retrofitting design of building structures

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Retrofitting Design Of Building Structures

Author : Xilin Lu
ISBN : 1420091794
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 51. 26 MB
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Retrofitting of building structures, including maintenance, rehabilitation, and strengthening, is not only an important issue in urban construction and management, but also a frequent problem to structural engineers in property management disciplines. Based on the contributors’ hands-on experience, Retrofitting Design of Building Structures covers structural retrofitting practices, the basic principles of structural analysis and design, and various innovatively-used structural codes for the design, assessment, and retrofitting of building structures using newly-developed technologies worldwide. Beginning with the procedure of structural retrofitting, this book gradually introduces the significance of structural retrofitting; the inspection methods for structural materials, structural deformation, and damages; retrofitting design methods and construction requirements of various structural systems; and practical examples of structural retrofitting design and construction. In the introduction of various examples, it emphasizes not only conceptual design, but also constructional procedure design, so that a structural retrofitting design work should be completed by both structural analysis and detailed constructional measures. The book provides a complete resource for experienced professionals as well as teachers and students.

Retrofitting Of Heritage Structures

Author : S. Syngellakis
ISBN : 9781845647544
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 87. 69 MB
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The preservation of heritage architecture is a cultural objective rigorously pursued by communities and nations wishing to promote their history, civilisation and aesthetic achievements. Structures built in the remote past by traditional methods have suffered the consequences of extreme loading events, such as earthquakes, over long time periods. Retrofitting is an approach based on recent technological developments and scientific knowledge, whereby modern construction methods and materials are applied to the repair and strengthening of historical structures. This book aims to inform on current retrofitting techniques, their application to various types of historical architecture and their effectiveness to fulfil their purpose.Retrofitted structural forms covered in the book vary widely from age old places of worship, such as churches, mosques and temples, as well as castles and palaces to more modern, distinguished private residences or public buildings, some of them designed by well known architects. Their methods of construction range from traditional, such as stone or brick masonry to more recent textile block systems and even reinforced concrete frameworks. Reference is made to detailed visual inspections of damaged structure providing valuable insight into possible causes of failure; such inspections are usually combined with material characterisation which is an essential input to numerical modelling for assessing the behaviour of the structure before and after retrofitting. The book describes strengthening techniques for masonry walls including re-pointing, injection grouting and the use of steel ties. The use of reinforced concrete is proposed in the form of cast-in-place walls, jackets or tie-beams; that of carbon fibre reinforced laminates for strengthening walls and slabs. Innovative use of materials, such as shape memory alloys, self-compacting concrete or thin lead layers is also suggested. Particular attention is given to methods for moderating the consequences of destructive earthquakes. Seismic energy absorbing devices and base isolation systems are two effective means of providing protection against future seismic events although their application is often met with many technical challenges in practice.Retrofitting of Heritage Structures Against Earthquakes will be of interest to members of academic institutions, government or private cultural preservation establishments and specialist consultant engineers.The book contains very practical, technical advice on many issues; this would be of considerable interest to construction companies specialising in repairs and maintenance of historical structures.

Earthquake Resistant Structures

Author : Mohiuddin Ali Khan
ISBN : 9780080949444
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 48. 35 MB
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Earthquake engineering is the ultimate challenge for structural engineers. Even if natural phenomena involve great uncertainties, structural engineers need to design buildings, bridges, and dams capable of resisting the destructive forces produced by them. These disasters have created a new awareness about the disaster preparedness and mitigation. Before a building, utility system, or transportation structure is built, engineers spend a great deal of time analyzing those structures to make sure they will perform reliably under seismic and other loads. The purpose of this book is to provide structural engineers with tools and information to improve current building and bridge design and construction practices and enhance their sustainability during and after seismic events. In this book, Khan explains the latest theory, design applications and Code Provisions. Earthquake-Resistant Structures features seismic design and retrofitting techniques for low and high raise buildings, single and multi-span bridges, dams and nuclear facilities. The author also compares and contrasts various seismic resistant techniques in USA, Russia, Japan, Turkey, India, China, New Zealand, and Pakistan. Written by a world renowned author and educator Seismic design and retrofitting techniques for all structures Tools improve current building and bridge designs Latest methods for building earthquake-resistant structures Combines physical and geophysical science with structural engineering

Advanced Design Examples Of Seismic Retrofit Of Structures

Author : Mohammad Yekrangnia
ISBN : 9780081025352
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 56. 37 MB
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Advanced Design Examples of Seismic Retrofit of Structures provides insights on the problems associated with the seismic retrofitting of existing structures. The authors present various international case studies of seismic retrofitting projects and the different possible strategies on how to handle complex problems encountered. Users will find tactics on a variety of problems that are commonly faced, including problems faced by engineers and authorities who have little or no experience in the practice of seismic retrofitting. Provides several examples of retrofitting projects that cover different structural systems, from non-engineered houses, to frame buildings Presents various retrofitting methods through examples Provides detailed, step-by-step design procedures for each example Includes real retrofit projects with photos of the details of various retrofitting techniques Contains several modeling details and hints making use of various software in this area

Seismic Assessment And Retrofit Of Reinforced Concrete Buildings

Author : fib Fédération internationale du béton
ISBN : 2883940649
Genre : Buildings, Reinforced concrete
File Size : 45. 34 MB
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In most parts of the developed world, the building stock and the civil infrastructure are ageing and in constant need of maintenance, repair and upgrading. Moreover, in the light of our current knowledge and of modern codes, the majority of buildings stock and other types of structures in many parts of the world are substandard and deficient. This is especially so in earthquake-prone regions, as, even there, seismic design of structures is relatively recent. In those regions the major part of the seismic threat to human life and property comes from old buildings. Due to the infrastructure's increasing decay, frequently combined with the need for structural upgrading to meet more stringent design requirements (especially against seismic loads), structural retrofitting is becoming more and more important and receives today considerable emphasis throughout the world. In response to this need, a major part of the fib Model Code 2005, currently under development, is being devoted to structural conservation and maintenance. More importantly, in recognition of the importance of the seismic threat arising from existing substandard buildings, the first standards for structural upgrading to be promoted by the international engineering community and by regulatory authorities alike are for seismic rehabilitation of buildings. This is the case, for example, of Part 3: Strengthening and Repair of Buildings of Eurocode 8 (i. e. of the draft European Standard for earthquake-resistant design), and which is the only one among the current (2003) set of 58 Eurocodes attempting to address the problem of structural upgrading. It is also the case of the recent (2001) ASCE draft standard on Seismic evaluation of existing buildings and of the 1996 Law for promotion of seismic strengthening of existing reinforced concrete structures in Japan. As noted in Chapter 1 of this Bulletin, fib - as CEB and FIP did before - has placed considerable emphasis on assessment and rehabilitation of existing structures. The present Bulletin is a culmination of this effort in the special but very important field of seismic assessment and rehabilitation. It has been elaborated over a period of 4 years by Task Group 7.1 Assessment and retrofit of existing structures of fib Commission 7 Seismic design, a truly international team of experts, representing the expertise and experience of all the important seismic regions of the world. In the course of its work the team had six plenary two-day meetings: in January 1999 in Pavia, Italy; in August 1999 in Raleigh, North Carolina; in February 2000 in Queenstown, New Zealand; in July 2000 in Patras, Greece; in March 2001 in Lausanne, Switzerland; and in August 2001 in Seattle, Washington. In October 2002 the final draft of the Bulletin was presented to public during the 1st fib Congress in Osaka. It was also there that it was approved by fib Commission 7 Seismic Design. The contents is structured into main chapters as follows: 1 Introduction - 2 Performance objectives and system considerations - 3 Review of seismic assessment procedures - 4 Strength and deformation capacity of non-seismically detailed components - 5 Seismic retrofitting techniques - 6 Probabilistic concepts and methods - 7 Case studies

Case Studies Of Rehabilitation Repair Retrofitting And Strengthening Of Structures

Author :
ISBN : 9783857481246
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 71. 58 MB
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Earthquake Resistant Design Of Structures

Author : PANKAJ AGRAWAL
ISBN : 8120328922
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 35. 6 MB
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This comprehensive and well-organized book presents the concepts and principles of earthquake resistant design of structures in an easy-to-read style. The use of these principles helps in the implementation of seismic design practice. The book adopts a step-by-step approach, starting from the fundamentals of structural dynamics to application of seismic codes in analysis and design of structures. The text also focusses on seismic evaluation and retrofitting of reinforced concrete and masonry buildings. The text has been enriched with a large number of diagrams and solved problems to reinforce the understanding of the concepts. Intended mainly as a text for undergraduate and postgraduate students of civil engineering, this text would also be of considerable benefit to practising engineers, architects, field engineers and teachers in the field of earthquake resistant design of structures.

Reinforced Concrete Design Of Tall Buildings

Author : Bungale S. Taranath
ISBN : 1439804818
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 85. 43 MB
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An exploration of the world of concrete as it applies to the construction of buildings, Reinforced Concrete Design of Tall Buildings provides a practical perspective on all aspects of reinforced concrete used in the design of structures, with particular focus on tall and ultra-tall buildings. Written by Dr. Bungale S. Taranath, this work explains the fundamental principles and state-of-the-art technologies required to build vertical structures as sound as they are eloquent. Dozens of cases studies of tall buildings throughout the world, many designed by Dr. Taranath, provide in-depth insight on why and how specific structural system choices are made. The book bridges the gap between two approaches: one based on intuitive skills and experience and the other based on computer skills and analytical techniques. Examining the results when experiential intuition marries unfathomable precision, this book discusses: The latest building codes, including ASCE/SEI 7-05, IBC-06/09, ACI 318-05/08, and ASCE/SEI 41-06 Recent developments in studies of seismic vulnerability and retrofit design Earthquake hazard mitigation technology, including seismic base isolation, passive energy dissipation, and damping systems Lateral bracing concepts and gravity-resisting systems Performance based design trends Dynamic response spectrum and equivalent lateral load procedures Using realistic examples throughout, Dr. Taranath shows how to create sound, cost-efficient high rise structures. His lucid and thorough explanations provide the tools required to derive systems that gracefully resist the battering forces of nature while addressing the specific needs of building owners, developers, and architects. The book is packed with broad-ranging material from fundamental principles to the state-of-the-art technologies and includes techniques thoroughly developed to be highly adaptable. Offering complete guidance, instructive examples, and color illustrations, the author develops several approaches for designing tall buildings. He demonstrates the benefits of blending imaginative problem solving and rational analysis for creating better structural systems.

Strengthening And Retrofitting Of Existing Structures

Author :
ISBN : 1642241814
Genre :
File Size : 90. 23 MB
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Seismic retrofitting is the modification of existing structures to make them more resistant to seismic activity, ground motion, or soil failure due to earthquakes. The planning of changes to existing buildings differs from new planning through an important condition; the existing construction must be taken as the basis of all planning and building actions. The need for seismic retrofitting of an existing building can arise due to several reasons like: building not designed to code, subsequent updating of code and design practice, subsequent upgrading of seismic zone, deterioration of strength and aging, modification of existing structure, change in use of the building, etc. Seismic retrofit is primarily applied to achieve public safety, with various levels of structure and material survivability determined by economic considerations. In recent years, an increased urgency has been felt to strengthen the deficient buildings, as part of active disaster mitigation, and to work out the modifications that may be made to an existing structure to improve the structural performance during an earthquake. Seismic retrofitting schemes can be either global or local, based on how many members of the structures they are used for. Global Retrofit methods include conventional methods (increase seismic resistance of existing structures) or non-conventional methods (reduction of seismic demand). Strengthening and Retrofitting of Existing Structures is a compendium of cutting-edge trends of the research and existing practices in strengthening and retrofitting of structural elements, as well as the findings of a research endeavor initiated by the authors to investigate and develop a robust structural retrofitting scheme by utilizing elastomeric polymers to enhance the resistance of reinforced concrete (RC) structures. It addresses in detail specific techniques for the strengthening of traditional constructions, reinforced concrete buildings, bridges and their foundations. It also presents insight into the key issues relevant to seismic retrofit of concrete frame buildings. Many guidelines are reviewed regarding seismic rehabilitation of school, office, hospital and apartment buildings.

Design Solutions For Nzeb Retrofit Buildings

Author : Rynska, Elzbieta
ISBN : 9781522541066
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 54. 67 MB
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Construction projects, once they are completed, are intended to exist in the skylines of cities and towns for decades. Sustainable technologies seek to take these existing structures and make them environmentally friendly and energy efficient. Design Solutions for nZEB Retrofit Buildings is a critical scholarly resource that examines the importance of creating architecture that not only promotes the daily function of these buildings but is also environmentally sustainable. Featuring a broad range of topics including renewable energy sources, solar energy, and energy performance, this book is geared toward professionals, students, and researchers seeking current research on sustainable options for upgrading existing edifices to become more environmentally friendly.

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