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Phantoms In The Brain

Author : V. S. Ramachandran
ISBN : 0688172172
Genre : Medical
File Size : 39. 32 MB
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Neuroscientist V.S. Ramachandran is internationally renowned for uncovering answers to the deep and quirky questions of human nature that few scientists have dared to address. His bold insights about the brain are matched only by the stunning simplicity of his experiments -- using such low-tech tools as cotton swabs, glasses of water and dime-store mirrors. In Phantoms in the Brain, Dr. Ramachandran recounts how his work with patients who have bizarre neurological disorders has shed new light on the deep architecture of the brain, and what these findings tell us about who we are, how we construct our body image, why we laugh or become depressed, why we may believe in God, how we make decisions, deceive ourselves and dream, perhaps even why we're so clever at philosophy, music and art. Some of his most notable cases: A woman paralyzed on the left side of her body who believes she is lifting a tray of drinks with both hands offers a unique opportunity to test Freud's theory of denial. A man who insists he is talking with God challenges us to ask: Could we be "wired" for religious experience? A woman who hallucinates cartoon characters illustrates how, in a sense, we are all hallucinating, all the time. Dr. Ramachandran's inspired medical detective work pushes the boundaries of medicine's last great frontier -- the human mind -- yielding new and provocative insights into the "big questions" about consciousness and the self.

Phantoms In The Brain

Author : V. S. Ramachandran
ISBN : 0007253893
Genre : Brain
File Size : 74. 39 MB
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Phantoms In The Brain

Author :
ISBN : OCLC:912480886
Genre :
File Size : 57. 26 MB
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The Tell Tale Brain

Author : V. S. Ramachandran
ISBN : 9781448106844
Genre : Science
File Size : 69. 27 MB
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John, aged sixty, suffered a stroke and recovered fully, except in one respect: although he can see perfectly, he can no longer recognise faces, even his own reflection in a mirror. Whenever Francesca touches a particular texture, she experiences a vivid emotion: denim = extreme sadness; wax = embarrassment; orange peel = shock. Jimmie, whose left arm was recently amputated, can still feel it - and it's itchy. Our brains are the most enchanting and complex things in the known universe - but what happens when they go wrong? Dr V. S. Ramachandran, 'the Sherlock Holmes of brain science' and one of the world's leading neuroscientists, has spent a lifetime working with patients who suffer from rare and baffling brain conditions. In The Tell-Tale Brain, he tells their stories, and explores what they reveal about the greatest mystery of them all: how our minds work, and what makes each of us so uniquely human.

Equinox

Author : V. S. Ramachandran
ISBN : OCLC:505171516
Genre :
File Size : 43. 43 MB
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Unraveling The Mystery Of Missing Limbs

Author : Mary Hertz Scarbrough
ISBN : 0325106096
Genre : Nervous system
File Size : 90. 83 MB
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"How can a person without an arm or a leg still feel pain or tingling from that missing limb? Phantom limbs and the pain that often comes with them have puzzled scientists and patients for centuries. Mysteries remain, but we now have some understanding of the complicated relationship between phantom limbs and the brain."--page 4 of cover.

Sleights Of Mind

Author : Stephen Macknik
ISBN : 1429951087
Genre : Science
File Size : 40. 79 MB
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"This book doesn't just promise to change the way you think about sleight of hand and David Copperfield—it will also change the way you think about the mind." —Jonah Lehrer, author of How We Decide and Proust Was A Neuroscientist Stephen Macknik and Susana Martinez-Conde, the founders of the exciting new discipline of neuromagic, have convinced some of the world's greatest magicians to allow scientists to study their techniques for tricking the brain. This book is the result of the authors' yearlong, world-wide exploration of magic and how its principles apply to our behavior. Magic tricks fool us because humans have hardwired processes of attention and awareness that are hackable—a good magician uses your mind's own intrinsic properties against you in a form of mental jujitsu. Now magic can reveal how our brains work in everyday situations. For instance, if you've ever bought an expensive item you'd sworn you'd never buy, the salesperson was probably a master at creating the "illusion of choice," a core technique of magic. The implications of neuromagic go beyond illuminating our behavior; early research points to new approaches for everything from the diagnosis of autism to marketing techniques and education. Sleights of Mind makes neuroscience fun and accessible by unveiling the key connections between magic and the mind.

The Emerging Mind

Author : V. S. Ramachandran
ISBN : 1861973039
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 86. 39 MB
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A scintillating introduction to the latest thinking on the brain and the mind by the world's leading expert. Neuroscience can now begin to unlock the key to the self. Our knowledge of the brain has progressed so rapidly that it will change the way we think of ourselves as human beings. It will change our notion of understanding. This is a revolution which will have impact on all our lives. Neuroscientists are gathering new empirical evidence about consciousness and human nature; they are picking up where the great earlier thinkers like Freud, Darwin, Charcot and others began. This evidence begins to give substance to some of the grand statements and intuitive leaps made in the nineteenth and early twentieth century about the nature of the self.

The Three Pound Enigma

Author : Shannon Moffett
ISBN : 9781565128903
Genre : Science
File Size : 37. 89 MB
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“A riveting account of not only the newest research on the brain but of the scientists doing the work.” —Seed magazine The average human brain weighs three pounds—80 percent of which is water—and yet it's capable of outstripping the computational and storage capacities of the most complex computer. But how the mind works remains one of humankind’s greatest mysteries. This book introduces us to the neuroscientists, neurosurgeons, researchers, and others who are grappling with provocative questions: Why do we dream? How does memory work? How do we see? What happens when we think? Each chapter delves into a different aspect of the brain, following the experts as they chart new ground. The author takes us to a lab where fMRI scans reveal the multitude of stimuli that our brains unconsciously take in; inside an operating room where a neurosurgeon removes a bullet from a patient's skull; to the lab of Christof Koch, a neuroscientist tracking individual neurons in order to crack the code of consciousness; and to a research lab where scientists are investigating the relationship between dreams and waking life. She also takes us beyond the scientific world—to a Zen monk's zendo, where she explores the effects of meditation on the brain; inside the home of a woman suffering from dissociative identity disorder; to a conference with the philosopher Daniel Dennett, who uses illusions, magic tricks, and logic to challenge our assumptions about the mind; and to the home of the late Nobel Laureate Francis Crick, co-discoverer with James Watson of DNA’s double-helix structure. With fascinating case studies and a timeline tracking the development of the brain from conception to death, The Three-Pound Enigma is a remarkable exploration of what it means to be human. “Immensely enjoyable.” —V.S. Ramachandran, author of Phantoms in the Brain

A Brief Tour Of Human Consciousness

Author : V. S. Ramachandran
ISBN : 9780131872783
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 56. 58 MB
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How can some people come to believe that their poodle is an impostor? Or see colors in numbers? Internationally acclaimed neuroscientist V.S. Ramachandran now shares his unique insight into human consciousness in an entertaining, inspiring, and intellectually dazzling brief tour of the ultimate frontier—the thoughts in our heads. A Brief Tour of Human Consciousness is made up of five investigations of the greatest mysteries of the brain, including: -how amputees feel pain in limbs they no longer have, which introduces the great revolution of our age: neuroscience -the way what we see determines our thoughts, and the counterintuitive point that believing is in fact seeing -why, the world over, cultures have fundamentally similar notions of what is attractive -the bizarre world of synesthetes, people who see colors in numbers, textures in smells, sounds in sights, and flavors in sounds -the implications of the revolution in our understanding of consciousness, to make a fascinating argument about our essential sense of self and its distributed nature

On Intelligence

Author : Jeff Hawkins
ISBN : 9781429900454
Genre : Computers
File Size : 85. 45 MB
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From the inventor of the PalmPilot comes a new and compelling theory of intelligence, brain function, and the future of intelligent machines Jeff Hawkins, the man who created the PalmPilot, Treo smart phone, and other handheld devices, has reshaped our relationship to computers. Now he stands ready to revolutionize both neuroscience and computing in one stroke, with a new understanding of intelligence itself. Hawkins develops a powerful theory of how the human brain works, explaining why computers are not intelligent and how, based on this new theory, we can finally build intelligent machines. The brain is not a computer, but a memory system that stores experiences in a way that reflects the true structure of the world, remembering sequences of events and their nested relationships and making predictions based on those memories. It is this memory-prediction system that forms the basis of intelligence, perception, creativity, and even consciousness. In an engaging style that will captivate audiences from the merely curious to the professional scientist, Hawkins shows how a clear understanding of how the brain works will make it possible for us to build intelligent machines, in silicon, that will exceed our human ability in surprising ways. Written with acclaimed science writer Sandra Blakeslee, On Intelligence promises to completely transfigure the possibilities of the technology age. It is a landmark book in its scope and clarity.

Encyclopedia Of The Human Brain

Author :
ISBN : 0122272102
Genre : Brain
File Size : 67. 10 MB
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A Brief Tour Of Human Consciousness

Author : V. S. Ramachandran
ISBN : UOM:39076002398761
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 84. 49 MB
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"How can people come to believe that their poodle is an impostor? Or see colors in numbers? Francis Crick, co-discoverer of DNA, said of V. S. Ramachandran's first book, "The patients he describes are fascinating, and his experiments on them are both simple and ingenious." With his unique energy and style Ramachandran now shares his insights into the mind from such everyday human experiences as pain, sight, and the appreciation of beauty to the ultimate philosophical conundrums of consciousness."--BOOK JACKET.

Encyclopedia Of Human Behavior

Author :
ISBN : 0122269241
Genre : Education
File Size : 28. 67 MB
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Naked Seeing

Author : Christopher Hatchell
ISBN : 9780199982912
Genre : Religion
File Size : 55. 10 MB
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Buddhism is in many ways a visual tradition, with its well-known practices of visualization, its visual arts, its epistemological writings that discuss the act of seeing, and its literature filled with images and metaphors of light. Some Buddhist traditions are also visionary, advocating practices by which meditators seek visions that arise before their eyes. Naked Seeing investigates such practices in the context of two major esoteric traditions, the Wheel of Time (Kalacakra) and the Great Perfection (Dzogchen). Both of these experimented with sensory deprivation, and developed yogas involving long periods of dwelling in dark rooms or gazing at the open sky. These produced unusual experiences of seeing, which were used to pursue some of the classic Buddhist questions about appearances, emptiness, and the nature of reality. Along the way, these practices gave rise to provocative ideas and suggested that, rather than being apprehended through internal insight, religious truths might also be seen in the exterior world-realized through the gateway of the eyes. Christopher Hatchell presents the intellectual and literary histories of these practices, and also explores the meditative techniques and physiology that underlie their distinctive visionary experiences. The book also offers for the first time complete English translations of three major Tibetan texts on visionary practice: a Kalacakra treatise by Yumo Mikyo Dorjé, The Lamp Illuminating Emptiness, a Nyingma Great Perfection work called The Tantra of the Blazing Lamps, and a Bön Great Perfection work called Advice on the Six Lamps, along with a detailed commentary on this by Drugom Gyalwa Yungdrung.

Chiasmi International 17

Author : Aa. Vv.
ISBN : 9788869770920
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 32. 36 MB
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Textes de – Texts by – testi diRenaud Barbaras, Dorel Bucur, Lamberto Colombo, Anna Caterina Dalmasso, Caterina di Fazio, Claire Dodeman, Annabelle Dufourcq, Guy-Félix Duportail, Michaël Foessel, Anna Petronella Foultier, Jacques Garelli (†), Frédéric Jacquet, Randall Johnson, Christopher Lapierre, Leonard Lawlor, Isabelle Letellier, Catherine Malabou, Rita Messori, Ron Morstyn, Eugène Nicole, Jean-Philippe Pierron, Gleisson Roberto Schmidt

The Science Review Article

Author : Judy Noguchi
ISBN : 3039104268
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 69. 23 MB
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This volume presents the science review article as an opportune genre for introducing rhetorical diversity into scientific communities. First, it discusses the theoretical issues involved in applying the notion of a discourse community to that of an international science discourse community and examines the practical issues faced by writers who must use a language system that is not their mother tongue in order to become active participants. The review article is argued to be important in shaping the views of scientific discourse communities. Next, based on specialist informant and linguistic findings, review articles are classified into four different types according to their focus: history, status quo, theory/model or issue. Finally, practical suggestions for teaching how to write a review article are offered based on a framework of Moves and Steps, which can be expanded to the teaching of other genres.

Mental Health And Mental Disorders An Encyclopedia Of Conditions Treatments And Well Being 3 Volumes

Author : Len Sperry
ISBN : 9781440803833
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 58. 41 MB
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Serving as an indispensable resource for students and general-interest readers alike, this three-volume work provides a comprehensive view of mental health that covers both mental well-being and mental illness. • Provides exhaustive content that affords readers a holistic understanding of mental health and mental disorders • Features extensive cross-referencing that allows readers to easily see connections and relationships between different entries • Offers end-of-entry further readings that serve as a gateway to additional information for study • Reflects on common perceptions and portrayals of mental health through a variety of pop culture-oriented entries that focus on subjects such as television shows and movies

Autoradiographic Biological Brain Phantoms For Emission Tomography

Author : Douglas Andrew Dougherty
ISBN : OCLC:43548353
Genre : Brain
File Size : 88. 60 MB
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Systematic Changes In Body Image Following Formation Of Phantom Limbs

Author : Nobuyuki Inui
ISBN : 9811014590
Genre : Medical
File Size : 80. 89 MB
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This book presents new findings on body image and also introduces new neuroscience-based methods for the fields of neurology and neurorehabilitation. Even when the hand is stationary we know its position – information that is needed by the brain to plan movements. If the sensory input from a limb is removed as the result of an accident, or as part of an experiment with local anesthesia, then a ‘phantom’ limb commonly develops. We used ischemic anesthesia of one limb to study the mechanisms that define this phenomenon. Surprisingly, if the fingers, wrist, elbow, ankle, and knee are extended before and during an ischemic block, then the perceived limb is flexed at the joint and vice versa. Furthermore, the limb is perceived to move continuously with no default position. The key parameter for these illusory changes in limb position is the difference in discharge rates between afferents in the flexor and extensor muscles at a joint. The final position of the phantom limb depends on its initial position, suggesting that a body image uses incoming proprioceptive information for determination of starting points and endpoints when generating movements. In addition, the change in position does not involve limb postures that are anatomically impossible, suggesting that illusory posture is constrained by body maps. These results provide new information about how the brain generates phantom limbs.

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