planning by law and property rights reconsidered

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Planning By Law And Property Rights Reconsidered

Author : Barrie Needham
ISBN : 9781317080190
Genre : Law
File Size : 20. 48 MB
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Countries which take spatial planning seriously should take planning law and property rights also seriously. There is an unavoidable logical relationship between planning, law, and property rights. However, planning by law and property rights is so familiar and taken for granted that we do not think about the theory behind it. As a result, we do not think abstractly about its strengths and weaknesses, about what can be achieved with it and what not, how it can be improved, how it could be complemented. Such reflections are essential to cope with current and future challenges to spatial planning. This book makes the (often implicit) theory behind planning by law and property rights explicit and relates it to those challenges. It starts by setting out what is understood by planning by law and property rights, and investigates - theoretically and by game simulation - the relationships between planning law and property rights. It then places planning law and property rights within their institutional setting at three different scales: when a country undergoes enormous social and political change, when there is fundamental political debate about the power of the state within a country, and when a country changes its legislation in response to European policy. Not only changing institutions, but also global environmental change, pose huge challenges for spatial planning. The book discusses how planning by law and property rights can respond to those challenges: by adaptive planning), by adaptable property rights, and by public policies at the appropriate geographical level. Planning by law and property rights can fix a local regime of property rights which turns out to be inappropriate but difficult to change. It questions whether such regimes can be changed and whether planning agencies can make such undesirable lock-ins less likely by reducing market uncertainty and, if so, by what means.

Planning Law And Economics

Author : Barrie Needham
ISBN : 9781351618557
Genre : Science
File Size : 75. 95 MB
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Planning, Law and Economics sets out a new framework for applying a legal approach to spatial planning, showing how to improve the practice and help achieve its aims. The book covers planning laws, citizens' rights and property rights, asking ‘What rules do we want to make and, where necessary, enforce? And how do we want to apply them in planning practice?’ This book sets out, in general and illustrated with concrete examples, how the three types of law mentioned above are unavoidably involved in all types of spatial planning. The book also makes clear that these laws can be combined in different ways, each way a particular approach to the practice of spatial planning (regulative planning, structuring markets, pro-active planning, collaborative planning, etc.). Throughout, the book shows what legal approaches can be taken to spatial planning, and uses a four-part framework to evaluate the effects of choosing such an approach. The spatial planning should be effective, legitimate, morally just and economically sound. In particular the book details why the economic effects for society are important and how spatial planning affects how the economic resources of land and buildings are used. The book will be invaluable to students and planners to understand the relationship between their actions and the basic principles of the rule of law in a democratic, liberal society.

Dutch Land Use Planning

Author : Barrie Needham
ISBN : 9781317147558
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 63. 26 MB
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Dutch planning is widely known and admired for its ambitions and its achievements. This book provides, for the first time, a comprehensive description and analysis in English of its full range of policies and practices. It gives an up-to-date account of the principles - written and unwritten - behind the planning, and in addition shows how the practice sometimes ignores those principles in order to achieve better results. It describes the content of the policies, the measures taken to realise them, and the successes and failures. The book is not uncritical of Dutch land-use planning, but the author values its strengths and believes that planning in other countries could learn from them. These strengths arise in the continuing tension between the high ambitions of the Dutch planning, and the ingenuity and pragmatism exercised in order to realise those ambitions.

Zoned In The Usa

Author : Sonia A. Hirt
ISBN : 9780801454707
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 37. 19 MB
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Why are American cities, suburbs, and towns so distinct? Compared to European cities, those in the United States are characterized by lower densities and greater distances; neat, geometric layouts; an abundance of green space; a greater level of social segregation reflected in space; and—perhaps most noticeably—a greater share of individual, single-family detached housing. In Zoned in the USA, Sonia A. Hirt argues that zoning laws are among the important but understudied reasons for the cross-continental differences. Hirt shows that rather than being imported from Europe, U.S. municipal zoning law was in fact an institution that quickly developed its own, distinctly American profile. A distinct spatial culture of individualism—founded on an ideal of separate, single-family residences apart from the dirt and turmoil of industrial and agricultural production—has driven much of municipal regulation, defined land-use, and, ultimately, shaped American life. Hirt explores municipal zoning from a comparative and international perspective, drawing on archival resources and contemporary land-use laws from England, Germany, France, Australia, Russia, Canada, and Japan to challenge assumptions about American cities and the laws that guide them.

Intellectual Property Rights In China

Author : Gordon C.K Cheung
ISBN : 9781134217878
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 53. 12 MB
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Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) infringement is so rampant in China that counterfeit goods - from general household merchandise, garments and media consumables to specialist products including pharmaceutical products and super computer chips - can be found in roadside stalls, markets, shops, department stores and even laboratory of leading universities. If allowed to continue these infringements may further engender a socially accepted culture of ‘fakeness’ that may seriously hamper innovation and economic progress. Gordon C. K. Cheung uses the case of intellectual property rights (IPR) to examine how and to what extent market forces and knowledge development affect the relationships of China and the world, especially the United States. Including detailed original statistics and data collected from Chinese provinces and cities and in-depth interviews with legal experts and policy makers, this book gives a unique insight into the opportunities and challenges that China faces as it increasingly becomes part of the global society. Intellectual Property Rights in China is a stimulating read for anyone studying Chinese Business and International Political Economy.

United States Code Service Lawyers Edition

Author : United States
ISBN : UOM:35112203864964
Genre : Law
File Size : 22. 1 MB
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United States Code Service

Author : United States
ISBN : STANFORD:36105064174589
Genre : Law
File Size : 63. 57 MB
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West S New York Supplement

Author :
ISBN : UCAL:B5144584
Genre : Law reports, digests, etc
File Size : 57. 42 MB
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Collier On Bankruptcy Taxation

Author : Myron M. Sheinfeld
ISBN : 9781579111083
Genre : Law
File Size : 68. 94 MB
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This dynamic one-volume resource presents thorough, authoritative discussion of the many tax issues arising in, and in relation to a bankruptcy case. Provides practical, hands-on guidance, including a step-by-step outline of bankruptcy procedures; detailed discussion of the substantive and procedural aspects of litigation with the IRS in Bankruptcy Court; expert analysis of applicable law and on-point cases; and more. The Collier on Bankruptcy Taxation has been thoroughly updated to reflect the bankruptcy tax provisions of the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act of 2005, Pub. L. No. 109-8, and will be invaluable in understanding and applying the new legislation. Thorough, expert assessment of corporate bankruptcy taxation matters, including: • Prefiling, postfiling and general planning and practice strategies in corporate Chapter 11 cases • The tax consequences of one corporation reshuffling its capital structure and of a two-corporation transfer of assets in a tax-free G reorganization • The consequences of the issuance of stock by a corporate debtor in satisfaction of claims held by its creditors • The use of and limitations on a corporation's net operating loss carry-overs • Complete guidance on the tax complexities of consumer bankruptcies, including a chapter-length checklist on tax planning and practice strategies for individual debtors

Forests And Forestry In China

Author : Stanley Dennis Richardson
ISBN : 1559630221
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 37. 99 MB
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Details the socio-political effects of forestry in China in recent decades and forestry's importance to China's future. Included is a comprehensive look at harvesting, sawmilling, tariffs and foreign exchange, pulp and paper production, seed collection, urban forestry, and soil erosion. Shows how the Chinese people are attempting to solve their problems and become self-sufficient in areas of industrial timber and fuelwood.

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