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Sensors For Environment Health And Security

Author : M.-I. Baraton
ISBN : 9781402090097
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 73. 55 MB
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The NATO Advanced Study Institute on “Sensors for Environment, Health and Security: Advanced Materials and Technology” was held in Vichy (France) on September 16–27, 2007 where more than 65 participants, ranging from Ph. D. students to experienced senior scientists, met and exchanged ideas and know-how in a friendly atmosphere. The present book intends to cover the main topics of this NATO ASI through 32 chapters distributed over two parts (Part I: “Materials and Technologies” and Part II: “Applications to Environment, Health and Security”). The scientific programme of the NATO ASI consisted in 28 1-hour lectures given by 14 invited lecturers, 5 additional 1-hour lectures given by seminar speakers, 22 oral presentations by selected ASI participants and a poster session. The programme was divided into four sessions: (1) Advanced materials and technologies; (2) Sensors for environment; (3) Sensors for health; (4) Sensors for security. During the “Advanced Materials and Technologies” session (Part I of the present book), the lectures were dedicated to critical analyses of current methods for the synthesis of materials, nanomaterials (nanoparticles, nanowires, nanotubes, ...) and nanocomposites to be used for the fabrication of sensing devices, mainly semiconductor sensors. Among the synthesis methods, chemical (sol-gel, etc. ) and physical methods (laser deposition, DC magnetron sputtering, etc. ) were discussed. Several lectures addressed characterization techniques and it was concluded that the physical and chemical control of the materials/nanomaterials, including surface chemistry, remains a key issue for the reproducibility of the final device.

Developing Security Tools Of Wsn And Wban Networks Applications

Author : Mohsen A. M. El-Bendary
ISBN : 9784431550693
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 39. 25 MB
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This book focuses on two of the most rapidly developing areas in wireless technology (WT) applications, namely, wireless sensors networks (WSNs) and wireless body area networks (WBANs). These networks can be considered smart applications of the recent WT revolutions. The book presents various security tools and scenarios for the proposed enhanced-security of WSNs, which are supplemented with numerous computer simulations. In the computer simulation section, WSN modeling is addressed using MATLAB programming language.

Carbon Dioxide Sensing

Author : Gerald Gerlach
ISBN : 9783527688272
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 74. 84 MB
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The book provides the reader with a profound knowledge of basic principles, properties and preferred applications of diverse kinds of CO2 measurement. It shows the advantages, disadvantages and limitations of several methods and gives a comprehensive overview of both possible applications and corresponding boundary conditions. Applications reach from environmental monitoring to safety control to biotechnology and food control and finally to medicine.

Issues In Environment Health And Pollution 2011 Edition

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ISBN : 9781464964367
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 79. 28 MB
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Issues in Environment, Health, and Pollution: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Environment, Health, and Pollution. The editors have built Issues in Environment, Health, and Pollution: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Environment, Health, and Pollution in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Environment, Health, and Pollution: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

World Scientific Reference Of Hybrid Materials In 3 Volumes

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ISBN : 9789813270503
Genre : Science
File Size : 60. 80 MB
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The World Scientific Reference of Hybrid Materials is a set of 3 volumes, which covers the fascinating area of materials science at the intersection between purely polymeric, organic or inorganic materials. The rapidly developing research on hybrid materials is largely driven by the steadily increasing need of multifunctional materials in various branches of technology. However, much of the research is also driven by the curiosity of the researchers and the long lasting wish to merge the most beneficial properties of the various materials into one. The flexibility of polymers could, for example, be merged with the electronic conductivity of metals or the mechanical resistance of ceramics, which will be of great value for the industries.This reference covers the areas of synthesis of such hybrid materials, which take benefit from each of the consisting ingredients, and overviews some of the emerging applications based on the materials. Much of the current research is still in its infancy, but hybrid materials are already now considered to be the key enabler for important future developments, for example flexible electronics. With this perspective, this reference aims at giving the general public an overview over the topics of relevance in this field, but also attracting new researchers to this intriguing scientific area.

Handbook Of Gas Sensor Materials

Author : Ghenadii Korotcenkov
ISBN : 9781461473886
Genre : Science
File Size : 54. 19 MB
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The two volumes of Handbook of Gas Sensor Materials provide a detailed and comprehensive account of materials for gas sensors, including the properties and relative advantages of various materials. Since these sensors can be applied for the automation of myriad industrial processes, as well as for everyday monitoring of such activities as public safety, engine performance, medical therapeutics, and in many other situations, this handbook is of great value. Gas sensor designers will find a treasure trove of material in these two books.

Chemical Sensors And Biosensors

Author : Florinel-Gabriel Banica
ISBN : 9781118354230
Genre : Science
File Size : 87. 42 MB
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Key features include: Self-assessment questions and exercises Chapters start with essential principles, then go on to addressmore advanced topics More than 1300 references to direct the reader to keyliterature and further reading Highly illustrated with 450 figures, including chemicalstructures and reactions, functioning principles, constructivedetails and response characteristics Chemical sensors are self-contained analytical devices thatprovide real-time information on chemical composition. A chemicalsensor integrates two distinct functions: recognition andtransduction. Such devices are widely used for a variety ofapplications, including clinical analysis, environment monitoringand monitoring of industrial processes. This text provides anup-to-date survey of chemical sensor science and technology, with agood balance between classical aspects and contemporary trends.Topics covered include: Structure and properties of recognition materials and reagents,including synthetic, biological and biomimetic materials,microorganisms and whole-cells Physicochemical basis of various transduction methods(electrical, thermal, electrochemical, optical, mechanical andacoustic wave-based) Auxiliary materials used e.g. synthetic and natural polymers,inorganic materials, semiconductors, carbon and metallicmaterials properties and applications of advanced materials (particularlynanomaterials) in the production of chemical sensors andbiosensors Advanced manufacturing methods Sensors obtained by combining particular transduction andrecognition methods Mathematical modeling of chemical sensor processes Suitable as a textbook for graduate and final year undergraduatestudents, and also for researchers in chemistry, biology, physics,physiology, pharmacology and electronic engineering, this bookisvaluable to anyone interested in the field of chemical sensors andbiosensors.

Earth Science And Applications From Space

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 0309103878
Genre : Science
File Size : 40. 75 MB
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Natural and human-induced changes in Earth's interior, land surface, biosphere, atmosphere, and oceans affect all aspects of life. Understanding these changes requires a range of observations acquired from land-, sea-, air-, and space-based platforms. To assist NASA, NOAA, and USGS in developing these tools, the NRC was asked to carry out a "decadal strategy" survey of Earth science and applications from space that would develop the key scientific questions on which to focus Earth and environmental observations in the period 2005-2015 and beyond, and present a prioritized list of space programs, missions, and supporting activities to address these questions. This report presents a vision for the Earth science program; an analysis of the existing Earth Observing System and recommendations to help restore its capabilities; an assessment of and recommendations for new observations and missions for the next decade; an examination of and recommendations for effective application of those observations; and an analysis of how best to sustain that observation and applications system.

Handbook Of Humidity Measurement Volume 3

Author : Ghenadii Korotcenkov
ISBN : 9781351056489
Genre : Science
File Size : 69. 25 MB
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Because of unique water properties, humidity affects materials and many living organisms, including humans. Humidity control is important in various fields, from production management to creating a comfortable living environment. The range of materials that can be used in the development of humidity sensors is very broad, and the third volume of the Handbook of Humidity Measurement offers an analysis on various humidity-sensitive materials and sensor technologies used in the fabrication of humidity sensors and methods acceptable for their testing. Additional features include:  numerous strategies for the fabrication and characterization of humidity-sensitive materials and sensing structures used in sensor applications,  methods and properties to develop smaller, cheaper, more robust, and accurate devices with better sensitivity and stability,  a guide to sensor selection and an overview of the humidity sensor market, and  new technology solutions for integration, miniaturization, and specificity of the humidity sensor calibration. Handbook of Humidity Measurement, Volume 3: Sensing Materials and Technologies provides valuable information for practicing engineers, measurement experts, laboratory technicians, project managers in industries and national laboratories, and university students and professors interested in solutions to humidity measurement tasks. Despite the fact that this book is devoted to the humidity sensors, it can be used as a basis for understanding fundamentals of any gas sensor operation and development.

Gas Phase Synthesis Of Nanoparticles

Author : Yves Huttel
ISBN : 9783527698424
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 35. 62 MB
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The first overview of this topic begins with some historical aspects and a survey of the principles of the gas aggregation method. The second part covers modifications of this method resulting in different specialized techniques, while the third discusses the post-growth treatment that can be applied to the nanoparticles. The whole is rounded off by a review of future perspectives and the challenges facing the scientific and industrial communities. An excellent resource for anyone working with the synthesis of nanoparticles, both in academia and industry.

Optochemical Nanosensors

Author : Andrea Cusano
ISBN : 9781439854907
Genre : Science
File Size : 61. 88 MB
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Nanosized sensors enable the study of chemical and biochemical processes at a level and in dimensions that may not have been envisioned some 20 years ago. Fueled by their inherent small size and the unusual optical, magnetic, catalytic, and mechanical properties of nanoparticles, remarkable progress has been made in recent years in the development

Sensor Technology In Neuroscience

Author : Michael Thompson
ISBN : 9781849735414
Genre : Science
File Size : 53. 53 MB
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Biosensor technology has rapidly expanded into a wide variety of applications in the last few years. Such fields include clinical diagnostics, environmental chemistry, drug discovery and pathogen detection, to name but a few. The structure of these sensors is based on the intimate combination of a biological entity with a transducer capable of generating an electrical signal to provide information on the biological system being studied. Until now there has been a limited treatment of the study of whole cells (as a biological component) due to the difficulty in connecting transducers to cell populations. This book focuses on several aspects of neural behaviour both in vitro and in vivo, and for the first time, the detection of populations of neurons (rather than single cells) will be presented. The fundamental behaviour and characterization of neurons on various substrates, using a variety of electronic devices such as transistors and microelectrode arrays will be discussed. Future perspectives discussed in the book include artificial intelligence using biological neural networks and nanoneuromedicine. The authors have considerable experience in biosensor technology, and have pioneered the study of neural populations using biosensors in collaboration with neurophysiologists and neuroendrocrinologists. This book will be invaluable to university neuroscience and analytical chemistry departments and students, academics and physicians will benefit from its accessible style and format.

Modern Age Waste Water Problems

Author : Mohammad Oves
ISBN : 9783030082833
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 48. 64 MB
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This book presents a picture of the advances in the research of theoretical and practical frameworks of wastewater problems and solutions. The book deals with a basic concept and principles of modern biological, chemical and technical approaches to remediate various hazardous pollutants from wastewater. The latest empirical research findings in wastewater treatment are comprehensively discussed. Examples of low-cost technologies are also included. The book is written for professionals, researchers, academics and students wanting to improve their understanding of the strategic role of environmental protection and advanced applied technologies.

Modern Electrochemical Methods In Nano Surface And Corrosion Science

Author : Mahmood Aliofkhazraei
ISBN : 9789535115861
Genre : Science
File Size : 31. 10 MB
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The basics and principles of new electrochemical methods and also their usage for fabrication and analysis of different nanostructures were discussed in this book. These methods consist of electrochemical methods in nanoscale (e.g. electrochemical atomic force microscopy and electrochemical scanning tunneling microscopy) and also electrochemical methods for fabrication of nanomaterials.

Photonic Sensing

Author : Gaozhi Xiao
ISBN : 9781118310205
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 30. 88 MB
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A cutting-edge look at safety and security applications of photonic sensors With its many superior qualities, photonic sensing technology is increasingly used in early-detection and early-warning systems for biological hazards, structural flaws, and security threats. Photonic Sensing provides for the first time a comprehensive review of this exciting and rapidly evolving field, focusing on the development of cutting-edge applications in diverse areas of safety and security, from biodetection to biometrics. The book brings together contributions from leading experts in the field, fostering effective solutions for the development of specialized materials, novel optical devices, and networking algorithms and platforms. A number of specific areas of safety and security monitoring are covered, including background information, operation principles, analytical techniques, and applications. Topics include: Document security and structural integrity monitoring, as well as the detection of food pathogens and bacteria Surface plasmon sensors, micro-based cytometry, optofluidic techniques, and optical coherence tomography Optic fiber sensors for explosive detection and photonic liquid crystal fiber sensors for security monitoring Photonics-assisted frequency measurement with promising electronic warfare applications An invaluable, multidisciplinary resource for researchers and professionals in photonic sensing, as well as safety and security monitoring, this book will help readers jump-start their own research and development in areas of physics, chemistry, biology, medicine, mechanics, electronics, and defense.

Advanced Sensors For Safety And Security

Author : Ashok Vaseashta
ISBN : 9789400770034
Genre : Science
File Size : 78. 98 MB
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This book results from a NATO Advanced Research Workshop titled “Technological Innovations in CBRNE Sensing and Detection for Safety, Security, and Sustainability” held in Yerevan, Armenia in 2012. The objective was to discuss and exchange views as to how fusion of advanced technologies can lead to improved sensors/detectors in support of defense, security, and situational awareness. The chapters range from policy and implementation, advanced sensor platforms using stand-off (THz and optical) and point-contact methods for detection of chemical, nuclear, biological, nuclear and explosive agents and contaminants in water, to synthesis methods for several materials used for sensors. In view of asymmetric, kinetic, and distributed nature of threat vectors, an emphasis is placed to examine new generation of sensors/detectors that utilize an ecosystems of innovation and advanced sciences convergence in support of effective counter-measures against CBRNE threats. The book will be of considerable interest and value to those already pursuing or considering careers in the field of nanostructured materials, and sensing/detection of CBRNE agents and water-borne contaminants. For policy implementation and compliance standpoint, the book serves as a resource of several informative contributions. In general, it serves as a valuable source of information for those interested in how nanomaterials and nanotechnologies are advancing the field of sensing and detection using nexus of advanced technologies for scientists, technologists, policy makers, and soldiers and commanders.

Applications Of Electrochemistry In Medicine

Author : Mordechay Schlesinger
ISBN : 9781461461487
Genre : Science
File Size : 28. 26 MB
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Medical Applications of Electrochemistry, a volume of the series Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry, illustrates the interdisciplinary nature of modern science by indicating the many current issues in medicine that are susceptible to solution by electrochemical methods. This book also suggests how personalized medicine can develop.

Nanomaterials And Supramolecular Structures

Author : Anatoliy Petrovych Shpak
ISBN : 9789048123094
Genre : Science
File Size : 70. 19 MB
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The text features experimental investigations which use a variety of modern methods and theoretical modeling of surface structures and physicochemical processes which occur at solid surfaces. Nanomaterials and Supramolecular Structures: Physics, Chemistry, and Applications is intended for specialists experienced in the fields of Nanochemistry, Nanophysics, Surface Chemistry (and Physics), synthesis of new nanostructural functional materials and their practical applications. It will also prove useful to students, post-graduates, researchers, and lecturers.

Foundations Of Security Analysis And Design

Author : Alessandro Aldini
ISBN : 9783540748106
Genre : Computers
File Size : 59. 77 MB
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The increasing relevance of security to real-life applications, such as electronic commerce, is attested by the fast-growing number of research groups, events, conferences, and summer schools that are studying it. This book presents thoroughly revised versions of eight tutorial lectures given by leading researchers during two International Schools on Foundations of Security Analysis and Design, FOSAD 2006/2007, held in Bertinoro, Italy, in September 2006 and September 2007.

Label Free Biosensing

Author : Michael J. Schöning
ISBN : 9783319752204
Genre : Science
File Size : 55. 58 MB
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This volume summarizes the state-of-the-art technologies, key advances and future trends in the field of label-free biosensing. It provides detailed insights into the different types of solid-state, label-free biosensors, their underlying transducer principles, advanced materials utilized, device-fabrication techniques and various applications. The book offers graduate students, academic researchers, and industry professionals a comprehensive source of information on all facets of label-free biosensing and the future trends in this flourishing field. Highlights of the subjects covered include label-free biosensing with: · semiconductor field-effect devices such as nanomaterial-modified capacitive electrolyte-insulator-semiconductor structures, silicon nanowire transistors, III-nitride semiconductor devices and light-addressable potentiometric sensors · impedimetric biosensors using planar and 3D electrodes · nanocavity and solid-state nanopore devices · carbon nanotube and graphene/graphene oxide biosensors · electrochemical biosensors using molecularly imprinted polymers · biomimetic sensors based on acoustic signal transduction · enzyme logic systems and digital biosensors based on the biocomputing concept · heat-transfer as a novel transducer principle · ultrasensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensors · magnetic biosensors and magnetic imaging devices

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