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Somatosensory Teachers Manual

Author : Charles Pidgeon
ISBN : 1947352385
Genre : Education
File Size : 58. 42 MB
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The book is a question and answer format which allows readers to browse the content and choose which questions that interest them and find answers. All the answers have current references to further purse an understanding of the topic under consideration. The book has a very diverse set of questions that the general public will be interested in following up. The book sequentially has chapters on fundamental science of neurons, nerves, synapses, spinal pathways, the cortex and Inter-connectiveness of sensations. Questions on Pain, Temperature and vibration detection are unique to this book. Pleasure, embodied cognition, pleasure, meditation and social behavior questions will intrigue any reader.

Somatosensory Science Facts

Author : Charles Pidgeon
ISBN : 1641336404
Genre : Education
File Size : 81. 65 MB
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Tactile sensations are well studied, and much is known about this sensory system. The complexity is difficult to learn because of the breadth of information available. The approach of this book was to inform interested readers about this system through questions and answers. For instance, understanding the science causing people not to be able to tickle themselves is insightful. There are approximately 200 questions and answers for the reader to think about on their own pace. Questions include a thorough description of Sensory Systems, Sensory Receptors, Cognitive and Cortical processing, Stimuli (pain, heat, pleasure, etc.), Meditation and brain Waves, Social Behavior, and much more.

The Somatosensory System

Author : Randall J. Nelson
ISBN : 0849323363
Genre : Science
File Size : 56. 48 MB
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The somatosensory system is unique in that it conveys information to the central nervous system (CNS) about both external and internal sensory environments. Recent technological and conceptual advances in the field have allowed great strides to be made in the description and understanding of how the CNS manages information about its own image. This knowledge, apart from its obvious scientific merit, is quickly leading to clinical applications in the realm of neurorehabilitation after the peripheral nerve injury and during recovery from stroke. The Somatosensory System: Deciphering the Brain's Own Body Image presents both new and past research in the understanding of how the brain deals with its own body image. It provides a review of pertinent literature and offers comprehensive descriptions of state-of-the-art technical approaches. The material includes new frameworks for the conceptualization of the system's representations, scientific and clinical applications that stem from these approaches based on the new concepts, and a discussion of new directions and new tools for the study of the interface of the brain and the body.

Augmentation Of Brain Function Facts Fiction And Controversy

Author : Mikhail Lebedev
ISBN : 9782889456147
Genre :
File Size : 66. 61 MB
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Volume I, entitled “Augmentation of Brain Functions: Brain-Machine Interfaces”, is a collection of articles on neuroprosthetic technologies that utilize brain-machine interfaces (BMIs). BMIs strive to augment the brain by linking neural activity, recorded invasively or noninvasively, to external devices, such as arm prostheses, exoskeletons that enable bipedal walking, means of communication and technologies that augment attention. In addition to many practical applications, BMIs provide useful research tools for basic science. Several articles cover challenges and controversies in this rapidly developing field, such as ways to improve information transfer rate. BMIs can be applied to the awake state of the brain and to the sleep state, as well. BMIs can augment action planning and decision making. Importantly, BMI operations evoke brain plasticity, which can have long-lasting effects. Advanced neural decoding algorithms that utilize optimal feedback controllers are key to the BMI performance. BMI approach can be combined with the other augmentation methods; such systems are called hybrid BMIs. Overall, it appears that BMI will lead to many powerful and practical brain-augmenting technologies in the future.

Somesthesis And The Neurobiology Of The Somatosensory Cortex

Author : O. Franzen
ISBN : 9783034890168
Genre : Science
File Size : 51. 32 MB
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This volume is a compilation of current research on somatosensation and its underlying mechanisms written by international experts from a broad range of disciplines. It is divided into six sections:· structural basis of information processing and neocortical neurotransmitters · psychophysics of somatosensation · cortical representation of somatosensation · sensory-motor interface · neuronal population behavior · cortical neurocomputation and modelling. It highlights not only important new findings but also novel methods and technologies applied to major unresolved issues in the field of neuroscience. The number of methods for investigating the neural mechanisms of soma-tosensory perception has grown substantially in the last decade. The book encompasses levels of inquiry from ionic channels, single unit recordings of neural activity, and functional brain imaging of the coordinated activity of large neuronal ensembles to human psychophysics of controlled somatic stimulation. This work is of great value for researchers and students interested in the dynamic neuronal mechanisms involved in the complex processes of sensory perception and provides a picture of our present understanding of the neural representation of the external world relayed through the somatosensory system.

Somatosensory Disorders Advances In Research And Treatment 2012 Edition

Author :
ISBN : 9781481601092
Genre : Medical
File Size : 64. 38 MB
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Somatosensory Disorders—Advances in Research and Treatment: 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Somatosensory Disorders. The editors have built Somatosensory Disorders—Advances in Research and Treatment: 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Somatosensory Disorders in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Somatosensory Disorders—Advances in Research and Treatment: 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

The Somatosensory System

Author : Randall J. Nelson
ISBN : 9781420038705
Genre : Science
File Size : 44. 47 MB
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The somatosensory system is unique in that it conveys information to the central nervous system (CNS) about both external and internal sensory environments. Recent technological and conceptual advances in the field have allowed great strides to be made in the description and understanding of how the CNS manages information about its own image. This knowledge, apart from its obvious scientific merit, is quickly leading to clinical applications in the realm of neurorehabilitation after the peripheral nerve injury and during recovery from stroke. The Somatosensory System: Deciphering the Brain's Own Body Image presents both new and past research in the understanding of how the brain deals with its own body image. It provides a review of pertinent literature and offers comprehensive descriptions of state-of-the-art technical approaches. The material includes new frameworks for the conceptualization of the system's representations, scientific and clinical applications that stem from these approaches based on the new concepts, and a discussion of new directions and new tools for the study of the interface of the brain and the body.

Brain Stimulation

Author : W. Richard Staines
ISBN : 9780128080597
Genre : Medical
File Size : 62. 39 MB
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The introduction of brain stimulation research techniques such as transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) has greatly advanced the understanding of the somatosensory system in humans. Over the last several years, several studies have focused on applying TMS in a variety of contexts to alter transiently the excitability of the somatosensory cortex or regions that project to it and exert some control over its activity in specific behavioral contexts. Specific foci that are discussed in this chapter are methods of repetitive TMS, including theta-burst protocols, delivered to the primary somatosensory cortex that have been shown to affect behavioral indices of somatic sensation such as tactile perception. Similar stimulation techniques can also be applied to distant areas that interact with and modulate activity in somatosensory cortex (i.e., attentional or motor networks). For example, suppression of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex modifies the attention-modulation of somatosensory information in modality-specific cortices. Overall this chapter is focused on understanding the interaction of activity in systems that function with the somatosensory system in behavioral contexts. These include systems such as those that control attention, whether sustained or selective between sensory modalities, or those that control movement based on targets present in other sensory systems.

Modulation Of Somatosensory Evoked Potentials During Wake Sleep States In The Human

Author : 莊子宜
ISBN : OCLC:712730262
Genre :
File Size : 21. 27 MB
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Augmentation Of Brain Function Facts Fiction And Controversy

Author : Manuel F. Casanova
ISBN : 9782889456161
Genre :
File Size : 45. 55 MB
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The final volume in this tripartite series on Brain Augmentation is entitled “From Clinical Applications to Ethical Issues and Futuristic Ideas”. Many of the articles within this volume deal with translational efforts taking the results of experiments on laboratory animals and applying them to humans. In many cases, these interventions are intended to help people with disabilities in such a way so as to either restore or extend brain function. Traditionally, therapies in brain augmentation have included electrical and pharmacological techniques. In contrast, some of the techniques discussed in this volume add specificity by targeting select neural populations. This approach opens the door to where and how to promote the best interventions. Along the way, results have empowered the medical profession by expanding their understanding of brain function. Articles in this volume relate novel clinical solutions for a host of neurological and psychiatric conditions such as stroke, Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, epilepsy, dementia, Alzheimer’s disease, autism spectrum disorders (ASD), traumatic brain injury, and disorders of consciousness. In disease, symptoms and signs denote a departure from normal function. Brain augmentation has now been used to target both the core symptoms that provide specificity in the diagnosis of a disease, as well as other constitutional symptoms that may greatly handicap the individual. The volume provides a report on the use of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in ASD with reported improvements of core deficits (i.e., executive functions). TMS in this regard departs from the present-day trend towards symptomatic treatment that leaves unaltered the root cause of the condition. In diseases, such as schizophrenia, brain augmentation approaches hold promise to avoid lengthy pharmacological interventions that are usually riddled with side effects or those with limiting returns as in the case of Parkinson’s disease. Brain stimulation can also be used to treat auditory verbal hallucination, visuospatial (hemispatial) neglect, and pain in patients suffering from multiple sclerosis. The brain acts as a telecommunication transceiver wherein different bandwidth of frequencies (brainwave oscillations) transmit information. Their baseline levels correlate with certain behavioral states. The proper integration of brain oscillations provides for the phenomenon of binding and central coherence. Brain augmentation may foster the normalization of brain oscillations in nervous system disorders. These techniques hold the promise of being applied remotely (under the supervision of medical personnel), thus overcoming the obstacle of travel in order to obtain healthcare. At present, traditional thinking would argue the possibility of synergism among different modalities of brain augmentation as a way of increasing their overall effectiveness and improving therapeutic selectivity. Thinking outside of the box would also provide for the implementation of brain-to-brain interfaces where techniques, proper to artificial intelligence, could allow us to surpass the limits of natural selection or enable communications between several individual brains sharing memories, or even a global brain capable of self-organization. Not all brains are created equal. Brain stimulation studies suggest large individual variability in response that may affect overall recovery/treatment, or modify desired effects of a given intervention. The subject’s age, gender, hormonal levels may affect an individual’s cortical excitability. In addition, this volume discusses the role of social interactions in the operations of augmenting technologies. Finally, augmenting methods could be applied to modulate consciousness, even though its neural mechanisms are poorly understood. Finally, this volume should be taken as a debate on social, moral and ethical issues on neurotechnologies. Brain enhancement may transform the individual into someone or something else. These techniques bypass the usual routes of accommodation to environmental exigencies that exalted our personal fortitude: learning, exercising, and diet. This will allow humans to preselect desired characteristics and realize consequent rewards without having to overcome adversity through more laborious means. The concern is that humans may be playing God, and the possibility of an expanding gap in social equity where brain enhancements may be selectively available to the wealthier individuals. These issues are discussed by a number of articles in this volume. Also discussed are the relationship between the diminishment and enhancement following the application of brain-augmenting technologies, the problem of “mind control” with BMI technologies, free will the duty to use cognitive enhancers in high-responsibility professions, determining the population of people in need of brain enhancement, informed public policy, cognitive biases, and the hype caused by the development of brain- augmenting approaches.

Cognitive Science

Author : Assistant Professor of Philosophy William Patterson College Daniel Kolak
ISBN : 9781134598823
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 61. 22 MB
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Cognitive Science is a major new guide to the central theories and problems in the study of the mind and brain. The authors clearly explain how and why cognitive science aims to understand the brain as a computational system that manipulates representations. They identify the roots of cognitive science in Descartes - who argued that all knowledge of the external world is filtered through some sort of representation - and examine the present-day role of Artificial Intelligence, computing, psychology, linguistics and neuroscience. Throughout, the key building blocks of cognitive science are clearly illustrated: perception, memory, attention, emotion, language, control of movement, learning, understanding and other important mental phenomena. Cognitive Science: presents a clear, collaborative introduction to the subject is the first textbook to bring together all the different strands of this new science in a unified approach includes illustrations and exercises to aid the student

Neural Aspects Of Tactile Sensation

Author : J.W. Morley
ISBN : 0080537359
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 60. 27 MB
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The world within reach is characterised to a large extent by our ability to sense objects through touch. Research into the sensation of touch has a long history. However, it is only relatively recently that significant advances have been made in understanding how information about objects we touch is represented in both the peripheral and central divisions of the nervous systems. This volume draws together the increasing body of knowledge regarding the mechanisms underlying tactile sensation and how they relate to tactile perception. Individual chapters address; the response of mechanoreceptors to stimuli (including movement and shape), the role of the somatosensory cortex in processing tactile information, the psychophysics and neurophysiology of the detection and categorisation of somesthetic stimuli, perceptual constancy, recent findings in regard to short term and long term plasticity in the somatosensory cortex and the psychophysical correlates of this plasticity, and parallel versus serial information processing in the cortex. The authors look at past and current research, and comment on the direction of future investigation, relating findings from psychophysical studies of tactile behavior to our growing understanding of the underlying neural mechanisms.

Functional Neuroscience

Author : Oswald Steward
ISBN : 9781461211983
Genre : Medical
File Size : 85. 49 MB
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An integrated textbook of medical neuroscience, this book coherently presents the anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry of the human nervous system. The neuroanatomy is presented in a way that is integrated with a modern presentation of cellular neurophysiological systems, neuroscience, and cellular, molecular, and developmental neuroscience. Clinical correlations are provided wherever appropriate.

Issues In Information Science Information Technology Systems And Security 2013 Edition

Author :
ISBN : 9781490109909
Genre : Computers
File Size : 78. 47 MB
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Issues in Information Science—Information Technology, Systems, and Security: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Computer Security. The editors have built Issues in Information Science—Information Technology, Systems, and Security: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Computer Security in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Information Science—Information Technology, Systems, and Security: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

The Parietal Lobe

Author :
ISBN : 9780444636249
Genre : Medical
File Size : 39. 93 MB
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The Parietal Lobe, Volume 151, the latest release from the Handbook of Clinical Neurology series, provides a foundation on the neuroanatomy, neurophysiology and clinical neurology/neuropsychology of the parietal lobe that is not only applicable to both basic researchers and clinicians, but also to students and specialists who are interested in learning more about disorders brought on by damage or dysfunction. Topics encompass the evolution, anatomy, connections, and neurophysiology, the major neurological and neuropsychological deficits and syndromes caused by damage, the potential for improvement via transcranial stimulation, and the role of the parietal in the cerebral networks for perception and action. Provides a broad overview of the neuroanatomy, neurophysiology and clinical neurology of this region of the cortex Offers additional insights regarding the role of the parietal in the cerebral networks for perception and action Addresses the most frequent complications associated with damage, including somatosensory, perceptual, language, and memory, deficits, pain, optic ataxia, spatial neglect, apraxia, and more Edited work with chapters authored by global leaders in the field Presents the broadest, most expert coverage available

An Invitation To Cognitive Science

Author :
ISBN : 0262650460
Genre : Cognition
File Size : 80. 84 MB
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The Neurophysics Of Human Behavior

Author : Mark E. Furman
ISBN : 9781420040432
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 87. 42 MB
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How do brain, mind, matter, and energy interact? Can we create a comprehensive model of the mind and brain, their interactions, and their influences? Synthesizing research from neuroscience, physics, biology, systems science, information science, psychology, and the cognitive sciences, The Neurophysics of Human Behavior advances a unified theory of brain, mind, behavior and information. This groundbreaking work helps you more deeply understand, more accurately predict, and more effectively change human behavior - a significant contribution to the fields of psychology, education, medicine, communications, and human relations. Cognitive neurophysics, as detailed in this work, presents an integrated perspective of brain, mind, behavior, thoughts, and nature. The distinguished authors emphasize the need to view psychological science - and our image of the "self" - in the context of the physical world: matter, energy, and natural laws. NeuroPrint is the powerful application model of this perspective. This comprehensive, detailed algorithm defines the network of interactions that develop brain, mind, behavior, thoughts, and emotions and redefines the meaning of psychotherapeutic intervention. The Neurophysics of Human Behavior gives the background, tools, and methods for intervention and modeling. It outlines the systematic, behavioral approach of NeuroPrint, promising to promote a deep understanding of the process of human change. Using The Neurophysics of Human Behavior, practitioners and researchers can plot and gauge the paths of change in neurocognitive dynamics and the improvements in mental health.

Encyclopedia Of Computer Science And Technology

Author : Allen Kent
ISBN : 9781000444278
Genre : Computers
File Size : 57. 85 MB
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This 41st volume covers Application of Bayesan Belief Networks to Highway Construction to Virtual Reality Software and Technology.

Natural Fabrications

Author : William Seager
ISBN : 9783642295997
Genre : Science
File Size : 23. 82 MB
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The spectacular success of the scientific enterprise over the last four hundred years has led to the promise of an all encompassing vision of the natural world. In this elegant picture, everything we observe is based upon just a few fundamental processes and entities. The almost infinite variety and complexity of the world is thus the product of emergence. But the concept of emergence is fraught with controversy and confusion. This book ponders the question of how emergence should be understood within the scientific picture, and whether a complete vision of the world can be attained that includes consciousness.

The Mit Encyclopedia Of The Cognitive Sciences Mitecs

Author : Robert A. Wilson
ISBN : 0262731444
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 25. 73 MB
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Since the 1970s the cognitive sciences have offered multidisciplinary ways of understanding the mind and cognition. The MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Sciences (MITECS) is a landmark, comprehensive reference work that represents the methodological and theoretical diversity of this changing field. At the core of the encyclopedia are 471 concise entries, from Acquisition and Adaptationism to Wundt and X-bar Theory. Each article, written by a leading researcher in the field, provides an accessible introduction to an important concept in the cognitive sciences, as well as references or further readings. Six extended essays, which collectively serve as a roadmap to the articles, provide overviews of each of six major areas of cognitive science: Philosophy; Psychology; Neurosciences; Computational Intelligence; Linguistics and Language; and Culture, Cognition, and Evolution. For both students and researchers, MITECS will be an indispensable guide to the current state of the cognitive sciences.

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