phytochemicals

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Functional And Preservative Properties Of Phytochemicals

Author : Bhanu Prakash
ISBN : 9780128185933
Genre : Technology & Engineering
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Functional and Preservative Properties of Phytochemicals examines the potential of plant-based bioactive compounds as functional food ingredients and preservative agents against food-spoiling microbes and oxidative deterioration. The book provides a unified and systematic accounting of plant-based bioactive compounds by illustrating the connections among the different disciplines, such as food science, nutrition, pharmacology, toxicology, combinatorial chemistry, nanotechnology and biotechnological approaches. Chapters present the varied sources of raw materials, biochemical properties, metabolism, health benefits, preservative efficacy, toxicological aspect, safety and Intellectual Property Right issue of plant-based bioactive compounds. Written by authorities within the field, the individual chapters of the book are organized according to the following practical and easy to consult format: introduction, chapter topics and text, conclusions (take-home lessons), and references cited for further reading. Provides collective information on recent advancements that increase the potential use of phytochemicals Fosters an understanding of plant-based dietary bioactive ingredients and their physiological effects on human health at the molecular level Thoroughly explores biotechnology, omics, and bioinformatics approaches to address the availability, cost, and mode of action of plant-based functional and preservative ingredients

Phytochemicals

Author : Venketeshwer Rao
ISBN : 9789535121701
Genre : Science
File Size : 70. 53 MB
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Global dietary recommendations emphasize the consumption of plant-based foods for the prevention and management of chronic diseases. Plants contain many biologically active compounds referred to as phytochemicals or functional ingredients. These compounds play an important role in human health. Prior to establishing the safety and health benefits of these compounds, they must first be isolated, purified, and their physico-chemical properties established. Once identified, their mechanisms of actions are studied. The chapters are arranged in the order from isolation, purification and identification to in vivo and clinical studies, there by covering not only the analytical procedures used but also their nutraceutical and therapeutic properties.

Phytochemicals

Author : Colleen Carkeet
ISBN : 9781466551626
Genre : Medical
File Size : 68. 65 MB
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Increasing knowledge of the various protective effects of phytochemicals has sparked interest in further understanding their role in human health. Phytochemicals: Health Promotion and Therapeutic Potential is the seventh in a series representing the emerging science with respect to plant-based chemicals. Drawn from the proceedings at the Seventh International Phytochemical Conference, Phytochemicals: Health Promotion and Therapeutic Potential, the book contains chapters written by conference presenters along with those of additional invited authors whose research focuses on the biological activities and clinical outcomes associated with phytochemical consumption. The book begins with a discussion of major research that has contributed to the widespread interest in phytochemicals and health promotion. This is followed by an exploration of the beneficial effects of polyphenols in healthy aging and against a host of illnesses and disorders, including cancer, cardiovascular disease, inflammation, and ulcers. The contributors also examine various aspects of phytochemicals related to bone and brain health, obesity, and metabolic disease. The book concludes by presenting methodologies for assessing the bioavailability of carotenoids and offers additional insight into Momordica cochichinensis Spreng, a fruit not commonly known in the Western world and a rich source of lycopene and beta-carotene. While promising advancements have been made in this field, opportunities for progress still exist concerning bioavailability, efficacy, genomics, and synergistic mechanisms. This book is destined to stimulate increased interest in research regarding these compounds, their biological activities, and the application of these findings to therapeutic alternatives.

Phytochemicals

Author : Wayne R. Bidlack
ISBN : 1566766842
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 71. 69 MB
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The phytochemical industry has entered a rapid growth phase internationally. Market demands are driving product development, while science tries to identify specific components that contribute health giving properties at physiological exposure levels. This book presents the findings of multidisciplinary research on the identification of active components in plant products and their possible physiologic benefits in the management or prevention of disease. Findings include: the latest epidemiological evidence on the association of fruits and vegetables and reduced risk of a variety of tumors; the role of tocotrienols in atherosclerosis and cancer prevention; the balance between known benefits and risks of free radical oxidation chemistry; metabolic pathways of carotenoids and their potential role in the prevention of cancer and age-related macular degeneration; a model for viewing interactions between phytochemicals. Also discussed are the potential applications for fungal components as food ingredients and supplement products and components of garlic and onions, including changes caused by processing of garlic nutritional supplements. A final chapter discusses developing claims for new phytochemical products.

Phytochemicals In Vegetables A Valuable Source Of Bioactive Compounds

Author : Spyridon A. Petropoulos
ISBN : 9781681087399
Genre : Science
File Size : 51. 23 MB
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Phytochemical compounds are secondary metabolites that plants usually synthesize for their own protection from pests and diseases. Phytochemical biosynthesis is also triggered under specific environmental conditions. They cannot be classified as essential nutrients since they are not required at specific amounts for life sustenance. Phytochemicals in Vegetables: A Valuable Source of Bioactive Compounds presents information about the phytochemical (common and scarce) content of several cultivated vegetables, as well as their health and therapeutic effects based on in vitro, in vivo, animal and clinical studies. Chapters also cover recent research findings about their mode of action, bioavailabity, interactions with other biological matrices and pharmacokinetics. Moreover, the book gives special attention to the factors that may alter and modulate bioactive compound content, including both cultivation practices and post-harvest treatments that aim towards the production of high quality and healthy foods. Researchers, public health workers, consumers and members of the food industry will find this book to be a useful reference on the variety of phytochemicals present in vegetables.

Phytochemicals

Author : Toshiki Asao
ISBN : 9781789843774
Genre : Science
File Size : 23. 56 MB
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Phytochemicals provides original research work and reviews on the sources of phytochemicals, and their roles in disease prevention, supplementation, and accumulation in fruits and vegetables. The roles of anthocyanin, flavonoids, carotenoids, and taxol are presented in separate chapters. Antioxidative and free radicle scavenging activity of phytochemicals is also discussed. The medicinal properties of Opuntia, soybean, sea buckthorn, and gooseberry are presented in a number of chapters. Supplementation of plant extract with phytochemical properties in broiler meals is discussed in one chapter. The final two chapters include the impact of agricultural practices and novel processing technologies on the accumulation of phytochemicals in fruits and vegetables. This book mainly focuses on medicinal plants and the disease-preventing properties of phytochemicals, which will be a useful resource to the reader.

Phytochemicals And Phytopharmaceuticals

Author : Fereidoon Shahidi
ISBN : 1893997057
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 65. 93 MB
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Shahidi (biochemistry, Memorial U. of Newfoundland) and Ho (food science, Rutgers U.) present a monograph from an international group of scientists that contains 37 papers discussing plant bioactives in a varied range of research areas. Specific topics include variables affecting the phytochemical contents of garlic and their health benefits, the role of flavonols and anthocyanins from fruits and vegetables in cancer prevention, and antioxidative and cytotoxic components of highbush blueberry. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Phytochemicals

Author : Iraj Rasooli
ISBN : 9789533074245
Genre : Science
File Size : 78. 10 MB
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Among the thousands of naturally occurring constituents so far identified in plants and exhibiting a long history of safe use, there are none that pose - or reasonably might be expected to pose - a significant risk to human health at current low levels of intake when used as flavoring substances. Due to their natural origin, environmental and genetic factors will influence the chemical composition of the plant essential oils. Factors such as species and subspecies, geographical location, harvest time, plant part used and method of isolation all affect chemical composition of the crude material separated from the plant. The screening of plant extracts and natural products for antioxidative and antimicrobial activity has revealed the potential of higher plants as a source of new agents, to serve the processing of natural products.

The Role Of Phytochemicals In Cancer Prevention

Author : Adalia Espinosa
ISBN : CORNELL:31924089552792
Genre :
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Phytochemicals As Bioactive Agents

Author : Wayne R. Bidlack
ISBN : 1566767881
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 56. 72 MB
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Phytochemicals as Bioactive Agents focuses on the mechanisms of action of phytochemicals identified as displaying bioactivity in the prevention of cancer, heart disease and other diseases, and the prospects for developing functional foods containing these bioactive compounds. An internationally recognized group of experts presents the latest research findings on the antimutagenic and anticarcinogenic effects of tea and tea constituents; chemoprevention provided by plants in the family Cruciferae and genus Allium by altering carcinogen metabolism; anticarcinogenic effects of carotenoids and curcumins; the chemistry and application of alfalfa saponins; the bioactive components of rice bran and rice oil; the effects of garlic on lowering serum cholesterol; and using phytochemicals to optimize gastrointestinal tract health and function. Also included are chapters on: strategies to identify bioactive phytochemicals in foods; the design, conduct and interpretation of clinical trials to test phytochemicals for expected bioactivity; compounds that have potential use as phytochemical antimicrobial agents (PAM) in food processing; and designing bioactive functional foods. This book will be of interest to food scientists and technologists, food process engineers, biochemists, nutritionists, public health professionals, and entrepreneurs involved in the design, processing, and marketing of new functional food products.

The Importance Of Good Nutrition Herbs And Phytochemicals

Author : Getty T. Ambau
ISBN : 1884459021
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 46. 79 MB
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Presents nutrition information with outstanding clarity and simplicity. It creats a nice balance between the science of physiology and nutritional principles.

Food Phytochemicals For Cancer Prevention I

Author : Mou-Tuan Huang
ISBN : UOM:39015032811153
Genre : Science
File Size : 62. 83 MB
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Sulfur-containing phytochemicals in garlic and onions; Other sulfur-containing phytochemicals; Limonoids and phthalides; Phytochemicals from fruits and vegetables; Phytochemicals in soybeans; Micronutrients.

Phytochemicals Plant Growth And The Environment

Author : David R Gang
ISBN : 9781461440666
Genre : Science
File Size : 90. 50 MB
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This is the second volume since the reintroduction of the Recent Advances in Phytochemistry (RAP) series, an annual journal supported by the Phytochemical Society of North America. Topics appropriate for RAP include the biosynthesis of natural products and regulation of metabolism, the ecology of specialized metabolites and the evolution of their pathways, and the effects of natural products or plants on human health. Research appropriate for RAP involves genomics, proteomics, metabolomics, natural product structural determination and new technology development, medicinal chemistry and metabolic engineering, or any of the myriad of fields that are now closely associated with what may be called “traditional phytochemistry” and plant biochemistry. The advent of post-genomics-based ways of thinking, of systems biology, of synthetic biology, of comparative genomics/ proteomics/ transcriptomics/ metabolomics and especially of the introduction and establishment of a mentality that leads to support of large collaborative projects, has opened up many new doors to scientists interested and versed in the (bio)chemistry of plants. The goal of RAP is to highlight these developments. Two main types of articles are printed in RAP: Perspectives and Communications. Perspectives in RAP are expected to synthesize results from the primary literature and perhaps from new/novel results and place these in perspective relative to the broader field. These articles may be similar to review articles, but also are intended to present important ideas and hypotheses, and may present proposals for interesting directions in the field. It is the hope of the Editorial Board that these articles will be of great value to a large audience. Communications are intended to represent new advances in the field that will be of interest to a large audience. Articles of both types are typically solicited from the Society membership based on the content of the annual meeting talks, but in keeping with the title “Recent Advances in Phytochemistry” the editorial board reserves the right to solicit additional Perspectives and/or Communications from non-attendees as well (e.g., where an editorial board member has knowledge of an interesting recent advancement that would be of general interest to the society membership). All submissions to RAP go through a rigorous peer review process, overseen by the Editorial Board, which includes external review. RAP is indexed with Springer published journals. All RAP papers are available not only in the published volume form, but also electronically through Springer’s online literature services. This marks a significant change from past volumes of RAP and it is the hope of the Editorial Board that this will lead to broader dissemination of the contents of and greater interest in RAP. This 42nd volume of RAP includes a total of seven articles, many, but not all, based on talks presented at the 50th annual meeting of the PSNA. As was seen in RAP volume 41, These seven Perspectives give a very good picture of the breadth of plant (bio)chemistry research in North America, which is also indicative of the state of the field worldwide. Each of these articles describes the integration of several different approaches to ask and then answer interesting questions regarding the function of interesting plant metabolites, either in the plant itself or in interactions with the environment (natural setting or human health application). Many of these Perspectives have a strong ecological focus. McCormick et al. review the discovery of the biosynthetic pathway leading to production of trichothecene mycotoxins such as the T-2 toxin in plant pathogenic and other fungi. These compounds play very important roles in plant-pathogen interaction, and are very significant from a human health perspective. In a complementary paper, Duringer et al. describe recent technological advances in monitoring mycotoxins such as ergovaline and lysergic acid in forage crops, using state of the art and highly sensitive mass spectrometric means. Gross reviews the current understanding of how infochemicals mediate interactions between plants and insects, and highlights how such knowledge can be used to mitigate crop losses by pests. Two Perspectives discuss how recent technological advances are making an impact on our understanding of the role of plant hormones in plant growth and development. Gouthu et al. outline highly sensitive methods for measurement of plant hormones in tissues such as developing grape berry. In contrast, McDowell and Gang outline how new transcriptional profiling techniques are shedding light on old questions, such as how rhizome development is regulated by different plant growth regulators. The last two Perspectives outline the role of biotechnology in modern plant biochemistry research. Makhzoum et al. review the long history of use of hairy roots and provide perspective on future utility of this tissue type in continuing to uncover mechanisms of plant natural product biosynthesis, among other apolications. Dalton et al. outline, on the other hand, recent efforts to produce non-native polymers of human interest in plants and outline many of the challenges associated with such investigations. We hope that you will find these Perspectives to be interesting, informative, and timely. It is our goal that RAP will act not only as the voice of the PSNA, but that it will serve as an authoritative, up-to-date resource that helps to set the gold standard for thought and research in fields related to plant biochemistry.

Medinfo 2019 Health And Wellbeing E Networks For All

Author : L. Ohno-Machado
ISBN : 9781643680033
Genre : Medical
File Size : 82. 86 MB
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Combining and integrating cross-institutional data remains a challenge for both researchers and those involved in patient care. Patient-generated data can contribute precious information to healthcare professionals by enabling monitoring under normal life conditions and also helping patients play a more active role in their own care. This book presents the proceedings of MEDINFO 2019, the 17th World Congress on Medical and Health Informatics, held in Lyon, France, from 25 to 30 August 2019. The theme of this year’s conference was ‘Health and Wellbeing: E-Networks for All’, stressing the increasing importance of networks in healthcare on the one hand, and the patient-centered perspective on the other. Over 1100 manuscripts were submitted to the conference and, after a thorough review process by at least three reviewers and assessment by a scientific program committee member, 285 papers and 296 posters were accepted, together with 47 podium abstracts, 7 demonstrations, 45 panels, 21 workshops and 9 tutorials. All accepted paper and poster contributions are included in these proceedings. The papers are grouped under four thematic tracks: interpreting health and biomedical data, supporting care delivery, enabling precision medicine and public health, and the human element in medical informatics. The posters are divided into the same four groups. The book presents an overview of state-of-the-art informatics projects from multiple regions of the world; it will be of interest to anyone working in the field of medical informatics.

Phytochemicals In Citrus

Author : Xingqian Ye
ISBN : 9781315352053
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 43. 87 MB
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Citrus fruits have long been popular around the world due to their good flavor, taste, high nutritional value, and their healthy properties. Citrus is well known as a rich source of vitamin C. Citrus fruits also contain many other functional bioactive phytochemicals including terpenoids, triterpenes, flavonoids, amino acids, phenolic acids, mineral constituents, and polysaccharides, which are beneficial to human health. Citrus fruits are generally recognized as an outstanding source of biologically active compounds related to both nutritional and nutraceutical values. Phytochemicals in Citrus: Applications in Functional Foods focuses on up-to-date information on chemical properties of citrus fruits, citrus food products, and their health benefits. The 16 chapters in the book provide a knowledge base on the chemical composition, bioactive components, biochemical properties, food use, and health benefits of citrus fruits. The information in this book will help readers to better understand the health benefits of citrus fruits and products and their dietary applications. The book is a unique reference for food science professionals engaged in functional foods and nutritional dietary management. The book can also serve as a handy reference for college and university students majoring in food science, nutrition, pharmaceutical science, and horticultural science.

Phytochemical Techniques

Author : N. Raaman
ISBN : 8189422308
Genre : Medical
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Phytochemicals are the individual chemicals from which the plants are made and plants are the key sources of raw material for both pharmaceutical and aromatic industries. the improved methods for higher yield of active compounds will be the major incentive in these industries. To help those who are involved in the isolation of compounds from plants, some of the essential phytochemical techniques are included in this book. The theoretical principles of various instruments, handling of samples and interpretation of spectra are given in detail. Adequate chemical formulas are included to support and explain various structures of compounds and techniques. The book will prove useful to students, researchers, professionals in the field of Plant Physiology and Pathology, Pharmaceutical and Chemical Engineering, Biotechnology, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants and Horticulture.

Plant Tissue Culture And Gene Manipulation For Breeding And Formation Of Phytochemicals

Author : Kiyoharu Oono
ISBN : 4990011031
Genre : Phytochemicals
File Size : 69. 66 MB
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Phytochemicals For Pest Control

Author : American Chemical Society
ISBN : UOM:39015040745682
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 70. 95 MB
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This volume identifies and describes biologically active natural products which can be used to manage a wide variety of pests, including insects, weeds, and fungi. The book presents structure-activity studies of the pest control agents and evaluates active proteins and peptides affecting insects. It also covers the identification of new plant products with unique biological properties.

The Biological Effects Of Phytochemicals From Soy And Cocoa On Markers Associated With Cardiovascular Disease

Author : Marlia Marie Braun
ISBN : UCAL:X76008
Genre :
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Handbook Of Plant Food Phytochemicals

Author : Brijesh K. Tiwari
ISBN : 9781118464687
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 65. 67 MB
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Phytochemicals are plant derived chemicals which may bestowhealth benefits when consumed, whether medicinally or as part of abalanced diet. Given that plant foods are a major component of mostdiets worldwide, it is unsurprising that these foods represent thegreatest source of phytochemicals for most people. Yet it is onlyrelatively recently that due recognition has been given to theimportance of phytochemicals in maintaining our health. Newevidence for the role of specific plant food phytochemicals inprotecting against the onset of diseases such as cancers and heartdisease is continually being put forward. The increasing awarenessof consumers of the link between diet and health has exponentiallyincreased the number of scientific studies into the biologicaleffects of these substances. The Handbook of Plant Food Phytochemicals provides acomprehensive overview of the occurrence, significance and factorseffecting phytochemicals in plant foods. A key of objective of thebook is to critically evaluate these aspects. Evaluation ofthe evidence for and against the quantifiable health benefits beingimparted as expressed in terms of the reduction in the risk ofdisease conferred through the consumption of foods that are rich inphytochemicals. With world-leading editors and contributors, the Handbook ofPlant Food Phytochemicals is an invaluable, cutting-edgeresource for food scientists, nutritionists and plant biochemists.It covers the processing techniques aimed at the production ofphytochemical-rich foods which can have a role indisease-prevention, making it ideal for both the food industry andthose who are researching the health benefits of particular foods.Lecturers and advanced students will find it a helpful and readableguide to a constantly expanding subject area.

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