principles of polymer processing

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Principles Of Polymer Processing

Author : Zehev Tadmor
ISBN : 9780470355923
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 21. 91 MB
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Thoroughly revised edition of the classic text on polymer processing The Second Edition brings the classic text on polymer processing thoroughly up to date with the latest fundamental developments in polymer processing, while retaining the critically acclaimed approach of the First Edition. Readers are provided with the complete panorama of polymer processing, starting with fundamental concepts through the latest current industry practices and future directions. All the chapters have been revised and updated, and four new chapters have been added to introduce the latest developments. Readers familiar with the First Edition will discover a host of new material, including: * Blend and alloy microstructuring * Twin screw-based melting and chaotic mixing mechanisms * Reactive processing * Devolatilization--theory, mechanisms, and industrial practice * Compounding--theory and industrial practice * The increasingly important role of computational fluid mechanics * A systematic approach to machine configuration design The Second Edition expands on the unique approach that distinguishes it from comparative texts. Rather than focus on specific processing methods, the authors assert that polymers have a similar experience in any processing machine and that these experiences can be described by a set of elementary processing steps that prepare the polymer for any of the shaping methods. On the other hand, the authors do emphasize the unique features of particular polymer processing methods and machines, including the particular elementary step and shaping mechanisms and geometrical solutions. Replete with problem sets and a solutions manual for instructors, this textbook is recommended for undergraduate and graduate students in chemical engineering and polymer and materials engineering and science. It will also prove invaluable for industry professionals as a fundamental polymer processing analysis and synthesis reference.

Principles Of Polymer Processing

Author : Roger T. Fenner
ISBN : OSU:32435054285010
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 62. 75 MB
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Contents - Preface - Notation - 1. Introduction - 1.1 Polymeric Materials - 1.2 Polymer Processing - 1.3 Analysis of Polymer Processes - 1.4 Scope of the Book - 2. Introduction to the Main Polymer Processes - 2.1 Screw Extrusion - 2.2 Injection Moulding - 2.3 Blow Moulding - 2.4 Calendering - 2.5 Other Processes - 2.6 Effects of Processing - 3. Processing Properties of Polymers - 3.1 Melting and Thermal Properties of Polymers - 3.2 Viscous Properties of Polymer Melts - 3.3 Methods of Measuring Melt Viscosities - 3.4 Elastic Properties of Polymer Melts - 3.5 Temperature and Pressure Dependence of Melt Properties - 3.6 Processing Properties of Solid Polymers - 4. Fundamentals of Polymer Melt Flow - 4.1 Tensor Notation - 4.2 Continuum Mechanics Equations - 4.3 Constitutive Equations - 4.4 Boundary Conditions - 4.5 Dimensional Analysis of Melt Flows - 4.6 The Lubrication Approximation - 4.7 Mixing in Melt Flows - 5. Some Melt Flow Processes - 5.1 Some Simple Extrusion Dies - 5.2 Narrow Channel Flows in Dies and Crossheads - 5.3 Applications to Die Design - 5.4 Calendering - 5.5 Melt Flow in an Intensely Sheared Thin Film - 6. Screw Extrusion - 6.1 Melt Flow in Screw Extruders - 6.2 Solids Conveying in Extruders - 6.3 Melting in Extruders - 6.4 Power Consumption in Extruders - 6.5 Mixing in Extruders - 6.6 Surging in Extruders - 6.7 Over-all Performance and Design of Extruders - 7. Injection Moulding - 7.1 Reciprocating Screw Plastication - 7.2 Melt Flow in Injection Nozzles - 7.3 Flow and Heat Transfer in Moulds - Appendix A. Finite Element Analysis of Narrow Channel Flow - Appendix B. Solution of the Screw Channel Developing Melt Flow Equations - Appendix C. Solution of the Melting Model Equations - Further Reading - Index - Preface - The increasing use of synthetic polymers in preference to metals and other engineering materials for a wide range of applications has been accompanied by the development and improvement of processes for converting them into useful products. Indeed, it is often the comparative ease and cheapness with which polymeric materials can be processed that make them attractive choices. Because of the relatively complex behaviour of the materials, polymer processes may appear to be difficult to understand and analyze quantitatively. The purposes of this book are to introduce the reader briefly to the main methods of processing thermoplastic polymers, and to examine the principles of flow and heat transfer in some of the more industrially important of these processes. Much attention is devoted to the two most widely used methods - screw extrusion and injection moulding. Quantitative analyses based on mathematical models of the processes are developed in order to aid the understanding of them, and to improve both the performance and design of processing equipment. In addition to algebraic formulae, some worked examples are included to illustrate the use of the results obtained. In cases where analytical solutions are not possible, methods of numerical solution using digital computers are discussed in some detail, and typical results presented.

Polymer Processing

Author : Donald G. Baird
ISBN : 9781118354728
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 58. 8 MB
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Fundamental concepts coupled with practical, step-by-stepguidance With its emphasis on core principles, this text equips readerswith the skills and knowledge to design the many processes neededto safely and successfully manufacture thermoplastic parts. Thefirst half of the text sets forth the general theory and conceptsunderlying polymer processing, such as the viscoelastic response ofpolymeric fluids and diffusion and mass transfer. Next, the textexplores specific practical aspects of polymer processing,including mixing, extrusion dies, and post-die processing. Byaddressing a broad range of design issues and methods, the authorsdemonstrate how to solve most common processing problems. This Second Edition of the highly acclaimed PolymerProcessing has been thoroughly updated to reflect currentpolymer processing issues and practices. New areas of coverageinclude: Micro-injection molding to produce objects weighing a fractionof a gram, such as miniature gears and biomedical devices New chapter dedicated to the recycling of thermoplastics andthe processing of renewable polymers Life-cycle assessment, a systematic method for determiningwhether recycling is appropriate and which form of recycling isoptimal Rheology of polymers containing fibers Chapters feature problem sets, enabling readers to assess andreinforce their knowledge as they progress through the text. Thereare also special design problems throughout the text that reflectreal-world polymer processing issues. A companion website featuresnumerical subroutines as well as guidance for usingMATLAB®, IMSL®, and Excel to solvethe sample problems from the text. By providing both underlyingtheory and practical step-by-step guidance, Polymer Processing isrecommended for students in chemical, mechanical, materials, andpolymer engineering.

Principles Of Polymer Engineering

Author : N. G. McCrum
ISBN : 9780198565260
Genre : Literary Collections
File Size : 52. 96 MB
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The second edition of Principles of Polymer Engineering brings up-to-date coverage for undergraduates studying materials and polymer science. The opening chapters show why plastics and rubbers have such distinctive properties and how they are affected by temperature, strain rate, and other factors. The rest of the book concentrates on how these properties can be exploited to produce functional components within the constraints placed on them. The main changes for the second edition are a new chapter on environmental issues and substantially rewritten sections on yield and fracture and forming. To request a copy of the Solutions Manual, visit: http://global.oup.com/uk/academic/physics/admin/solutions

Mixing In Polymer Processing

Author : Chris Rauwendaal
ISBN : 0824785215
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 90. 29 MB
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"Focusing on the principles of mixing and practical aspects of mixing technology used in the polymer processing industry, this book facilitates the selection of the most suitable mixing machinery for specific applications-emphasizing interactions between mixer geometry and resulting mixing action, identifying one mixer from another, and evaluating the mixing performance of each device. "

Principles Of Polymer Engineering Rheology

Author : James Lindsay White
ISBN : 0471853623
Genre : Science
File Size : 28. 77 MB
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Provides the basic background needed by engineers to determine experimentally and interpret the rheological behavior of polymer melts--including not only traditional pure melts but also solutions and compounds containing anisotropic (fiber or disc) or colloidal particles--and apply it to analyze flow in processing operations. Experimental foundations of modern rheology and rheo-optics and the interpretation of experimental data are covered, which also develops the fundamentals of continuum mechanics and shows how it may be applied to devise methods for measurement of rheological properties, formulation of three-dimensional stress-deformation relationships, and analysis of flow in processing operations. Also discusses the structure of polymers and considers rheological behavior in terms of structure. Constitutive equations relating stress to deformation history in non-Newtonian fluids and their applications are discussed. Each chapter presents an overview of the subject matter and then develops the material in a pedagogical manner.

Polymer Processing

Author : Jean-François Agassant
ISBN : 9781569907054
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 36. 34 MB
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Engineering of polymers is not an easy exercise: with evolving technology, it often involves complex concepts and processes. This book is intended to provide the theoretical essentials: understanding of processes, a basis for the use of design software, and much more. The necessary physical concepts such as continuum mechanics, rheological behavior and measurement methods, and thermal science with its application to heating-cooling problems and implications for flow behavior are analyzed in detail. This knowledge is then applied to key processing methods, including single-screw extrusion and extrusion die flow, twin-screw extrusion and its applications, injection molding, calendering, and processes involving stretching. With many exercises with solutions offered throughout the book to reinforce the concepts presented, and extensive illustrations, this is an essential guide for mastering the art of plastics processing. Practical and didactic, Polymer Processing: Principles and Modeling is intended for engineers and technicians of the profession, as well as for advanced students in Polymer Science and Plastics Engineering.

Polymer Morphology

Author : Qipeng Guo
ISBN : 9781118892763
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 43. 57 MB
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With a focus on structure-property relationships, this book describes how polymer morphology affects properties and how scientists can modify them. The book covers structure development, theory, simulation, and processing; and discusses a broad range of techniques and methods. • Provides an up-to-date, comprehensive introduction to the principles and practices of polymer morphology • Illustrates major structure types, such as semicrystalline morphology, surface-induced polymer crystallization, phase separation, self-assembly, deformation, and surface topography • Covers a variety of polymers, such as homopolymers, block copolymers, polymer thin films, polymer blends, and polymer nanocomposites • Discusses a broad range of advanced and novel techniques and methods, like x-ray diffraction, thermal analysis, and electron microscopy and their applications in the morphology of polymer materials

Principles Of Polymer Systems

Author : Ferdinand Rodríguez
ISBN : UOM:39015036320342
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 61. 34 MB
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Principles Of Polymer Systems

Author : Ferdinand Rodriguez
ISBN : 9781482223798
Genre : Science
File Size : 75. 28 MB
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Maintaining a balance between depth and breadth, the Sixth Edition of Principles of Polymer Systems continues to present an integrated approach to polymer science and engineering. A classic text in the field, the new edition offers a comprehensive exploration of polymers at a level geared toward upper-level undergraduates and beginning graduate students. Revisions to the sixth edition include: A more detailed discussion of crystallization kinetics, strain-induced crystallization, block copolymers, liquid crystal polymers, and gels New, powerful radical polymerization methods Additional polymerization process flow sheets and discussion of the polymerization of polystyrene and poly(vinyl chloride) New discussions on the elongational viscosity of polymers and coarse-grained bead-spring molecular and tube models Updated information on models and experimental results of rubber elasticity Expanded sections on fracture of glassy and semicrystalline polymers New sections on fracture of elastomers, diffusion in polymers, and membrane formation New coverage of polymers from renewable resources New section on X-ray methods and dielectric relaxation All chapters have been updated and out-of-date material removed. The text contains more theoretical background for some of the fundamental concepts pertaining to polymer structure and behavior, while also providing an up-to-date discussion of the latest developments in polymerization systems. Example problems in the text help students through step-by-step solutions and nearly 300 end-of-chapter problems, many new to this edition, reinforce the concepts presented.

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