perceptual-control-theory

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Perceptual Control Theory

Author : William T. Powers
ISBN : 9781938090127
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 69. 14 MB
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These introductions and readings provide a comprehensive range of information for the study of Perceptual Control Theory—papers, books, book reviews, resources on-line, demos and tutorial programs for your computer. Perceptual Control Theory, PCT, results from one man's curiosity, expertise, creativity and determination. The articles, books, and tutorial programs introduced in this volume would not have been written, certainly not this way, if it were not for William T. (Bill) Powers's seminal insight and tireless efforts across more that sixty years. The PCT explanation for what behavior is, how it works and what it accomplishes is well documented. It lays a foundation for a new natural science and can handle behavioral phenomena within a single testable concept of how living systems work. You can demonstrate it yourself with functioning computer simulations. Whether you are interested in improving education, resolving chronic psychological stress, understanding what is going on with an inconsolable baby, understanding the basis for our universal sense of justice, getting a different take on what emotions are, resolving conflict in general, becoming a better parent, manager, sales person, friend or lover, you will find fascinating insight when you review these readings and study this new explanatory concept with care.

The Interdisciplinary Handbook Of Perceptual Control Theory

Author : Warren Mansell
ISBN : 9780128189498
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 67. 87 MB
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The Interdisciplinary Handbook of Perceptual Control Theory brings together the latest research, theory, and applications from W. T. Powers’ Perceptual Control Theory (PCT) that proposes that the behavior of a living organism lies in the control of perceived aspects of both itself and its environment. Sections cover theory, the application of PCT to a broad range of disciplines, why perceptual control is fundamental to understanding human nature, a new way to do research on brain processes and behavior, how the role of natural selection in behavior can be demystified, how engineers can emulate human purposeful behavior in robots, and much more. Each chapter includes an author biography to set the context of their work within the development of PCT. Presents case studies that show how PCT can be applied in different disciplines Illustrates the Test for the Controlled Variable (TCV) and the construction of functional models as fruitful alternatives to mainstream experimental design when studying behavior Shows how theory illuminates structure and functions in brain anatomy Compares and contrasts PCT with other contemporary, interdisciplinary theories

Perceptual Control Theory

Author : William T. Powers
ISBN : 9780974015583
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 87. 57 MB
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Powers presents a broad-based sampling of the literature on Perceptual Control Theory, its scientific nature, and some applications that explain what behavior is, how it works, and what it accomplishes.

Perceptual Control Theory

Author : Marcos Aurelio Rodrigues
ISBN : 0903878194
Genre : Control theory
File Size : 44. 29 MB
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Task Analysis Applications Of Perceptual Control Theory

Author : D. L. Phipps
ISBN : OCLC:1109537662
Genre :
File Size : 73. 7 MB
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Teaching Children And Youth Self Control

Author : John W. Maag
ISBN : UVA:X006006334
Genre : Education
File Size : 76. 80 MB
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This monograph discusses using an approach based on perceptual control theory (PCT) to teach self-control to children and youth with emotional and behavioral disorders. PCT is described as a general approach to understanding self-regulated systems that relies on the theory that behavior controls an individual's perceptions rather than the perceptions controlling behavior generally assumed by most people. After an introductory chapter, Chapter 2, "Overview of Perceptual Control Theory," describes the basic tenets of PCT and includes real-life examples, describes the levels of PCT, and compares PCT to some traditional conceptualizations of behavior to provide a frame of reference for the intervention techniques. Chapter 3, "Questioning Method for Getting Children and Youth to Think," describes the rationale for questioning children and youth and provides five recommended questions for teaching self-control. Chapter 4, "Teaching Children and Youth to Make a Plan," discusses the five components in this process, including identifying an area for improvement, setting a measurable goal, creating a detailed outline, self-monitoring performances, and setting up a feedback chart depicting process. A sample planning sheet and feedback chart are provided. A concluding chapter describes ways for dealing with children and youth who continually break rules. (Contains 34 references.) (CR)

People As Living Things

Author : Philip Julian Runkel
ISBN : 9780974015507
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 26. 50 MB
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Runkel links Perceptual Control Theory (PCT) thinking to psychological literature and discusses it against that background.

Making Sense Of Behavior

Author : William Treval Powers
ISBN : 0964712156
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 67. 75 MB
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The along-anticipated work on Perceptual Control Theory (PCT) by the originator of this system of ideas, written for the general public in nontechnical language. Back cover copy by Richard S. Marken, Senior Behavior Scientist, The RAND Corporation. "Some of the best science is done by people who refust to take the obvious for granted. Copernicuss didn't take the sun's daily trek across the sky for granted, Einstein didn't take the regular tick of time for granted, and William T. Powers didn't take the appearance of behavior for granted...A number of scientsts, impressed by the power and beauty of control theory as applied to behavior, have devoted their research efforts to testing and expanding Powers' ideas on living control systems. Obviously, I am one of them. I knew after reading Behavior: the Control of Perception (Powers, 1973) that Powers had something very important to say.

How Can Control In Anorexia Nervosa Be Understood In The Framework Of Perceptual Control Theory?

Author : Katarzyna Murach
ISBN : OCLC:1181419645
Genre :
File Size : 32. 69 MB
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Identity Theory

Author : Peter J. Burke
ISBN : 9780199736744
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 25. 42 MB
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The concept of identity has become widespread within the social and behavioral sciences in recent years, cutting across disciplines from psychiatry and psychology to political science and sociology. All individuals claim particular identities given their roles in society, groups they belong to, and characteristics that describe themselves. Introduced almost 30 years ago, identity theory is a social psychological theory that attempts to understand identities, their sources in interaction and society, their processes of operation, and their consequences for interaction and society from a sociological perspective. This book describes identity theory, its origins, the research that supports it, and its future direction. It covers the relation between identity theory and other related theories, as well as the nature and operation of identities. In addition, the book discusses the multiple identities individuals hold from their multiple positions in society and organizations as well as the multiple identities activated by many people interacting in groups and organizations. And, it covers the manner in which identities offer both stability and change to individuals. Written in an accessible style, Identity Theory makes, step by step, the full range of this powerful new theory understandable to readers at all levels.

The Study Of Living Control Systems

Author : Richard S. Marken
ISBN : 1108485588
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 67. 80 MB
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This book is a guide to doing a new kind of psychological research that focuses on the purposes rather than the causes of behavior. The research methods described here are based on a theory of behaviour called Perceptual Control Theory (PCT) that views organisms as purposeful rather than mechanical systems. According to PCT, purposeful behaviour involves acting to control perceptual input variables. Thus, understanding the purposeful behaviour of living organisms is a matter of determining the perceptual variables they are controlling when they are carrying out various behaviors. This book outlines research methods that determine what perceptual variables an organism is controlling, how it controls those variables, and why. It also describes methods for studying how an organism develops the ability to control different perceptions and how consciousness might be involved in this process.

Prospects For Artificial Intelligence

Author : David Hogg
ISBN : 9051991266
Genre : Computers
File Size : 20. 16 MB
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Dealing with the theme of prospects for artificial inteligence as the general science of intelligence, this work covers a wide range of topics. It attempts to identify trends and projects into the future, instead of simply surveying past achievements.

A Transdiagnostic Approach To Cbt Using Method Of Levels Therapy

Author : Warren Mansell
ISBN : 9781136173042
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 46. 1 MB
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Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is the treatment of choice for most mental health problems. Each different problem is usually treated by a different model of CBT. Yet evidence tells us that the same processes are responsible for long term distress in us all. This handy manual draws on evidence and theory to provide the key principles to aid change and recovery. The transdiagnostic approach is supported by a wealth of evidence that processes such as worry, emotion suppression, self-criticism and avoidance maintain distress across psychological disorders. Perceptual Control Theory (PCT) explains all of these processes as forms of ‘inflexible control’, and Method of Levels Therapy (MOL) helps people to let go of these habits. The principles and techniques of MOL are clearly and practically described for clinicians to offer a transdiagnostic CBT that is tailor-made to the goals of each client. This novel volume will be essential reading for novice and experienced CBT therapists, as well as counsellors and psychotherapists. Its accessible explanation of Perceptual Control Theory and its application to real world problems also makes a useful resource for undergraduates, graduates and researchers in psychology.

Library Of Congress Subject Headings

Author : Library of Congress
ISBN : WISC:89116883331
Genre : Subject headings, Library of Congress
File Size : 31. 97 MB
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Cognitive Behavioural Approaches To The Understanding And Treatment Of Dissociation

Author : Fiona Kennedy
ISBN : 9781135050047
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 31. 24 MB
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The study of dissociation is relevant to anyone undertaking research or treatment of mental health problems. Cognitive Behavioural Approaches to the Understanding and Treatment of Dissociation uses a cognitive approach to de-mystify the processes involved in linking traumatic incidents to their effects. Kennedy, Kennerley and Pearson present a full and comprehensive understanding of mental health problems involving dissociative disorders and their treatment, bringing together an international range of experts. Each chapter addresses a single topic in full, including assessment of previous research from a cognitive perspective, recommendations for treatment and case studies to illustrate clinical approaches. Using an evidence-based scientific approach combined with the wisdom of clinical experience, the authors make the relevance of dissociation immediately recognisable to those familiar with PTSD, dissociative identity disorder, eating disorders, hallucinations and a wide range of psychological and non-organic physical health disorders. Designed to provide new perspectives on both research and treatment, Cognitive Behavioural Approaches to the Understanding and Treatment of Dissociation includes a wide range of material that will appeal to clinicians, academics and students.

Comparative Approaches To Cognitive Science

Author : H. L. Roitblat
ISBN : 0262181665
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 87. 88 MB
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Consolidating a series of recent advances in cognitive science, this work describes an animal-based, largely non-symbolic approach to understanding basic mechanisms in adaptive intelligence. It explains concepts and techniques in 20 contributions that provide a balance of both theoretical and empirical approaches.

Dialogue Concerning The Two Chief Approaches To A Science Of Life

Author : William T. Powers
ISBN : 9780974015514
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 31. 78 MB
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Correspondence between William T. Powers, originator of Perceptual Control Theory, PCT, and Philip J. Runkel, professor of psychology and education at the University of Oregon. 500 pages of original letters show how Phil Runkel reevaluated everything he knew about psychology. This focused correspondence deals with the science (or lack thereof) and (inappropriate) methods used in psychology while introducing a new approach to a new natural science of psychology. Enclosures that go with the letters are available on the web.

Bilingualism

Author : Joel Walters
ISBN : 9781135612870
Genre : Education
File Size : 68. 25 MB
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In the past 30 years, the study of bilingualism processing has been conducted independently by two fields, psycholinguistics and sociolinguistics. This volume merges these two fields, addressing one of the tough problems dividing researchers in bilingualism, conceptually as well as methodologically. Joel Walters proposes a new approach to bilingualism processing--the Sociopragmatic-Psycholinguistic (SPPL) Model--which presents language as a social phenomenon. The author accomplishes this by identifying and organizing evidence from a wide range of linguistic disciplines, merging sociopragmatics, discourse analysis, and ethnography with social cognition, psycholinguistics, and neuroscience. By extension, the author offers convincing explanations of how related fields can profit from a comprehensive bilingual processing model. As a result, Joel Walters delivers a well-organized, comprehensive model that is thought through at every level. This book appeals to graduate students, scholars in the fields of linguistics, bilingualism, second language acquisition, psycholinguistics, and sociolinguistics. It is useful to researchers for its comprehensiveness and methodological acumen and may be appropriate as a supplementary textbook for graduate-level courses in bilingualism or for seminars on similar topics.

Discipline For Home And School

Author : Edward E. Ford
ISBN : 0961671661
Genre : Discipline of children
File Size : 35. 24 MB
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Control In The Classroom

Author : Timothy A. Carey
ISBN : 9781938090103
Genre : Education
File Size : 26. 30 MB
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Have you ever wondered how learning happens? Control in the Classroom introduces the main ideas of a profound explanation of human behavior and then applies these ideas to the issue of curriculum delivery. This illuminating explanation, known as Perceptual Control Theory, shows that control is the fundamental phenomenon at the core of the business of living. Control is critical in the classroom - both for teachers and for students. From this perspective, teaching can be considered to be a process of helping students develop greater control capabilities. The first part of the book introduces the theory in an easy-to-read, light-hearted style. Through an abundance of examples the principles of the theory are applied both to classroom activity and life in general. You might even discover that understanding this theory helps you in other areas of your life, not only in teaching. The second part of the book addresses specific aspects of curriculum delivery such as lesson plans and goal setting. Forms are provided to help you develop expertise in this approach. Examples of completed forms are included as well. This exciting and intriguing book will be an invaluable resource for both inexperienced and seasoned teachers. Any educator who wants to improve life in the classroom by taking a behind-the-scenes peek at what might be going on when students learn will be delighted with this book. By taking some time to understand the important principles and becoming familiar with the suggested forms and practices, teachers will be able to help themselves and their students have more rewarding experiences in the classroom. With this book in your collection, walking into your classroom really will be embarking on an adventure in learning and achievement.

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