preference-value-choice-and-welfare

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Preference Value Choice And Welfare

Author : Daniel M. Hausman
ISBN : 9781139505376
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 52. 69 MB
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This book is about preferences, principally as they figure in economics. It also explores their uses in everyday language and action, how they are understood in psychology and how they figure in philosophical reflection on action and morality. The book clarifies and for the most part defends the way in which economists invoke preferences to explain, predict and assess behavior and outcomes. Hausman argues, however, that the predictions and explanations economists offer rely on theories of preference formation that are in need of further development, and he criticizes attempts to define welfare in terms of preferences and to define preferences in terms of choices or self-interest. The analysis clarifies the relations between rational choice theory and philosophical accounts of human action. The book also assembles the materials out of which models of preference formation and modification can be constructed, and it comments on how reason and emotion shape preferences.

Well Being As Value Fulfillment

Author : Valerie Tiberius
ISBN : 9780198809494
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 32. 72 MB
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What is well-being? This is one of humanity's oldest and deepest questions; Valerie Tiberius offers a fresh answer. She argues that our lives go well to the extent that we succeed in what matters to us emotionally, reflectively, and over the long term. So when we want to help others achieve well-being, we should pay attention to their values.

Measuring Utility

Author : Ivan Moscati
ISBN : 9780199372768
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 82. 59 MB
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Utility is a key concept in the economics of individual decision-making. However, utility is not measurable in a straightforward way. As a result, from the very beginning there has been debates about the meaning of utility as well as how to measure it. This book is an innovative investigation of how these arguments changed over time. Measuring Utility reconstructs economists' ideas and discussions about utility measurement from 1870 to 1985, as well as their attempts to measure utility empirically. The book brings into focus the interplay between the evolution of utility analysis, economists' ideas about utility measurement, and their conception of what measurement in general means. It also explores the relationships between the history of utility measurement in economics, the history of the measurement of sensations in psychology, and the history of measurement theory in general. Finally, the book discusses some methodological problems related to utility measurement, such as the epistemological status of the utility concept and its measures. The first part covers the period 1870-1910, and discusses the issue of utility measurement in the theories of Jevons, Menger, Walras and other early utility theorists. Part II deals with the emergence of the notions of ordinal and cardinal utility during the period 1900-1945, and discusses two early attempts to give an empirical content to the notion of utility. Part III focuses on the 1945-1955 debate on utility measurement that was originated by von Neumann and Morgenstern's expected utility theory (EUT). Part IV reconstructs the experimental attempts to measure the utility of money between 1950 and 1985 within the framework provided by EUT. This historical and epistemological overview provides keen insights into current debates about rational choice theory and behavioral economics in the theory of individual decision-making and the philosophy of economics.

Democratic Theory Naturalized

Author : Walter Horn
ISBN : 9781793624963
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 61. 98 MB
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To some, the word populism suggests the tyranny of the mob; to others, it suggests a xenophobic nativism. It is often even considered conducive to (if not simply identical to) fascism. In Democratic Theory Naturalized: The Foundations of Distilled Populism, Walter Horn uses his theory of "CHOICE Voluntarism” to offer solutions to some of the most perplexing problems in democratic theory and distill populism to its core premise: giving people the power to govern themselves without any constraints imposed by those on the left or the right. Beginning with explanations of what it means to vote and what makes one society better off than another, Horn analyzes what makes for fair aggregation and appropriate, deliberative representation. Through his examination of the American government, Horn suggests solutions to contemporary problems such as gerrymandering, immigration control, and campaign finance, and offers answers to age-old questions like why dissenters should obey the majority and who should have the right to vote in various elections.

Economic Analysis Moral Philosophy And Public Policy

Author : Daniel Hausman
ISBN : 9781107158313
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 42. 1 MB
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This book shows how careful attention to moral reasoning can enrich economic understanding and clarify the importance and the limits of an economic analysis of policy problems.

Individual And Collective Choice And Social Welfare

Author : Constanze Binder
ISBN : 9783662464397
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 65. 48 MB
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The papers in this volume explore various issues relating to theories of individual and collective choice, and theories of social welfare. The topics include individual and collective rationality, motivation and intention in economics, coercion, public goods, climate change, and voting theory. The book offers an excellent overview over latest research in these fields.

Valuing Health

Author : Daniel M. Hausman
ISBN : 9780190233181
Genre : Medical
File Size : 56. 6 MB
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In Valuing Health Daniel M. Hausman provides a philosophically sophisticated overview of generic health measurement that suggests improvements in standard methods and proposes a radical alternative. He shows how to avoid relying on surveys and instead evaluate health states directly. Hausman goes on to tackle the deep problems of evaluation, offering an account of fundamental evaluation that does not presuppose the assignment of values to the properties and consequences of alternatives. After discussing the purposes of generic health measurement, Hausman defends a naturalistic concept of health and its relations to measures such as quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). In examining current health-measurement systems, Valuing Health clarifies their value commitments and the objections to relying on preference surveys to assign values to health states. Relying on an interpretation of liberal political philosophy, Hausman argues that the public value of health states should be understood in terms of the activity limits and suffering that health states impose. Hausman also addresses the moral conundrums that arise when policy-makers attempt to employ the values of health states to estimate the health benefits of alternative policies and to adopt the most cost-effective. He concludes with a general discussion of the difficulties of combining consequentialist and non-consequentialist moral considerations in policy-making.

Handbook Of Social Choice And Welfare

Author : Kenneth J. Arrow
ISBN : UOM:39015056962098
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 69. 25 MB
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One of two volumes, 'The Handbook of Social Choice and Welfare' contains a series of essays that examine past and on-going social choice theory and welfare economics. It provides a means to making collective decisions on such issues.

Introduction To Social Choice And Welfare

Author : Kōtarō Suzumura
ISBN : UVA:X004529559
Genre : Social choice
File Size : 30. 69 MB
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Landmark Papers In General Equilibrium Theory Social Choice And Welfare

Author : Kenneth Joseph Arrow
ISBN : STANFORD:36105025744132
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 21. 66 MB
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A collection of 36 previously published papers focusing on the mathematical modeling of a number of problems in economic theory, one of the most important being the relative possibilities of modeling whether social choices can be determined in a world of infinite economic choice or whether choice leads to impossibilities of resolving social preference. The papers, for the most part, take the work of Kenneth J. Arrow and Gerard Debreu as a starting point and were published between 1934 and 1989. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Welfare Choice And Development

Author : Biśvanātha Rāẏa
ISBN : STANFORD:36105110455339
Genre : Economic development
File Size : 51. 81 MB
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Contributed articles; includes a chapter on the biography of Amartya Kumar Sen, economist and Nobel prize winner in Economics, in 1998.

Welfare Economics And Social Choice Theory

Author : Allan M. Feldman
ISBN : 9780387293684
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 84. 53 MB
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This book covers the main topics of welfare economics — general equilibrium models of exchange and production, Pareto optimality, un certainty, externalities and public goods — and some of the major topics of social choice theory — compensation criteria, fairness, voting. Arrow's Theorem, and the theory of implementation. The underlying question is this: "Is a particular economic or voting mechanism good or bad for society?" Welfare economics is mainly about whether the market mechanism is good or bad; social choice is largely about whether voting mechanisms, or other more abstract mechanisms, can improve upon the results of the market. This second edition updates the material of the first, written by Allan Feldman. It incorporates new sections to existing first-edition chapters, and it includes several new ones. Chapters 4, 6, 11, 15 and 16 are new, added in this edition. The first edition of the book grew out of an undergraduate welfare economics course at Brown University. The book is intended for the undergraduate student who has some prior familiarity with microeconomics. However, the book is also useful for graduate students and professionals, economists and non-economists, who want an overview of welfare and social choice results unburdened by detail and mathematical complexity. Welfare economics and social choice both probably suffer from ex cessively technical treatments in professional journals and monographs.

Japan Spotlight

Author :
ISBN : UCSD:31822034020511
Genre : Industries
File Size : 47. 80 MB
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?tudes Et Documents De Politique Scientifique

Author : Unesco
ISBN : CHI:32936359
Genre : Science and state
File Size : 89. 79 MB
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?tudes Et Documents De Politique Scientifique

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015038747039
Genre : Science and state
File Size : 50. 47 MB
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The Economics Of Landscape And Wildlife Conservation

Author : Alex Dubgaard
ISBN : STANFORD:36105023147189
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 57. 91 MB
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Europe has introduced a number of policies designed to conserve its landscape and wildlife. The papers collected here carefully examine these policies, many of which have been in effect for more than a decade. The overall perspective is an economic one, with several chapters reviewing analytical methods, economic valuation of the benefits of agricultural landscapes and the costs and benefits of wildlife conservation. These are set in the context of the Common Agricultural Policy and environmental policies in the European Union. The book represents important reading for agricultural and environmental economists, as well as those concerned with ecology and conservation. The papers revised here were originally delivered at a workshop at the University of Hohenheim in 1996, part of a series of EU Concerted Action workshops looking at policy measures to control environmental impacts from agriculture.

Decision Theory And Ethics

Author : Julian Nida-Rümelin
ISBN : UCLA:L0097023006
Genre : Decision making
File Size : 90. 57 MB
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Economic Welfare

Author : Tyler Cowen
ISBN : STANFORD:36105028476880
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 69. 78 MB
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Presents a collection of leading writings in the fields of policy evaluation. The volume focuses on the conceptual issues behind welfare economics, drawing upon contributions from economics, moral philosophy, and social philosophy to show approaches both for and against.

Social Choice And Individual Values

Author : Kenneth J. Arrow
ISBN : 9780300186987
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 71. 49 MB
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Originally published in 1951, "Social Choice and Individual Values" introduced "Arrow's Impossibility Theorem" and founded the field of social choice theory in economics and political science. This new edition, including a new foreword by Nobel laureate Eric Maskin, reintroduces Arrow's seminal book to a new generation of students and researchers. "Far beyond a classic, this small book unleashed the ongoing explosion of interest in social choice and voting theory. A half-century later, the book remains full of profound insight: its central message, 'Arrow's Theorem, ' has changed the way we think."--Donald G. Saari, author of "Decisions and Elections: Explaining the Unexpected "

Economics And Social Choice Microeconomics

Author : Jack W. Nickson
ISBN : IND:39000003478968
Genre : Economics
File Size : 87. 3 MB
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