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Random Fields And Stochastic Partial Differential Equations

Author : Y. Rozanov
ISBN : 9789401728386
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 23. 29 MB
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This book considers some models described by means of partial dif ferential equations and boundary conditions with chaotic stochastic disturbance. In a framework of stochastic Partial Differential Equa tions an approach is suggested to generalize solutions of stochastic Boundary Problems. The main topic concerns probabilistic aspects with applications to well-known Random Fields models which are representative for the corresponding stochastic Sobolev spaces. {The term "stochastic" in general indicates involvement of appropriate random elements. ) It assumes certain knowledge in general Analysis and Probability {Hilbert space methods, Schwartz distributions, Fourier transform) . I A very general description of the main problems considered can be given as follows. Suppose, we are considering a random field ~ in a region T ~ Rd which is associated with a chaotic (stochastic) source"' by means of the differential equation (*) in T. A typical chaotic source can be represented by an appropri ate random field"' with independent values, i. e. , generalized random function"' = ( cp, 'TJ), cp E C~(T), with independent random variables ( cp, 'fJ) for any test functions cp with disjoint supports. The property of having independent values implies a certain "roughness" of the ran dom field "' which can only be treated functionally as a very irregular Schwarz distribution. With the lack of a proper development of non linear analyses for generalized functions, let us limit ourselves to the 1 For related material see, for example, J. L. Lions, E.

A Minicourse On Stochastic Partial Differential Equations

Author : Robert C. Dalang
ISBN : 9783540859932
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 57. 66 MB
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This title contains lectures that offer an introduction to modern topics in stochastic partial differential equations and bring together experts whose research is centered on the interface between Gaussian analysis, stochastic analysis, and stochastic PDEs.

Random Fields And Stochastic Partial Differential Equations

Author : Y. Rozanov
ISBN : 0792349849
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 35. 66 MB
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This book considers some models described by means of partial dif ferential equations and boundary conditions with chaotic stochastic disturbance. In a framework of stochastic Partial Differential Equa tions an approach is suggested to generalize solutions of stochastic Boundary Problems. The main topic concerns probabilistic aspects with applications to well-known Random Fields models which are representative for the corresponding stochastic Sobolev spaces. {The term "stochastic" in general indicates involvement of appropriate random elements. ) It assumes certain knowledge in general Analysis and Probability {Hilbert space methods, Schwartz distributions, Fourier transform) . I A very general description of the main problems considered can be given as follows. Suppose, we are considering a random field ~ in a region T ~ Rd which is associated with a chaotic (stochastic) source"' by means of the differential equation (*) in T. A typical chaotic source can be represented by an appropri ate random field"' with independent values, i. e. , generalized random function"' = ( cp, 'TJ), cp E C~(T), with independent random variables ( cp, 'fJ) for any test functions cp with disjoint supports. The property of having independent values implies a certain "roughness" of the ran dom field "' which can only be treated functionally as a very irregular Schwarz distribution. With the lack of a proper development of non linear analyses for generalized functions, let us limit ourselves to the 1 For related material see, for example, J. L. Lions, E.

Stochastic Partial Differential Equations And Related Fields

Author : Andreas Eberle
ISBN : 9783319749297
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 49. 50 MB
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This Festschrift contains five research surveys and thirty-four shorter contributions by participants of the conference ''Stochastic Partial Differential Equations and Related Fields'' hosted by the Faculty of Mathematics at Bielefeld University, October 10–14, 2016. The conference, attended by more than 140 participants, including PostDocs and PhD students, was held both to honor Michael Röckner's contributions to the field on the occasion of his 60th birthday and to bring together leading scientists and young researchers to present the current state of the art and promising future developments. Each article introduces a well-described field related to Stochastic Partial Differential Equations and Stochastic Analysis in general. In particular, the longer surveys focus on Dirichlet forms and Potential theory, the analysis of Kolmogorov operators, Fokker–Planck equations in Hilbert spaces, the theory of variational solutions to stochastic partial differential equations, singular stochastic partial differential equations and their applications in mathematical physics, as well as on the theory of regularity structures and paracontrolled distributions. The numerous research surveys make the volume especially useful for graduate students and researchers who wish to start work in the above-mentioned areas, or who want to be informed about the current state of the art.

Advanced Spatial Modeling With Stochastic Partial Differential Equations Using R And Inla

Author : Elias T. Krainski
ISBN : 9780429628214
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 58. 38 MB
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Modeling spatial and spatio-temporal continuous processes is an important and challenging problem in spatial statistics. Advanced Spatial Modeling with Stochastic Partial Differential Equations Using R and INLA describes in detail the stochastic partial differential equations (SPDE) approach for modeling continuous spatial processes with a Matérn covariance, which has been implemented using the integrated nested Laplace approximation (INLA) in the R-INLA package. Key concepts about modeling spatial processes and the SPDE approach are explained with examples using simulated data and real applications. This book has been authored by leading experts in spatial statistics, including the main developers of the INLA and SPDE methodologies and the R-INLA package. It also includes a wide range of applications: * Spatial and spatio-temporal models for continuous outcomes * Analysis of spatial and spatio-temporal point patterns * Coregionalization spatial and spatio-temporal models * Measurement error spatial models * Modeling preferential sampling * Spatial and spatio-temporal models with physical barriers * Survival analysis with spatial effects * Dynamic space-time regression * Spatial and spatio-temporal models for extremes * Hurdle models with spatial effects * Penalized Complexity priors for spatial models All the examples in the book are fully reproducible. Further information about this book, as well as the R code and datasets used, is available from the book website at http://www.r-inla.org/spde-book. The tools described in this book will be useful to researchers in many fields such as biostatistics, spatial statistics, environmental sciences, epidemiology, ecology and others. Graduate and Ph.D. students will also find this book and associated files a valuable resource to learn INLA and the SPDE approach for spatial modeling.

Random Fields And Stochastic Partial Differential Equations

Author : Y. Rozanov
ISBN : 9048150094
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 66. 53 MB
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This book considers some models described by means of partial dif ferential equations and boundary conditions with chaotic stochastic disturbance. In a framework of stochastic Partial Differential Equa tions an approach is suggested to generalize solutions of stochastic Boundary Problems. The main topic concerns probabilistic aspects with applications to well-known Random Fields models which are representative for the corresponding stochastic Sobolev spaces. {The term "stochastic" in general indicates involvement of appropriate random elements. ) It assumes certain knowledge in general Analysis and Probability {Hilbert space methods, Schwartz distributions, Fourier transform) . I A very general description of the main problems considered can be given as follows. Suppose, we are considering a random field ~ in a region T ~ Rd which is associated with a chaotic (stochastic) source"' by means of the differential equation (*) in T. A typical chaotic source can be represented by an appropri ate random field"' with independent values, i. e. , generalized random function"' = ( cp, 'TJ), cp E C~(T), with independent random variables ( cp, 'fJ) for any test functions cp with disjoint supports. The property of having independent values implies a certain "roughness" of the ran dom field "' which can only be treated functionally as a very irregular Schwarz distribution. With the lack of a proper development of non linear analyses for generalized functions, let us limit ourselves to the 1 For related material see, for example, J. L. Lions, E.

Stochastic Partial Differential Equations And Applications

Author : Giuseppe Da Prato
ISBN : 0203910176
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 49. 51 MB
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Based on the proceedings of the International Conference on Stochastic Partial Differential Equations and Applications-V held in Trento, Italy, this illuminating reference presents applications in filtering theory, stochastic quantization, quantum probability, and mathematical finance and identifies paths for future research in the field. Stochastic Partial Differential Equations and Applications analyzes recent developments in the study of quantum random fields, control theory, white noise, and fluid dynamics. It presents precise conditions for nontrivial and well-defined scattering, new Gaussian noise terms, models depicting the asymptotic behavior of evolution equations, and solutions to filtering dilemmas in signal processing. With contributions from more than 40 leading experts in the field, Stochastic Partial Differential Equations and Applications is an excellent resource for pure and applied mathematicians; numerical analysts; mathematical physicists; geometers; economists; probabilists; computer scientists; control, electrical, and electronics engineers; and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines.

Stochastic Partial Differential Equations For Computer Vision With Uncertain Data

Author : Tobias Preusser
ISBN : 9783031025945
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 80. 44 MB
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In image processing and computer vision applications such as medical or scientific image data analysis, as well as in industrial scenarios, images are used as input measurement data. It is good scientific practice that proper measurements must be equipped with error and uncertainty estimates. For many applications, not only the measured values but also their errors and uncertainties, should be—and more and more frequently are—taken into account for further processing. This error and uncertainty propagation must be done for every processing step such that the final result comes with a reliable precision estimate. The goal of this book is to introduce the reader to the recent advances from the field of uncertainty quantification and error propagation for computer vision, image processing, and image analysis that are based on partial differential equations (PDEs). It presents a concept with which error propagation and sensitivity analysis can be formulated with a set of basic operations. The approach discussed in this book has the potential for application in all areas of quantitative computer vision, image processing, and image analysis. In particular, it might help medical imaging finally become a scientific discipline that is characterized by the classical paradigms of observation, measurement, and error awareness. This book is comprised of eight chapters. After an introduction to the goals of the book (Chapter 1), we present a brief review of PDEs and their numerical treatment (Chapter 2), PDE-based image processing (Chapter 3), and the numerics of stochastic PDEs (Chapter 4). We then proceed to define the concept of stochastic images (Chapter 5), describe how to accomplish image processing and computer vision with stochastic images (Chapter 6), and demonstrate the use of these principles for accomplishing sensitivity analysis (Chapter 7). Chapter 8 concludes the book and highlights new research topics for the future.

Seminar On Stochastic Analysis Random Fields And Applications Iv

Author : Robert Dalang
ISBN : 9783034879439
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 63. 32 MB
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This volume contains twenty refereed papers presented at the 4th Seminar on Stochastic Processes, Random Fields and Applications, which took place in Ascona, Switzerland, from May 2002. The seminar focused mainly on stochastic partial differential equations, stochastic models in mathematical physics, and financial engineering. The book will be a valuable resource for researchers in stochastic analysis and professionals interested in stochastic methods in finance and insurance.

Random Fields For Spatial Data Modeling

Author : Dionissios T. Hristopulos
ISBN : 9789402419184
Genre : Science
File Size : 29. 59 MB
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This book provides an inter-disciplinary introduction to the theory of random fields and its applications. Spatial models and spatial data analysis are integral parts of many scientific and engineering disciplines. Random fields provide a general theoretical framework for the development of spatial models and their applications in data analysis. The contents of the book include topics from classical statistics and random field theory (regression models, Gaussian random fields, stationarity, correlation functions) spatial statistics (variogram estimation, model inference, kriging-based prediction) and statistical physics (fractals, Ising model, simulated annealing, maximum entropy, functional integral representations, perturbation and variational methods). The book also explores links between random fields, Gaussian processes and neural networks used in machine learning. Connections with applied mathematics are highlighted by means of models based on stochastic partial differential equations. An interlude on autoregressive time series provides useful lower-dimensional analogies and a connection with the classical linear harmonic oscillator. Other chapters focus on non-Gaussian random fields and stochastic simulation methods. The book also presents results based on the author’s research on Spartan random fields that were inspired by statistical field theories originating in physics. The equivalence of the one-dimensional Spartan random field model with the classical, linear, damped harmonic oscillator driven by white noise is highlighted. Ideas with potentially significant computational gains for the processing of big spatial data are presented and discussed. The final chapter concludes with a description of the Karhunen-Loève expansion of the Spartan model. The book will appeal to engineers, physicists, and geoscientists whose research involves spatial models or spatial data analysis. Anyone with background in probability and statistics can read at least parts of the book. Some chapters will be easier to understand by readers familiar with differential equations and Fourier transforms.

Analysis Of Stochastic Partial Differential Equations

Author : Davar Khoshnevisan
ISBN : 9781470415471
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 20. 90 MB
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The general area of stochastic PDEs is interesting to mathematicians because it contains an enormous number of challenging open problems. There is also a great deal of interest in this topic because it has deep applications in disciplines that range from applied mathematics, statistical mechanics, and theoretical physics, to theoretical neuroscience, theory of complex chemical reactions [including polymer science], fluid dynamics, and mathematical finance. The stochastic PDEs that are studied in this book are similar to the familiar PDE for heat in a thin rod, but with the additional restriction that the external forcing density is a two-parameter stochastic process, or what is more commonly the case, the forcing is a "random noise," also known as a "generalized random field." At several points in the lectures, there are examples that highlight the phenomenon that stochastic PDEs are not a subset of PDEs. In fact, the introduction of noise in some partial differential equations can bring about not a small perturbation, but truly fundamental changes to the system that the underlying PDE is attempting to describe. The topics covered include a brief introduction to the stochastic heat equation, structure theory for the linear stochastic heat equation, and an in-depth look at intermittency properties of the solution to semilinear stochastic heat equations. Specific topics include stochastic integrals à la Norbert Wiener, an infinite-dimensional Itô-type stochastic integral, an example of a parabolic Anderson model, and intermittency fronts. There are many possible approaches to stochastic PDEs. The selection of topics and techniques presented here are informed by the guiding example of the stochastic heat equation. A co-publication of the AMS and CBMS.

Seminar On Stochastic Analysis Random Fields And Applications Vii

Author : Robert C. Dalang
ISBN : 9783034805452
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 53. 86 MB
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This volume contains refereed research or review articles presented at the 7th Seminar on Stochastic Analysis, Random Fields and Applications which took place at the Centro Stefano Franscini (Monte Verità) in Ascona , Switzerland, in May 2011. The seminar focused mainly on: - stochastic (partial) differential equations, especially with jump processes, construction of solutions and approximations - Malliavin calculus and Stein methods, and other techniques in stochastic analysis, especially chaos representations and convergence, and applications to models of interacting particle systems - stochastic methods in financial models, especially models for power markets or for risk analysis, empirical estimation and approximation, stochastic control and optimal pricing. The book will be a valuable resource for researchers in stochastic analysis and for professionals interested in stochastic methods in finance.​

Seminar On Stochastic Analysis Random Fields And Applications

Author : Erwin Bolthausen
ISBN : 9783034870269
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 31. 8 MB
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Pure and applied stochastic analysis and random fields form the subject of this book. The collection of articles on these topics represent the state of the art of the research in the field, with particular attention being devoted to stochastic models in finance. Some are review articles, others are original papers; taken together, they will apprise the reader of much of the current activity in the area.

An Introduction To Computational Stochastic Pdes

Author : Gabriel J. Lord
ISBN : 9781139915779
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 21. 83 MB
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This book gives a comprehensive introduction to numerical methods and analysis of stochastic processes, random fields and stochastic differential equations, and offers graduate students and researchers powerful tools for understanding uncertainty quantification for risk analysis. Coverage includes traditional stochastic ODEs with white noise forcing, strong and weak approximation, and the multi-level Monte Carlo method. Later chapters apply the theory of random fields to the numerical solution of elliptic PDEs with correlated random data, discuss the Monte Carlo method, and introduce stochastic Galerkin finite-element methods. Finally, stochastic parabolic PDEs are developed. Assuming little previous exposure to probability and statistics, theory is developed in tandem with state-of-the-art computational methods through worked examples, exercises, theorems and proofs. The set of MATLAB codes included (and downloadable) allows readers to perform computations themselves and solve the test problems discussed. Practical examples are drawn from finance, mathematical biology, neuroscience, fluid flow modelling and materials science.

Stochastic Partial Differential Equations Six Perspectives

Author : René Carmona
ISBN : 0821808060
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 78. 54 MB
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Presents the main topics of interest in the field of stochastic partial differential equations (SPDEs), emphasizing breakthroughs and such basic issues as the role of SPDEs in stochastic modeling, how SPDEs arise, and how their theory is applied in different disciplines. Emphasis is placed on the genesis and applications of SPDEs, as well as mathematical theory and numerical methods. Suitable for graduate level students, researchers. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Seminar On Stochastic Analysis Random Fields And Applications V

Author : Robert Dalang
ISBN : 9783764384586
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 47. 41 MB
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This volume contains refereed research or review papers presented at the 5th Seminar on Stochastic Processes, Random Fields and Applications, which took place at the Centro Stefano Franscini (Monte Verità) in Ascona, Switzerland, from May 29 to June 3, 2004. The seminar focused mainly on stochastic partial differential equations, stochastic models in mathematical physics, and financial engineering.

Random Field Models In Earth Sciences

Author : George Christakos
ISBN : 9780486160917
Genre : Science
File Size : 28. 82 MB
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This text for graduate students examines problems related to earth and environmental sciences by means of theoretical models based on a purely random (stochastic) element. 103 figures. 16 tables.

Stochastic Partial Differential Equations

Author : Pao-Liu Chow
ISBN : 9781420010305
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 21. 85 MB
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As a relatively new area in mathematics, stochastic partial differential equations (PDEs) are still at a tender age and have not yet received much attention in the mathematical community. Filling the void of an introductory text in the field, Stochastic Partial Differential Equations introduces PDEs to students familiar with basic probability theor

Stochastic Partial Differential Equations Second Edition

Author : Pao-Liu Chow
ISBN : 9781466579552
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 72. 80 MB
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Explore Theory and Techniques to Solve Physical, Biological, and Financial Problems Since the first edition was published, there has been a surge of interest in stochastic partial differential equations (PDEs) driven by the Lévy type of noise. Stochastic Partial Differential Equations, Second Edition incorporates these recent developments and improves the presentation of material. New to the Second Edition Two sections on the Lévy type of stochastic integrals and the related stochastic differential equations in finite dimensions Discussions of Poisson random fields and related stochastic integrals, the solution of a stochastic heat equation with Poisson noise, and mild solutions to linear and nonlinear parabolic equations with Poisson noises Two sections on linear and semilinear wave equations driven by the Poisson type of noises Treatment of the Poisson stochastic integral in a Hilbert space and mild solutions of stochastic evolutions with Poisson noises Revised proofs and new theorems, such as explosive solutions of stochastic reaction diffusion equations Additional applications of stochastic PDEs to population biology and finance Updated section on parabolic equations and related elliptic problems in Gauss–Sobolev spaces The book covers basic theory as well as computational and analytical techniques to solve physical, biological, and financial problems. It first presents classical concrete problems before proceeding to a unified theory of stochastic evolution equations and describing applications, such as turbulence in fluid dynamics, a spatial population growth model in a random environment, and a stochastic model in bond market theory. The author also explores the connection of stochastic PDEs to infinite-dimensional stochastic analysis.

Ideas And Methods In Quantum And Statistical Physics Volume 2

Author : Sergio Albeverio
ISBN : 0521419301
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 59. 92 MB
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A collection of essays by many of the closest co-workers of Raphael Høegh-Krohn.

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