through managing information, to the assessments needed and the opportunities such a service provides. Section two deals with the diagnostic process; and section three addresses management issues, from carer support, pharmacological and physiological interventions, through managing common problems, to the role of the primary care physician. An Appendix contains the results of a survey to the memory disorder services. This survey provides the reader with examples of other services and demonstrates the wide variation in how these services operate. The Manual is unique in that it combines up to date thinking on diagnosis and management with practical and helpful ideas on how to run a dementia or memory disorders service.

Eeg Features Of Working Memory Impairment In Alzheimer S Dementia And Mild Cognitive Impairment

Author : Michelle Samantha Goodman
ISBN : OCLC:1334506778
Genre :
File Size : 47. 89 MB
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The presence of working memory impairments in individuals with Alzheimer's Dementia (AD) or Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) is well-accepted; however, the neurophysiological mechanisms contributing to these impairments have not been fully elucidated. Research has reliably shown that oscillatory activity, driven by repetitive and synchronous activity within and between neuronal populations, plays a significant role in memory functioning and can be accurately captured using electroencephalography (EEG). While resting-state studies have identified aberrant oscillatory activity, mainly in those with AD, there is a paucity of research investigating how EEG activity behaves during cognitive processing. As such, the overall objective of this study was to assess the relationship between oscillatory activity and working memory impairments in AD and MCI, with a focus on three EEG features: theta and alpha power, theta-gamma coupling, and theta phase synchronization. We hypothesized that these EEG features would be most impaired in those with AD, while individuals with MCI would present with less significant impairments. Additionally, we hypothesized that each of these features would be associated with working memory performance. In the first study, we found that the AD group demonstrated the smallest increase in theta power following the onset of the 2-back stimulus; while compared to controls, the MCI group demonstrated a smaller increase in theta power on the most difficult 3-back condition. Similarly, in the second study, the AD group demonstrated the lowest level of theta-gamma coupling followed by MCI and HC groups. Finally in the third study, we found that the AD group demonstrated impaired theta phase synchronization between the temporal region and the rest of the brain, while no differences were found between the HC and MCI groups. Our results also demonstrated that each of the EEG features were associated with working memory performance to varying degrees. Taken together, findings from these studies revealed widespread impairments in EEG activity in AD, along with an intermediate and inconsistent level of impairment in those with MCI. Ultimately, this research advances our understanding of the neurophysiological mechanisms underlying working memory impairments in MCI and AD and may help guide the development of novel interventions in the future.

Self Reported Memory Loss As A Predictor Of Cognitive Function And Dementia In The Aged

Author : Kathleen Pillsbury
ISBN : OCLC:45586876
Genre : Cognition in old age
File Size : 37. 17 MB
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The Essential Handbook Of Memory Disorders For Clinicians

Author : Alan D. Baddeley
ISBN : 9780470091425
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 78. 25 MB
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This concise version of the Handbook of Memory Disorders is a selection of chapters from the original volume that have been chosen with the busy practitioner in mind. The Essential Handbook provides individual clinicians and students with those parts the editors consider most relevant and useful on a day-to-day basis, as a portable adjunct to the more comprehensive Handbook. (Handbook of Memory Disorders - 047 149819X)

Handbook On The Neuropsychology Of Aging And Dementia

Author : Lisa D. Ravdin
ISBN : 9783319934976
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 71. 81 MB
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This comprehensive update offers practical advice for professionals working in neuropsychology with older adults. Focusing on fundamentals, common issues, special considerations, and late-life cognitive disorders, respected names in this critical specialty address a wide range of presenting problems and assessment, diagnostic, and treatment concerns. Th roughout, coverage pays keen attention to detail, bringing real-world nuance to large-scale concepts and breaking down complex processes into digestible steps. And like its predecessor, the new Handbook features recommendations for test batteries and ends each chapter by extracting its “clinical pearls.” A sampling of the topics covered: • Assessment of depression and anxiety in older adults. • The assessment of change: serial assessments in dementia evaluations. • Elder abuse identifi cation in older adults. • Clinical assessment of postoperative cognitive decline. • Cognitive training and rehabilitation in aging and dementia. • Diff erentiating mild cognitive impairment and cognitive changes of normal aging. • Evaluating cognition in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. This Second Edition of the Handbook on the Neuropsychology of Aging and Dementia offers a wealth of expert knowledge and hands-on guidance for neuropsychologists, gerontologists, social workers, and other clinicians interested in aging. Th is can be a valuable reference for those studying for board certifi cation in neuropsychology as well as a resource for veteran practitioners brushing up on key concepts in neuropsychology of age related disorders.

Dementia And Memory

Author : Thomas J. Farrer
ISBN : 9781119658092
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 23. 91 MB
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Addresses the psychology and treatment of diseases that affect the memory of an aging population The aging population is growing, with a significant portion of the population over the age of 65. Epidemiological research suggests that rates of age-related conditions like Alzheimer’s disease will increase. Older individuals and their families face a host of problems related to the diagnosis, treatment, and psychological management of these conditions. There is a growing demand for healthcare personnel and professionals in the human and social services who have the knowledge and skills to meet the needs of this special population. Dementia and Memory: Introduction for Professionals in Health and Human Services aims to provide an introduction to dementia and memory disorders for professionals in public health, nursing, social work, gerontology, psychology, and beyond. This book offers a scientifically rigorous approach with an approachable writing style, making it an ideal resource for all helping professions. All chapters take a multi-disciplinary approach to instruction, and all diseases are presented with applicable historical background. For each condition covered, from Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s to depression and frailty, you’ll find a description of the condition, epidemiological data, pathophysiology, diagnostic criteria, clinical presentation, treatment strategies, and a case vignette. You’ll also learn about older adults’ daily needs, behavioral interventions, caregiver stress, and more. Gain background knowledge of age-related conditions including Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, Lewy Body dementia, multiple sclerosis, and more Learn about the neuroanatomy of the aging brain and how its manifestations lead to unique caregiving issues and challenges Discover pharmacological, management, and intervention techniques that will help you better care for aging adults Combat caregiver stress and compassion fatigue when dealing with difficult memory disorders and dementia Anyone who works with older adults in community, clinical, or research settings will benefit from this in-depth information on conditions of aging and dementia.

Awareness Of Memory Functioning And Quality Of Life For People With Dementia And Their Caregivers

Author : Thomas Weavers
ISBN : OCLC:1064938353
Genre :
File Size : 37. 5 MB
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Mild Cognitive Impairment And Dementia

Author : Glenn E. Smith
ISBN : 9780199764181
Genre : Medical
File Size : 49. 14 MB
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This book reviews the neuropsychology of common and a few rare neurodegenerative conditions. The mild cognitive impairment prodrome of each condition is highlighted. Chapters include an autopsy-confirmed case presentation from the authors' files, current diagnostic criteria, epidemiology, neuropathology/neurophysiology, genetics, neuroimaging, associated clinical features, differential neuropsychological features and possible interventions.

Memory Aging And Dementia

Author : Grover C. Gilmore
ISBN : UOM:39015018292253
Genre : Medical
File Size : 62. 40 MB
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Living With Mild Cognitive Impairment

Author : Nicole D. Anderson
ISBN : 9780199764822
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 35. 61 MB
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This book is for individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), their loved ones, and health care professionals who care for these patients. The text is loaded with up-to-date, scientifically substantiated knowledge about what MCI is, how it affects people, and how to take a proactive approach to health and wellbeing for living with MCI.

Memory Disorders In Clinical Practice

Author : Narinder Kapur
ISBN : 9781317758723
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 29. 14 MB
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This book has been specially designed to give practical help to those who have to deal with diagnosis and subsequent management of patients with memory dicturbance resulting from specific types of cerebral pathology. The author achieves this by organising his book on the basis of clinical aetiology. While anatomical and psychological perspectives are introduced, the emphasis is on approaches which will help clinicians in the management of patients with specific neurological diseases. For example, the essential topic of differential diagnosis is given prominence throughout: the principles of diagnositc assessment are discussed in a separate chapter, and specific diagnostic features are outlined in each of the chapters dealing with individual cerebral pathologies. The author draws on his own extensive experience as a practising clinical neuropsychologist to describe and evaluate the range of existing memory test procedures, and suggest additional procedures as appropriate. Full references are also given for those wishing to develop their own assessment of therapeutic procedures. Mainly intended for practising neurologists and clinical neuropsychologists, anyone whose work brings them into contact with patients suffering from memory disturbance will find this book invaluable.

Screening For Cognitive Impairment In Older Adults

Author : U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
ISBN : 1495302520
Genre : Medical
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Dementia is an acquired condition that is characterized by a decline in at least two cognitive domains (e.g., loss of memory, attention, language, or visuospatial or executive functioning) that is severe enough to affect social or occupational functioning. Patients with dementia may also exhibit behavioral and psychological symptoms. The proposed Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, version 5 (DSM-V) subsumes dementia under a new syndrome, “major neurocognitive disorder.” Patients with major neurocognitive disorder experience a significant cognitive decline that is significant enough to interfere with independence in instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs), but this decline cannot be wholly due to delirium or another mental disorder, such as schizophrenia. Based on its etiology, dementia can be classified as degenerative, vascular, or other. The major dementia syndromes in older adults include: Alzheimer's disease, vascular dementia, frontotemporal dementia, dementia with Lewy bodies, Parkinson's disease with dementia, and dementia of mixed etiology. In these dementia syndromes, abnormal deposits that accumulate in the brain are believed to contribute to deterioration of brain function and dementia. The exact etiological mechanisms for many types of dementia, however, have not been clearly defined. Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) is distinguished from dementia in that cognitive impairment is not severe enough to interfere with independence in daily life. Researchers describe this condition using various terminology that includes differences in diagnostic criteria and underlying constructs, such as MCI, cognitive impairment no dementia, age-related cognitive decline, mild neurocognitive disorder, and mild cognitive disorder. The International Working Group on Mild Cognitive Impairment established the current, and perhaps most commonly used, criteria for MCI as: cognitive decline as evidenced by self and/or informant and/or clinician report and impairment on objective cognitive tasks, and/or evidence of decline over time on objective tasks; preserved basic activities of daily living (ADLs) (or minimal impairment in complex instrumental functions); and does not meet DSM-IV, ICD-10 criteria for a dementia syndrome. MCI is thought to be an intermediate phase between normal cognition and dementia. In 2003, the USPSTF concluded that there was insufficient evidence to recommend for or against routine screening for dementia in older adults (I statement). This recommendation was based on an evidence review that indicated that while some screening tests had good sensitivity, they had only fair specificity in detecting cognitive impairment and dementia. While this review found evidence that several drug therapies had a beneficial effect on cognitive function, the magnitude of this benefit was small. In 2011, we developed a work plan for this evidence review to address the previous review's evidence gaps and support the USPSTF in updating its previous recommendation. This updated recommendation is focused more broadly on screening for cognitive impairment, including both dementia and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). This evidence review was designed to assess 1) the net benefit and diagnostic accuracy of brief screening instruments to detect cognitive impairment in older adults, and 2) the net benefit of the commonly used treatment and management options for older adults with MCI or early dementia and their caregivers. Our review primarily focuses on screening adults in primary care, rather than specialty care settings (e.g., neurology or memory clinics), and the management of screen-detected people with cognitive impairment, excluding delirium. As a result, this review includes the treatment and management of people with MCI and mild to moderate dementia, as opposed to moderately-severe or severe dementia.

Essentials Of Wms Iv Assessment

Author : Lisa W. Drozdick
ISBN : 9780470946459
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 83. 20 MB
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Quickly acquire the knowledge and skills you need toconfidently administer, score, and interpret the WMS®-IV Complete coverage of administration, scoring,interpretation, and reporting Expert advice on avoiding common pitfalls Conveniently formatted for rapid reference The most recent revision of one of the most popular memory assessment instruments, the Wechsler Memory Scale-Fourth Edition (WMS®-IV) is a widely used measure of memory functioning, which is particularly useful in the assessment of individuals with dementia, traumatic brain injury, and substance abuse problems, among others. Professionals need an authoritative source on administration, scoring, and interpretation in order to use this test properly. Written by the test developers for the WMS®-IV, Essentials of WMS®-IV Assessment is that source. Like all the volumes in the Essentials of Psychological Assessment series, this book is designed to help busy mental health professionals, and those in training, quickly acquire the knowledge and skills they need to make optimal use of major psychological assessment instruments. Each concise chapter features numerous callout boxes highlighting key concepts, bulleted points, and extensive illustrative material, as well as test questions that help you gauge and reinforce your grasp of the information covered. Integrating WMS®-IV data with the WAIS®-IV and other measures of cognitive ability and memory for adults, Essentials of WMS®-IV Assessment now includes four new subtests and a revised index structure. The authors also offer expert assessment of the test's relative strengths and weaknesses, valuable advice on its clinical applications, and several illuminating case studies.

Cognitive Rehabilitation In Dementia

Author : Linda Clare
ISBN : 1841699128
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 83. 60 MB
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The relevance of cognitive rehabilitation for people with dementia is becoming increasingly accepted by researchers and practitioners in the field. This special issue draws together examples of state-of-the-art research and systematic review by experts in this exciting and growing area. The contributors show how cognitive rehabilitation approaches can be applied, in different ways, to help optimise functioning and address specific difficulties across the full spectrum of severity. While the main focus is on the more commonly diagnosed forms of dementia, treatment possibilities for people with fronto-temporal dementia are also explored. Cognitive rehabilitation interventions need to be grounded in a clear assessment of the profile of strengths and limitations in cognitive functioning, and to demonstrate where possible that treatment effects extend beyond improvement on target measures to have a meaningful impact on wellbeing and quality of life. For this reason, the special issue includes contributions that explore detailed aspects of cognitive functioning or describe new developments in evaluating quality of life in dementia. Cognitive rehabilitation, it is suggested, should be viewed as one important component of a holistic approach to helping people with dementia, their families, and those who care for them. This special issue seeks both to provide information about what has already been achieved and to encourage and stimulate further progress.

Essentials Of Wms Iii Assessment

Author : Elizabeth O. Lichtenberger
ISBN : 9780471200178
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 36. 94 MB
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This one-stop guide offers state-of-the-art practical and interpretive guides for the Wechsler Memory Scales, used to interpret intellectual and memory function in dementia patients, substance-abusing patients, and individuals recovering from head trauma, among others.

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