statistics and scientific method

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Statistics And Scientific Method

Author : Peter J. Diggle
ISBN : 9780199543182
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 68. 23 MB
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An antidote to technique-orientated approaches, this text avoids the recipe-book style, giving the reader a clear understanding of how core statistical ideas of experimental design, modelling, and data analysis are integral to the scientific method. No prior knowledge of statistics is required and a range of scientific disciplines are covered.

Scientific Method In Practice

Author : Hugh G. Gauch, Jr.
ISBN : 0521017084
Genre : Science
File Size : 41. 76 MB
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This book will enable scientists to be better scientists by offering them a deeper understanding of the scientific method.

Scientific Method In Brief

Author : Hugh G. Gauch, Jr
ISBN : 9781107311527
Genre : Science
File Size : 75. 91 MB
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The fundamental principles of the scientific method are essential for enhancing perspective, increasing productivity, and stimulating innovation. These principles include deductive and inductive logic, probability, parsimony and hypothesis testing, as well as science's presuppositions, limitations, ethics and bold claims of rationality and truth. The examples and case studies drawn upon in this book span the physical, biological and social sciences; include applications in agriculture, engineering and medicine; and also explore science's interrelationships with disciplines in the humanities such as philosophy and law. Informed by position papers on science from the American Association for the Advancement of Science, National Academy of Sciences and National Science Foundation, this book aligns with a distinctively mainstream vision of science. It is an ideal resource for anyone undertaking a systematic study of scientific method for the first time, from undergraduates to professionals in both the sciences and the humanities.

Introduction To Probability And Statistics For Science Engineering And Finance

Author : Walter A. Rosenkrantz
ISBN : 158488813X
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 37. 15 MB
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Integrating interesting and widely used concepts of financial engineering into traditional statistics courses, Introduction to Probability and Statistics for Science, Engineering, and Finance illustrates the role and scope of statistics and probability in various fields. The text first introduces the basics needed to understand and create tables and graphs produced by standard statistical software packages, such as Minitab, SAS, and JMP. It then takes students through the traditional topics of a first course in statistics. Novel features include: Applications of standard statistical concepts and methods to the analysis and interpretation of financial data, such as risks and returns Cox–Ross–Rubinstein (CRR) model, also called the binomial lattice model, of stock price fluctuations An application of the central limit theorem to the CRR model that yields the lognormal distribution for stock prices and the famous Black–Scholes option pricing formula An introduction to modern portfolio theory Mean-standard deviation diagram of a collection of portfolios Computing a stock’s betavia simple linear regression As soon as he develops the statistical concepts, the author presents applications to engineering, such as queuing theory, reliability theory, and acceptance sampling; computer science; public health; and finance. Using both statistical software packages and scientific calculators, he reinforces fundamental concepts with numerous examples.

Statistics In Scientific Investigation

Author : Glen McPherson
ISBN : 9781475742909
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 41. 83 MB
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In this book I have taken on the challenge of providing an insight into Statistics and a blueprint for statistical application for a wide audience. For students in the sciences and related professional areas and for researchers who may need to apply Statistics in the course of scientific experimenta tion, the development emphasizes the manner in which Statistics fits into the framework of the scientific method. Mathematics students will find a unified, but non-mathematical structure for Statistics which can provide the motivation for the theoretical development found in standard texts on theoretical Statistics. For statisticians and students of Statistics, the ideas contained in the book and their manner of development may aid in the de velopment of better communications between scientists and statisticians. The demands made of readers are twofold: a minimal mathematical prerequisite which is simply an ability to comprehend formulae containing mathematical variables, such as those derived from a high school course in algebra or the equivalent; a grasp of the process of scientific modeling which comes with ei ther experience in scientific experimentation or practice with solving mathematical problems.

Karl Pearson

Author : Theodore M. Porter
ISBN : 1400835704
Genre : Science
File Size : 25. 50 MB
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Karl Pearson, founder of modern statistics, came to this field by way of passionate early studies of philosophy and cultural history as well as ether physics and graphical geometry. His faith in science grew out of a deeply moral quest, reflected also in his socialism and his efforts to find a new basis for relations between men and women. This biography recounts Pearson's extraordinary intellectual adventure and sheds new light on the inner life of science. Theodore Porter's intensely personal portrait of Pearson extends from religious crisis and sexual tensions to metaphysical and even mathematical anxieties. Pearson sought to reconcile reason with enthusiasm and to achieve the impersonal perspective of science without sacrificing complex individuality. Even as he longed to experience nature directly and intimately, he identified science with renunciation and positivistic detachment. Porter finds a turning point in Pearson's career, where his humanistic interests gave way to statistical ones, in his Grammar of Science (1892), in which he attempted to establish scientific method as the moral educational basis for a refashioned culture. In this original and engaging book, a leading historian of modern science investigates the interior experience of one man's scientific life while placing it in a rich tapestry of social, political, and intellectual movements.

Statistical Models

Author : David Freedman
ISBN : 0521854830
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 63. 98 MB
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Textbook for undergraduates and beginning graduate students in statistics, and students and professionals in the social and health sciences.

Statistics And The Evaluation Of Evidence For Forensic Scientists

Author : Colin Aitken
ISBN : 9780470011225
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 49. 85 MB
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The first edition of Statistics and the Evaluation of Evidence for Forensic Scientists established itself as a highly regarded authority on this area. Fully revised and updated, the second edition provides significant new material on areas of current interest including: Glass Interpretation Fibres Interpretation Bayes’ Nets The title presents comprehensive coverage of the statistical evaluation of forensic evidence. It is written with the assumption of a modest mathematical background and is illustrated throughout with up-to-date examples from a forensic science background. The clarity of exposition makes this book ideal for all forensic scientists, lawyers and other professionals in related fields interested in the quantitative assessment and evaluation of evidence. 'There can be no doubt that the appreciation of some evidence in a court of law has been greatly enhanced by the sound use of statistical ideas and one can be confident that the next decade will see further developments, during which time this book will admirably serve those who have cause to use statistics in forensic science.' D.V. Lindley

Statistical Methods In Experimental Physics

Author : Frederick James
ISBN : 9789812567956
Genre : Science
File Size : 78. 94 MB
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The first edition of this classic book has become the authoritative reference for physicists desiring to master the finer points of statistical data analysis. This second edition contains all the important material of the first, much of it unavailable from any other sources. In addition, many chapters have been updated with considerable new material, especially in areas concerning the theory and practice of confidence intervals, including the important Feldman-Cousins method. Both frequentist and Bayesian methodologies are presented, with a strong emphasis on techniques useful to physicists and other scientists in the interpretation of experimental data and comparison with scientific theories. This is a valuable textbook for advanced graduate students in the physical sciences as well as a reference for active researchers.

Scientific Methods For The Humanities

Author : Willie Van Peer
ISBN : 9789027233479
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 83. 40 MB
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Focuses on the empirical research methods for the Humanities. Suitable for students and scholars of Literature, Applied Linguistics, and Film and Media, this title helps readers to reflect on the problems and possibilities of testing the empirical assumptions and offers hands-on learning opportunities to develop empirical studies.

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