patronage and politics in the ussr cambridge russian soviet and post soviet studies

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Patronage And Politics In The Ussr

Author : John P. Willerton
ISBN : 0521392888
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 77. 81 MB
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How do Soviet politicians rise to power? How are national and regional regimes formed? How are conflicting political interests brought together as policies are developed in the Soviet Union? In Patronage and Politics in the USSR, first published in 1991, Professor John Willerton offers major insights into the patronage networks that have dominated elite mobility, regime formation, and governance in the Soviet Union during the past twenty-five years. Using the biographical and career details of over two thousand national leaders and regional officials in Azerbaijan and Lithuania, John Willerton traces the patron-client relations underlying recruitment, mobility, and policymaking. He explores the strategies of power consolidation and coalition building used by Soviet chief executives since 1964 as well as the institutional links and policy outcomes that have resulted from network politics. The author also assesses the manner and extent to which leaders in politically stable and less stable settings, spanning different national cultural contexts, have relied upon patronage networks to consolidate power and to govern. Finally, Professor Willerton explores how, in a period of dramatic change, patron-client networks may have given way to institutionalised interest groups and political parties.

Developments In Russian And Post Soviet Politics

Author : Stephen White
ISBN : 9781349234615
Genre : Former Soviet republics
File Size : 51. 76 MB
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Developments In Soviet And Post Soviet Politics

Author : Stephen White
ISBN : WISC:89045638046
Genre : History
File Size : 41. 15 MB
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Practicing Stalinism

Author : J. Arch Getty
ISBN : 9780300198850
Genre : History
File Size : 40. 11 MB
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In old Russia, patron/client relations, "clan" politics, and a variety of other informal practices spanned the centuries. Government was understood to be patrimonial and personal rather than legal, and office holding was far less important than proximity to patrons. Working from heretofore unused documents from the Communist archives, J. Arch Getty shows how these political practices and traditions from old Russia have persisted throughout the twentieth-century Soviet Union and down to the present day. Getty examines a number of case studies of political practices in the Stalin era and after. These include cults of personality, the transformation of Old Bolsheviks into noble grandees, the Communist Party's personnel selection system, and the rise of political clans ("family circles") after the 1917 Revolutions. Stalin's conflicts with these clans, and his eventual destruction of them, were key elements of the Great Purges of the 1930s. But although Stalin could destroy the competing clans, he could not destroy the historically embedded patron-client relationship, as a final chapter on political practice under Putin shows.

Political Consequences Of Crony Capitalism Inside Russia

Author : Gulnaz Sharafutdinova
ISBN : NWU:35556041342619
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 68. 80 MB
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"Gulnaz Sharafutdinova explores the development of crony capitalism in Russia, based on the contrasting cases of Tatarstan and Nizhnii Novgorod. She argues that the corruption which accompanied the market transition seeped over into electoral politics, and was a major factor in undermining popular support for democratic institutions. This finding is a challenge to transition theory, which posits that democracy and capitalism work hand in hand.-Peter Rutland, Wesleyan University --Book Jacket.

Beyond Soviet Studies

Author : Daniel Orlovsky
ISBN : 0943875692
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 66. 95 MB
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Daniel Orlovsky brings together a group of leading scholars attempt a systematic assessment of the state of studies of the former Soviet Union after its collapse. The authors re-examine the transition from communism and review the study of post-Soviet society, national identity and nationalism, politics and political institutions, economics, foreign policy, and culture. They offer constructive criticisms of the field and set out research questions for an uncertain future.

Elections By Design

Author : Bryon Moraski
ISBN : 0875803555
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 83. 1 MB
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Legislative elections are the defining institution of a representative democracy. They determine how the power to govern society is distributed among political actors, regardless of whether those actors are political parties, ethnic groups, or business interests. Yet the rules that decide how thousands, if not millions, of popular votes are translated into a relatively small number of parliamentary seats vary widely across, and sometimes within, countries. Elections by Design--based on a skillful blend of statistical analyses and detailed case studies--seeks to uncover how electoral rules are chosen within the Russian Federation, and by whom. To enhance our understanding of electoral system choice, Moraski investigates the origins of the legislative electoral systems in the eighty-nine regions of the Russian Federation. These subnational units serve as a natural experiment by allowing an opportunity to observe the creation of representative institutions in a state transitioning from authoritarian rule. The regions also offer a rare glimpse into the dynamics of electoral system choice where political parties do not necessarily guide the decisions. Despite the unique qualities of Russia's political transition, Elections by Design reveals insights that can be applied to other transitioning states. Moraski emphasizes that institutional choice remains a political process, despite scholars' recommendations that certain electoral systems are better for democracy than others. At the same time, he shows how electoral system choice at the regional level can frustrate party development and democracy at the national level. This study is particularly valuable at a time when American politicians seek to spread the seeds of democracy to areas where people differ along ethnic or religious lines and where a federal framework is needed to bring dissenting interests to the negotiating table.

The System Made Me Do It Corruption In Post Communist Societies

Author : Rasma Karklins
ISBN : 9781317454342
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 22. 76 MB
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Strike up a conversation with a citizen from the post-communist region and invariably the talk will turn to the topic of corruption - the misuse of public power for private gain. People are sure that corruption is widespread, whether from their own experiences or stories they have heard from others. They feel frustrated that there seems to be nothing they can do about it, that they are helpless, and that they are being played for fools. And many are cynical: they feel that they, too, have to play the game because "the system" compels them to do so. But what system exactly? What are the structures and mechanisms of corruption in post-communist societies? "The System Made Me Do It" is the first comprehensive study of the origin, nature, and consequences of corruption in post-communist societies. While international actors decry corruption as a major impediment to democracy building and economic development, the problem is not well understood. This book fills that gap, and suggests innovative and practical institutional strategies for containing corruption. It achieves a rare and perfect balance of disciplined analysis, practicality, and passion.

Persistent State Weakness In The Global Age

Author : Denisa Kostovicova
ISBN : 0754676129
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 50. 34 MB
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Persistent State Weakness in the Global Age addresses the question of why state weakness in the global era persists. It debunks a common assumption that state weakness is a stop-gap on the path to state failure and state collapse. Informed by a globalization perspective, the book shows how state weakness is frequently self-reproducing and functional.

The American Bibliography Of Slavic And East European Studies

Author :
ISBN : PSU:000023572775
Genre : Asia, Central
File Size : 45. 77 MB
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Provides information on East-Central Europe and the former Soviet Union.

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