soil-biochemistry

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Soil Biochemistry

Author : J.-M. Bollag
ISBN : 9781351416054
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 33. 76 MB
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Explores the role of biochemical processes in the soil environment, particularly the activity of microorganisms, and the potential application of those processes to environmental biotechnology. The 11 papers also highlight the application of molecular biology and microbial genetics to soil biology a

Soil Biochemistry

Author : Guenther Stotzky
ISBN : 0824794419
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 56. 15 MB
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Provides up-to-date reviews on the conditions that affect the quality of soil and on the methods to measure the effects of soil management and bioremediation--focusing on indigenous or introduced microorganisms with the capacity to remediate pollutants.

Soil Biochemistry

Author : Bollag
ISBN : 0824790448
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 71. 49 MB
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Stressing the potential application of biochemical processes in soil to environmental biotechnology, this state-of-the-art reference considers the vital role that such biochemical processes have in the environment - emphasizing the activity of micro-organisms in soil.;An up-to-date analysis of biological reactions in soil, Volume 8 of Soil Biochemistry highlights: traditional as well as molecular and immunlogical techniques for detecting specific micro-organisms in soil; the fate of introduced genetically-modified organisms; the problem of competition by the indigenous microbial populations with the introduced organisms; the use of a white rot fungus, Phanerochaete chrysosporium, for bioremediative purposes in soil; the interaction of xenobiotics, such as pesticides, with soil organisms; generic microbial metabolism and degradation pathways; the inhibition of the nitrification process by allelochemicals released by plants; the microbial mineralization of various compounds under anaerobic conditions, explaining its importance in the global carbon cycle; the formation of soil organic matter, particularly in forest soils; and CPMAS 13C-NMR spectroscopy, a major analytical technique to determine the chemicals or chemical groups involved in the humification process.;Presenting a multidisciplinary approach to the field by internationally acclaimed scientists, Soil Biochemistry, Volume 8 is intended for professionals and students in the fields of soil science; microbiology; biochemistry; environmental science, engineering and technology; biogeochemistry; biotechnology; agronomy; plant pathology; and microbial ecology.

Soil Biochemistry

Author : E. A. Paul
ISBN : 0824711319
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 35. 38 MB
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Chemistry and turnover of naturally occurring resistant organic compounds in soil; In situ analysis of soil components of biological origin; Oxidate coupling of aromatic compounds by ensymes from soil microorganisms; Control of urea transformations in soils; Chemistry and distribution of amino sugars in soils and soil organisms; Biochemistry, ecology, and microbiology of petroleum components in soil; Biological nitrogen fixation; Denitrification; Heavy metals in soil biology and biochemistry; Microbial biomass in soil: measurement and turnover.

Soil Biochemistry

Author : J.-M. Bollag
ISBN : 0824782321
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 48. 7 MB
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Explores the role of biochemical processes in the soil environment, particularly the activity of microorganisms, and the potential application of those processes to environmental biotechnology. The 11 papers also highlight the application of molecular biology and microbial genetics to soil biology a

Soil Biochemistry

Author : Bollag
ISBN : 0824785754
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 56. 43 MB
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This superb reference considers the essential role of biochemical processes in the soil environment -- emphasizing the activity of microorganisms in soil. Offering new insights into basic biological, chemical, and physical processes, the book also stresses the potential application of biochemical processes in soil to environmental biotechnology. An outstanding and up-to-date analysis of biological processes in soil -- written by international authorities in the field -- Volume 7 of Soil Biochemistry highlights applications of biotechnology, molecular biology, and microbial genetics to soil biology and biochemistry ... advances in understanding the biochemistry of sulfur cycling ... processes of humification ... the extraction of soil enzymes ... interactions between soil minerals and microorganisms ... the formation of desert varnishes ... the role of nematophagous fungi in soil ... the movement of microorganisms in soil ... new techniques for the biochemical analysis of biomass in soil ... community structure and microbial activity in soil ... and the application of molecular techniques to soil microbial ecology and biotechnology. Book jacket.

Soil Biochemistry

Author : K Haider
ISBN : UOM:39076002865165
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 70. 86 MB
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Soils play a central role in the conversion of organic matter and element fluxes because of the large number of microorganisms present in the soil. In this book the more important processes that are driven by microbiological activity are discussed. It will be of interest to students of chemistry, biology, ecology, soil science and related areas. Researchers from these fields will profit from extended literature surveys in each chapter comprising important findings from early as well as the most recent investigations.

Soil Microbiology Ecology And Biochemistry

Author : Eldor A. Paul
ISBN : 9780080475141
Genre : Science
File Size : 22. 35 MB
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Now in its third edition, this classic textbook includes basic concepts and applications in agriculture, forestry, environmental science, and a new section entirely devoted to ecology. This revised and updated edition guides students through biochemical and microbial processes in soils and introduces them to microbial processes in water and sediments. Soil Microbiology, Ecology, and Biochemistry serves as an invaluable resource for students in biogeochemistry, soil microbiology, soil ecology, sustainable agriculture, and environmental amelioration. NEW TO THIS EDITION: * New section on Ecology integrated with biochemistry and microbiology * Sections on exciting new methodology such as tracers, molecular analysis and computers that will allow great advances in this field * Six new chapters: bioremediation, soil molecular biology, biodiversity, global climate change, basic physiology and ecological interpretations * Expanded with contributions from leading soil microbiologists and agronomists on both fundamental and applied aspects of the science * Full-color figures * Includes a website with figures for classroom presentation use

Soil Microbiology Ecology And Biochemistry

Author : Eldor A. Paul
ISBN : 9780123914118
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 44. 12 MB
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The fourth edition of Soil Microbiology, Ecology and Biochemistry updates this widely used reference as the study and understanding of soil biota, their function, and the dynamics of soil organic matter has been revolutionized by molecular and instrumental techniques, and information technology. Knowledge of soil microbiology, ecology and biochemistry is central to our understanding of organisms and their processes and interactions with their environment. In a time of great global change and increased emphasis on biodiversity and food security, soil microbiology and ecology has become an increasingly important topic. Revised by a group of world-renowned authors in many institutions and disciplines, this work relates the breakthroughs in knowledge in this important field to its history as well as future applications. The new edition provides readable, practical, impactful information for its many applied and fundamental disciplines. Professionals turn to this text as a reference for fundamental knowledge in their field or to inform management practices. New section on "Methods in Studying Soil Organic Matter Formation and Nutrient Dynamics" to balance the two successful chapters on microbial and physiological methodology Includes expanded information on soil interactions with organisms involved in human and plant disease Improved readability and integration for an ever-widening audience in his field Integrated concepts related to soil biota, diversity, and function allow readers in multiple disciplines to understand the complex soil biota and their function

Experiments In Soil Biology And Biochemistry

Author : Fran Russell & Danni Gilmore
ISBN : 9781839471773
Genre :
File Size : 21. 40 MB
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Soil science is the study of soil as a natural resource on the surface of the Earth including soil formation, classification and mapping; physical, chemical, biological, and fertility properties of soils; and these properties in relation to the use and management of soils. Soil biology is the study of microbial and faunal activity and ecology in soil. Soil life, soil biota and soil fauna are collective terms that encompasses all organisms that spend a significant portion of their life cycle within a soil profile, or at the soil-litter interface. Soils are rich ecosystems, composed of both living and non-living matter with a multitude of interaction between them. Soils play an important role in all of our natural ecological cycles. They also provide benefits through their contribution in a number of additional processes, called ecosystem services. These services range from waste decomposition to acting as a water filtration system to degrading environmental contaminants. Soil biochemistry is one of the branches of soil science dealing with the formation and decomposition of soil organic matter, biochemical reactions of carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, sulfur, metals and xenobiotic in soils, and biochemistry of the plant-root rhizosphere. The book will suit to the needs of students, teachers, scholars and general readers.

Methods In Applied Soil Microbiology And Biochemistry

Author : Kassem Alef
ISBN : UOM:39015049078481
Genre : Science
File Size : 74. 23 MB
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Quality control and quality assurance in applied soil microbiology and biochemistry. Soil sampling, handling, storage and analysis. Enrichment, isolation and counting of soil microrganisms. Anaerobic microbial activities in soil. Enzyme activities. Microbial biomass. Community structure. Field methods. Bioremediation of soil.

Soil Biochemistry

Author : Guenther Stotzky
ISBN : 9781482293364
Genre : Science
File Size : 30. 62 MB
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An exploration of the most complex microbial ecosystems with incisive reviews of developments in soil science. It presents techniques of chemical analysis, refinements of environmental protection measures, and methods for maximizing agricultural yields. It also addresses a wide range of biochemical processes and practical applications of advanced b

Soil Microbiology And Biochemistry

Author : Ghulam Hassan Dar
ISBN : 9380235135
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 72. 66 MB
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The book has primarily been aimed at to adequately introduce the basic concepts in soil microbiology and soil biochemistry with thrust on understanding the various microbial processes occurring in soil. The book is expected to be useful to undergraduate and postgraduate students, teachers and researchers dealing with agriculture, horticulture and forestry in general and agricultural microbiology, soil science and environmental sciences in particular.

Soil Biochemistry

Author :
ISBN : UIUC:30112020006547
Genre : Soil biochemistry
File Size : 28. 63 MB
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Soil Biochemistry

Author : E. A. Paul
ISBN : 9781000146066
Genre : Science
File Size : 70. 81 MB
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This book reviews some aspects of soil biochemistry, including the biochemical turnover of specific elements and organic compounds in soil; the properties and functions of soil enzymes; and the structure, distribution and pathways of metabolism of organic compounds.

Effect Of Mineral Organic Microorganism Interactions On Soil And Freshwater Environments

Author : Jacques Berthelin
ISBN : 9781461546832
Genre : Science
File Size : 66. 85 MB
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The Working Group M.O. (Interactions of soil minerals with organic components and microorganisms) (WGMO) of the International Soil Science Society (ISSS) was founded in 1990 at the 14th World Congress of Soil Science (Kyoto, Japan), with Professor P.M. Huang being the Chairman. Since then, the Working Group M.O. has served as a forum to bring together soil chemists, soil mineralogists, soil microbiologists, soil biochemists, soil physi cists and environmental, ecological, and health scientists. The objective of the Working Group M.O. is to promote research, teaching, and also the exchange of technology concerning the knowledge and the impact of the interactions between minerals-organics and microorganisms on environmental quality, agricultural sustainability, and ecosystem "health". This group is first a scientific group as defined just previously, but it also intends to develop exchange and transfer between scientists and engineers. The first International Meeting organized by Professor P. M. Huang, was held in Edmonton, Canada, in August 1992, where 87 papers were presented by scientists from 20 countries. Following this meeting, a two volume book was edited by P. M. Huang, J. Berthelin, J.-M. Bollag, W. B. McGill, and A. L. Page, entitled "Environmental impact of soil component interaction" : Volume I "Natural and anthropogenic organic-volume II "Metals, other inorganic and microbial activities", and published by c.R.C. Lewis Pub lishers (1995).

Issues In Biochemistry And Geochemistry 2012 Edition

Author :
ISBN : 9781481645720
Genre : Science
File Size : 65. 19 MB
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Issues in Biochemistry and Geochemistry / 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Inorganic Biochemistry. The editors have built Issues in Biochemistry and Geochemistry: 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Inorganic Biochemistry in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Biochemistry and Geochemistry: 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Handbook Of Soil Sciences

Author : Pan Ming Huang
ISBN : 9781439803066
Genre : Science
File Size : 46. 14 MB
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An evolving, living organic/inorganic covering, soil is in dynamic equilibrium with the atmosphere above, the biosphere within, and the geology below. It acts as an anchor for roots, a purveyor of water and nutrients, a residence for a vast community of microorganisms and animals, a sanitizer of the environment, and a source of raw materials for construction and manufacturing. To develop lasting solutions to the challenges of balanced use and stewardship of the Earth, we require a fundamental understanding of soil—from its elastic, porous three-phase system to its components, processes, and reactions. Handbook of Soil Sciences: Properties and Processes, Second Edition is the first of two volumes that form a comprehensive reference on the discipline of soil science. Completely revised and updated to reflect the current state of knowledge, this volume covers the traditional areas of soil science: soil physics, soil chemistry, soil mineralogy, soil biology and biochemistry, and pedology. Contributors discuss the application of physical principles to characterize the soil system and mass and energy transport processes within the critical zone. They present significant advances in soil chemistry; describe how minerals are formed and transformed; and provide an introduction to the soil biota. They also examine geomorphology, land use, hydropedology, and subaqueous soils as well as the classification and digital mapping of soil. Critical elements addressed in each section include: Descriptions of concepts and theories Definitions, approaches, methodologies, and procedures Data in tabular and figure format Extensive references This cohesive handbook provides a thorough understanding of soil science principles and practices based on a rigorous, complete, and up-to-date treatment of the subject matter compiled by leading scientists. It is a resource rich in data, offering professional soil scientists, agronomists, engineers, ecologists, biologists, naturalists, and students their first point of entry into a particular aspect of the soil sciences.

Advanced Techniques In Soil Microbiology

Author : Ajit Varma
ISBN : 9783540708650
Genre : Science
File Size : 62. 11 MB
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This book presents a wide range of biotechnological methods for application in soil microbiology analysis, including all essential methods involving molecular biology, immunology, microbiology, and structural biology, such as transcriptome analysis, RNAi technology, molecular matchmaking, RAPD, T-RFLP and FT/MS. The techniques and procedures presented here offer practical guides for immediate use in the laboratory. This volume will be of use both to the first-timer and to the experienced scientist.

Introduction To Ecological Biochemistry

Author : J. B. Harborne
ISBN : 9780080918594
Genre : Science
File Size : 82. 3 MB
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Ecological biochemistry concerns the biochemistry of interactions between animals, plants and the environment, and includes such diverse subjects as plant adaptations to soil pollutants and the effects of plant toxins on herbivores. The intriguing dependence of the Monarch butterfly on its host plants is chosen as an example of plant-animal coevolution in action. The ability to isolate trace amounts of a substance from plant tissues has led to a wealth of new research, and the fourth edition of this well-known text has consequently been extensively revised. New sections have been provided on the cost of chemical defence and on the release of predator-attracting volatiles from plants. New information has been included on cyanogenesis, the protective role of tannins in plants and the phenomenon of induced defence in plant leaves following herbivory. Advanced level students and research workers aloke will find much of value in this comprehensive text, written by an acknowledged expert on this fascinating subject. The book covers the biochemistry of interactions between animals, plants and the environment, and includes such diverse subjects as plant adaptations to soil pollutants and the effects of plant toxins on herbivores The intriguing dependence of the Monarch butterfly on its host plants is chosen as an example of plant-animal coevolution in action New sections have been added on the cost of chemical defence and on the release of predators attracting volatiles from plants New information has been included on cyanogenesis, the protective role of tannins in plants and the phenomenon of induced defence in plant leaves following herbivory

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