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Sirtuin Biology In Cancer And Metabolic Disease

Author : Kenneth Maiese
ISBN : 9780128224847
Genre : Medical
File Size : 67. 50 MB
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Sirtuin Biology in Cancer and Metabolic Disease: Cellular Pathways for Clinical Discovery fills a significant void that provides a unique resource for elucidating the most recent research and advances on the biology of sirtuins, the application of these pathways upon cellular biology, and the translation of sirtuin pathways for the treatment of multiple disease entities. Scientists, physicians, students and pharmaceutical industry researchers from diverse backgrounds will use this reference as the “go-to resource for both the biology and medical applications that focus upon sirtuins. As sirtuins play an intricate role in the pathology, progression and treatment of several disease entities ranging from metabolic disease and diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular disease, immune system dysfunction, to reproductive dysfunction, and aging-related disorders, this book provides an ideal update on the topic. Details the basic and clinical role of sirtuins and their broad applicability for sirtuin biology to be targeted for multiple medical disease entities Elucidates the research and advances on the biology of sirtuins, the application of these pathways upon cellular biology, and the translation of sirtuin pathways for the treatment of multiple disease entities Summarizes the multi-discipline views and publications for this diverse topic, covering cell development, cancer and metabolism

Sirtuins In Biology And Disease

Author : Tiago F. Outeiro
ISBN : 2889191176
Genre :
File Size : 45. 29 MB
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Sirtuins comprise a family of NAD+-dependent enzymes that have been shown to impact longevity in a number of eukaryotic organisms. Sir2 (Silent Information Regulator 2) was the first sirtuin protein discovered. The discovery that Sir2 requires NAD+ for its activity suggested a link between Sir2 activity and the phenomenon of caloric restriction in prolonging longevity. This link was strengthened by the observation that lifespan extension by caloric restriction requires Sir2 protein. Under conditions of caloric restriction, NAD+ levels are high, Sir2 is activated, and the rate of aging is decreased. These effects have been replicated in invertebrate organisms, where a close structural and functional homologue of Sir2 was found in C. elegans and Drosophila. The sirtuin-dependent effects on metabolism and ageing, observed in lower organisms, have ignited intensive investigation of their biological and therapeutic roles in mammals. There are seven known mammalian sirtuins, SIRTs 1-7, the most studied of which is SIRT1, a close structural and functional homologue of yeast Sir2. Enhancement of organismal longevity and other health-promoting effects of mammalian SIRT1 have frequently been attributed to the regulation of metabolism. A recognized molecular link between metabolism and aging stimulated a firestorm of investigations, aiming to combat metabolic and age-dependent human diseases. It has become clear, however, that the sirtuin family of proteins regulates a diverse repertoire of cellular functions in mammals. Mounting evidence implicating SIRT1 in important clinical indications, such as diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular dysfunction and neurodegenerative disease, suggest that modality as attractive therapeutic target. Subsequently, drug discovery and development, targeting sirtuin activation, has been intensified in the recent years. Despite rapid progress and accumulation of new data, the biological roles of other mammalian sirtuins have been less studied and remain poorly understood. There are several important questions that remain to be addressed. What are the functions of sirtuins in different cell types and tissues? Are all sirtuins involved in the regulation of metabolism and aging? What is the functional relationship between different sirtuins? What are the mechanisms of regulation of sirtuin activities? What is the role of sirtuins in disease and therapy? This issue aims to address these and other critical questions, relevant to Research Topic on sirtuin biology and therapeutics. To that end the issue solicits expert opinions of sirtuin research on structural biology, biochemistry, cell biology, animal genetics, pharmacology, medicinal chemistry and drug discovery, and on areas of investigation studying human conditions, like diabetes, cancer, cardio-vascular, and neutodegeneration. Of particular interest are the new methods and assays to study sirtuins in various organisms and developing sirtuin-based therapeutics. Furthermore, we propose to encourage contributors to discuss new concepts and paradigms, and to express their perspectives on the future development of the sirtuin research field. Altogether, we believe this issue provides a unique opportunity for comprehensive and diverse coverage of the topic, and will be of broad interest for the journal’s readership.

Introductory Review On Sirtuins In Biology Aging And Disease

Author : Leonard Guarente
ISBN : 9780128135006
Genre : Science
File Size : 32. 39 MB
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Introductory Review on Sirtuins in Biology and Disease provides key insights for scientists and advanced students who need to understand sirtuins and the current research in this field. This book is ideal for pharmaceutical companies as they develop novel targets using sirtuins for metabolic diseases, cancer and neurodegenerative illnesses. Sirtuins are a diverse family of proteins, with several members in mammals. The functional diversity of sirtuins is rather broad, and they have been implicated in various central biological processes. Thus, they are also highly relevant in the context of various human diseases, from cancer to neurodegeneration. Covers both the general and specific aspects of sirtuin proteins and their role in biology, aging and disease Presents a top quality collection of leading experts who contribute on a wide range of sirtuin-related topics Ideal resource for pharmaceutical companies as they develop novel targets using sirtuins for metabolic diseases, cancer and neurodegenerative illnesses

Chemical Epigenetics

Author : Antonello Mai
ISBN : 9783030429829
Genre : Science
File Size : 83. 40 MB
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This book presents an authoritative review of the most significant findings about all the epigenetic targets (writers, readers, and erasers) and their implication in physiology and pathology. The book also covers the design, synthesis and biological validation of epigenetic chemical modulators, which can be useful as novel chemotherapeutic agents. Particular attention is given to the chemical mechanisms of action of these molecules and to the drug discovery prose which allows their identification. This book will appeal to students who want to know the extensive progresses made by epigenetics (targets and modulators) in the last years from the beginning, and to specialized scientists who need an instrument to quickly search and check historical and/or updated notices about epigenetics.

Resveratrol State Of The Art Science And Health Applications Actionable Targets And Mechanisms Of Resveratrol

Author : Wu Joseph M
ISBN : 9789813270923
Genre : Medical
File Size : 20. 56 MB
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Resveratrol is a structurally simple, grape-derived polyphenol with seemingly boundless biological activities. The Editors have assembled a group of renowned scientists who have illustrious careers and lifelong passions for studies of this compound. Each chapter covers topics using published and, at times, unpublished data to provide scholarly and comprehensive reviews and perspectives. Several areas with basic clinical and public health interests are highlighted. The book is intended to serve as a text and reference covering recent research findings and clinical applications in the field.The content is presented in several parts: mechanistic leads provided by laboratory studies of resveratrol; cellular and molecular targets of resveratrol; modulation of disease states by resveratrol; virtual leads and drug discovery.

Sirt Family In Endocrinology

Author : Yang Yang
ISBN : 9782889630219
Genre :
File Size : 82. 57 MB
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Epigenetics In Biology And Medicine

Author : Manel Esteller
ISBN : 1420007076
Genre : Science
File Size : 38. 86 MB
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Anomalous epigenetic patterns touch many areas of study including biomedical, scientific, and industrial. With perspectives from international experts, this resource offers an all-inclusive overview of epigenetics, which bridge DNA information and function by regulating gene expression without modifying the DNA sequence itself. Epigenetics, in its

Sirtuins

Author : Riekelt H. Houtkooper
ISBN : 9789402409628
Genre : Medical
File Size : 77. 49 MB
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The sirtuin family of proteins (SIRT1-7) received a lot of attention in recent years as they serve as metabolic sensors that control not only metabolism, but also aging and lifespan regulation. As such, sirtuins are strong targets for the treatment of age-related metabolic diseases, including obesity, diabetes, and cancer. Indeed, many research groups as well as pharmaceutical companies discovered food components and/or drugs that target the sirtuins and provide significant health benefits. This book focuses on various aspects of sirtuin biology, from basic biochemistry, via molecular function, to its role in (fighting) human disease.

Sensing In Nature

Author : Carlos López-Larrea
ISBN : 9781461417040
Genre : Medical
File Size : 32. 86 MB
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Biological systems are an emerging discipline that may provide integrative tools by assembling the hierarchy of interactions among genes, proteins and molecular networks involved in sensory systems. The aim of this volume is to provide a picture, as complete as possible, of the current state of knowledge of sensory systems in nature. The presentation in this book lies at the intersection of evolutionary biology, cell and molecular biology, physiology and genetics. Sensing in Nature is written by a distinguished panel of specialists and is intended to be read by biologists, students, scientific investigators and the medical community.

Molecular Biology Of Aging

Author : Leonard Guarente
ISBN : 9780879698249
Genre : Medical
File Size : 86. 79 MB
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This volume covers the major threads in the molecular genetics of aging, including genes that regulate aging, causes of aging, evolutionary theories of aging, and the relationship between diet and aging. Among specific topics covered are calorie restriction, mitochondria, sirtuins, telomeres, stem cells, and cancer.

Sirtuin Biology In Medicine

Author : Kenneth Maiese, MD
ISBN : 0128141182
Genre : Medical
File Size : 37. 13 MB
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Sirtuin Biology in Medicine: Targeting New Avenues of Care in Development, Aging, and Disease fills a significant void, providing a unique resource for elucidating the most recent research and advances on the biology of sirtuins, the application of these pathways upon cellular biology, and the translation of sirtuin pathways for the treatment of multiple disease entities. Scientists, physicians, students and pharmaceutical industry researchers from diverse backgrounds will find this book to be a go-to resource for both the biology and medical applications that focus on sirtuins. Elucidates the research and advances on the biology of sirtuins, the application of these pathways upon cellular biology, and the translation of sirtuin pathways for the treatment of multiple disease entities Summarizes the multidiscipline views and publications on this diverse topic, covering cell development, cardiovascular and pulmonary systems, neurodegenerative disorders, cancer and metabolism

Structure

Author :
ISBN : UCLA:L0090696592
Genre : Biomolecules
File Size : 49. 47 MB
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Clocks And Rhythms

Author : Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
ISBN : 9780879698232
Genre : Medical
File Size : 32. 70 MB
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Based on presentations by world–renowned investigators at the 72nd annual Cold Spring Harbor Symposium on Quantitative Biology, this volume reviews the latest advances in biological clocks and rhythms. Topics include genetic and cellular studies aimed at characterizing circadian mechanisms; systems approaches to understanding physiological, endocrine, and neural networks; and models used for studying mental and physical cycles. A variety of normal and abnormal chronobiological patterns are discussed, including sleep, aging, migration, hibernation, seasonality, depression, and arrhythmias.

Genetic Engineering Biotechnology News

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105123659547
Genre : Biotechnology
File Size : 32. 84 MB
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Chemical Mechanisms Of Sir2 Protein Deacetylases

Author : Brian Christopher Smith
ISBN : WISC:89101821767
Genre :
File Size : 71. 59 MB
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Biochemistry And Cell Biology

Author :
ISBN : OSU:32435077100212
Genre : Biochemistry
File Size : 85. 77 MB
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Advances In Nutrition And Cancer

Author : Vincenzo Zappia
ISBN : 9783642380075
Genre : Medical
File Size : 77. 39 MB
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This book comprises proceedings from the Third International Conference on Advances in Nutrition and Cancer, held in Naples in May 2012. This highly multidisciplinary meeting analyzed “nutrition and cancer” from different perspectives and on the basis of distinct and up-to-date experimental approaches. Knowledge on the relation between lifestyle, diet, and cancer is explored in a number of contributions, and the role of dietary intervention in cancer patients is discussed. Issues of vital interest to the research community, such as epidemiological and experimental oncology (genetics, epigenetics, and the mechanisms of action of natural compounds in the diet), receive detailed consideration. A further key topic is the emerging molecular technologies (the “omics”) that can cast light on the interplay between nutrition and human malignancies. Chapters take the form of reviews that include sections presenting expert opinions.

Hazzard S Geriatric Medicine And Gerontology 7e

Author : Jeffrey B. Halter
ISBN : 9780071833462
Genre : Medical
File Size : 63. 86 MB
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The gold-standard text on the diagnosis and treatment of disorders affecting the elderly – completely updated with a new full-color presentation A Doody's Core Title for 2017! The definitive treatise on the subject of geriatrics, this comprehensive text combines gerontology principles with clinical geriatrics, offering a uniquely holistic approach to this ever-expanding area of medicine. Written by some of the world’s most respected geriatricians, Hazzard’s Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology, Seventh Edition presents up-to-date, evidence-based information in a rich new full-color design. Unmatched as a textbook, this classic is also valuable to fellows in geriatric medicine. Hazzards’s Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology, Seventh Edition is logically divided into five parts: Principles of Gerontology, Principles of Geriatrics, Geriatric Syndromes, Principles of Palliative Medicine, and Organ Systems and Diseases. Within its pages, you will find balanced, authoritative coverage of every essential topic – from evaluation and management to nutrition and palliative medicine. Here’s why the Seventh Edition is the best edition ever: • NEW full-color design with hundreds of color photographs • NEW chapters: Quality of Care in Older Adults, Common Non-Pain Symptoms in Older Adults, Strategies of Effective Communication Around Advanced Illness, Palliative Medicine in the Continuum of Care Including Hospice, Coagulation Disorders, and Plasma Cell Disorders • MORE chapters on Palliative Medicine • NEW Learning Objectives and Key Points added to each chapter • MORE tables, drawings, and clinical algorithms • EVIDENCE-BASED through the use of the latest clinical practice guidelines , references to systemic reviews, and critically appraised topics • UPDATED to reflect the most current clinical breakthroughs and advances for managing older adults in various settings

Endocrinology Adult And Pediatric E Book

Author : J. Larry Jameson
ISBN : 9780323321952
Genre : Medical
File Size : 36. 97 MB
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Considered the definitive source in its field for over 35 years, Endocrinology: Adult and Pediatric, has been thoroughly updated to reflect today's recent advances in adult and pediatric endocrinology. Unique perspectives from a team of trusted, world-renowned experts ensure this medical reference book remains the most highly-regarded text in the field. Make the best clinical decisions with an enhanced emphasis on evidence-based practice and expert opinions on treatment strategies. Zero in on the most relevant and useful references with the aid of a more focused, concise bibliography. Locate information quickly, while still getting the complete coverage you expect. Expanded coverage for key topics such as pediatric endocrinology and obesity mechanisms and treatment, in addition to today's hot topics in endocrinology, including endocrine disruptors, bariatric surgery, androgen deficiency, genetic causes of obesity, endocrine rhythms, and the use of tyrosine kinase inhibitors in thyroid cancer. New content addressing the latest advances in testosterone and estrogen replacement, as well as the new causes of calcium and phosphate disorders, new molecular causes of endocrine cancers, new genetic causes of reproductive disorders, and more. Updated clinical guidelines for diabetes, lipid disorders, obesity management, osteoporosis, and more, as well as essential treatment updates for the medical management of acromegaly, Cushing's Disease, hypercalcemia, and diabetes mellitus. New Key Points provide snapshots of what to expect in each chapter, or serve as a refresher of what you just read. Consult this title on your favorite e-reader.

Robbins Cotran Pathologic Basis Of Disease E Book

Author : Vinay Kumar
ISBN : 9781437720150
Genre : Medical
File Size : 77. 47 MB
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One of the best-selling medical textbooks of all time, Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease is the one book that nearly all medical students purchase, and is also widely used by physicians worldwide. A "who's who" of pathology experts delivers the most dependable, current, and complete coverage of today's essential pathology knowledge. At the same time, masterful editing and a practical organization make mastering every concept remarkably easy. The result remains the ideal source for an optimal understanding of pathology. Offers the most authoritative and comprehensive, yet readable coverage available in any pathology textbook, making it ideal for USMLE or specialty board preparation as well as for course work. Delivers a state-of-the-art understanding of the pathologic basis of disease through completely updated coverage, including the latest cellular and molecular biology. Demonstrates every concept visually with over 1,600 full-color photomicrographs and conceptual diagrams - many revised for even better quality. Facilitates learning with an outstanding full-color, highly user-friendly design.

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