statistics and scientific method

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Statistics And Scientific Method

Author : Peter J. Diggle
ISBN : 9780199543182
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 44. 11 MB
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An antidote to technique-orientated approaches, this text avoids the recipe-book style, giving the reader a clear understanding of how core statistical ideas of experimental design, modelling, and data analysis are integral to the scientific method. No prior knowledge of statistics is required and a range of scientific disciplines are covered.

Scientific Method In Practice

Author : Hugh G. Gauch
ISBN : 0521017084
Genre : Science
File Size : 27. 32 MB
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This book will enable scientists to be better scientists by offering them a deeper understanding of the scientific method.

Scientific Methods For The Humanities

Author : Willie Van Peer
ISBN : 9789027233479
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 51. 92 MB
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Focuses on the empirical research methods for the Humanities. Suitable for students and scholars of Literature, Applied Linguistics, and Film and Media, this title helps readers to reflect on the problems and possibilities of testing the empirical assumptions and offers hands-on learning opportunities to develop empirical studies.

Introduction To Probability And Statistics For Science Engineering And Finance

Author : Walter A. Rosenkrantz
ISBN : 158488813X
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 52. 90 MB
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Integrating interesting and widely used concepts of financial engineering into traditional statistics courses, Introduction to Probability and Statistics for Science, Engineering, and Finance illustrates the role and scope of statistics and probability in various fields. The text first introduces the basics needed to understand and create tables and graphs produced by standard statistical software packages, such as Minitab, SAS, and JMP. It then takes students through the traditional topics of a first course in statistics. Novel features include: Applications of standard statistical concepts and methods to the analysis and interpretation of financial data, such as risks and returns Cox–Ross–Rubinstein (CRR) model, also called the binomial lattice model, of stock price fluctuations An application of the central limit theorem to the CRR model that yields the lognormal distribution for stock prices and the famous Black–Scholes option pricing formula An introduction to modern portfolio theory Mean-standard deviation diagram of a collection of portfolios Computing a stock’s betavia simple linear regression As soon as he develops the statistical concepts, the author presents applications to engineering, such as queuing theory, reliability theory, and acceptance sampling; computer science; public health; and finance. Using both statistical software packages and scientific calculators, he reinforces fundamental concepts with numerous examples.

Principles Of Scientific Methods

Author : Mark Chang
ISBN : 9781482238105
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 30. 93 MB
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Principles of Scientific Methods focuses on the fundamental principles behind scientific methods. The book refers to "science" in a broad sense, including natural science, physics, mathematics, statistics, social science, political science, and engineering science. A principle is often abstract and has broad applicability while a method is usually concrete and specific. The author uses many concrete examples to explain principles and presents analogies to connect different methods or problems to arrive at a general principle or a common notion. He mainly discusses a particular method to address the great idea behind the method, not the method itself. The book shows how the principles are not only applicable to scientific research but also to our daily lives. The author explains how scientific methods are used for understanding how and why things happen, making predictions, and learning how to prevent mistakes and solve problems. Studying the principles of scientific methods is to think about thinking and to enlighten our understanding of scientific research. Scientific principles are the foundation of scientific methods. In this book, you’ll see how the principles reveal the big ideas behind our scientific discoveries and reflect the fundamental beliefs and wisdoms of scientists. The principles make the scientific methods coherent and constitute the source of creativity.

Statistical Methods In Experimental Physics

Author : Frederick James
ISBN : 9789812567956
Genre : Science
File Size : 57. 68 MB
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The first edition of this classic book has become the authoritative reference for physicists desiring to master the finer points of statistical data analysis. This second edition contains all the important material of the first, much of it unavailable from any other sources. In addition, many chapters have been updated with considerable new material, especially in areas concerning the theory and practice of confidence intervals, including the important Feldman-Cousins method. Both frequentist and Bayesian methodologies are presented, with a strong emphasis on techniques useful to physicists and other scientists in the interpretation of experimental data and comparison with scientific theories. This is a valuable textbook for advanced graduate students in the physical sciences as well as a reference for active researchers.

Statistics And The Evaluation Of Evidence For Forensic Scientists

Author : Colin Aitken
ISBN : 9780470011225
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 75. 64 MB
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The first edition of Statistics and the Evaluation of Evidence for Forensic Scientists established itself as a highly regarded authority on this area. Fully revised and updated, the second edition provides significant new material on areas of current interest including: Glass Interpretation Fibres Interpretation Bayes’ Nets The title presents comprehensive coverage of the statistical evaluation of forensic evidence. It is written with the assumption of a modest mathematical background and is illustrated throughout with up-to-date examples from a forensic science background. The clarity of exposition makes this book ideal for all forensic scientists, lawyers and other professionals in related fields interested in the quantitative assessment and evaluation of evidence. 'There can be no doubt that the appreciation of some evidence in a court of law has been greatly enhanced by the sound use of statistical ideas and one can be confident that the next decade will see further developments, during which time this book will admirably serve those who have cause to use statistics in forensic science.' D.V. Lindley

100 Questions And Answers About Research Methods

Author : Neil J. Salkind
ISBN : 9781412992039
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 69. 99 MB
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How do I create a good research hypothesis? How do I know when my literature review is finished? What is the difference between a sample and a population? What is power and why is it important? In an increasingly data-driven world, it is more important than ever for students as well as professionals to better understand the process of research. This invaluable guide answers the essential questions that students ask about research methods in a concise and accessible way.

Karl Pearson

Author : Theodore M. Porter
ISBN : 1400835704
Genre : Science
File Size : 65. 41 MB
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Karl Pearson, founder of modern statistics, came to this field by way of passionate early studies of philosophy and cultural history as well as ether physics and graphical geometry. His faith in science grew out of a deeply moral quest, reflected also in his socialism and his efforts to find a new basis for relations between men and women. This biography recounts Pearson's extraordinary intellectual adventure and sheds new light on the inner life of science. Theodore Porter's intensely personal portrait of Pearson extends from religious crisis and sexual tensions to metaphysical and even mathematical anxieties. Pearson sought to reconcile reason with enthusiasm and to achieve the impersonal perspective of science without sacrificing complex individuality. Even as he longed to experience nature directly and intimately, he identified science with renunciation and positivistic detachment. Porter finds a turning point in Pearson's career, where his humanistic interests gave way to statistical ones, in his Grammar of Science (1892), in which he attempted to establish scientific method as the moral educational basis for a refashioned culture. In this original and engaging book, a leading historian of modern science investigates the interior experience of one man's scientific life while placing it in a rich tapestry of social, political, and intellectual movements.

Statistical Distributions In Scientific Work

Author : Ganapati P. Patil
ISBN : 9027706093
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 82. 15 MB
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Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, 1974

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