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Nitride Phosphors And Solid State Lighting

Author : Rong-Jun Xie
ISBN : 0367576953
Genre :
File Size : 87. 34 MB
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Drawing on the authors' extensive experimental work, this book provides an in-depth introduction to the crystal chemistry, synthesis, luminescence, and applications of phosphor materials for solid-state lighting, mainly focusing on new nitride phosphors. It collects the latest data and trends on LED phosphors and discusses the use of new white L

Nitride Phosphors And Solid State Lighting

Author : Rong-Jun Xie
ISBN : 9781439830123
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 58. 41 MB
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Nitride Phosphors and Solid-State Lighting provides an in-depth introduction to the crystal chemistry, synthesis, luminescence, and applications of phosphor materials for solid-state lighting, mainly focusing on new nitride phosphors. Drawing on their extensive experimental work, the authors offer a multidisciplinary study of phosphor materials that encompasses materials science, inorganic chemistry, solid-state chemistry, solid-state physics, optical spectroscopy, crystal field theory, and computational materials science. The book begins with an introduction to the principles, semiconductor/phosphor materials, and characterizations of solid-state lighting and white light-emitting diodes (LEDs). It then discusses the optical and luminescence processes occurring in optically active centers of solid materials and presents the photoluminescence properties of traditional phosphors for white LEDs, including garnets, aluminates, silicates, sulfides, oxysulfides, phosphates, and scheelites. The remainder of the text focuses on newly developed nitride phosphors. The authors describe the crystal chemistry of general nitride compounds, the crystal structure and photoluminescence properties of new nitride phosphors, and synthetic methods for preparing nitride phosphors. They detail the structural analysis of nitride phosphors and present experimental and computational results of typical nitride phosphors. The authors also examine key issues, such as excitation and emission spectra, thermal quenching, and quantum efficiency. The final chapter explores applications of nitride phosphors in white LEDs for general lighting and LCD backlight purposes. Covering novel luminescent materials, this book brings you up to date on the evolving field of solid-state lighting. It illustrates the fundamentals, synthesis, properties, and applications of the latest nitride phosphor materials.

Materials For Solid State Lighting And Displays

Author : Adrian Kitai
ISBN : 9781119140580
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 80. 93 MB
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LEDs are in the midst of revolutionizing the lighting industry Up-to-date and comprehensive coverage of light-emitting materials and devices used in solid state lighting and displays Presents the fundamental principles underlying luminescence Includes inorganic and organic materials and devices LEDs offer high efficiency, long life and mercury free lighting solutions

Fundamentals Of Solid State Lighting

Author : Vinod Kumar Khanna
ISBN : 9781466561120
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 55. 96 MB
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Compared to traditional electrical filaments, arc lamps, and fluorescent lamps, solid-state lighting offers higher efficiency, reliability, and environmentally friendly technology. LED / solid-state lighting is poised to take over conventional lighting due to cost savings—there is pretty much no debate about this. In response to the recent activity in this field, Fundamentals of Solid-State Lighting: LEDs, OLEDs, and Their Applications in Illumination and Displays covers a range of solid-state devices, technologies, and materials used for lighting and displays. It also examines auxiliary but critical requirements of efficient applications, such as modeling, thermal management, reliability, and smart lighting. The book discusses performance metrics of LEDs such as efficiency, efficacy, current–voltage characteristics, optical parameters like spectral distribution, color temperature, and beam angle before moving on to luminescence theory, injection luminescence, radiative and non-radiative recombination mechanisms, recombination rates, carrier lifetimes, and related topics. This lays down the groundwork for understanding LED operation. The book then discusses energy gaps, light emission, semiconductor material, special equipment, and laboratory facilities. It also covers production and applications of high-brightness LEDs (HBLEDs) and organic LEDs (OLEDs). LEDs represent the landmark development in lighting since the invention of electric lighting, allowing us to create unique, low-energy lighting solutions, not to talk about their minor maintenance expenses. The rapid strides of LED lighting technology over the last few years have changed the dynamics of the global lighting market, and LEDs are expected to be the mainstream light source in the near future. In a nutshell, the book traces the advances in LEDs, OLEDs, and their applications, and presents an up-to-date and analytical perspective of the scenario for audiences of different backgrounds and interests.

Iii Nitride Based Light Emitting Diodes And Applications

Author : Tae-Yeon Seong
ISBN : 9789811037559
Genre : Science
File Size : 65. 80 MB
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The revised edition of this important book presents updated and expanded coverage of light emitting diodes (LEDs) based on heteroepitaxial GaN on Si substrates, and includes new chapters on tunnel junction LEDs, green/yellow LEDs, and ultraviolet LEDs. Over the last two decades, significant progress has been made in the growth, doping and processing technologies of III-nitride based semiconductors, leading to considerable expectations for nitride semiconductors across a wide range of applications. LEDs are already used in traffic signals, signage lighting, and automotive applications, with the ultimate goal of the global replacement of traditional incandescent and fluorescent lamps, thus reducing energy consumption and cutting down on carbon-dioxide emission. However, some critical issues must be addressed to allow the further improvements required for the large-scale realization of solid-state lighting, and this book aims to provide the readers with details of some contemporary issues on which the performance of LEDs is seriously dependent. Most importantly, it describes why there must be a breakthrough in the growth of high-quality nitride semiconductor epitaxial layers with a low density of dislocations, in particular, in the growth of Al-rich and In-rich GaN-based semiconductors. The quality of materials is directly dependent on the substrates used, such as sapphire and Si, and the book discusses these as well as topics such as efficiency droop, growth in different orientations, polarization, and chip processing and packaging technologies. Offering an overview of the state of the art in III-Nitride LED science and technology, the book will be a core reference for researchers and engineers involved with the developments of solid state lighting, and required reading for students entering the field.

Borate Phosphors

Author : S. K. Omanwar
ISBN : 9781000581249
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 58. 81 MB
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Borate-based phosphors have attracted much attention, due to their high optical stability, low-cost synthesis via conventional and non-conventional methods and resulting technology to be environmentally friendly. This book discusses the structural and chemical parameters of borates as a phosphor including suitable synthesis methods and proper characterization of materials. Further, it includes applications of borate materials such as photoluminescence, UV application, UVU application, photo therapy application and radiological applications. Features: Provides information on borate phosphors and their structure. Aids selection of proper structural and functional borates used in applications based on phosphor technology. Discloses the modification in properties of borate functional group upon mixing or substitution with other metallic functional groups. Discusses biological applications such as photo-thermal heating-based therapy, temperature sensors, imaging, and diagnosis. Includes current trends and innovations, limitations and challenges, prospects, and scope in each chapter. This book is aimed at researchers and graduate students in inorganic materials, luminescent/optical materials, materials science/engineering, and physics.

Phosphors Up Conversion Nano Particles Quantum Dots And Their Applications

Author : Ru-Shi Liu
ISBN : 9789811015908
Genre : Science
File Size : 80. 32 MB
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This book introduces readers to fundamental information on phosphor and quantum dots. It comprehensively reviews the latest research advances in and applications of fluoride phosphors, oxide phosphors, nitridosilicate phosphors and various quantum dot materials. Phosphors and phosphor-based quantum dot materials have recently gained considerable scientific interest due to their wide range of applications in lighting, displays, medical and telecommunication technologies. This work will be of great interest to researchers and graduate students in materials sciences and chemistry who wish to learn more about the principles, synthesis and analysis of phosphors and quantum dot materials.

Nitride Semiconductor Light Emitting Diodes Leds

Author : Jian-Jang Huang
ISBN : 9780081019436
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 77. 22 MB
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Nitride Semiconductor Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs): Materials, Technologies, and Applications, Second Edition reviews the fabrication, performance and applications of the technology, encompassing the state-of-the-art material and device development, along with considerations regarding nitride-based LED design. This updated edition is based on the latest research and advances, including two new chapters on LEDs for large displays and laser lighting. Chapters cover molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) growth of nitride semiconductors, modern metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) techniques, the growth of nitride-based materials, and gallium nitride (GaN)-on-sapphire and GaN-on-silicon technologies for LEDs. Nanostructured, non-polar and semi-polar nitride-based LEDs, as well as phosphor-coated nitride LEDs, are also discussed. The book also addresses the performance of nitride LEDs, including photonic crystal LEDs, surface plasmon enhanced LEDs, color tuneable LEDs, and LEDs based on quantum wells and quantum dots. Further chapters discuss the development of LED encapsulation technology and fundamental efficiency droop issues in gallium indium nitride (GaInN) LEDs. It is a technical resource for academics, physicists, materials scientists, electrical engineers, and those working in the lighting, consumer electronics, automotive, aviation, and communications sectors. Features new chapters on laser lighting, addressing the latest advances on this topic Reviews fabrication, performance, and applications of this technology that encompass the state-of-the-art material and device development Covers the performance of nitride LEDs, including photonic crystal LEDs, surface plasmon enhanced LEDs, color tuneable LEDs, and LEDs based on quantum wells and quantum dots Highlights applications of nitride LEDs, including liquid crystal display (LCD) backlighting, infra-red emitters, and automotive lighting Provides a comprehensive discussion of gallium nitride on both silicon and sapphire substrates

Phosphor Handbook

Author : Ru-Shi Liu
ISBN : 9781000513448
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 56. 88 MB
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A benchmark publication, the first edition of the Phosphor Handbook, published in 1998, set the standard for references in the field. The second edition, updated and published in 2007, began exploring new and emerging fields. However, in the last 14 years, since the second edition was published, many notable advances and broader phosphor applications have occurred. Completely revised, updated, and expanded into three separate volumes, this third edition of the Handbook covers the most recent developments in phosphor research, characterization, and applications. This volume on ‘Novel Phosphors, Synthesis, and Applications’ provides the descriptions of synthesis and optical properties of phosphors used in different applications, including the novel phosphors for some newly developed applications. The chapters in this book cover: Various LED-based phosphors and their synthesis and applications Ingenious integrated smart phosphors and their novel optoelectronic and photonic devices Quantum dot, single crystalline, and glass phosphors Upconversion nanoparticles for super-resolution imaging and photonic and biological applications Special phosphors for laser, OLED, energy storage, quantum cutting, thermometry, photosynthesis, AC-driven LED, and solar cells

Handbook On The Physics And Chemistry Of Rare Earths

Author :
ISBN : 9780444637055
Genre : Science
File Size : 66. 65 MB
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Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths is a continuous series of books covering all aspects of rare earth science, including chemistry, life sciences, materials science, and physics. The book's main emphasis is on rare earth elements [Sc, Y, and the lanthanides (La through Lu], but whenever relevant, information is also included on the closely related actinide elements. Individual chapters are comprehensive, broad, up-to-date critical reviews written by highly experienced, invited experts. The series, which was started in 1978 by Professor Karl A. Gschneidner Jr., combines and integrates both the fundamentals and applications of these elements and publishes two volumes a year. Presents up-to-date overviews of new developments in the field of rare earths, covering both their physics and chemistry Contains Individual chapters that are comprehensive and broad, with critical reviews Provides contributions from highly experienced, invited experts

Physics Of Wurtzite Nitrides And Oxides

Author : Bernard Gil
ISBN : 9783319068053
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 78. 32 MB
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This book gives a survey of the current state of the art of a special class of nitrides semiconductors, Wurtzite Nitride and Oxide Semiconductors. It includes properties, growth and applications. Research in the area of nitrides semiconductors is still booming although some basic materials sciences issues were solved already about 20 years ago. With the advent of modern technologies and the successful growth of nitride substrates, these materials currently experience a second birth. Advanced new applications like light-emitters, including UV operating LEDs, normally on and normally off high frequency operating transistors are expected. With progress in clean room technology, advanced photonic and quantum optic applications are envisioned in a close future. This area of research is fascinating for researchers and students in materials science, electrical engineering, chemistry, electronics, physics and biophysics. This book aims to be the ad-hoc instrument to this active field of research.

Rare Earth Chemistry

Author : Rainer Pöttgen
ISBN : 9783110654929
Genre : Science
File Size : 36. 62 MB
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This work introduces into the chemistry, materials science and technology of Rare Earth Elements. The chapters by experienced lecturers describe comprehensively the recent studies of their characteristics, properties and applications in functional materials. Due to the broad range of covered topics as hydrogen storage materials, LEDs or permanent magnets this work gives an up-to-date presentation of this fascinating research.

Energy Materials

Author : Sanjay J. Dhoble
ISBN : 9780128237113
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 78. 65 MB
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Includes details of the fundamental phenomenological theories of solar cells, Li ion/ Li-air/Li-S batteries, fuel cells and their energy storage mechanisms. Discusses properties of various energy materials in addition to their device operation and evaluation. Includes details of the fundamental phenomenological theories of solar cells, Li ion/ Li-air/Li-S batteries, fuel cells and their energy storage mechanisms Discusses properties of various energy materials in addition to their device operation and evaluation

Solid State Lighting Reliability

Author : W.D. van Driel
ISBN : 9781461430674
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 41. 1 MB
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Solid State Lighting Reliability: Components to Systems begins with an explanation of the major benefits of solid state lighting (SSL) when compared to conventional lighting systems including but not limited to long useful lifetimes of 50,000 (or more) hours and high efficacy. When designing effective devices that take advantage of SSL capabilities the reliability of internal components (optics, drive electronics, controls, thermal design) take on critical importance. As such a detailed discussion of reliability from performance at the device level to sub components is included as well as the integrated systems of SSL modules, lamps and luminaires including various failure modes, reliability testing and reliability performance. A follow-up, Solid State Lighting Reliability Part 2, was published in 2017.

Led Packaging For Lighting Applications

Author : Sheng Liu
ISBN : 9780470828403
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 76. 91 MB
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Since the first light-emitting diode (LED) was invented by Holonyak and Bevacqua in 1962, LEDs have made remarkable progress in the past few decades with the rapid development of epitaxy growth, chip design and manufacture, packaging structure, processes, and packaging materials. LEDs have superior characteristics such as high efficiency, small size, long life, low power consumption, and high reliability. The market for white LED is growing rapidly in various applications. It has been widely accepted that white LEDs will be the fourth illumination source to substitute the incandescent, fluorescent, and high-pressure sodium lamps. With the development of LED chip and packaging technologies, the efficiency of high power white LED will broaden the application markets of LEDs while changing the lighting concepts of our lives. In LED Packaging for Lighting Applications, Professors Liu and Luo cover the full spectrum of design, manufacturing, and testing. Many concepts are proposed for the first time, and readers will benefit from the concurrent engineering and co-design approaches to advanced engineering design of LED products. One of the only books to cover LEDs from package design to manufacturing to testing Focuses on the design of LED packaging and its applications such as road lights Includes design methods and experiences necessary for LED engineers, especially optical and thermal design Introduces novel LED packaging structures and manufacturing processes, such as ASLP Covers reliability considerations, the most challenging problem for the LED industry Provides measurement and testing standards, which are critical for LED development, for both LED and LED fixtures Codes and demonstrations available from the book’s Companion Website This book is ideal for practicing engineers working in design or packaging at LED companies and graduate students preparing for work in industry. This book also provides a helpful introduction for advanced undergraduates, graduates, researchers, lighting designers, and product managers interested in the fundamentals of LED design and production. Color version of selected figures can be found at www.wiley.com/go/liu/led

Advanced Biophotonics

Author : Ruikang K. Wang
ISBN : 9781439895825
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 52. 5 MB
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Despite a number of books on biophotonics imaging for medical diagnostics and therapy, the field still lacks a comprehensive imaging book that describes state-of-the-art biophotonics imaging approaches intensively developed in recent years. Addressing this shortfall, Advanced Biophotonics: Tissue Optical Sectioning presents contemporary methods and applications of biophotonics imaging. Gathering research otherwise scattered in numerous physical, chemical, biophysical, and biomedical journals, the book helps researchers, bioengineers, and medical doctors understand major recent bioimaging technologies and the underlying biophotonics science. Well-known international experts explore a variety of "hot" biomedical optics and biophotonics problems, including the use of photoacoustic imaging to investigate the molecular and cellular processes in living systems. The book also covers Monte Carlo modeling, tissue optics and tissue optical clearing, nonlinear optical microscopy, various aspects of optical coherence tomography, multimodal tomography, adaptive optics, and signal imaging. With 58 color images, this book represents a valuable contribution to the biomedical and biophotonics literature. Designed for researchers and practitioners in biophotonics, the book is also a useful resource for scientists in laser physics and technology, fiber optics, spectroscopy, materials science, biology, and medicine as well as students studying biomedical physics and engineering, biomedical optics, and biophotonics.

Partnership For Solid State Lighting

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 0309169216
Genre : Science
File Size : 33. 52 MB
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As part of its analysis of public-private partnerships, the Academies convened leading academic researchers, government officials and policy makers, and representatives from large and small firms to explore the potential contributions, technical challenges, and opportunities for government-industry-university collaboration in the area of solid-state lighting. The workshop report devotes special attention to the potential for substantial social benefitsâ€"relating to the environment, energy consumption, and national securityâ€"that could arise with the widespread use of solid-state lighting technology. The workshop also focused on the technical and competitive hurdles currently faced in bringing solid-state lighting to market and the potential contributions of a well-conceived national consortium for solid-state lighting research.

Rare Earth Activated Phosphors

Author : Vikas Dubey
ISBN : 9780323886055
Genre : Science
File Size : 42. 25 MB
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Rare-Earth-Activated Phosphors: Chemistry and Applications outlines important fundamentals and properties and explores successful application that address key problems across the sciences. Sections introduce phosphors and luminescence, explore their properties, characteristics, synthesis and degradation and highlight key applications across telecommunications, lighting, electroluminescent devices, (bio-)analytical sensors, bio-imaging set-ups, drug delivery and sustainable energy devices. Drawing on the knowledge of an expert team of contributors, the book provides useful insight into successfully harnessing the properties of rare earth activated phosphors for a range of important applications. Rare-earth nano-phosphors offer an interesting array of characteristics, including sharp emission bands, exceptional optical damage thresholds, low toxicity, high selectivity and stability, and long luminescence lifetimes. Understanding these properties can help researchers effectively manipulate them for a range of important applications. Provides a good introduction to the useful properties and characteristics of rare earth activated phosphors Analyzes the use of rare earth activated phosphors for a broad variety of important applications, bridging the gap between theory and application Encourages further discourse and development for improving the energy-efficiency of devices based on rare earth activated phosphors

Light Emitting Diodes 3rd Edition

Author : E. Fred Schubert
ISBN : 9780986382666
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 35. 56 MB
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The 1st edition of the book “Light-Emitting Diodes” was published in 2003. The 2nd edition was published in 2006. The current 3rd edition of the book, a substantial expansion of the second edition, has 37 Chapters and includes a thorough discussion of white light-emitting diodes (LEDs), phosphor materials used in white LEDs, an expanded discussion of the various efficiencies encountered in the context of LEDs, and packaging materials and device technology. The background of light, color science, and human vision is provided as well. In the current edition, the fully colored illustrations are highly beneficial given the prominent role of light and color in the field of LEDs. The book is intended to be a comprehensive discussion of LEDs, particularly the physics, chemistry, and engineering associated with LEDs. It is published in electronic format in order to make the book affordable and easily accessible to a wide readership.

International Conference On Solid State Lighting

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015065038849
Genre : Light emitting diodes
File Size : 34. 14 MB
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