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People And Their Contexts

Author : Sally E. Mosher
ISBN : 9781465324672
Genre : History
File Size : 56. 58 MB
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This chronology was begun to fill my own needs. While preparing lectures and articles on Renaissance music, I sought general information on the period in order to place specific events in their context. I had already done considerable reading on 16th century subjects, but it had been specialized rather than general. Looking at existing chronologies, I found events listed in bullet format as one-liners with no explanation of names or terminology. The alternative was full-length books on the period, most of them extremely detailed and scholarly in tone. What I wanted was a cultural outline, with each entry self-explanatory, and containing as much information as possible about how people lived. Thus, I began to compile this cultural outline, and found the process so interesting that it continued to grow. In its present form, the chronology is a convenient vade mecum for people either generally interested in the period or researching a specific aspect of it, and it can serve any reader as an introduction to this extraordinarily vivid age. It is not intended as a substitute for scholarly texts, but rather may be a launching pad for subsequent in-depth reading in them. Throughout the 16th century, the Western world was beginning its rise to world dominance. Westerners have usually thought of the 16th century world as Euro-centered because we have relied on general histories written from the vantage point of the West, that havent included much beyond Europe and its doings. The escalation of Western dominance during the following four centuries was powered by advances in technology, spurred by insatiable curiosity, and morally undermined by a patronizing, sometimes truculent, belief in the superiority of Western civilization, race, and religion. The reality is that a number of the civilizations encountered by the exploring, conquering 16th century Europeans deserved to be considered great. Some, indeed, considered themselves superior to the Europeans. However, the Europeans prevailed, and they wrote the books. Included in this chronology are significant people, events and achievements from the non-European world, including arguably the most enlightened monarch of the century, Akbar the Great, Mughal Emperor of India, who practiced religious toleration, reduced taxes and abolished slavery. The 16th century was a time of discoveries; of firsts and the setting of precedents; of challenges to established paradigms in geography, religion and astronomy; of beauty juxtaposed with brutality and danger. Every year, a war was happening somewhere. Promises and treaties were made, and quickly abandoned as alliances shifted. The Pope was a political as well as a spiritual force, making treaties and sending armies into the field just like any other ruler. The Turks were a serious threat to Europe for the first seventy years of the century; in 1529 they laid unsuccessful siege to Vienna. The cities of Rome and Antwerp were both sacked by European armies. London suffered a serious earthquake, and Constantinople (now Istanbul) was destroyed by one. Moscow was destroyed by fire. Jews in most places and Muslims living in Spain (known to history as Moors) were persecuted. Torture was generally acceptable to both church and state, as was slavery. Under both Catholics and Protestants, witches were persecuted when witch-hunting crazes erupted sporadically throughout Europe. If the 16th century was notably the century of geography as the world was encompassed by four circumnavigations, as mapmakers enlarged people's knowledge of the earth's vastness and shape, as navigators ventured onto vast, hitherto uncharted bodies of water so also was it notably the century of religion. At the century's beginning, Europe was Catholic, and Christians dominated the Western world. At the century's end, many Protestant sects had gained important footholds all over Europe and a few countries could be considered e

Ways Out Of Social Isolation For Older People In The Context Of New Media

Author : Britta Thege
ISBN : 9783658355814
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 42. 33 MB
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The book introduces the concept of encounter CONNECT-ED from the practice of working with the elderly to impart media skills and presents empirical data on the social participation and quality of life of the participants. The research results show the potential of the Internet for older people and open up perspectives for gender- and age-sensitive advanced training opportunities.

The Context Of Redd In The Lao People S Democratic Republic Drivers Agents And Institutions

Author : Guillaume Lestrelin
ISBN : 9786021504123
Genre : Deforestation
File Size : 43. 22 MB
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This report explores the drivers (both direct and indirect) of deforestation and forest degradation and discusses the political, economic and social opportunities and constraints that will influence the design and implementation of REDD+ in Laos. The government of Laos has long sought to curb deforestation and forest degradation, and the country is receiving considerable international attention and support to implement REDD+. However, agricultural expansion, the development of industrial tree plantations, and large hydropower, mining and infrastructure projects continue to result in deforestation, with shifting cultivation and selective logging (legal and illegal) largely blamed for forest degradation. At the same time, indirect drivers of deforestation and forest degradation are rooted in a national agenda of economic growth, characterized by incentives for foreign and domestic investment in forest management and timber harvesting. As a result, Laos is becoming an important resource frontier for transnational capital and large-scale land and natural resource investments. The consequent intensification of competition for resources poses a challenge not only for forest governance, but also for the development of REDD+ policies and initiatives. In an examination of the institutions and policies defining Laos’ forestry sector and REDD+, the report reflects on lessons to be learned from past forestry and economic development policies. The government of Laos has demonstrated strong political interest in REDD+, but REDD+ implementation faces major obstacles, particularly unclear carbon rights and weak governance, with the latter attributable to poor local capacity, weak coordination among stakeholders, and minimal involvement by local communities and civil society. The report makes several recommendations for achieving effective, efficient and equitable outcomes of REDD+ in Laos: capacity building of administrative and technical staff, especially at the subnational level; clarification and harmonization of land-use planning and land allocation processes; and stronger monitoring and law enforcement in areas under high threat of deforestation and forest degradation. Furthermore, an accountable and transparent mechanism for sharing the benefits of REDD+ across levels and fully accountable consultation processes must be implemented, with the participation of not only elite and powerful actors such as domestic and foreign businesses but also local groups and civil society.

We Are In Between Rights For People Displaced In The Context Of Climate Change

Author : Vikram Kolmannskog
ISBN : 9780244027315
Genre : Law
File Size : 47. 76 MB
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Every year millions are forced to flee their homes in the context of climate change and disasters. This book explores the lives and rights of people displaced. It argues that law can be used strategically to secure more effective rights. It also emphasizes the importance of the context of law and the need to address a range of socio-economic, cultural and political factors.

Pain Management For People With Serious Illness In The Context Of The Opioid Use Disorder Epidemic

Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
ISBN : 9780309492263
Genre : Medical
File Size : 32. 6 MB
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The United States is facing an opioid use disorder epidemic with opioid overdoses killing 47,000 people in the U.S. in 2017. The past three decades have witnessed a significant increase in the prescribing of opioids for pain, based on the belief that patients were being undertreated for their pain, coupled with a widespread misunderstanding of the addictive properties of opioids. This increase in prescribing of opioids also saw a parallel increase in addiction and overdose. In an effort to address this ongoing epidemic of opioid misuse, policy and regulatory changes have been enacted that have served to limit the availability of prescription opioids for pain management. Overlooked amid the intense focus on efforts to end the opioid use disorder epidemic is the perspective of clinicians who are experiencing a significant amount of daily tension as opioid regulations and restrictions have limited their ability to treat the pain of their patients facing serious illness. Increased public and clinician scrutiny of opioid use has resulted in patients with serious illness facing stigma and other challenges when filling prescriptions for their pain medications or obtaining the prescription in the first place. Thus clinicians, patients, and their families are caught between the responses to the opioid use disorder epidemic and the need to manage pain related to serious illness. The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine sponsored a workshop on November 29, 2018, to examine these unintended consequences of the responses to the opioid use disorder epidemic for patients, families, communities, and clinicians, and to consider potential policy opportunities to address them. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Understanding People In Context

Author : Ellen P. Cook
ISBN : 9781119026495
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 32. 19 MB
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This exceptional book emphasizes uniquely designed interventions for individual counseling, group work, and community counseling that consider clients as individuals within the contexts of families, cultural groups, workplaces, and communities. Part I describes the theoretical research base and major tenets of the ecological perspective and its applications to counseling practice. In Part II, experts who have used the ecological perspective in their work discuss its usefulness in various applications, including counseling diverse clients with specific life challenges; assessment, diagnosis, and treatment planning; and in schools, substance abuse programs, faith-based communities, and counselor training programs. *Requests for digital versions from the ACA can be found on wiley.com. *To request print copies, please visit the ACA website here. *Reproduction requests for material from books published by ACA should be directed to [email protected]

Improving Educational Equity In Urban Contexts

Author : Carlo Raffo
ISBN : 9781136659010
Genre : Education
File Size : 41. 37 MB
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An enduring educational concern that has plagued researchers and policy makers in a number of affluent countries is the endemic nature of educational inequalities. These inequalities highlight distinct differences in the educational skills, knowledge, capabilities and credentials between learners’ demographic characteristics. They also point to issues of educational disadvantage that emanate from a combination of factors including family life, communities, the geographies of space and place, gender and ethnicity. This book examines some of the causes and responses to educational inequalities, and focuses upon poor urban contexts where educational disadvantage is at its most concentrated, and where educational policy and practice has, over time, proliferated. It questions how wider inequities experienced by young people in urban contexts generate educational inequalities and disadvantage, detailing explicitly what an equitable approach to education might look like. Included in the book is an innovative educational equity framework and toolkit with illustrative policy and practice case studies, bringing together unique scholarship and analysis to examine future educational policy in a holistic, comprehensive and equitable way. It will be valuable reading for postgraduate students, researchers and policy makers with an interest in education and educational equity.

Managing People And Organizations In Changing Contexts

Author : Graeme Martin
ISBN : 9780750680004
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 72. 13 MB
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Managing People and Organizations in Changing Contexts addresses the contemporary problems faced by managers in dealing with people, organizations and managing change in a theoretically-informed and practical way. This textbook is a contemporary and relevant alternative to the standard works that cover material on Organization Behaviour and Human Resource Management because it approaches people management from the perspective of managers and aspiring managers. The book has an international orientation and many of the cases and examples in the book reflect this. It addresses the problems that managers face in managing people in old and new economy organisations and is interdisciplinary in its approach, including contributions from management, organisational behaviour, HRM, strategy, marketing and reputation management, and technology. This text meets the requirements of managers, leaders and students in managing people in contemporary and changing contexts. Managing People and Organizations in Changing Contexts offers: * a contemporary and relevant edge with an original structure * awareness of international and current trends and up-to-the-minute detail. * cases based on original research and consulting experience * new material on the role of management and leadership, technology and reputation management, and covers much of the material for CIPD's core management standards * material that has been tested with managers and students in Europe, the USA and Asia * a website on http://textbooks.elsevier.com providing international cases and answers to cases, links to websites, etc, for tutors * Addresses the contemporary problems faced by managers in dealing with people, organisations and managing change in a rigorous and practical way. * The book has a contemporary and relevant edge to it with an original structure and consistent awareness of current trends * Covers the CIPDs core management standards and the author is seeking accreditation/exemption from them.

Self Care Nursing In A Multicultural Context

Author : Juliene G. Lipson
ISBN : UOM:39015043249260
Genre : Medical
File Size : 32. 40 MB
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As health care reform increasingly emphasizes preventative care and health promotion it is becoming increasingly important for individuals to attain and maintain good health. In Self-Care Nursing in a Multicultural Context, authors Juliene Lipson and Nancy Steiger seek to provide nurses and other health care professionals with the tools necessary to teach clients how to think through and decide how to take care of themselves and when to seek professional care, whether in health or in chronic or acute illness. This informative volume intersects two important issues in nursing--self-care and culturally component care. It proceeds from the premise that self-care is a powerful philosophical, biological, and psychological basis for nursing practice in a variety of settings. Cultural issues are stressed throughout the volume, including a section on cross-cultural communication and cultural influences on learning styles. The book is divided into four sections: the historical and theoretical aspects of self-care; the components of health such as nutrition, activity, and stress management; and the impact of self-care in light of health care reform, changing health care settings, and the concept of health communities. Health care professionals as well as students at both the undergraduate and graduate levels will find the volume imminently practical and relevant to their work.

Changes In The Context For Creating Knowledge

Author : George Keller
ISBN : UOM:39015032516109
Genre : Education, Higher
File Size : 51. 27 MB
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Studies Of Work And The Workplace In Hci

Author : Graham Button
ISBN : 9781598299885
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 63. 59 MB
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This book has two purposes. First, to introduce the study of work and the workplace as a method for informing the design of computer systems to be used at work. We primarily focus on the predominant way in which the organization of work has been approached within the field of human-computer interaction (HCI), which is from the perspective of ethnomethodology. We locate studies of work in HCI within its intellectual antecedents, and describe paradigmatic examples and case studies. Second, we hope to provide those who are intending to conduct the type of fieldwork that studies of work and the workplace draw off with suggestions as to how they can go about their own work of developing observations about the settings they encounter. These suggestions take the form of a set of maxims that we have found useful while conducting the studies we have been involved in. We draw from our own fieldwork notes in order to illustrate these maxims. In addition we also offer some homilies about how to make observations; again, these are ones we have found useful in our own work. Table of Contents: Motivation / Overview: A Paradigmatic Case / Scientific Foundations / Detailed Description / Case Study / How to Conduct Ethnomethodological Studies of Work / Making Observations / Current Status

How God Is Perceived By Some Christians In Phalombe In The Context Of 1991 Flush Floods And How This Perception Of God Compares With The Gospel

Author : Dzimbiri Evans
ISBN : STANFORD:36105124288569
Genre : God
File Size : 85. 1 MB
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The Outlook On Supplementary Pensions In The Context Of Demographic Economic And Social Change

Author : European Commission
ISBN : UOM:39015043042863
Genre : Demography
File Size : 45. 46 MB
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Migration Remittances And Gender In The Context Of Development

Author : Keiko Osaki
ISBN : UCSD:31822031111362
Genre : Labor mobility
File Size : 42. 82 MB
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The study also demonstrated that poor economic status of origin households is an important explanatory variable for the out-migration of its members and their remittance behavior. Thus, remittances made by out-migrants were crucial resources for many households to overcome capital constraints or to ensure their survival. However, no evidence was found that remittances were channeled to economically productive investment. Therefore, policy measures to provide households with income-generating opportunities and encourage the utilization of remittances for development were suggested.

Forestry In The Context Of Rural Development

Author : Niels Elers Koch
ISBN : MINN:31951D020310226
Genre : Forest policy
File Size : 86. 36 MB
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Trialogue And Terror

Author : Alan L. Berger
ISBN : 9781608995462
Genre : Religion
File Size : 45. 26 MB
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This volume addresses the promise and peril of post-9/11 interfaith trialogue. In fifteen clearly written and insightful essays, distinguished scholars of different faiths and divergent world views guide readers toward an informed understanding of the role of religion and the basic teachings of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam in the aftermath of the September 11 terror attacks on the United States. Acknowledging commonalities, these essays also shed light on the essential differences among the teachings of the Abrahamic traditions and raise pivotal questions regarding humanity's future: What prompted the carnage? What has changed since then? What remains to be achieved? Dispelling ignorance about the religious other is a necessary but only a first step toward achieving a durable and effective trialogue. In an increasingly perilous and interconnected world where the effects of globalization are yet to be fully recognized, interfaith trialogue holds out the hope of genuine movement toward a more peaceful coexistence.

Philo S Portrayal Of Moses In The Context Of Ancient Judaism

Author : Louis H. Feldman
ISBN : STANFORD:36105131709623
Genre : History
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Philo's Portrayal of Moses in the Context of Ancient Judaism presents the most comprehensive study of Philo's De Vita Mosis that exists in any language. Feldman, well known for his work on Josephus and ancient Judaism, here paves new ground using rabbinic material with philological precision to illuminate important parallels and differences between Philo's writing on Moses and rabbinic literature. One way in which Hellenistic culture marginalized Judaism was by exposing the apparent defects in Moses' life and character. Philo's De vita Mosis is a counterattack to these charges and is a vital piece of his attempt to reconcile Judaism and Hellenism. Feldman rigorously examines the text and shows how Philo presents an aretalogy similar to that of a mythical divine and heroic figure, by glorifying the birth, education, and virtues of Moses. Feldman demonstrates that Philo is careful to explain in a scientific way those portions of the Bible, particularly miracles, that appear incredible to his skeptical Hellenistic readers. Through Feldman's careful analysis, Moses emerges as unique among ancient lawgivers. Philo's Portrayal of Moses in the Context of Ancient Judaism mirrors the organization of Philo's biography of Moses, which is in two books, the first, in the style of Plutarch, proceeding chronologically, and the second, in the style of Suetonius, arranged topically. Feldman's book discusses the life of Moses chronologically and in the third chapter examines his virtues topically. Feldman compares the particular features of Philo's portrait of Moses with the way in which Moses is viewed both by Jewish sources in antiquity (including Pseudo-Philo; Josephus; Graeco-Jewish historians, poets, and philosophers; and in the Apocrypha, Pseudepigrapha, Samaritan tradition, Dead Sea Scrolls, and rabbinic tradition) and by non-Jewish sources, notably the Greek and Roman writers who mention him. "This book is a gold mine of information. In two sections that follow the arrangement of Philo's two treatises on the life of Moses, Feldman expertly sets forth an impressive array of material from Philo, other Jewish sources, and non-Jewish sources. Each section on the life of Moses and on his virtues is clearly and helpfully organized into many subsections, and Feldman discusses each topic with characteristic erudition. This is the first book-length study to focus on these Philonic and other traditions about Moses, and readers from a variety of disciplines will find much here to appreciate." --Ellen Birnbaum, author of The Place of Judaism in Philo's Thought: Israel, Jews, and Proselytes "Feldman provides a characteristically thorough, even exhaustive, discussion of Philo's Life of Moses, informed by his unsurpassed knowledge of both Jewish and classical literature. This is a very substantial and welcome contribution to the detailed analysis of the major Jewish philosopher of antiquity." --John J. Collins, Yale Divinity School "This book represents the first full-length treatment of Philo's portrait of Moses in the De vita Moysis. The work is erudite and careful. As is characteristic of Professor Feldman's work as a whole, the strongest quality of this book is it comprehensive nature and encyclopedic learning. It will appeal to a significant number of scholars and students from a wide range of disciplines, including Second Temple Judaism, Rabbinic Judaism, New Testament, and the Early Church." --Gregory E. Sterling, associate professor of theology, University of Notre Dame

The Context Of Colonization

Author : Peter Charles Hoffer
ISBN : STANFORD:36105040673571
Genre : History
File Size : 64. 80 MB
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Organizational Psychology

Author : David A. Kolb
ISBN : UCSC:32106008842459
Genre : Management
File Size : 71. 58 MB
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Leerboek voor studenten en managers

Long Term Economic Development

Author : Andreas Pyka
ISBN : 9783642351259
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 58. 52 MB
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The book gives an overview of important research topics recently addressed in evolutionary Neo-Schumpeterian Economics. The list of research questions and applications of Neo-Schumpeterian reasoning impressively demonstrates the rich possibilities ranging from theoretical issues addressing human behaviour to applied areas like the emergence of biotechnology in developing countries, the role of innovation on financial markets and the R&D strategies of multinational enterprises. The chapters in this book bring together a rich set of new analytical and empirical methodologies which allow for new relevant and rigorous insights in innovation processes which are responsible for economic development and structural change.​

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