posttraumatic growth in clinical practice

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Posttraumatic Growth In Clinical Practice

Author : Lawrence G. Calhoun
ISBN : 9780415898690
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 55. 75 MB
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From the authors who pioneered the concept of posttraumatic growth comes Posttraumatic Growth in Clinical Practice, a book that brings the study of growth after trauma into the twenty-first century. Clinicians will find a framework that’s easy to use and flexible enough to be tailored to the needs of particular clients and specific therapeutic approaches. And, because it utilizes a model of relating described as "expert companionship," clinicians learn how to become most empathically effective in helping a variety of trauma survivors. Clinicians will come away from this book having learned how to assess posttraumatic growth, how to address it in treatment, and they’ll also have a basic grasp of the ways the changes they’re promoting will be received in various cultural contexts. Case examples show how utilizing a process developed from an empirically-based model of posttraumatic growth can promote important personal changes in the aftermath of traumatic events.

Handbook Of Posttraumatic Growth

Author : Lawrence G. Calhoun
ISBN : 9781317778011
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 56. 24 MB
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Posttraumatic growth is an area in which investigations are now being undertaken in many different parts of the world. The view that individuals can be changed--sometimes in radically good ways--by their struggle with trauma is ancient and widespread. However, the systematic focus by scholars and clinicians on the possibilities for growth from the struggle with crisis is relatively recent. There are now a growing number of studies and scholarly papers on the antecedents, correlates, and consequences of posttraumatic growth, and there are also theoretical models that can help guide the research further. It is clear, however, that this phenomenon is not yet well understood. The Handbook of Posttraumatic Growth: Research and Practice provides both clinicians and researchers with a comprehensive and up-to-date view of what has been done so far. In addition, it uses the foundations of what has been done to provide suggestions for the next useful steps to take in understanding posttraumatic growth. The book offers contributions of important and influential scholars representing a wide array of perspectives of posttraumatic growth. This volume serves as an impetus for additional work, both in the academic aspects and in the possibilities for clinical applications of posttraumatic growth. This Handbook will appeal to students, practitioners, and researchers working in a broad array of disciplines and human services.

Posttraumatic Growth And Culturally Competent Practice

Author : Tzipi Weiss
ISBN : 9780470599921
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 65. 29 MB
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"Posttraumatic Growth and Culturally Competent Practice: Lessons Learned from Around the Globe brings welcome attention to applying PTG to culturally competent practice worldwide. It delivers on the promise embedded in its title: lots of lessons within the fourteen chapters." —From the Foreword by Charles R. Figley, PhD, Kurzweg Chair in Disaster Mental Health, Tulane University, New Orleans The latest advances in the theoretical, empirical, and clinical aspects of Posttraumatic Growth Posttraumatic Growth and Culturally Competent Practice offers contributions from an international group of experts in posttraumatic growth (PTG) within diverse cultures and subcultures. It uniquely illuminates the nature, meaning, and clinical implications of PTG across a wide range of sociocultural contexts. Edited by Tzipi Weiss and Roni Berger—recognized experts in the areas of stress, coping, and PTG—this book features contributions by an international panel of renowned scholars and clinicians, offering a truly global perspective of PTG in cultures and regions including: The Middle East Israel Germany The Netherlands Japan China Australia Latinos in the U.S. Offering research-based insights and practical interventions, this collection enables practitioners to offer informed and culturally sensitive services to those who have survived trauma in different parts of the world, and to support these survivors as they grow and harvest benefits from their ordeal.

Posttraumatic Growth

Author : Richard G. Tedeschi
ISBN : 9781410603401
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 77. 45 MB
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That which does not kill us makes us stronger. (Nietzsche) The phenomenon of positive personal change following devastating events has been recognized since ancient times, but given little attention by contemporary psychologists and psychiatrists, who have tended to focus on the negative consequences of stress. In recent years, evidence from diverse fields has converged to suggest the reality and pervasive importance of the processes the editors sum up as posttraumatic growth. This volume offers the first comprehensive overview of these processes. The authors address a variety of traumas--among them bereavement, physical disability, terminal illness, combat, rape, and natural disasters--following which experiences of growth have been reported. How can sufferers from posttraumatic stress disorder best be helped? What does "resilience" in the face of high risk mean? Which personality characteristics facilitate growth? To what extent is personality change possible in adulthood? How can concepts like happiness and self-actualization be operationalized? What role do changing belief systems, schemas, or "assumptive worlds" play in positive adaptation? Is "stress innoculation" possible? How do spiritual beliefs become central for many people struck by trauma, and how are posttraumatic growth and recovery from substance abuse or the crises of serious physical illnesses linked? Such questions have concerned not only the recently defined and expanding group of "traumatologists," but also therapists of all sorts, personality and social psychologists, developmental and cognitive researchers, specialists in health psychology and behavioral medicine, and those who study religion and mental health. Overcoming the challenges of life's worst experiences can catalyze new opportunities for individual and social development. Learning about persons who discover or create the perception of positive change in their lives may shed light on the problems of those who continue to suffer. Posttraumatic Growth will stimulate dialogue among personality and social psychologists and clinicians, and influence the theoretical foundations and clinical agendas of investigators and practitioners alike.

The Posttraumatic Growth Workbook

Author : Richard G Tedeschi
ISBN : 9781626254701
Genre : Self-Help
File Size : 32. 12 MB
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People who experience trauma often struggle with its effects, but many men and women have found meaning in their traumatic event and now experience life differently. Written by two psychologists and experts on trauma psychology—including one of the key researchers on posttraumatic growth (PTG)—this unique, evidence-based, step-by-step workbook offers a new model for processing traumatic experiences in order to gain wisdom, strength, and resilience. There is no denying the psychological and physical costs of trauma, but suffering a traumatic experience does not necessarily mean you’ll develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and have to live with its debilitating long-term symptoms. While the process of recovering from trauma is difficult and painful, survivors also experience posttraumatic growth (PTG). And with the right approach to healing, the same challenges that create PTSD can also set the stage for a psychological rebirth. The Posttraumatic Growth Workbook expands the focus on posttraumatic stress and its related difficulties to include the significant potential for positive growth in the aftermath of trauma. With this guide, you’ll learn more about traumatic experiences and their short- and long-term effects, discover where you are in your own process, explore vulnerability as an important aspect of post-traumatic strength, identify and develop other strengths for coping with—and growing beyond—your trauma, and successfully integrate your experience into your personal story. Navigating the aftereffects of trauma is a difficult journey, but many people report having a new appreciation for life and feeling even more resilient after working through their traumatic event. Using this powerful, PTG-based workbook, you’ll find it’s possible to come out of your trauma even stronger and wiser.

Understanding Posttraumatic Growth Among Sexual Assault Survivors

Author : Parnian Toofanian
ISBN : OCLC:854923039
Genre : Adjustment (Psychology)
File Size : 65. 91 MB
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Despite recent attention to sexual victimization as an urgent public health problem, sexual violence continues to occur at alarming rates, with devastating physical and mental health consequences. Until the 1980's, the literature on sexual assault predominantly focused on the negative psychological sequelae of the assault. Recently, a rapidly developing body of research on finding meaning out of horrific events, or posttraumatic growth, suggests that trauma can act as a catalyst for positive change and provides hope that rape survivors can surmount their trauma to lead rich, valued lives. This review critically analyzes the body of empirical literature examining the experience of posttraumatic growth among sexual assault survivors, focusing on the role of attachment security and perceived control over recovery in the development of growth. A modification of the prevailing conceptual model of posttraumatic growth incorporating these factors, as well as recommendations for future research, clinical practice, and policy are proposed.

Helping Bereaved Parents

Author : Richard G. Tedeschi
ISBN : 9781583913642
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 60. 71 MB
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This book provides a concise, yet comprehensive guide to effective work with bereaved parents, combining a broad overview of current research, theory, and practice with the authors' own extensive clinical experience. Transcripts of individual, couple, and group meetings illustrate the delicate subtleties of this work, giving the reader helpful insights into more effective clinical practice. The authors emphasize the importance of approaching each parent as a unique person, while also considering the socio-cultural context of the bereaved. This book helps clinicians approach work with bereaved parents with a less scripted format, suggesting an alternative role as expert companion to the bereaved, allowing for a more uplifting experience for both parties.

Religious Attitudes And Training Of Mental Health Professionals Impact On Clinical Practice A Review Paper A An Exploratory Study Of Spirituality And Posttraumatic Growth In Moderate To Severe Traumatic Brain Injury Paper B

Author : Cherilyn McKay
ISBN : OCLC:817247853
Genre :
File Size : 31. 26 MB
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Both mental health professional bodies (e.g. the American Psychology Association) and mental health service users (Faulkner, 1997) have called for greater inclusion of religious and / or spiritual issues in assessment and treatment. This review aimed to examine whether psychologists and psychiatrists in professional training and clinical practice do, as has been reported, display lower levels of religiosity and / or spirituality than population norms with the former group said to be the least religious of all scientists (Bergin, 1980). Sixteen papers met inclusion criteria and were assessed for content and methodology. They supported previous findings that both groups report significantly lower levels of religious and / or spiritual beliefs compared to population norms. It was also found that clinical psychology training courses tended not to offer systematic training in religious / spiritual issues (Brawer et al., 2002). The impact on clinical practice was considered with some psychologists and psychiatrists admitting that they felt unsure about engaging with highly religious and / or spiritual clients due to lack of knowledge and confidence (e.g. Foskett et ai, 2004). However, the majority of respondents in the studies reviewed agreed that religious and / or spiritual issues could be important - and in some cases, beneficial - for good mental health in clients who professed a strong faith and therefore appropriate within the scope of therapy (Shafranske & Malony, 1990). A large number of methodological problems with the papers reviewed, such as design and participant selection, are discussed and ways of addressing empirical issues and future avenues for research are considered. Abstract Despite the growing emphasis on the inclusion of religious and / or spiritual issues in therapy, many mental health service users in the UK report having their religious and / spiritual needs overlooked (Faulkner, 2007). A review of sixteen empirical papers examining the possible reasons behind the reluctance of mental health professionals (psychologists and psychiatrists) found that, far from there being a 'therapeutic' disdain for working with clients expressing religious and / or spiritual needs, many clinicians feel they lack the confidence and knowledge to address these issues adequately. Methodological issues and implications for services are also considered. Religious and / or spiritual factors are said to be associated with post-traumatic growth (PTG: Tedeschi & Calhoun, 1995) after a significant traumatic event but there is little mention of either in the traumatic brain injury (TBI) literature. A qualitative Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis approach was taken in interviewing six individuals who had sustained a TBI more than ten years previously and who also scored highly on the Post Traumatic Growth Inventory and Quest scale of Religiosity were analysed to investigate whether (and if so, how) religious and / or spiritual beliefs contributed to their PTG. Key themes suggest that religious and spiritual ideas develop or are strengthened post-TB I and facilitate acceptance and growth through a reframing of the individual's relationship to life (the self), others and a wider transcendental power. Limitations of the study and implications for rehabilitation services are discussed. Paper B An exploratory study of spirituality and posttraumatic growth in moderate to severe traumatic brain injury Cherilyn McKay Harris Manchester College, University of Oxford Doctorate in Clinical Psychology Hilary 2011 Post-traumatic growth (PTG) is conceptualised as positive change experienced after significant trauma (Tedeschi & Calhoun, 1996) and has been widely reported in a range of physical and psychological conditions. To date, studies examining the psychosocial sequelae of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) have tended to be deficit-focused but recently, studies such as Collicutt-McGrath & Linley, (2006) and Powell, Ekin-Wood and Collin (2007) have suggested that PTG can develop a number of years post- TBI. Religious and / or spiritual beliefs are said to be associated with PTG, in some cases acting as both a mediator for and outcome of growth and development. Using an Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) approach, transcripts of six individuals who had sustained a TBI more than ten years previously and who also scored highly on the Post Traumatic Growth Inventory and Quest scale of Religiosity were analysed to investigate whether (and if so, how) religious and / or spiritual beliefs contributed to their PTG. The following key themes were found: (i) struggling towards 'life' recovery, (ii) religious / spiritual strengthening, (iii) making sense of survival (with subthemes of 'surviving for a reason, 'positively revaluating life', 'regaining personal agency', 'giving back', 'looking outwards') and (lv) growing through adversity. Analysis of participants' narratives suggest that religious and spiritual ideas develop or are strengthened post-TB I and facilitate acceptance and growth through a reframing of the individual's relationship to life (the self), others and a wider transcendental power. Limitations of the study and implications for rehabilitation services are discussed.

Facilitating Posttraumatic Growth

Author : Lawrence G. Calhoun
ISBN : 9781135688615
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 35. 7 MB
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In this book, Calhoun and Tedeschi construct the first systematic framework for clinical efforts to enhance the processes they sum up as posttraumatic growth. Posttraumatic growth is the phenomenon of positive change through struggle with even the most horrible sets of circumstances. People who experience it tend to describe three general types of change: realistically stronger feelings of vulnerability that are nonetheless accompanied by stronger feelings of personal resilience, closer and deeper relationships with others, and a stronger sense of spirituality. Posttraumatic growth has only recently become an important focus of interest for researchers and practitioners. Drawing on a burgeoning professional literature as well as on their own extensive clinical experience, the authors present strategies for helping clients effect all three types of positive change--strategies that have been tested in a variety of groups facing a variety of crises and traumas. Their concise yet comprehensive practical guide will be welcomed by all those who counsel persons grappling with the worst life has to offer.

Memory Narrative And Forgiveness

Author : Pumla Gobodo-Madikizela
ISBN : UOM:39015080890950
Genre : History
File Size : 37. 75 MB
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The United Nations' declaration of 2009 as the International Year of Reconciliation is testimony to the growing use of historical commissions as instruments of reconciliation in post-conflict societies. Since the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) has had a profound impact on international efforts to deal with the aftermath of mass violence and societal conflict, this is an appropriate time for scholars to debate and reflect on the work of the TRC and the wide-ranging scholarship it has inspired across disciplines. With a foreword by Harvard Law Professor Martha Minow, Memory, Narrative, and Forgiveness: Perspectives on the Unfinished Journeys of the Past offers readers a front-row seat where a team of scholars draw on both theoretical analysis and case studies from around the world to explore the themes of memory, narrative, forgiveness and apology, and how these themes often interact in either mutually supportive or unsettling ways. The book is a vibrant discussion by scholars in philosophy, psychology, psychoanalytic theory, history, literary theory, and Holocaust studies. The authors explore the complex, interconnected issues of trauma and narrative (testimonial and literary narrative and theatre as narrative), mourning and the potential of forgiveness to heal the enduring effects of mass trauma, and transgenerational trauma-memory as a basis for dialogue and reconciliation in divided societies. The authors go well beyond the South African TRC and address a wide range of historical events to explore the possibilities and the challenges that lie on the path of reconciliation and forgiveness between victims, perpetrators, and bystanders in societies with a history of violent conflict and unspeakable injustice. The book provides readers with a cohesive, theoretically well-grounded analysis of the impact of traumatic memories in the personal and communal lives of survivors of trauma. It explores how narrative may be creatively applied in processes of healing trauma, and how public testimony can often restore the moral balance of societies ravaged by trauma. The book deepens understanding of the ways in which lessons from the TRC might be developed and both usefully and cautiously applied in other post-conflict situations.

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