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Opus Majus Volumes 1 And 2

Author : Roger Bacon
ISBN : 9781512814064
Genre : History
File Size : 53. 15 MB
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The Opus Majus of Roger Bacon (c.1214-92) is one of the most influential scientific and philosophical texts of its age and arguably the high point of medieval knowledge of the physical sciences. In the work Bacon makes a plea for the reform of education, emphasizing the rightful role of the sciences in the university curriculum and the interdependence of the various disciplines. Prepared in 1267 at the request of Pope Clement IV, the treatise is a collection of ideas, an encyclopedia of knowledge embracing all science, including language, logic, optics, mathematics, moral philosophy, and physics.

Opus Majus Volumes 1 And 2

Author : Roger Bacon
ISBN : 9781512809992
Genre : History
File Size : 65. 81 MB
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The Opus Majus of Roger Bacon (c.1214-92) is one of the most influential scientific and philosophical texts of its age and arguably the high point of medieval knowledge of the physical sciences. In the work Bacon makes a plea for the reform of education, emphasizing the rightful role of the sciences in the university curriculum and the interdependence of the various disciplines. Prepared in 1267 at the request of Pope Clement IV, the treatise is a collection of ideas, an encyclopedia of knowledge embracing all science, including language, logic, optics, mathematics, moral philosophy, and physics.

Wonder And Skepticism In The Middle Ages

Author : Keagan Brewer
ISBN : 9781317430353
Genre : History
File Size : 63. 66 MB
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Wonder and Skepticism in the Middle Ages explores the response by medieval society to tales of marvels and the supernatural, which ranged from firm belief to outright rejection, and asks why the believers believed, and why the skeptical disbelieved. Despite living in a world whose structures more often than not supported belief, there were still a great many who disbelieved, most notably scholastic philosophers who began a polemical programme against belief in marvels. Keagan Brewer reevaluates the Middle Ages’ reputation as an era of credulity by considering the evidence for incidences of marvels, miracles and the supernatural and demonstrating the reasons people did and did not believe in such things. Using an array of contemporary sources, he shows that medieval responders sought evidence in the commonality of a report, similarity of one event to another, theological explanations and from people with status to show that those who believed in marvels and miracles did so only because the wonders had passed evidentiary testing. In particular, he examines both emotional and rational reactions to wondrous phenomena, and why some were readily accepted and others rejected. This book is an important contribution to the history of emotions and belief in the Middle Ages.

Science And Technology In World History Volume 2

Author : David Deming
ISBN : 9780786456420
Genre : History
File Size : 33. 60 MB
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Science is a living, organic activity, the meaning and understanding of which have evolved incrementally over human history. This book, the second in a roughly chronological series, explores the evolution of science from the advents of Christianity and Islam through the Middle Ages, focusing especially on the historical relationship between science and religion. Specific topics include technological innovations during the Middle Ages; Islamic science; the Crusades; Gothic cathedrals; and the founding of Western universities. Close attention is given to such figures as Paul the Apostle, Hippolytus, Lactantius, Cyril of Alexandria, Hypatia, Cosmas Indicopleustes, and the Prophet Mohammed.

When Science And Christianity Meet

Author : Hilldale Professor Emeritus of the History of Science and Medicine Ronald L Numbers
ISBN : 9780226482149
Genre : Religion
File Size : 79. 90 MB
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Surveying the period that stretches between Galileo and the present, the author traces the often gray boundary between science and Christianity, revealing religion to be a less-than-total enemy of science in twelve fascinating case studies that reveal the complexities of this issue. (Science & Mathematics)

The Opus Majus Of Roger Bacon Vol 2 Of 2 Classic Reprint

Author : Roger Bacon
ISBN : 0483159204
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 30. 76 MB
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Excerpt from The "Opus Majus" Of Roger Bacon, Vol. 2 of 2 This passage comes from the Magd. Ms. And is not found in the other mss. Of Perspective: which have come to my knowledge. The first reference to Aristotle is, 1 suppose, to Nat. Auscult. Lib. Ii. Cap. 2, where Optic (owmm'y) is spoken of as a distinct science. And is classed with Harmonic and Astronomy in opposition to pure mathematic. The expression subalterna/ur res is Obscure. The second reference is to De Sansa et 5msalo, cap. 2. This apparently is the work which Bacon speaks of as 'translatus in Latinum.' About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

The Parable Of The Three Rings And The Idea Of Religious Toleration In European Culture

Author : Iris Shagrir
ISBN : 9783030296957
Genre : Religion
File Size : 48. 43 MB
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This book examines the premodern encounter between the three monotheistic religions through the unique prism of a premodern literary work—The Parable of the Three Rings—a poignant and charming tale of a father who had three sons and one precious ring. By tradition he was to bequeath the ring to his heir, but he loved his three sons equally — so he had two new rings made, crafted to be indistinguishable from the original, and on his deathbed gave a ring to each son. The narrator explains that the father is God, and his sons are the Jews, the Christians, and the Muslims, each believing themselves to be the sole upholders of the true religion. A historical and literary study, the book offers a comprehensive discussion of the various guises of the Parable, from the early Middle Ages onwards, and highlights its capacity to reflect openness and pluralism in the interfaith encounter.

Mathematicians And Their Gods

Author : Snezana Lawrence
ISBN : 9780198703051
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 34. 95 MB
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To open a newspaper or turn on the television it would appear that science and religion are polar opposites - mutually exclusive bedfellows competing for hearts and minds. There is little indication of the rich interaction between religion and science throughout history, much of which continues today. From ancient to modern times, mathematicians have played a key role in this interaction. This is a book on the relationship between mathematics and religious beliefs. It aims to show that, throughout scientific history, mathematics has been used to make sense of the 'big' questions of life, and theism is rich in both culture and character. Chapters cover a fascinating range of topics including the Sect of the Pythagoreans, Newton's views on the Apocalypse, Charles Dodgson's Anglican faith and Godel's proof of the existence of God.--

Practice And Theory In The Italian Renaissance Workshop

Author : Christina Neilson
ISBN : 9781107172852
Genre : Art
File Size : 27. 57 MB
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Verrocchio worked in an extraordinarily wide array of media and used unusual practices of making to express ideas.

A History Of Science Magic And Belief

Author : Steven P. Marrone
ISBN : 9781137029782
Genre : History
File Size : 74. 59 MB
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Steven P. Marrone traces the mutual interactions and boundaries of science, religion and magic in medieval and early modern Europe. Woven together, these three narratives help explain the simultaneous emergence of modern science and early modern social order in Europe.

Science And Civilisation In China Volume 5 Chemistry And Chemical Technology Part 4 Spagyrical Discovery And Invention Apparatus Theories And Gifts

Author : Joseph Needham
ISBN : 052108573X
Genre : Science
File Size : 28. 27 MB
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The fifth volume of Dr Needham's immense undertaking, like the fourth, is subdivided into parts for ease of assimilation and presentation, each part bound and published separately. The volume as a whole covers the subjects of alchemy, early chemistry, and chemical technology (which includes military invention, especially gunpowder and rockets; paper and printing; textiles; mining and metallurgy; the salt industry; and ceramics).

Proceedings American Philosophical Society Vol 100 No 1

Author :
ISBN : 1422381889
Genre :
File Size : 32. 36 MB
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Sources And Analogues Of The Canterbury Tales

Author : Robert M. Correale
ISBN : 0859918289
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 80. 74 MB
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"This edition ... contains the sources and major analogues of Chaucer's works (some re-edited from manuscripts closer to his own copies) together with discoveries from the past half-century, some of which have not previously appeared together in print. Special features in this new enterprise include a fresh interpretation of Chaucer's sources for the frame of the work, and modern English translations of all non-English texts; chapters on the individual tales contain an updated survey of the present state of scholarship on their source material".--BOOKJACKET.

Old Age From Antiquity To Post Modernity

Author : Paul Johnson
ISBN : 9781134711239
Genre : History
File Size : 41. 14 MB
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Based on themes such as status and welfare, Old Age from Antiquity to Post-Modernity examines the role of the elderly in history. This empirical study represents a substantial contribution to both the historical understanding of old age in past societies as well as the discussion of the contribution of post-modernism to historical scholarship.

Music In Early Franciscan Thought

Author : Peter Loewen
ISBN : 9789004248182
Genre : Religion
File Size : 90. 41 MB
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Music in Early Franciscan Thought is an interdisciplinary study exploring the broad relevance of music in Franciscan hagiography, art, theology, philosophy, and preaching between 1210 and 1300—a period covering their rapid ascendancy in medieval society as an Order of clerics.

Religion Und Gesundheit

Author : Albrecht Classen
ISBN : 9783110259407
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 73. 81 MB
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The contributors to this anthology present a fascinating spectrum of research, dealing partly with Theophrast von Hohenheim (Paracelsus) and partly with the scientific discourse on health and illness in general in the Early Modern Era in the context of religion and medicine. How did people view trained doctors, what did they think about the various teaching methods, or about balneology? What perspective did they take on the plague, and how was insanity viewed?

Science And Technology In World History Volume 1

Author : David Deming
ISBN : 9780786456574
Genre : Science
File Size : 87. 33 MB
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Science is a living, organic activity, the meaning and understanding of which have evolved incrementally over human history. This book, the first in a roughly chronological series, explores the development of the methodology and major ideas of science, in historical context, from ancient times to the decline of classical civilizations around 300 A.D. It includes details specific to the histories of specialized sciences including astronomy, medicine and physics—along with Roman engineering and Greek philosophy. It closely describes the contributions of such individuals as Pythagoras, Hippocrates, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Alexander the Great, Euclid, Archimedes, Ptolemy, Seneca, Pliny the Elder, and Galen.

Science And Technology In World History Volume 4

Author : David Deming
ISBN : 9781476625041
Genre : History
File Size : 89. 57 MB
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The history of science is a story of human discovery--intertwined with religion, philosophy, economics and technology. The fourth in a series, this book covers the beginnings of the modern world, when 16th-century Europeans began to realize that their scientific achievements surpassed those of the Greeks and Romans. Western Civilization organized itself around the idea that human technological and moral progress was achievable and desirable. Science emerged in 17th-century Europe as scholars subordinated reason to empiricism. Inspired by the example of physics, men like Robert Boyle began the process of changing alchemy into the exact science of chemistry. During the 18th century, European society became more secular and tolerant. Philosophers and economists developed many of the ideas underpinning modern social theories and economic policies. As the Industrial Revolution fundamentally transformed the world by increasing productivity, people became more affluent, better educated and urbanized, and the world entered an era of unprecedented prosperity and progress.

John Selden

Author : Reid Barbour
ISBN : 0802087760
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 48. 84 MB
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John Selden: Measures of the Holy Commonwealth in Seventeenth-Century England is the first text in over a century to examine the whole of Selden's works and thought. Reid Barbour brings a new perspective to Selden studies by stressing Selden's strong commitment to a 'religious society,' by taking a closer and more sustained look at his poetic interests, and by systematically examining his Latin publications (particularly those using Jewish sources). Offering critical close readings of Selden's oeuvre, Barbour posits that the overriding aim of Selden's career was to bolster religious society in the face of its imminent demise. He argues that Selden's scholarly career was committed to resolving an essentially religious question about how best to establish the holy commonwealth in both lawfulness and spiritual abundance. Perhaps the greatest strength of Barbour's analysis emerges from his overall interpretation of Selden's corpus within the context of what the author calls a "religious society"; this approach emphasizes the religious commitments of Selden and subverts earlier readings of him as a cynical, skeptical, secular thinker who attacked, rather than upheld, a Judeo-Christian model of society. Engaging in style and substantive in analysis, Barbour's John Selden will add considerably to the limited body of work on this important seventeenth-century savant.

De Ortu Grammaticae

Author : Jan Pinborg
ISBN : 9789027245267
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 58. 99 MB
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The Danish scholar Jan Pinborg (1937-1982) made outstanding contributions to our understanding of medieval language study. The papers in this volume clearly demonstrate the wealth of Pinborg's scholarly interests and the extent of his influence.Though centered on medieval theories of grammar and language, the collection ranges in time from the fourth century B.C. to the seventeenth century A.D.; theories of the pronoun, of mental language, of supposition, of figurative expressions and of mereology are among the topics discussed; and the papers deal with both humble anonymous teachers of grammar and with such well-known men as Aristotle, Plotinus, Augustine, Peter of Spain, Roger Bacon, Robert Kilwardby, Thomas Aquinas, Dante, William of Ockham, Domingo de Soto, and Suárez. The papers are in English, German, or French.

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