polish legions 1914 19

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Polish Legions 1914 19

Author : Nigel Thomas
ISBN : 9781472825438
Genre : History
File Size : 49. 30 MB
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Due to its partitions and dissolution in the late eighteenth century, hundreds of thousands of Polish soldiers enlisted in distinct units in the armies of many countries – primarily those of the Russian and Austro-Hungarian empires, but also that of the German Reich and the French Republic. All these forces were uniformed and equipped by the parent armies, though often with explicitly Polish features. The collapse of Tsarist Russia in 1917 and of the Central Powers in 1918 allowed these diverse forces to unite in a re-created Polish Army under the new-born Second Polish Republic in November 1918. With full colour illustrations of their unique and colourful uniforms as well as contemporary photographs, this is the fascinating story of the Poles who fought on both sides of the trenches in World War I and then united to fight for their freedom in the Russian Civil War.

Civil War In Central Europe 1918 1921

Author : Jochen Böhler
ISBN : 9780198794486
Genre : History
File Size : 44. 85 MB
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The First World War did not end in Central Europe in November 1918. The armistices marked the creation of the Second Polish Republic and the first shot of the Central European Civil War which raged from 1918 to 1921. The fallen German, Russian, and Austrian Empires left in their wake lands with peoples of mixed nationalities and ethnicities. These lands soon became battle grounds and the ethno-political violence that ensued forced those living within them to decide on their national identity. Civil War in Central Europe seeks to challenge previous notions that such conflicts which occurred between the First and Second World Wars were isolated incidents and argues that they should be considered as part of a European war; a war which transformed Poland into a nation.

Centropa

Author :
ISBN : UCSC:32106018781549
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 22. 47 MB
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Polish Perspectives

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ISBN : IND:30000108688023
Genre : Poland
File Size : 20. 65 MB
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European Culture In The Great War

Author : Aviel Roshwald
ISBN : 0521013240
Genre : History
File Size : 48. 25 MB
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A comparative study of European cultural and social history during the First World War.

Acta Poloniae Historica

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ISBN : UOM:39015061650985
Genre : Poland
File Size : 22. 75 MB
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Dictionary Catalog Of The Research Libraries Of The New York Public Library 1911 1971

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ISBN : UOM:39015082983472
Genre : Library catalogs
File Size : 38. 56 MB
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Karl I Iv

Author : Richard Bösel
ISBN : STANFORD:36105114826816
Genre : History
File Size : 56. 76 MB
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The beatification of emperor Charles I (reg. 1916-1918) in late 2004 focussed public interest not only on his person, but also generally on the events of the two last years of the Great War. For this reason the Austrian Historical Institute in Rome invited historians from different countries to collaborate on a comprehensive publication about the political and cultural developments within the dual monarchy in these years. Written in three languages (German, Italian, English), the war against Italy, Austrian and Italian war propaganda as well as the situation of the Italians inside the Habsburg monarchy form one of the mainstays of this collected volume. Three articles analyze the attitudes of Austria's three big political camps - Christian democrat, socialist and German nationalist - towards the emperor, the war, the survival of the Habsburg empire as well as towards the projects of a reform of the state. Not only the big political groupings but also the catholic church vaccillated between loyalty towards the monarchy and veiled support for the struggle for national independence. Therefore, the formation of national states on the area of the dissolving Habsburg empire is another of the volume's mainstays, dealing primarily with emperor Charles's attempts to save the multinational empire by a large part of the ruling German and Hungarian class. Notwithstanding his sincere desire for peace, the emperors' not always limpid line in home and foreign politics led to a loss of prestige for the monarchy and finally to his forced abdication. After the abortive restauration attempt in Hungary, Charles of Habsburg-Lorraine had to retire into exile in Madeira, where he died in 1922.

Longman Companion To Imperial Russia 1689 1917

Author : David Longley
ISBN : 9781317882190
Genre : History
File Size : 67. 12 MB
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This is the first book of its kind to draw together information on the major events in Russian history from 1695 to 1917 - covering the eventful period from the accession of Peter the Great to the fall of Nicholas II. Not only is a vast amount of material on key events and topics brought together, but the book also contains fascinating background material to convey the reality of life in the period.

Who Was Who

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ISBN : UCAL:B3117865
Genre : Biography
File Size : 58. 26 MB
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Vols. 1897-1916 published in 1920, which included obituaries of those who died up to Sept. 15, 1915; reissued in 1929 with title page 1897-1915 and included addenda giving details of additional deaths 1897 to the end of 1915 which had not previously come to the attention of the editor.

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