reducing poverty protecting livelihoods and building assets in a changing climate directions in development

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Reducing Poverty Protecting Livelihoods And Building Assets In A Changing Climate

Author : Dorte Verner
ISBN : 0821383787
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 50. 71 MB
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Climate change is the defining development challenge of our time. More than a global environmental issue, climate change and variability threaten to reverse recent progress in poverty reduction and economic growth. Both now and over the long run, climate change and variability threatens human and social development by restricting the fulfillment of human potential and by disempowering people and communities in reducing their livelihoods options. Communities across Latin America and the Caribbean are already experiencing adverse consequences from climate change and variability. Precipitation has increased in the southeastern part of South America, and now often comes in the form of sudden deluges, leading to flooding and soil erosion that endanger people s lives and livelihoods. Southwestern parts of South America and western Central America are seeing a decrease in precipitation and an increase in droughts. Increasing heat and drought in Northeast Brazil threaten the livelihoods of already-marginal smallholders, and may turn parts of the eastern Amazon rainforest into savannah. The Andean inter-tropical glaciers are shrinking and expected to disappear altogether within the next 20-40 years, with significant consequences for water availability. These environmental changes will impact local livelihoods in unprecedented ways. Poverty, inequality, water access, health, and migration are and will be measurably affected by climate change. Using an innovative research methodology, this study finds quantitative evidence of large variations in impacts across regions. Many already poor regions are becoming poorer; traditional livelihoods are being challenged in unprecedented ways; water scarcity is increasing, particularly in poor arid areas; human health is deteriorating; and climate-induced migration is already taking place and may increase. Successfully reducing social vulnerability to climate change and variability requires action and commitment at multiple levels. This volume offers key operational recommendations at the government, community, and household levels with particular emphasis placed on enhancing good governance and technical capacity in the public sector, building social capital in local communities, and protecting the asset base of poor households.

The Poverty And Welfare Impacts Of Climate Change

Author : Emmanuel Skoufias
ISBN : 9780821396124
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 85. 91 MB
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Over the past century, the world has seen a sustained decline in the proportion of people living in poverty, but climate change could challenge further progress. The book offers country-specific studies with implications for low-income rural populations and governments risk management programs.

Shared Prosperity And Poverty Eradication In Latin America And The Caribbean

Author : Louise Cord
ISBN : 9781464803581
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 77. 6 MB
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Over the last decade Latin America and the Caribbean region has achieved important progress towards the World Bank Group's goals of eradicating extreme poverty and boosting income growth of the bottom 40 percent, propelled by remarkable economic growth and falling income inequality. Despite this impressive performance, social progress has not been uniform over this period, and certain countries, subregions and even socioeconomic groups participated less in the growth process. As of today, more than 75 million people still live in extreme poverty in the region (using $2.50/day/capita), half of them in Brazil and Mexico, and extreme poverty rates top 40 percent in Guatemala and reach nearly 60 percent in Haiti. This means that extreme poverty is still an important issue in both low- and middle-income countries in the region. As growth wanes and progress in reducing the still high levels of inequality in the region slows, it will be more important than ever for governments to focus policies on inclusive growth. The book includes an overview that highlights progress towards the goals of poverty eradication and shared prosperity between 2003 and 2012, unpacks recent gains at the household level using an income-based asset model, and examines some of the policy levers used to affect social outcomes in the region. It draws on 13 country studies, eight of which are featured in this volume: Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, El Salvador, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Uruguay. The other case studies include: Bolivia, Chile, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, and Honduras, which will be included in the web version of the book.

A Political Ecology Of Women Water And Global Environmental Change

Author : Stephanie Buechler
ISBN : 9781317749820
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 36. 29 MB
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This edited volume explores how a feminist political ecology framework can bring fresh insights to the study of rural and urban livelihoods dependent on vulnerable rivers, lakes, watersheds, wetlands and coastal environments. Bringing together political ecologists and feminist scholars from multiple disciplines, the book develops solution-oriented advances to theory, policy and planning to tackle the complexity of these global environmental changes. Using applied research on the contemporary management of groundwater, springs, rivers, lakes, watersheds and coastal wetlands in Central and South Asia, Northern, Central and Southern Africa, and South and North America, the authors draw on a variety of methodological perspectives and new theoretical approaches to demonstrate the importance of considering multiple layers of social difference as produced by and central to the effective governance and local management of water resources. This unique collection employs a unifying feminist political ecology framework that emphasizes the ways that gender interacts with other social and geographical locations of water resource users. In doing so, the book further questions the normative gender discourses that underlie policies and practices surrounding rural and urban water management and climate change, water pollution, large-scale development and dams, water for crop and livestock production and processing, resource knowledge and expertise, and critical livelihood studies. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of environmental studies, development studies, feminist and environmental geography, anthropology, sociology, environmental philosophy, public policy, planning, media studies, Latin American and other area studies, as well as women’s and gender studies.

Rural Development Abstracts

Author :
ISBN : UCLA:L0106130917
Genre : Rural development
File Size : 52. 40 MB
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Disaster Response

Author : Debra A. Miller
ISBN : 0737741341
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 84. 70 MB
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Collection of essays discussing issues surrounding governmental response to manmade or natural disasters.

Forestry In A Changing World

Author :
ISBN : MINN:31951D02938291P
Genre : Forest conservation
File Size : 66. 71 MB
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People Forests And Human Well Being

Author : Asia-Pacific Forestry Commission. Session
ISBN : MINN:31951D03101975O
Genre : Asia-Pacific Forestry Week
File Size : 80. 66 MB
Format : PDF
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The Economist

Author :
ISBN : UCSC:32106019548491
Genre : Economic history
File Size : 83. 78 MB
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World Resources 2005

Author : World Resources Institute
ISBN : UOM:39015063664455
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 21. 70 MB
Format : PDF
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Ecosystems are - or can be - the wealth of the poor. For many of the 1.1 billion people living in severe poverty, nature has always been a daily lifeline - an asset for those with few other material assets. But programs to reduce poverty often fail to account for the important link between environment and the livelihoods of the poor. of ecosystems - can act as a fundamental stepping stone in the economic integration of the poor. or regain - stable productivity over time. But it also requires that the poor are able to reap the benefits of this good stewardship. Unfortunately, those poverty are rarely in such a position of power over natural resources. An array of governance failures typical intervenes: lack of legal ownership and access to ecosystems, political marginalization, and exclusion from those decisions that affect how these ecosystems are managed. Without addressing these failures, there is little chance of using the economic potential of ecosystems for reducing poverty. ecosystems both wisely and for wealth. Using examples and case studies, the report traces a route to greater environmental income. Working at the cutting edge of sustainable development, it lays out the governance changes necessary to give the poor the legal, financial and management capacity to use nature for wealth creation that does not deplete their fragile resource base. beyond the poverty theme, presenting national statistics and interpretive graphics on current environmental, social, and economic trends in more than 150 countries.

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