quantum computing

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Quantum Computers Algorithms And Chaos

Author : Giulio Casati
ISBN : 1586036602
Genre : Science
File Size : 45. 4 MB
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"During the last ten years Quantum Information Processing and Communication (QIPC) has established itself as one of the new hot topic fields in physics, with the potential to revolutionize many areas of science and technology. QIPC replaces the laws of classical physics applied to computation and communication with the more fundamental laws of quantum mechanics. This becomes increasingly important due to technological progress going down to smaller and smaller scales where quantum effects start to be dominant. In addition to its fundamental nature, QIPC promises to advance computing power beyond the capabilities of any classical computer, to guarantee secure communication and establish direct links to emerging quantum technologies, such as, for example, quantum based sensors and clocks. One of the outstanding feature of QIPC is its interdisciplinary character: it brings together researchers from physics, mathematics and computer science. In particular, within physics we have seen the emergence of a new QIPC community, which ranges from theoretical to experimental physics, and crosses boundaries of traditionally separated disciplines such as atomic physics, quantum optics, statistical mechanics and solid state physics, all working on different and complementary aspects of QIPC. This publication covers the following topics: Introduction to quantum computing; Quantum logic, information and entanglement; Quantum algorithms; Error-correcting codes for quantum computations; Quantum measurements and control; Quantum communication; Quantum optics and cold atoms for quantum information; Quantum computing with solid state devices; Theory and experiments for superconducting qubits; Interactions in many-body systems: quantum chaos, disorder and random matrices; Decoherence effects for quantum computing; and Flature prospects of quantum information processing."

Problems Solutions In Quantum Computing Quantum Information

Author : W.-H. Steeb
ISBN : 9812387897
Genre : Science
File Size : 48. 61 MB
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Quantum computing and quantum information are two of the fastest-growing and most exciting research areas in physics. The possibilities of using non-local behaviour of quantum mechanics to factorize integers in random polynomial time have added to this new interest. This invaluable book provides a collection of problems in quantum computing and quantum information together with detailed solutions. It consists of two parts: in the first part finite-dimensional systems are considered, while the second part deals with finite-dimensional systems. All the important concepts and topics are included, such as quantum gates and quantum circuits, entanglement, teleportation, Bell states, Bell inequality, Schmidt decomposition, quantum Fourier transform, magic gates, von Neumann entropy quantum cryptography, quantum error correction, coherent states, squeezed states, POVM measurement, beam splitter and Kerr-Hamilton operator. The topics range in difficulty from elementary o advanced. Almost all of the problems are solved in detail and most of them are self-contained. All relevant definitions are given. Students can learn from this book important principles and strategies required for problem solving. Teachers will find it useful as a supplement, since important concepts and techniques are developed through the problems. It can also be used as a text or a supplement for linear and multilinear algebra or matrix theory.

Computer Science And Quantum Computing

Author : Jeremy E. Stones
ISBN : 1600212344
Genre : Computers
File Size : 32. 18 MB
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This book presents leading-edge research in the field of computer science research including quantum computing, technology and applications. Each contribution has been carefully selected for inclusion based on the significance of the research to the field. Summaries of all chapters are gathered at the beginning of the book and an in-depth index is presented to facilitate access.

High Level Structures For Quantum Computing

Author : Jarosław Adam Miszczak
ISBN : 9781608458516
Genre : Computers
File Size : 39. 54 MB
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This book is concerned with the models of quantum computation. Information processing based on the rules of quantum mechanics provides us with new opportunities for developing more efficient algorithms and protocols. However, to harness the power offered by quantum information processing it is essential to control the behavior of quantum mechanical objects in a precise manner. As this seems to be conceptually difficult at the level of quantum states and unitary gates, high-level quantum programming languages have been proposed for this purpose. The aim of this book is to provide an introduction to abstract models of computation used in quantum information theory. Starting from the abstract models of Turing machine and finite automata, we introduce the models of Boolean circuits and Random Access Machine and use them to present quantum programming techniques and quantum programming languages. Table of Contents: Introduction / Turing machines / Quantum Finite State Automata / Computational Circuits / Random Access Machines / Quantum Programming Environment / Quantum Programming Languages / Imperative quantum programming / Functional Quantum Programming / Outlook

Quantum Computing

Author : Jozef Gruska
ISBN : UOM:39015047730125
Genre : Computer science
File Size : 30. 98 MB
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In quantum computing, we witness an exciting and very promising merge of two of the deepest and most successful scientific and technological developments of this century: quantum physics and computer science. The book takes a very broad view of quantum computing and information processing in general. It deals with such areas as quantum algorithms, automata, complexity theory, information and communication, cryptography and theoretical results. These include such topics as quantum error correcting codes and methods of quantum fault tolerance computing, which have made the vision of a real quantum computer come closer. No previous knowledge of quantum mechanics is required. The book is written as a self-study introduction to quantum computing and can be used for a one-semester course on quantum computing, especially for computer scientists. To meet this aim the book contains numerous examples, figures and exercises.

Quantum Computer Science

Author : Marco Lanzagorta
ISBN : 9781598297324
Genre : Computers
File Size : 41. 86 MB
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In this text we present a technical overview of the emerging field of quantum computation along with new research results by the authors. What distinguishes our presentation from that of others is our focus on the relationship between quantum computation and computer science. Specifically, our emphasis is on the computational model of quantum computing rather than on the engineering issues associated with its physical implementation. We adopt this approach for the same reason that a book on computer programming doesn't cover the theory and physical realization of semiconductors. Another distinguishing feature of this text is our detailed discussion of the circuit complexity of quantum algorithms. To the extent possible we have presented the material in a form that is accessible to the computer scientist, but in many cases we retain the conventional physics notation so that the reader will also be able to consult the relevant quantum computing literature. Although we expect the reader to have a solid understanding of linear algebra, we do not assume a background in physics. This text is based on lectures given as short courses and invited presentations around the world, and it has been used as the primary text for a graduate course at George Mason University. In all these cases our challenge has been the same: how to present to a general audience a concise introduction to the algorithmic structure and applications of quantum computing on an extremely short period of time. The feedback from these courses and presentations has greatly aided in making our exposition of challenging concepts more accessible to a general audience. Table of Contents: Introduction / The Algorithmic Structure of Quantum Computing / Advantages and Limitations of Quantum Computing / Amplitude Amplification / Case Study: Computational Geometry / The Quantum Fourier Transform / Case Study: The Hidden Subgroup / Circuit Complexity Analysis of Quantum Algorithms / Conclusions / Bibliography

Quantum Information And Quantum Computing

Author : Mikio Nakahara
ISBN : 9789814425223
Genre : Computers
File Size : 81. 74 MB
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The open research center project "Interdisciplinary fundamental research toward realization of a quantum computer" has been supported by the Ministry of Education, Japan for five years. This is a collection of the research outcomes by the members engaged in the project. To make the presentation self-contained, it starts with an overview by Mikio Nakahara, which serves as a concise introduction to quantum information and quantum computing. Subsequent contributions include subjects from physics, chemistry, mathematics, and information science, reflecting upon the wide variety of scientists working under this project. These contributions introduce NMR quantum computing and related techniques, number theory and coding theory, quantum error correction, photosynthesis, non-classical correlations and entanglement, neutral atom quantum computer, among others. Each of the contributions will serve as a short introduction to these cutting edge research fields.

Molecular Realizations Of Quantum Computing 2007

Author : Mikio Nakahara
ISBN : 9789812838681
Genre : Computers
File Size : 54. 15 MB
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This book provides an overview on physical realizations of quantum computing by means of molecular systems. It will be useful for graduate students and researchers interested in quantum computing from different areas of physics, physical chemistry, informatics and computer science. Each chapter is written in a self-contained manner and hence can be accessible for researchers and graduate students with even less background in the topics.

Quantum Computing For Computer Architects

Author : Tzvetan S. Metodi
ISBN : 9781608456192
Genre : Computers
File Size : 61. 3 MB
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Quantum computation may seem to be a topic for science fiction, but small quantum computers have existed for several years and larger machines are on the drawing table. These efforts have been fueled by a tantalizing property: while conventional computers employ a binary representation that allows computational power to scale linearly with resources at best, quantum computations employ quantum phenomena that can interact to allow computational power that is exponential in the number of quantum bits in the system. Quantum devices rely on the ability to control and manipulate binary data stored in the phase information of quantum wave functions that describe the electronic states of individual atoms or the polarization states of photons. While existing quantum technologies are in their infancy, we shall see that it is not too early to consider scalability and reliability. In fact, such considerations are a critical link in the development chain of viable device technologies capable of orchestrating reliable control of tens of millions quantum bits in a large-scale system. The goal of this lecture is to provide architectural abstractions common to potential technologies and explore the systems-level challenges in achieving scalable, fault-tolerant quantum computation.

A Shortcut Through Time

Author : George Johnson
ISBN : 9780099452171
Genre : Quantum computers
File Size : 22. 59 MB
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"The newest Pentium chip powering PCs and laptops contains 40 million electronic switches packed onto a piece of silicon about the size of a thumbnail. Several years from now, if this incredible shrinking continues, a single chip will hold a billion switches, then a trillion. The logical culmination is a computer in which the switches are so tiny that each consists of an individual atom. At that point something miraculous happens- Quantum mechanics kick in. Anyone who follows the science news or watches 'Star Trek' has at least a notion of what that means- particles can be in two or more places at once. Atoms obey a peculiar logic of their own - and if it can be harnessed society will be transformed. Problems that would now take forever would be solved almost instantly. Quantum computing promises nothing less than a shortcut through time."

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