statistical methods for physical science methods of experimental physics

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Statistical Methods For Physical Science

Author :
ISBN : 0080860168
Genre : Science
File Size : 43. 59 MB
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This volume of Methods of Experimental Physics provides an extensive introduction to probability and statistics in many areas of the physical sciences, with an emphasis on the emerging area of spatial statistics. The scope of topics covered is wide-ranging-the text discusses a variety of the most commonly used classical methods and addresses newer methods that are applicable or potentially important. The chapter authors motivate readers with their insightful discussions. Examines basic probability, including coverage of standard distributions, time series models, and Monte Carlo methods Describes statistical methods, including basic inference, goodness of fit, maximum likelihood, and least squares Addresses time series analysis, including filtering and spectral analysis Includes simulations of physical experiments Features applications of statistics to atmospheric physics and radio astronomy Covers the increasingly important area of modern statistical computing

Statistical Methods In Experimental Physics

Author : Frederick James
ISBN : 9789812567956
Genre : Science
File Size : 67. 57 MB
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The first edition of this classic book has become the authoritative reference for physicists desiring to master the finer points of statistical data analysis. This second edition contains all the important material of the first, much of it unavailable from any other sources. In addition, many chapters have been updated with considerable new material, especially in areas concerning the theory and practice of confidence intervals, including the important Feldman-Cousins method. Both frequentist and Bayesian methodologies are presented, with a strong emphasis on techniques useful to physicists and other scientists in the interpretation of experimental data and comparison with scientific theories. This is a valuable textbook for advanced graduate students in the physical sciences as well as a reference for active researchers.

Statistical Methods In Experimental Physics

Author : W. T. Eadie
ISBN : UOM:39015018332182
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 34. 69 MB
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Statistics For Physical Sciences

Author : Brian Martin
ISBN : 9780123877659
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 24. 15 MB
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Statistics for Physical Sciences is an informal, relatively short, but systematic, guide to the more commonly used ideas and techniques in statistical analysis, as used in physical sciences, together with explanations of their origins. It steers a path between the extremes of a recipe of methods with a collection of useful formulas, and a full mathematical account of statistics, while at the same time developing the subject in a logical way. The book can be read in its entirety by anyone with a basic exposure to mathematics at the level of a first-year undergraduate student of physical science and should be useful for practising physical scientists, plus undergraduate and postgraduate students in these fields. Offers problems at the end of each chapter Features worked examples across all of the chapters Provides a collection of useful formulas in order to give a detailed account of mathematical statistics

Searches For Dijet Resonances

Author : Lydia Audrey Beresford
ISBN : 9783319975207
Genre : Science
File Size : 46. 9 MB
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This book addresses one of the most intriguing mysteries of our universe: the nature of dark matter. The results presented here mark a significant and substantial contribution to the search for new physics, in particular for new particles that couple to dark matter. The first analysis presented is a search for heavy new particles that decay into pairs of hadronic jets (dijets). This pioneering analysis explores unprecedented dijet invariant masses, reaching nearly 7 TeV, and sets constraints on several important new physics models. The two subsequent analyses focus on the difficult low dijet mass region, down to 200 GeV, and employ a novel technique to efficiently gather low-mass dijet events. The results of these analyses transcend the long-standing constraints on dark matter mediator particles set by several existing experiments.

Statistics

Author : R. J. Barlow
ISBN : 9781118723234
Genre : Science
File Size : 44. 18 MB
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The Manchester Physics Series General Editors: D. J. Sandiford; F. Mandl; A. C. Phillips Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manchester Properties of Matter B. H. Flowers and E. Mendoza Optics Second Edition F. G. Smith and J. H. Thomson Statistical Physics Second Edition F. Mandl Electromagnetism Second Edition I. S. Grant and W. R. Phillips Statistics R. J. Barlow Solid State Physics Second Edition J. R. Hook and H. E. Hall Quantum Mechanics F. Mandl Particle Physics Second Edition B. R. Martin and G. Shaw The Physics of Stars Second Edition A.C. Phillips Computing for Scientists R. J. Barlow and A. R. Barnett Written by a physicist, Statistics is tailored to the needs of physical scientists, containing and explaining all they need to know. It concentrates on parameter estimation, especially the methods of Least Squares and Maximum Likelihood, but other techniques, such as hypothesis testing, Bayesian statistics and non-parametric methods are also included. Intended for reasonably numerate scientists it contains all the basic formulae, their derivations and applications, together with some more advanced ones. Statistics features: * Comprehensive coverage of the essential techniques physical scientists are likely to need. * A wealth of examples, and problems with their answers. * Flexible structure and organisation allows it to be used as a course text and a reference. * A review of the basics, so that little prior knowledge is required.

Statistical Data Analysis For The Physical Sciences

Author : Adrian Bevan
ISBN : 9781107067592
Genre : Science
File Size : 80. 69 MB
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Data analysis lies at the heart of every experimental science. Providing a modern introduction to statistics, this book is ideal for undergraduates in physics. It introduces the necessary tools required to analyse data from experiments across a range of areas, making it a valuable resource for students. In addition to covering the basic topics, the book also takes in advanced and modern subjects, such as neural networks, decision trees, fitting techniques and issues concerning limit or interval setting. Worked examples and case studies illustrate the techniques presented, and end-of-chapter exercises help test the reader's understanding of the material.

Statistical Data Analysis

Author : Glen Cowan
ISBN : 9780198501565
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 32. 40 MB
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This book is a guide to the practical application of statistics in data analysis as typically encountered in the physical sciences. It is primarily addressed at students and professionals who need to draw quantitative conclusions from experimental data. Although most of the examples are taken from particle physics, the material is presented in a sufficiently general way as to be useful to people from most branches of the physical sciences. The first part of the book describes the basic tools of data analysis: concepts of probability and random variables, Monte Carlo techniques, statistical tests, and methods of parameter estimation. The last three chapters are somewhat more specialized than those preceding, covering interval estimation, characteristic functions, and the problem of correcting distributions for the effects of measurement errors (unfolding).

Annual Report Statistical Laboratory Iowa State University

Author : Iowa State University. Statistical Laboratory
ISBN : UOM:39015079393214
Genre : Statistics
File Size : 38. 40 MB
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Techniques For Nuclear And Particle Physics Experiments

Author : William R. Leo
ISBN : UOM:39015040414206
Genre : Science
File Size : 71. 36 MB
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The book is based on a laboratory course in nuclear physics given to advanced students. It treats the experimental techniques and instrumentationmost often used in nuclear and particle physics experiments as well as in various other experimental sciences. It provides most useful results and formulae, technical know-how and informative details on-interactionof radiation in matter; - radion protection and radioactive sources; - statistics for the interpretation and analysis of data; - principles and operation of the main types of detectors (ionization, scintillation and semiconductor detectors); - nuclear electronics instrumentation (NIM, CAMAC); - various systems and techniques for experiments. Thanks to the author's long teaching experience the material is presented in a verypractical, hands-on way making the book a useful text and lab companion for students and experienced scientists.

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