on-killing-the-psychological-cost-of-learning-to-kill-in-war-and-society

Download Book On Killing The Psychological Cost Of Learning To Kill In War And Society in PDF format. You can Read Online On Killing The Psychological Cost Of Learning To Kill In War And Society here in PDF, EPUB, Mobi or Docx formats.

On Killing

Author : Dave Grossman
ISBN : 9781497629202
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 27. 39 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 218
Read : 478

Get This Book


A controversial psychological examination of how soldiers’ willingness to kill has been encouraged and exploited to the detriment of contemporary civilian society. Psychologist and US Army Ranger Dave Grossman writes that the vast majority of soldiers are loath to pull the trigger in battle. Unfortunately, modern armies, using Pavlovian and operant conditioning, have developed sophisticated ways of overcoming this instinctive aversion. The mental cost for members of the military, as witnessed by the increase in post-traumatic stress, is devastating. The sociological cost for the rest of us is even worse: Contemporary civilian society, particularly the media, replicates the army’s conditioning techniques and, Grossman argues, is responsible for the rising rate of murder and violence, especially among the young. Drawing from interviews, personal accounts, and academic studies, On Killing is an important look at the techniques the military uses to overcome the powerful reluctance to kill, of how killing affects the soldier, and of the societal implications of escalating violence.

Quicklet On Dave Grossman S On Killing The Psychological Cost Of Learning To Kill In War And Society

Author : Jonathan Morse
ISBN : 9781614642404
Genre : Study Aids
File Size : 83. 27 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 672
Read : 1058

Get This Book


ABOUT THE BOOK Lt. Col. Dave Grossman’s book On Killing: The Psychological Cost of Learning to Kill in War and Society, is a soldiers account of how one person learns, right or wrong, to kill another. The Pulitzer Prize nominated work documents the mental preparations and emotional trauma born in the terror of human conflict. The book tells the story of veterans across hundreds of years of warfare. Grossman uses his book as a vessel for the words of those who have had to kill, painting a vivid portrait of the human cost to foe and victor alike. MEET THE AUTHOR Jonathan has been writing independently for two years and recently graduated from Northern Illinois University with baccalaureate degrees in journalism and political science. His time is spent reading, writing or playing whatever musical instruments he can build, find or afford. EXCERPT FROM THE BOOK Grossman begins On Killing with an explanation of the natural human aversion to violence and killing. During WWII a US Army Brigadier General named S.L.A. Marshall began observing and questioning soldiers in the Pacific on their actual behavior in combat. To the surprise of the US military establishment, he found that most men never fired their weapons. Approximately 15 to 20 percent of soldiers fired as expected; the rest pretended so they wouldn’t have to kill anyone (others disagree, see later section: A Controversial Influence). These men were not cowards, in fact many were reported to take great personal risks to assist their fellow soldiers, but still they would not attack, even under fire. Their training had taught them how to fire a gun, but not how to shoot at another human being. Buy a copy to keep reading!

Military Robots

Author : Jai Galliott
ISBN : 9781317096009
Genre : History
File Size : 28. 85 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 212
Read : 776

Get This Book


Philosophers have wrestled over the morality and ethics of war for nearly as long as human beings have been waging it. The death and destruction that unmanned warfare entails magnifies the moral and ethical challenges we face in conventional warfare and everyday society. Intrinsically linked are questions and perennial problems concerning what justifies the initial resort to war, who may be legitimately targeted in warfare, who should be permitted to serve the military, the collateral effects of military weaponry and the methods of determining and dealing with violations of the laws of war. This book provides a comprehensive and unifying analysis of the moral, political and social questions concerning the rise of drone warfare.

Fight Write

Author : Carla Hoch
ISBN : 9781440300738
Genre : Reference
File Size : 50. 54 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 511
Read : 1042

Get This Book


Whether a side-street skirmish or an all-out war, fight scenes bring action to the pages of every kind of fiction. But a poorly done or unbelievable fight scene can ruin a great book in an instant. In Fight Write you'll learn practical tips, terminology, and the science behind crafting realistic fight scenes for your fiction. Broken up into "Rounds," trained fighter and writer Carla Hoch guides you through the many factors you'll need to consider when developing battles and brawls. • In Round 1, you will consider how the Who, When, Where, and Why questions affect what type of fight scene you want to craft. • Round 2 delves into the human factors of biology (think fight or flight and adrenaline) and psychology (aggression and response to injuring or killing another person). • Round 3 explores different fighting styles that are appropriate for different situations: How would a character fight from a prone position versus being attacked in the street? What is the vocabulary used to describe these styles? • Round 4 considers weaponry and will guide you to select the best weapon for your characters, including nontraditional weapons of opportunity, while also thinking about the nitty-gritty details of using them. • In Round 5, you'll learn how to accurately describe realistic injuries sustained from the fights and certain weapons, and what kind of injuries will kill a character or render them unable to fight further. By taking into account where your character is in the world, when in history the fight is happening, what the character's motivation for fighting is, and much more, you'll be able write fight scenes unique to your plot and characters, all while satisfying your reader's discerning eye.

The Engineer

Author :
ISBN : NWU:35556028728509
Genre : Military engineering
File Size : 44. 72 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 464
Read : 310

Get This Book



Stop Teaching Our Kids To Kill Revised And Updated Edition

Author : Lt. Col. Dave Grossman
ISBN : 9780804139366
Genre : Family & Relationships
File Size : 88. 6 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 185
Read : 1171

Get This Book


Completely revised and updated, a much-needed call to action for every parent, teacher, and citizen to help our children and stop the wave of killing and violence gripping America's youth Newtown, Aurora, Virginia Tech, Columbine. Thereis no bigger or more important issue in America than youth violence. Kids, some as young as ten years old, take up arms with the intention to murder. Why is this happening? Lt. Col. Dave Grossman and Gloria DeGaetano believe the root cause is the steady diet of violent entertainment kids see on TV, in movies, and in the video games they play—witnessing hundreds of violent images a day. Offering incontrovertible evidence based on recent scientific studies and research, they posit that this media is not just conditioning children to be violent and see killing as acceptable but teaching them the mechanics of killing as well. Stop Teaching Our Kids to Kill supplies the statistics, interprets the copious research that exists on the subject, and suggests the many ways to make a difference in your home, at school, in your community, in the courts, and in the larger world. In using this book, parents, educators, social-service workers, youth advocates, and anyone interested in the welfare of our children will have a solid foundation for effective action and prevention of future Columbines, Jonesboros, and Newtowns.

Kill Anything That Moves

Author : Nick Turse
ISBN : 9780805095470
Genre : History
File Size : 61. 48 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 727
Read : 890

Get This Book


Based on classified documents and first-person interviews, a startling history of the American war on Vietnamese civilians Americans have long been taught that events such as the notorious My Lai massacre were isolated incidents in the Vietnam War, carried out by "a few bad apples." But as award-winning journalist and historian Nick Turse demonstrates in this groundbreaking investigation, violence against Vietnamese noncombatants was not at all exceptional during the conflict. Rather, it was pervasive and systematic, the predictable consequence of orders to "kill anything that moves." Drawing on more than a decade of research in secret Pentagon files and extensive interviews with American veterans and Vietnamese survivors, Turse reveals for the first time how official policies resulted in millions of innocent civilians killed and wounded. In shocking detail, he lays out the workings of a military machine that made crimes in almost every major American combat unit all but inevitable. Kill Anything That Moves takes us from archives filled with Washington's long-suppressed war crime investigations to the rural Vietnamese hamlets that bore the brunt of the war; from boot camps where young American soldiers learned to hate all Vietnamese to bloodthirsty campaigns like Operation Speedy Express, in which a general obsessed with body counts led soldiers to commit what one participant called "a My Lai a month." Thousands of Vietnam books later, Kill Anything That Moves, devastating and definitive, finally brings us face-to-face with the truth of a war that haunts Americans to this day.

Stop Teaching Our Kids To Kill

Author : Lt. Col. Dave Grossman
ISBN : 9780307429452
Genre : Family & Relationships
File Size : 80. 89 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 458
Read : 990

Get This Book


There is perhaps no bigger or more important issue in America at present than youth violence. Columbine, Sandy Hook, Aurora: We know them all too well, and for all the wrong reasons: kids, some as young as eleven years old, taking up arms and, with deadly, frightening accuracy, murdering anyone in their paths. What is going on? According to the authors of Stop Teaching Our Kids to Kill, there is blame to be laid right at the feet of the makers of violent video games (called "murder trainers" by one expert), the TV networks, and the Hollywood movie studios--the people responsible for the fact that children witness literally thousands of violent images a day. Authors Lt. Col. Dave Grossman and Gloria DeGaetano offer incontrovertible evidence, much of it based on recent major scientific studies and empirical research, that movies, TV, and video games are not just conditioning children to be violent--and unaware of the consequences of that violence--but are teaching the very mechanics of killing. Their book is a much-needed call to action for every parent, teacher, and citizen to help our children and stop the wave of killing and violence gripping America's youth. And, most important, it is a blueprint for us all on how that can be achieved. In Paducah, Kentucky, Michael Carneal, a fourteen-year-old boy who stole a gun from a neighbor's house, brought it to school and fired eight shots at a student prayer group as they were breaking up. Prior to this event, he had never shot a real gun before. Of the eight shots he fired, he had eight hits on eight different kids. Five were head shots, the other three upper torso. The result was three dead, one paralyzed for life. The FBI says that the average, experienced, qualified law enforcement officer, in the average shootout, at an average range of seven yards, hits with less than one bullet in five. How does a child acquire such killing ability? What would lead him to go out and commit such a horrific act? From the Hardcover edition.

The Better World Handbook

Author : Ellis Jones
ISBN : 9781550923650
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 51. 95 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 421
Read : 1219

Get This Book


The definitive guide for people wanting to make a positive difference in the world. Specifically designed to reach people who normally would not consider themselves activists, The Better World Handbook is directed toward those who care about creating a more just, sustainable, and socially responsible world but don’t know where to begin. Substantially updated, this revised bestseller now contains more recent information on global problems, more effective actions, and many new resources.

Enemy Images In War Propaganda

Author : Marja Vuorinen
ISBN : 9781443837026
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 50. 52 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 659
Read : 1328

Get This Book


In the post 9/11 world, the emotionally charged concepts of identity and ideology, enmity and political violence have once again become household words. Contrary to the serene assumptions of the early 1990s, history did not end. Civilisations are busy clashing against one another, and the self-proclaimed pacified humanity is once again showing its barbaric roots. Religion mixes with politics to produce governments that abuse even their own citizens, and victorious insurgents too often fail to carry out the promised reforms. Terrorists blow up unsuspecting pedestrians, and allegedly democratic nations threaten to bomb allegedly less democratic ones back to the Stone Age. Mass demonstrations materialise like flash mobs out of nowhere, prepared to hold their ground until the bitter end. Where does all this passionate intensity come from? To better understand how the ideological enmity of today is moulded, spread and managed, this book investigates the propaganda operations of the past. Its topics range from the ruthless portrayal of female enemy soldiers in an early-20th-century civil war setting to the multiple enemy images cherished by Adolf Hitler, and onwards, to the WWII Soviet Russians as a subtype of a more ancient notion of the Eastern Hordes. Of more recent events, the book covers the Rwandan genocide of 1994 and the still ongoing Israel-Palestine conflict. The closing chapter on cyber warfare introduces the reader to the invisible enemies of the future.

Love And War

Author : Tom Digby
ISBN : 9780231538404
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 45. 83 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 518
Read : 627

Get This Book


Ideas of masculinity and femininity become sharply defined in war-reliant societies, resulting in a presumed enmity between men and women. This so-called "battle of the sexes" is intensified by the use of misogyny to encourage men and boys to conform to the demands of masculinity. These are among Tom Digby's fascinating insights shared in Love and War, which describes the making and manipulation of gender in militaristic societies and the sweeping consequences for men and women in their personal, romantic, sexual, and professional lives. Drawing on cross-cultural comparisons and examples from popular media, including sports culture, the rise of "gonzo" and "bangbus" pornography, and "internet trolls," Digby describes how the hatred of women and the suppression of empathy are used to define masculinity, thereby undermining relations between women and men—sometimes even to the extent of violence. Employing diverse philosophical methodologies, he identifies the cultural elements that contribute to heterosexual antagonism, such as an enduring faith in male force to solve problems, the glorification of violent men who suppress caring emotions, the devaluation of men's physical and emotional lives, an imaginary gender binary, male privilege premised on the subordination of women, and the use of misogyny to encourage masculine behavior. Digby tracks the "collateral damage" of this disabling misogyny in the lives of both men and women, but ends on a hopeful note. He ultimately finds the link between war and gender to be dissolving in many societies: war is becoming slowly de-gendered, and gender is becoming slowly de-militarized.

First Person

Author : Associate Professor in the Computer Science Department at the University of California Santa Cruz Noah Wardrip-Fruin
ISBN : 0262232324
Genre : Games & Activities
File Size : 36. 61 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 413
Read : 740

Get This Book


The relationship between story and game, and related questions of electronic writing and play, examined through a series of discussions among new media creators and theorists.

Liars And Outliers

Author : Bruce Schneier
ISBN : 9781118239018
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 29. 95 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 296
Read : 1240

Get This Book


In today's hyper-connected society, understanding the mechanisms of trust is crucial. Issues of trust are critical to solving problems as diverse as corporate responsibility, global warming, and the political system. In this insightful and entertaining book, Schneier weaves together ideas from across the social and biological sciences to explain how society induces trust. He shows the unique role of trust in facilitating and stabilizing human society. He discusses why and how trust has evolved, why it works the way it does, and the ways the information society is changing everything.

The Madness Of Alexander The Great

Author : Richard A. Gabriel
ISBN : 9781473852365
Genre : History
File Size : 62. 66 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 427
Read : 508

Get This Book


Over the years, some 20,000 books and articles have been written about Alexander the Great, the vast majority hailing him as possibly the greatest general that ever lived. Richard A. Gabriel, however, argues that, while Alexander was clearly a succesful soldier-adventurer, the evidence of real greatness is simply not there. The author presents Alexander as a misfit within his own warrior society, attempting to overcompensate. Thoroughly insecure and unstable, he was given to episodes of uncontrollable rage and committed brutal atrocities that would today have him vilified as a monstrous psychopath. The author believes some of his worst excesses may have been due to what we now call Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, of which he displays many of the classic symptoms, brought on by extended exposure to violence and danger. Above all the author thinks that Alexander's military ability has been flattered by History. Alexander was tactically competent but contributed nothing truly original, while his strategy was often flawed and distorted by his obsession with personal glory. This radical reappraisal is certain to provoke debate.

The Veterans And Active Duty Military Psychotherapy Treatment Planner With Dsm 5 Updates

Author : Bret A. Moore
ISBN : 9781119064114
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 61. 6 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 777
Read : 1251

Get This Book


This timesaving resource features: Treatment plan components for 39 behaviorally based presentingproblems Over 1,000 prewritten treatment goals, objectives, andinterventions—plus space to record your own treatment planoptions A step-by-step guide to writing treatment plans that meet therequirements of most insurance companies and third-partypayors Includes Evidence-Based Practice Interventions asrequired by many public funding sources and private insurers PracticePlanners® THE BESTSELLINGTREATMENT PLANNING SYSTEM FOR MENTAL HEALTH PROFESSIONALS The Veterans and Active Duty Military Psychotherapy TreatmentPlanner provides all the elements necessary to quickly andeasily develop formal treatment plans that satisfy the demands ofHMOs, managed care companies, third-party payors, and state andfederal agencies. Features empirically supported, evidence-based treatmentinterventions Organized around 39 main presenting problems in treatingveterans and active duty military personnel, including substanceabuse, adjustment to killing, anger management and domesticviolence, pre-deployment stress, survivors' guilt, and combat andoperational stress reaction Over 1,000 prewritten treatment goals, objectives, andinterventions—plus space to record your own treatment planoptions Easy-to-use reference format helps locate treatment plancomponents by behavioral problem Designed to correspond with The Veterans and Active DutyMilitary Psychotherapy Progress Notes Planner Includes a sample treatment plan that conforms to therequirements of most third-party payors and accrediting agenciesincluding CARF, The Joint Commission (TJC), COA, and the NCQA Additional resources in thePracticePlanners® series: Progress Notes Planners contain complete, prewrittenprogress notes for each presenting problem in the companionTreatment Planners. Homework Planners feature behaviorally based, ready-to-useassignments to speed treatment and keep clients engaged betweensessions. For more information on ourPracticePlanners®, including our full lineof Treatment Planners, visit us on the Web at:www.wiley.com/practiceplanners

Death Work

Author : Vincent E. Henry
ISBN : 0198035845
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 90. 92 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 217
Read : 1157

Get This Book


In this fascinating new book, Vincent Henry (a 21-year veteran of the NYPD who recently retired to become a university professor) explores the psychological transformations and adaptations that result from police officers' encounters with death. Police can encounter death frequently in the course of their duties, and these encounters may range from casual contacts with the deaths of others to the most profound and personally consequential confrontations with their own mortality. Using the 'survivor psychology' model as its theoretical base, this insightful and provocative research ventures into a previously unexplored area of police psychology to illuminate and explore the new modes of adaptation, thought, and feeling that result from various types of death encounters in police work. The psychology of survival asserts that the psychological world of the survivor--one who has come in close physical or psychic contact with death but nevertheless managed to live--is characterized by five themes: psychic numbing, death guilt, the death imprint, suspicion of counterfeit nurturance, and the struggle to make meaning. These themes become manifest in the survivor's behavior, permeating his or her lifestyle and worldview. Drawing on extensive interviews with police officers in five nominal categories--rookie officers, patrol sergeants, crime scene technicians, homicide detectives, and officers who survived a mortal combat situation in which an assailant or another officer died--Henry identifies the impact such death encounters have upon the individual, the police organization, and the occupational culture of policing. He has produced a comprehensive and highly textured interpretation of police psychology and police behavior, bolstered by the unique insights that come from his personal experience as an officer, his intimate familiarity with the subtleties and nuances of the police culture's value and belief systems, and his meticulous research and rigorous method. Death Work provides a unique prism through which to view the individual, organizational, and social dynamics of contemporary urban policing. With a foreword by Robert Jay Lifton and a chapter devoted to the local police response to the World Trade Center attacks, Death Work will be of interest to psychologists and criminal justice experts, as well as police officers eager to gain insight into their unique relationship to death.

Trauma Transformed

Author : Marian Bussey
ISBN : 9780231510974
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 80. 84 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 761
Read : 662

Get This Book


Whether it's physical, psychological, social, historical, or ongoing, trauma is a universal experience, and this book provides professionals with the approaches necessary for successful and empowering interventions across the trauma spectrum. Part one examines the steps individuals take to heal their traumas. Nicolas survives an attack by his own dog; Tay rebuilds her life after years of incest; Claire speaks out about being molested by a program participant at her mental health clinic; and Erma copes with the shattering memories of childhood abuse. Part two focuses on interpersonal dynamics. Frank is held accountable for his violence toward his wife; Erin and her mother confront the reality of bullying and victimization in schools; Beth faces discrimination because of her sexual orientation; and staff members at a transitional housing shelter deal with the death of a client. Part three recounts stories of resilience and healing at the social and community level. Salome and her family process the historical trauma of the massacre of her American Indian ancestors. A group of boys who became fatherless after 9/11 respond to experiential ways of coping with their grief. Jennifer and Kim live daily with the social trauma of poverty. Three Liberian families survive torture, flight, refugee camps, and resettlement. Amory struggles to find meaning and move on from his experience as a combat veteran, and the story of Angelina Batiste epitomizes the loss and resilience of those who lived through Hurricane Katrina. Trauma Transformed provides insight into the psychological and spiritual resources practitioners need to help victims move forward and improve upon their circumstances. Readers will also learn to strengthen their sense of self to prevent secondary trauma.

What Is Military History?

Author : Stephen Morillo
ISBN : 9780745665337
Genre : History
File Size : 90. 10 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 303
Read : 708

Get This Book


This clear, readable introduction to the popular field of military history is now available in a refreshed and updated second edition. It shows that military history encompasses not just accounts of campaigns and battles but includes a wide range of perspectives on all aspects of past military organization and activity. In concise chapters it explains the fundamental features of the field, including: The history of military history, showing how it has developed from ancient times to the present; The key ideas and concepts that shape analysis of military activity; it argues that military history is as methodologically and philosophically sophisticated as any field of history; The current controversies about which military historians argue, and why they are important; A survey of who does military history, where it is taught and published, and how it is practiced; A look at where military history is headed in the future. The new edition of What is Military History? provides an up-to-date bibliography and cutting edge new case studies, including counterinsurgency, and as such continues to be ideal for classes in military history and in historiography generally, as well as for anyone interested in learning more about the dynamics of a rich and growing area of study.

Women At War

Author : Rosemarie Skaine
ISBN : 0786481730
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 78. 16 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 659
Read : 216

Get This Book


The Persian Gulf War changed the face of combat. It brought women’s military roles into the spotlight, in large part via the mass media, and showed that many women performed combat roles similar to those of men during the conflict. The war was thus an impetus for changes in laws that had prevented women from serving in combat assignments. In past centuries, because it was not culturally acceptable for women to serve in combat, surprising numbers joined secretly under assumed male names. After defining exactly what is meant by “war” and “combat,” this work presents historical and present-day views of the involvement of women in the military. The impact of regulations on women in combat is analyzed, as is the role of the American public in the controversy. Female combat is put into context with sociological theory; also discussed are readiness, cohesion, ability, sexuality, equal opportunity and family issues.

Grunts

Author : John C. McManus
ISBN : 9781101189177
Genre : History
File Size : 87. 2 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 295
Read : 1276

Get This Book


“A superb book—an American equivalent to John Keegan’s The Face of Battle. I sincerely believe that Grunts is destined to be a classic.”—Dave Grossman, Author of On Killing and On Combat From the acclaimed author of The Dead and Those About to Die comes a sweeping narrative of six decades of combat, and an eye-opening account of the evolution of the American infantry. From the beaches of Normandy and the South Pacific Islands to the deserts of the Middle East, the American soldier has been the most indispensable—and most overlooked—factor in wartime victory. In Grunts, renowned historian John C. McManus examines ten critical battles—from Hitler’s massive assault on U.S. soldiers at the Battle of the Bulge to counterinsurgency combat in Iraq—where the skills and courage of American troops proved the crucial difference between victory and defeat. Based on years of research and interviews with veterans, this powerful history reveals the ugly face of war in a way few books have, and demonstrates the fundamental, and too often forgotten, importance of the human element in serving and protecting the nation.

Top Download:

Best Books