negative affective states and cognitive impairments in nicotine dependence

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Negative Affective States And Cognitive Impairments In Nicotine Dependence

Author : F. Scott Hall
ISBN : 9780128026694
Genre : Medical
File Size : 52. 20 MB
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Negative Affective States and Cognitive Impairments in Nicotine Dependence is the only book of its kind that addresses nicotine use and abuse in the context of negative reinforcement mechanisms. Written and edited by leading investigators in addiction, affective, genetic, and cognitive research, it provides researchers and advanced students with an overview of the clinical bases of these effects, allowing them to fully understand the various underlying dysfunctions that drive nicotine use in different individuals. In addition, this book examines animal models that researchers have utilized to investigate the biological bases of these dysfunctions. The combination of clinical and preclinical approaches to understanding nicotine dependence makes this book an invaluable resource for researchers and practitioners seeking to develop targeted treatments aimed at ameliorating symptoms of nicotine dependence, as well as identifying premorbid differences in affective or cognitive function. Provides a unique perspective on nicotine dependence that emphasizes negative reinforcement rather than positive reinforcement Examines psychiatric comorbidities and alleviation of withdrawal states as motivation for continued tobacco use Includes both clinical and preclinical perspectives Includes genetic and multi-neurotransmitter perspectives on nicotine use and withdrawal Emphasizes heterogeneity of underlying reasons for smoking, the need for multiple animal models to understand this heterogeneity, and the expectation of heterogeneous responses to potential treatments, underscoring the need for personalized therapeutics

Sleep And Health

Author : Michael Grandner
ISBN : 9780128153741
Genre : Science
File Size : 60. 40 MB
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Sleep and Health provides an accessible yet comprehensive overview of the relationship between sleep and health at the individual, community and population levels, as well as a discussion of the implications for public health, public policy and interventions. Based on a firm foundation in many areas of sleep health research, this text further provides introductions to each sub-area of the field and a summary of the current research for each area. This book serves as a resource for those interested in learning about the growing field of sleep health research, including sections on social determinants, cardiovascular disease, cognitive functioning, health behavior theory, smoking, and more. Highlights the important role of sleep across a wide range of topic areas Addresses important topics such as sleep disparities, sleep and cardiometabolic disease risk, real-world effects of sleep deprivation, and public policy implications of poor sleep Contains accessible reviews that point to relevant literature in often-overlooked areas, serving as a helpful guide to all relevant information on this broad topic area

Memory Systems Of The Addicted Brain The Underestimated Role Of Drug Induced Cognitive Biases In Addiction And Its Treatment

Author : Vincent David
ISBN : 9782889454877
Genre :
File Size : 41. 89 MB
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Neuroscience Of Nicotine

Author : Victor R. Preedy
ISBN : 9780128130360
Genre : Medical
File Size : 36. 97 MB
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Neuroscience of Nicotine: Mechanisms and Treatment presents the fundamental information necessary for a thorough understanding of the neurobiological underpinnings of nicotine addiction and its effects on the brain. Offering thorough coverage of all aspects of nicotine research, treatment, policy and prevention, and containing contributions from internationally recognized experts, the book provides students, early-career researchers, and investigators at all levels with a fundamental introduction to all aspects of nicotine misuse. With an estimated one billion individuals worldwide classified as tobacco users—and tobacco use often being synonymous with nicotine addiction—nicotine is one of the world’s most common addictive substances, and a frequent comorbidity of misuse of other common addictive substances. Nicotine alters a variety of neurological processes, from molecular biology, to cognition, and quitting is exceedingly difficult because of the number of withdrawal symptoms that accompany the process. Integrates cutting-edge research on the pharmacological, cellular and molecular aspects of nicotine use, along with its effects on neurobiological function Discusses nicotine use as a component of dual-use and poly addictions and outlines numerous screening and treatment strategies for misuse Covers both the physical and psychological effects of nicotine use and withdrawal to provide a fully-formed view of nicotine dependency and its effects

Neural Mechanisms Of Addiction

Author : Mary Torregrossa
ISBN : 9780128123317
Genre : Medical
File Size : 51. 75 MB
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Neural Mechanisms of Addiction is the only book available that synthesizes the latest research in the field into a single, accessible resource covering all aspects of how addiction develops and persists in the brain. The book summarizes our most recent understanding on the neural mechanisms underlying addiction. It also examines numerous biobehavioral aspects of addiction disorders, such as reinforcement learning, reward, cognitive dysfunction, stress, and sleep and circadian rhythms that are not covered in any other publication. Readers with find the most up-to-date information on which to build a foundation for their future research in this expanding field. Combining chapters from leading researchers and thought leaders, this book is an indispensable guide for students and investigators engaged in addiction research. Transcends multiple neural, neurochemical and behavioral domains Summarizes advances in the field of addiction research since the advent of optogenetics Discusses the most current, leading theories of addiction, including molecular mechanisms and dopamine mechanisms

Society For Neuroscience Abstracts

Author :
ISBN : NWU:35557000123370
Genre : Electronic books
File Size : 51. 74 MB
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Journal Of The National Cancer Institute

Author :
ISBN : MINN:30000010710014
Genre : Cancer
File Size : 25. 98 MB
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Adolescent Brain Development

Author : Ronald E. Dahl
ISBN : STANFORD:36105119423361
Genre : Medical
File Size : 69. 81 MB
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Adolescent development involves complex changes in neurobehavioral systems underpinning the control of emotion and behavior. The adolescent transition is often difficult - morbidity and mortality increase 300 per cent during adolescence with the majority of the serious health problems related to difficulties with the control of behavior and emotions (e.g., suicide, homicide, depression, alcohol, nicotine, and other substance abuse). A critical gap in advancing research is the general lack of basic knowledge about human brain development during puberty and adolescence. In recent years, however, there have been several areas of research progress, and what is critically needed is better integration across disciplines with a specific focus on the neurobehavioral changes during normal adolescent development that contribute to increased risk-taking and/or reward seeking.

Substance Abuse

Author : Joyce H. Lowinson
ISBN : UOM:39015041007769
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 74. 95 MB
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A textbook for students and comprehensive reference for professionals in any field that deals with substance abuse. Retains chapters from the 1981 and 1992 editions on the sociology, evaluation, and treatment of particular populations; offers new information on the relation of psychopathology, psychiatric diagnoses, and methods and programs for treating patients with dual diagnoses; and adds new chapters on the related addictions of gambling, sex, and cults. Whenever possible, materials on treatment modalities provide process and outcome data to help workers evaluate them and make referrals. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

The Tobacco Epidemic

Author : Christoph T. Bolliger
ISBN : CORNELL:31924080078680
Genre : Medical
File Size : 20. 65 MB
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Today it is a well-established fact that cigarette smoking is fundamentally a form of addiction to the drug nicotine. However, this does not mean that smoking can entirely be explained in terms of pharmacological factors - as with any drug addiction, social, economic, personal and political influences all play an important part in determining patterns of prevalence and cessation. This publication provides a comprehensive, up-to-date review of tobacco smoking. Written by internationally acknowledged experts, the 15 chapters of the book cover the history, economics, epidemiology, and psychology of tobacco use. The medical consequences of both active and passive smoking are discussed in detail, and the pharmacological and behavioral aspects of nicotine dependence are highlighted. Several chapters focus on smoking cessation, examining patterns and predictors of cessation in the general population and the role of GPs, nurses and pharmacists, and evaluating nicotine replacement therapy and other drugs, as well as the role of smokeless tobacco. Measures to prevent smoking such as smoke-free environments, advertising bans, and price increases are also considered. Finally, recommendations are given to change legislation concerning tobacco products in order to most effectively reduce the harm associated with nicotine use. This book is a must for anyone in the medical profession interested in smoking-related issues. Due to its easy readability and topicality, it will also appeal to nonmedical readers.

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