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Pattern Recognition By Self Organizing Neural Networks

Author : Gail A. Carpenter
ISBN : 0262031760
Genre : Computers
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Pattern Recognition by Self-Organizing Neural Networks presentsthe most recent advances in an area of research that is becoming vitally important in the fields ofcognitive science, neuroscience, artificial intelligence, and neural networks in general. The 19articles take up developments in competitive learning and computational maps, adaptive resonancetheory, and specialized architectures and biological connections. Introductorysurvey articles provide a framework for understanding the many models involved in various approachesto studying neural networks. These are followed in Part 2 by articles that form the foundation formodels of competitive learning and computational mapping, and recent articles by Kohonen, applyingthem to problems in speech recognition, and by Hecht-Nielsen, applying them to problems in designingadaptive lookup tables. Articles in Part 3 focus on adaptive resonance theory (ART) networks,selforganizing pattern recognition systems whose top-down template feedback signals guarantee theirstable learning in response to arbitrary sequences of input patterns. In Part 4, articles describeembedding ART modules into larger architectures and provide experimental evidence fromneurophysiology, event-related potentials, and psychology that support the prediction that ARTmechanisms exist in the brain. Contributors: J.-P. Banquet, G.A. Carpenter, S.Grossberg, R. Hecht-Nielsen, T. Kohonen, B. Kosko, T.W. Ryan, N.A. Schmajuk, W. Singer, D. Stork, C.von der Malsburg, C.L. Winter.

Properties And Characteristics Of Self Organizing Neural Networks For Unsupervised Pattern Recognition

Author : Dae Su Kim
ISBN : OCLC:24116566
Genre : Neural networks (Computer science)
File Size : 88. 91 MB
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Dynamic Hierarchical Self Organizing Neural Networks For Pattern Recognition

Author : Hai-Lung Hung
ISBN : OCLC:36369747
Genre :
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Self Organizing Neural Network Architectures For Real Time Adaptive Pattern Recognition

Author : Gail A. Carpenter
ISBN : OCLC:40780851
Genre : Neural networks (Computer science)
File Size : 46. 81 MB
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Multi Resolution Self Organizing Neural Networks For Pattern Recognition

Author : Penny Pei Chen
ISBN : OCLC:47779142
Genre :
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The MRF-ART neural network employs fast competitive learning and efficient parallel matching to solve complex data classification problems. The architecture of the MRF-ART not only preserves the ART-type neural network's characteristics but also extends its capability to represent input patterns in a hierarchical fashion. To achieve this, the MRF-ART network uses multiple output layers arranged in a cascaded manner which is completely different from a conventional fuzzy ART network with only one output layer. Moreover, the parallel matching process makes the MRF-ART network suitable for hardware implementation.

Self Organizing Maps

Author : Teuvo Kohonen
ISBN : 9783642976100
Genre : Science
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The book we have at hand is the fourth monograph I wrote for Springer Verlag. The previous one named "Self-Organization and Associative Mem ory" (Springer Series in Information Sciences, Volume 8) came out in 1984. Since then the self-organizing neural-network algorithms called SOM and LVQ have become very popular, as can be seen from the many works re viewed in Chap. 9. The new results obtained in the past ten years or so have warranted a new monograph. Over these years I have also answered lots of questions; they have influenced the contents of the present book. I hope it would be of some interest and help to the readers if I now first very briefly describe the various phases that led to my present SOM research, and the reasons underlying each new step. I became interested in neural networks around 1960, but could not in terrupt my graduate studies in physics. After I was appointed Professor of Electronics in 1965, it still took some years to organize teaching at the uni versity. In 1968 - 69 I was on leave at the University of Washington, and D. Gabor had just published his convolution-correlation model of autoasso ciative memory. I noticed immediately that there was something not quite right about it: the capacity was very poor and the inherent noise and crosstalk were intolerable. In 1970 I therefore sugge~ted the auto associative correlation matrix memory model, at the same time as J.A. Anderson and K. Nakano.

A Multilayered Highly Parallel Self Organizing Neural Network Implementation For Translation Invariant Pattern Recognition

Author : Jay I. Minnix
ISBN : OCLC:24198271
Genre : Neural circuitry
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The Art Of Adaptive Pattern Recognition By A Self Organizing Neural Network Revision

Author : Stephen Grossberg
ISBN : OCLC:227720364
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Partial Contents: Attention and Expectation in Self-Organizing Learning and Recognition Systems; The Stability-Plasticity Dilemma and Adaptive Resonance Theory; Competitive Learning Models; Self-Stabilized Learning by an ART Architecture in an Arbitrary Input Environment; Attentional Priming and Prediction: Matching by the 2/3 Rule; Automatic Control of Hypothesis Testing by Attentional-Orienting Interactions; Learning to Recognize an Analog World; Invariant Visual Pattern Recognition; The Three R's: Recognition, Reinforcement, and Recall; Self-Stabilization of Speech Perception and Production Codes: New Light on Motor Theory; and Psychophysiological and Neurophysiological Predictions of ART.

Artificial Neural Networks In Pattern Recognition

Author : Friedhelm Schwenker
ISBN : 9783642121586
Genre : Computers
File Size : 26. 40 MB
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Artificial Neural Networks in Pattern Recognition synthesizes the proceedings of the 4th IAPR TC3 Workshop, ANNPR 2010. Topics include supervised and unsupervised learning, feature selection, pattern recognition in signal and image processing.

Automated Identification Of Unnatural Patterns On Control Charts

Author : Amjed Al-Ghanim
ISBN : OCLC:32411169
Genre : Pattern recognition systems
File Size : 42. 59 MB
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Analysis Of Self Organizing Neural Networks With Application To Pattern Classification

Author : Zhen-Ping Lo
ISBN : OCLC:26435292
Genre : Neural networks (Computer science)
File Size : 33. 17 MB
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Knowledge Based Intelligent Information And Engineering Systems

Author : Vasile Palade
ISBN : 9783540452249
Genre : Computers
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2.1 Text Summarization “Text summarization is the process of distilling the most important information from a source (or sources) to produce an abridged version for a particular user (or users) and task (or tasks)” [3]. Basic and classical articles in text summarization appear in “Advances in automatic text summarization” [3]. A literature survey on information extraction and text summarization is given by Zechner [7]. In general, the process of automatic text summarization is divided into three stages: (1) analysis of the given text, (2) summarization of the text, (3) presentation of the summary in a suitable output form. Titles, abstracts and keywords are the most common summaries in Academic papers. Usually, the title, the abstract and the keywords are the first, second, and third parts of an Academic paper, respectively. The title usually describes the main issue discussed in the study and the abstract presents the reader a short description of the background, the study and its results. A keyword is either a single word (unigram), e.g.: ‘learning', or a collocation, which means a group of two or more words, representing an important concept, e.g.: ‘machine learning', ‘natural language processing'. Retrieving collocations from text was examined by Smadja [5] and automatic extraction of collocations was examined by Kita et al. [1].

Pattern Recognition Using Neural And Functional Networks

Author : Vasantha Kalyani David
ISBN : 9783540851295
Genre : Mathematics
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Biologically inspiredcomputing isdi?erentfromconventionalcomputing.Ithas adi?erentfeel; often the terminology does notsound like it’stalkingabout machines.The activities ofthiscomputingsoundmorehumanthanmechanistic as peoplespeak ofmachines that behave, react, self-organize,learn, generalize, remember andeven to forget.Much ofthistechnology tries to mimic nature’s approach in orderto mimicsome of nature’s capabilities.They havearigorous, mathematical basisand neuralnetworks forexamplehaveastatistically valid set on which the network istrained. Twooutlinesaresuggestedasthepossibletracksforpatternrecognition.They are neuralnetworks andfunctionalnetworks.NeuralNetworks (many interc- nected elements operating in parallel) carryout tasks that are not only beyond the scope ofconventionalprocessing but also cannotbeunderstood in the same terms.Imagingapplicationsfor neuralnetworksseemtobea natural?t.Neural networks loveto do pattern recognition. A new approachto pattern recognition usingmicroARTMAP together with wavelet transforms in the context ofhand written characters,gestures andsignatures havebeen dealt.The KohonenN- work,Back Propagation Networks andCompetitive Hop?eld NeuralNetwork havebeen considered for various applications. Functionalnetworks,beingageneralizedformofNeuralNetworkswherefu- tionsarelearnedratherthanweightsiscomparedwithMultipleRegressionAn- ysisforsome applicationsandtheresults are seen to be coincident. New kinds of intelligence can be added to machines, and we will havethe possibilityof learningmore about learning.Thus our imaginationsand options are beingstretched.These new machines will be fault-tolerant,intelligentand self-programmingthustryingtomakethemachinessmarter.Soastomakethose who use the techniques even smarter. Chapter1 isabrief introduction toNeural and Functionalnetworks in the context of Patternrecognitionusing these disciplinesChapter2 givesa review ofthearchitectures relevantto the investigation andthedevelopment ofthese technologies in the past few decades. Retracted VIII Preface Chapter3begins with the lookattherecognition ofhandwritten alphabets usingthealgorithm for ordered list ofboundary pixelsas well as the Ko- nenSelf-Organizing Map (SOM).Chapter 4 describes the architecture ofthe MicroARTMAP and its capability.

Neural Networks And Pattern Recognition

Author : Collectif
ISBN : 0125264208
Genre : Computers
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Pulse-coupled neural networks; A neural network model for optical flow computation; Temporal pattern matching using an artificial neural network; Patterns of dynamic activity and timing in neural network processing; A macroscopic model of oscillation in ensembles of inhibitory and excitatory neurons; Finite state machines and recurrent neural networks: automata and dynamical systems approaches; biased random-waldk learning; a neurobiological correlate to trial-and-error; Using SONNET 1 to segment continuous sequences of items; On the use of high-level petri nets in the modeling of biological neural networks; Locally recurrent networks: the gmma operator, properties, and extensions.

Optimality In Biological And Artificial Networks?

Author : Daniel S. Levine
ISBN : 9781134786459
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 71. 36 MB
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This book is the third in a series based on conferences sponsored by the Metroplex Institute for Neural Dynamics, an interdisciplinary organization of neural network professionals in academia and industry. The topics selected are of broad interest to both those interested in designing machines to perform intelligent functions and those interested in studying how these functions are actually performed by living organisms and generate discussion of basic and controversial issues in the study of mind. The topic of optimality was chosen because it has provoked considerable discussion and controversy in many different academic fields. There are several aspects to the issue of optimality. First, is it true that actual behavior and cognitive functions of living animals, including humans, can be considered as optimal in some sense? Second, what is the utility function for biological organisms, if any, and can it be described mathematically? Rather than organize the chapters on a "biological versus artificial" basis or by what stance they took on optimality, it seemed more natural to organize them either by what level of questions they posed or by what intelligent functions they dealt with. The book begins with some general frameworks for discussing optimality, or the lack of it, in biological or artificial systems. The next set of chapters deals with some general mathematical and computational theories that help to clarify what the notion of optimality might entail in specific classes of networks. The final section deals with optimality in the context of many different high-level issues, including exploring one's environment, understanding mental illness, linguistic communication, and social organization. The diversity of topics covered in this book is designed to stimulate interdisciplinary thinking and speculation about deep problems in intelligent system organization.

Machine Learning And Data Mining In Pattern Recognition

Author : Petra Perner
ISBN : 9783540450658
Genre : Computers
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TheInternationalConferenceonMachineLearningandDataMining(MLDM)is the third meeting in a series of biennial events, which started in 1999, organized by the Institute of Computer Vision and Applied Computer Sciences (IBaI) in Leipzig. MLDM began as a workshop and is now a conference, and has brought the topic of machine learning and data mining to the attention of the research community. Seventy-?ve papers were submitted to the conference this year. The program committeeworkedhardtoselectthemostprogressiveresearchinafairandc- petent review process which led to the acceptance of 33 papers for presentation at the conference. The 33 papers in these proceedings cover a wide variety of topics related to machine learning and data mining. The two invited talks deal with learning in case-based reasoning and with mining for structural data. The contributed papers can be grouped into nine areas: support vector machines; pattern dis- very; decision trees; clustering; classi?cation and retrieval; case-based reasoning; Bayesian models and methods; association rules; and applications. We would like to express our appreciation to the reviewers for their precise andhighlyprofessionalwork.WearegratefultotheGermanScienceFoundation for its support of the Eastern European researchers. We appreciate the help and understanding of the editorial sta? at Springer Verlag, and in particular Alfred Hofmann,whosupportedthepublicationoftheseproceedingsintheLNAIseries. Last, but not least, we wish to thank all the speakers and participants who contributed to the success of the conference.

Optimizations And Evolutions Of The Kohonen Self Organizing Map With A Focus On The Gravitationally Organized Related Mapping Artificial Neural Network Gormann

Author : Christopher Gorman
ISBN : OCLC:1076330221
Genre : Dissertations, Academic
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Self organizing neural networks are excellent tools for data processing, pattern recognition, cluster analysis, and more. The Kohonen self-organized map architecture provides a discretized representation of the input space to allow for more efficient processing and analysis. The SOM has existed for a few decades now and has successfully been utilized in the fields of pattern recognition, cluster analysis and classification, and many others. While the SOM has proven itself a very useful tool, there are still improvements that can be made to it as well as brand new architectures that can branch from it. In this thesis I present No Neuron Left Behind (NNLB), an optimizing tool designed to increase the accuracy and quality of Kohonen self-organizing maps, and GORMANN, a novel self-organizing neural network architecture which borrows from Newtonian physics and the Kohonen SOM. GORMANN implements Newton's law of universal gravitation to attract neurons to input data. I will show that NNLB helps the SOM achieve better coverage of its input data on data sets where unactivated neurons are prevalent. I will also show that the GORMANN architecture produces excellent results which are somewhat analogous to a cross between the Kohonen SOM and a topological skeleton : the input data is discretized and its key structure is extracted.

Artificial Neural Networks Icann 2007

Author : Joaquim Marques de Sá
ISBN : 9783540746959
Genre : Computers
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This book is the second of a two-volume set that constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, ICANN 2007. It features contributions related to computational neuroscience, neurocognitive studies, applications in biomedicine and bioinformatics, pattern recognition, self-organization, text mining and internet applications, signal and times series processing, vision and image processing, robotics, control, and more.

Neural Networks

Author : Satish Kumar
ISBN : 0070482926
Genre : Neural networks (Computer science)
File Size : 69. 54 MB
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Neural Networks For Pattern Recognition

Author : Albert Nigrin
ISBN : 0262140543
Genre : Computers
File Size : 76. 50 MB
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In a simple and accessible way it extends embedding field theory into areas of machine intelligence that have not been clearly dealt with before. Neural Networks for Pattern Recognition takes the pioneering work in artificial neural networks by Stephen Grossberg and his colleagues to a new level. In a simple and accessible way it extends embedding field theory into areas of machine intelligence that have not been clearly dealt with before. Following a tutorial of existing neural networks for pattern classification, Nigrin expands on these networks to present fundamentally new architectures that perform realtime pattern classification of embedded and synonymous patterns and that will aid in tasks such as vision, speech recognition, sensor fusion, and constraint satisfaction. Nigrin presents the new architectures in two stages. First he presents a network called Sonnet 1 that already achieves important properties such as the ability to learn and segment continuously varied input patterns in real time, to process patterns in a context sensitive fashion, and to learn new patterns without degrading existing categories. He then removes simplifications inherent in Sonnet 1 and introduces radically new architectures. These architectures have the power to classify patterns that may have similar meanings but that have different external appearances (synonyms). They also have been designed to represent patterns in a distributed fashion, both in short-term and long-term memory.

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