shared agency a planning theory of acting together

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Shared Agency

Author : Michael Bratman
ISBN : 9780199339990
Genre : Law
File Size : 80. 6 MB
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Human beings act together in characteristic ways that matter to us a great deal. This book explores the conceptual, metaphysical and normative foundations of such sociality. It argues that appeal to the planning structures involved in our individual, temporally extended agency provides substantial resources for understanding these foundations of our sociality.

Planning Time And Self Governance

Author : Michael E. Bratman
ISBN : 9780190867874
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 46. 68 MB
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Our human capacity for planning agency plays central roles in the cross-temporal organization of our agency, in our acting and thinking together (both at a time and over time), and in our self-governance (both at a time and over time). Intentions can be understood as states in such a planning system. The practical thinking at the bottom of this planning capacity is guided by norms that enjoin synchronic plan consistency and means-end coherence as well as forms of plan stability over time. The essays in this book aim to deepen our understanding of these norms and to defend their status as norms of practical rationality for planning agents. The general guidance by these planning norms has many pragmatic benefits, especially given our cognitive and epistemic limits. But appeal to these general pragmatic benefits does not fully explain the normative force of these norms in the particular case. In response to this challenge some think these norms are, at bottom, norms of theoretical rationality on one's beliefs; some think these norms are constitutive of intentional agency; some think they are norms of interpretation; and some think the idea of such norms of practical rationality is a myth. These essays chart an alternative path. This path sees these planning norms as tracking conditions of a planning agent's self-governance, both at a time and over time. It seeks associated models of such self-governance. And it appeals to the idea that the end of one's self-governance over time, while not essential to intentional agency per se, is, within the planning framework, rationally self-sustaining and a keystone of a rationally stable reflective equilibrium that involves the norms of plan rationality. This end is thereby in a position to play a role in our planning framework that parallels the role of a concern with quality of will within the framework of the reactive emotions, as understood by Peter Strawson.

Talking To Our Selves

Author : John M. Doris
ISBN : 9780191047329
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 49. 86 MB
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John M. Doris presents a new account of agency and responsibility, which reconciles our understanding of ourselves as moral agents with psychological research on the unconscious mind. Much philosophical theorizing maintains that the exercise of morally responsible agency consists in judgment and behavior ordered by accurate reflection. On such theories, when human beings are able to direct their lives in the manner philosophers have dignified with the honorific 'agency', it's because they know what they're doing, and why they're doing it. This understanding is compromised by quantities of psychological research on unconscious processing, which suggests that accurate reflection is distressingly uncommon; very often behavior is ordered by surprisingly inaccurate self-awareness. Thus, if agency requires accurate reflection, people seldom exercise agency, and skepticism about agency threatens. To counter the skeptical threat, John M. Doris proposes an alternative theory that requires neither reflection nor accurate self-awareness: he identifies a dialogic form of agency where self-direction is facilitated by exchange of the rationalizations with which people explain and justify themselves to one another. The result is a stoutly interdisciplinary theory sensitive to both what human beings are like—creatures with opaque and unruly psychologies-and what they need: an account of agency sufficient to support a practice of moral responsibility.

Philosophy Of Action

Author : Jonathan Dancy
ISBN : 9781118879245
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 23. 66 MB
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The Philosophy of Action: An Anthology is anauthoritative collection of key work by top scholars, arrangedthematically and accompanied by expert introductions written by theeditors. This unique collection brings together a selection of themost influential essays from the 1960s to the present day. An invaluable collection that brings together a selection ofthe most important classic and contemporary articles in philosophyof action, from the 1960’s to the present day No other broad-ranging and detailed coverage of this kindcurrently exists in the field Each themed section opens with a synoptic introduction andincludes a comprehensive further reading list to guidestudents Includes sections on action and agency, willing and trying,intention and intentional action, acting for a reason, theexplanation of action, and free agency and responsibility Written and organised in a style that allows it to be used as aprimary teaching resource in its own right

Institutions Emotions And Group Agents

Author : Anita Konzelmann Ziv
ISBN : 9789400769342
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 23. 3 MB
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The contributions gathered in this volume present the state of the art in key areas of current social ontology. They focus on the role of collective intentional states in creating social facts, and on the nature of intentional properties of groups that allow characterizing them as responsible agents, or perhaps even as persons. Many of the essays are inspired by contemporary action theory, emotion theory, and theories of collective intentionality. Another group of essays revisits early phenomenological approaches to social ontology and accounts of sociality that draw on the Hegelian idea of recognition. This volume is organized into three parts. First, the volume discusses themes highlighted in John Searle’s work and addresses questions concerning the relation between intentions and the deontic powers of institutions, the role of disagreement, and the nature of collective intentionality. Next, the book focuses on joint and collective emotions and mutual recognition, and then goes on to explore the scope and limits of group agency, or group personhood, especially the capacity for responsible agency. The variety of philosophical traditions mirrored in this collection provides readers with a rich and multifaceted survey of present research in social ontology. It will help readers deepen their understanding of three interrelated and core topics in social ontology: the constitution and structure of institutions, the role of shared evaluative attitudes, and the nature and role of group agents.

International Journal Of Philosophical Studies

Author :
ISBN : UCAL:B4938994
Genre :
File Size : 70. 57 MB
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Explorations In Planning Theory

Author : Seymour J. Mandelbaum
ISBN : 9781412847070
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 36. 64 MB
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What is this thing called planning? What is its domain? What do planners do? How do they talk? What are the limits and possibilities for planning imposed by power, politics, knowledge, technology, interpretation, ethics, and institutional design? In this comprehensive volume, the foremost voices in planning explore the foundational ideas and issues of the profession. Explorations in Planning Theory is an extended inquiry into the practice of the profession. As such, it is a landmark text that defines the field for today's planners and the next generation. As Seymour J. Mandelbaum notes in the introduction, "the shared framework of these essays captures a pervasive interest in the behavior, values, character, and experience of professional planners at work." All of the chapters in this volume are written to address arguments that are important in the community of planning theoreticians and are crafted in the language of that community. While many of the contributors included here differ in their styles, the editors note that students, experienced practitioners, and scholars of city and regional planning will find this work illuminating and helpful in their research.

Comptes Rendus Philosophiques

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105110581779
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 46. 58 MB
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Revue Canadienne De Comptes Rendus En Philosophie

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015078935379
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 63. 28 MB
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Shared Space

Author : Lawrence Arthur Herzog
ISBN : UCSD:31822034777755
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 42. 33 MB
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This volume explores how economic integration and free trade will interact and what might be done to mitigate the impacts of economic and population growth on the natural environment.

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