politeness and culture in second language acquisition

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Politeness And Culture In Second Language Acquisition

Author : Sooho Song
ISBN : 9781137030627
Genre : Education
File Size : 31. 85 MB
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Brown and Levinson (1987) developed a universal politeness theory that posits distance, power, and task imposition together to determine politeness weightiness perception. However, their theory overlooks the importance of cultural differences in politeness behavior. Furthermore, the theory mathematically formularizes that politeness weightiness perception is determined by simply adding social distance between the speaker and the hearer with social power (status) of the hearer (addressee) and task imposition. In this book, I refine the theory by developing a formal model while accounting for cultural differences and empirically test them using survey data obtained from subjects with Korean and American cultural background. The results reveal that cultural differences do matter in a speaker's determination of politeness weightiness.

Korean Honorifics And Politeness In Second Language Learning

Author : Lucien Brown
ISBN : 9789027256102
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 65. 92 MB
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This book investigates the ways that advanced speakers of Korean as a second language perceive, use and learn the complexities of the Korean honorifics system. Despite their advanced proficiency in Korean, the study shows that the honorifics use of these speakers diverges in crucial ways from native speaker norms. It is argued that, rather than reflecting the language competence of these speakers as such, this usage is linked to questions of the identity of language learners and foreigners in Korean society. In addition, it shows the influence of conflicting ideologies regarding the meaning of politeness . This argument is backed up by rich data collected through mixed methods (discourse completion tests, role-plays, natural interactions, introspective interviews), allowing for a detailed picture of how the honorifics use of second language speakers emerges in context. The book concludes by discussing the implications of the study for politeness research, interlanguage pragmatics and language pedagogy."

Learning Politeness

Author : Ian Walkinshaw
ISBN : 3039115278
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 33. 18 MB
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This book examines how Japanese learners of English learned about managing politeness while they were studying at language schools in New Zealand. Specifically, it investigates how they learned to produce and interpret a range of disagreement strategies during oppositional talk with native speakers of English. Employing a combined qualitative and quantitative approach to data analysis, the book discusses the initial pragmatic competence of the learners, and describes how their competence developed over a ten-week period. The book outlines some points of cultural divergence which may have influenced the direction and the extent of the learners' pragmatic development. It also sheds light on the language-acquisition strategies utilised by the learners during their tenure in the host culture. Most crucially, the book illuminates patterns of directness and indirectness in the learners' selected disagreement strategies. These patterns challenge the generally accepted theory that politeness always increases with social distance.

Readings In Second Language Pedagogy And Second Language Acquisition

Author : Asako Yoshitomi
ISBN : 9789027233165
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 81. 48 MB
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The selected contributions of this volume focuses on various issues related to second language pedagogy and second language acquisition in the Japanese context. Part I covers such topics as discourse pragmatics and cross-cultural pragmatics in language teaching; the instruction of conversation through training in story telling skills; task activities as a means for grammarization in grammar teaching; the development of a computerized speaking test and a proficiency scale for EFL learners; and the social aspects of the language teacher expertise. Part II deals with the cognitive transformation involved in the acquisition of syntactic structures; the application of ZPD to adult learners not only in terms of interpersonal interaction but also through interfacing with other media; examination of learners' narrative data to analyze linguistic and gestural reference and to investigate learners' use of phrasal verbs; learner's strategy use in self-instruction that utilizes audiovisual materials; and network computer technology in computer-assisted language learning.

Aspects Of Culture In Second Language Acquisition And Foreign Language Learning

Author : Janusz Arabski
ISBN : 3642202012
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 25. 21 MB
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In recent years language learning has been increasingly viewed by some SLA researchers as an essentially social-psychological process in which the role of a wider sociocultural context should not be marginalized. This volume offers a valuable contribution to this growing body of research by providing theoretical considerations and empirical research data on themes such as the development of intercultural communicative competence, the role of English as a lingua franca in intercultural communication, and the place of cultural factors in SLA theorizing, research, second/foreign language teaching and teacher training. The volume also contains contributions which share the linguistic interest in the culture-related concepts and constructs such as time, modesty, politeness, and respect, discussing the culture-dependent differences in conceptualization and their reflection in particular language forms and linguistic devices.

Georgetown University Round Table On Languages And Linguistics Gurt 1994 Educational Linguistics Cross Cultural Communication And Global Interdependence

Author : James E. Alatis
ISBN : 1589018141
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 66. 70 MB
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The essays in this volume explore communication across cultures using an interdisciplinary approach to language teaching and learning, mediated by the growing field of educational linguistics. Topics include the use of English as a medium of wider communication and the growth of national varieties of English throughout the world. An international array of distinguished contributors includes scholars from China, Great Britain, Hong Kong, India, Israel, Nigeria, Singapore, Taiwan, Ukraine, and the United States. This collection suggests that language diversity is a unifying force in a globally interdependent world.

Second Language Acquisition As A Mode Switching Process

Author : Sooho Song
ISBN : 9781137524362
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 59. 77 MB
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This book analyses processes of mode-switching in second language acquisition as they relate to Korean learners of English. In this empirical study, the author examines how native language influences and shapes usage of second language, particularly when the two are so dramatically different both in terms of grammar and the cultures in which they are anchored. Learning to speak English, she argues, entails switching from the formulaic to the strategic mode so that varying speaking norms and linguistic values are fully understood. This results in a mode switch towards the target culture. This intriguing book will be of interest to students and scholars of applied linguistics, sociolinguistics and English language education.

Studies In Second Language Acquisition Of Chinese

Author : Dr. ZhaoHong Han
ISBN : 9781783092109
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 77. 17 MB
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Interest in learning Chinese as an additional language has soared worldwide over the last ten years. Yet little is known about the learning process, and much less about what pedagogical strategies might facilitate or, otherwise, hinder it. This book thus aims to further understanding of the acquisition of Chinese as a foreign or second language. It brings together six independent studies which explore aspects of learning Chinese as an additional language across the domains of morphosyntax, pragmatics, cognitive capacity, interactional learning, and instructed learning via a variety of conceptual frameworks and methodological strategies. These studies, as well as the suggestions for future research, will be of great interest to second language acquisition researchers, graduate students and second language teachers of Chinese, as well as to curriculum developers and materials writers.

Speech Acts Across Cultures

Author : Susan Gass
ISBN : 9783110219289
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 41. 7 MB
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This book investigates the notion of Speech Act from a cross-cultural perspective. The starting point for this book is the assumption that speech acts are realized from culture to culture in different ways and that these differences may result in communication difficulties that range from the humorous to the serious. Importantly, a recurring theme in this volume has to do with the need to verify the form, the function and the constraining variables of speech acts as a prerequisite for dealing with them in the classroom. The book deals with three major areas of Speech Act research: 1) Methodological Issues, 2) Speech Acts in a second language, and 3) Applications. In the first section authors discuss general issues of methodology and present data in an effort to detail the efficacy of different methodologies. Research clearly shows the effect of methodology on the results. This section is followed by a discussion of specific speech acts, including speech acts and strategy use that have as their goal the creation and maintenace of solidarity (i.e. greetings, compliments, apologies) and speech acts that involve face-threatening acts (i.e.complaints, favor-asking, suggestions). In the final section, authors consider applications of speech act research within the context of advertising and business relationships.

Pragmatic And Cross Cultural Competences

Author : Thomas Szende
ISBN : 2807607470
Genre :
File Size : 37. 58 MB
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This volume contains contributions that, based on authentic data from diverse African, Asian and European languages, literatures and cultures, shed a new light on politeness as a central phenomenon in pragmatics, and on what is at stake when teaching or learning the subject.

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