sylvia wynter on being human as praxis

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Sylvia Wynter

Author : Katherine McKittrick
ISBN : 9780822375852
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 88. 99 MB
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The Jamaican writer and cultural theorist Sylvia Wynter is best known for her diverse writings that pull together insights from theories in history, literature, science, and black studies, to explore race, the legacy of colonialism, and representations of humanness. Sylvia Wynter: On Being Human as Praxis is a critical genealogy of Wynter’s work, highlighting her insights on how race, location, and time together inform what it means to be human. The contributors explore Wynter’s stunning reconceptualization of the human in relation to concepts of blackness, modernity, urban space, the Caribbean, science studies, migratory politics, and the interconnectedness of creative and theoretical resistances. The collection includes an extensive conversation between Sylvia Wynter and Katherine McKittrick that delineates Wynter’s engagement with writers such as Frantz Fanon, W. E. B. DuBois, and Aimé Césaire, among others; the interview also reveals the ever-extending range and power of Wynter’s intellectual project, and elucidates her attempts to rehistoricize humanness as praxis.

Diverse Unfreedoms

Author : Sarada Balagopalan
ISBN : 9781000709032
Genre : History
File Size : 27. 66 MB
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The legacies of plantation slavery continue to inhabit, animate, and haunt the diverse forms of unfreedom that mark our present. Diverse Unfreedoms charts a new way of thinking through these legacies of unfreedom via a more entangled and multidirectional model of what makes for historical change and continuity in practices and relationships of subjugation. This volume troubles the stark opposition between slavery and freedom by foregrounding the diversity of types of exploitation above and beyond the most extreme forms of dehumanization characterized by slavery. The chapters, from multiple disciplines and discussing diverse regions and historical periods, illustrate the significance of interdisciplinary and international perspectives in understanding diverse unfreedoms, and offer a nuanced account of historical change and continuity in systems that generate and perpetuate unfreedom. Through examining the frictions that mark certain key moments of legal, social, and institutional transition, the essays in this volume express the limits of liberal humanist projects and present a critique of the liberal notion of freedom as the necessary horizon of emancipatory imagination and labor.

Critical Voices In Science Education Research

Author : Jesse Bazzul
ISBN : 9783319999906
File Size : 65. 85 MB
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This book is a collection of narratives from a diverse array of science education researchers that elucidate some of the difficulties of becoming a science education researcher and/or science teacher educator, with the hope that through solidarity, commonality, and “telling the story”, justice-oriented science education researchers will feel more supported in their own journeys. Being a scholar and teacher that sees science education as a space for justice, and thinking/being different, entry into this disciplinary field often comes with tense moments and personal difficulties. The chapter authors of this book break into many painful, awkward, and seemingly nebulous topics, including the intersectional nuances of what it means to be a researcher in the contexts of epistemic rigidness, white supremacy, and neoliberal restructuring. Of course these contexts become different depending on how teachers, students, and researchers are constituted within them (as racialized/sexed/gendered/disposable/valued subjects). We hope that within these narratives readers will identify with similar struggles in terms of what it means to desire to “do good in the world”, while facing subtle and not-so-subtle institutional, personal cultural, and political challenges.

Under Representation

Author : David Lloyd
ISBN : 9780823282395
Genre : Social Science
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Under Representation shows how the founding texts of aesthetic philosophy ground the racial order of the modern world in our concepts of universality, freedom, and humanity. In taking on the relation of aesthetics to race, Lloyd challenges the absence of sustained thought about race in postcolonial studies, as well as the lack of sustained attention to aesthetics in critical race theory. Late Enlightenment discourse on aesthetic experience proposes a decisive account of the conditions of possibility for universal human subjecthood. The aesthetic forges a powerful “racial regime of representation” whose genealogy runs from enlightenment thinkers like Kant and Schiller to late modernist critics like Adorno and Benjamin. For aesthetic philosophy, representation is not just about depiction of diverse humans or inclusion in political or cultural institutions. It is an activity that undergirds the various spheres of human practice and theory, from the most fundamental acts of perception and reflection to the relation of the subject to the political, the economic, and the social. Representation regulates the distribution of racial identifications along a developmental trajectory: The racialized remain “under representation,” on the threshold of humanity and not yet capable of freedom and civility as aesthetic thought defines those attributes. To ignore the aesthetic is thus to overlook its continuing force in the formation of the racial and political structures down to the present. Across five chapters, Under Representation investigates the aesthetic foundations of modern political subjectivity; race and the sublime; the logic of assimilation and the stereotype; the subaltern critique of representation; and the place of magic and the primitive in modernist concepts of art, aura and representation. Both a genealogy and an account of our present, Under Representation ultimately helps show how a political reading of aesthetics can help us build a racial politics adequate for the problems we face today, one that stakes claims more radical than multicultural demands for representation.

The Effects Of Race

Author : Nina G. Jablonski
ISBN : 9781928357841
Genre : Social Science
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The STIAS research theme on Being Human Today explores the interrelated questions: What does it mean to be human? And: What is the nature of the world in which we aspire to be human? In the context of post-apartheid South Africa race and racism remain key references in both these questions. Why is this so, considering that the biological basis of race thinking has been refuted? Templates of race and racialism remain at the core of state policy in South Africa, periodic gross incidents of racism surface in public, and notions of the existence of races remain central to everyday thinking and discourse. This book is the result of the work of a group of leading thinkers and their in-depth conversations at STIAS during the winter of 2015 on the effects of race. Convened by evolutionary anthropologist Nina Jablonski and sociologist Gerhard Mar‚, the group included Njabulo Ndebele, Chabani Manganyi, Barney Pityana, Crain Soudien, G”ran Therborn, Mikael Hjerm, Zimitri Erasmus and George Chaplin. The group reconvened annually through 2017. This is the first in a series of planned publications on the their work.

Dysconscious Racism Afrocentric Praxis And Education For Human Freedom Through The Years I Keep On Toiling

Author : Joyce E. King
ISBN : 9781317509745
Genre : Education
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A dynamic leader and visionary teacher/scholar, Joyce E. King has made important contributions to the knowledge base on preparing teachers for diversity, culturally connected teaching and learning, and inclusive transformative leadership for change, often in creative partnership with communities. Dr. King is internationally recognized for her innovative interdisciplinary scholarship, teaching practice, and leadership. Her concept of "dysconscious racism" continues to influence research and practice in education and sociology in the U.S. and in other countries. This volume weaves together ten of her most influential writings and four invited reflections from prominent scholars on the major themes the work addresses. In the World Library of Educationalists, international scholars themselves compile career-long collections of what they judge to be their finest pieces—extracts from books, key articles, salient research findings, major theoretical and/or practical contributions—so the world can read them in a single manageable volume. Readers will be able to follow the themes and strands of their work and see their contribution to the development of a field.

The Value Of Invention

Author : William Paris
ISBN : OCLC:1050750810
Genre :
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My dissertation brings the works of Frantz Fanon, Sylvia Wynter, and Hortense Spillers together in order to argue that invention is the central motivation of their engagements with race, gender, and sexuality. Fanon, Wynter, and Spillers provide starting points from which it is possible to not only apprehend the historical experiences of the alienation of Black life under European colonialism and transatlantic slavery but also the contingencies and subsequent naturalizations of race, gender, and sexuality as ontological facts of what it means to be human. It is by revealing how race, gender, and sexuality are enmeshed in a violent system of exploitation and expropriation that the necessity of praxis and invention arises. Fanon, Wynter, and Spillers expose how the modalities of the human formed through the dominant economic, educational, and cultural institutions of Western powers have been premised on stolen life. The question of this dissertation is thus: what does one do with a form of humanity whose historical dynamic is the ongoing theft of value?What I argue in the following dissertation is that Fanon, Wynter, and Spillers take seriously the preceding question and, thus, develop an understanding of invention that is decidedly not focused on the creation of a new object or revealing what the human really is. They reflect on how the colonialisms and enslavements of European empire crafted a system of existence that could appropriate and make use of any new values that were created by the colonized or the enslaved. On my account, invention is no longer circumscribed by the creation of a new value that can be commodified and exchanged on the market; invention derives its value from the activity of its praxis. Thus, the value of invention for Black life is in being attentive to how it wrenches away from the terms of a system of domination and not in the proliferation of stable products. In this way the struggle against a system of stolen life can be comprehended as a constant activity rather than a teleological process.It is important not to flatten the historical experiences of Black life through colonialism and enslavement into a single, homogenous narrative. For this reason, each thinker will be read according to the space of their thought. Fanons oeuvre arises from the French Caribbean and extends into the anticolonial war between France and Algeria. I will show that in his reflections he came to question and reveal how the French state was invested in crafting a racialized system of gender that positions the colonized as outside the purview of humanity and, thus, vulnerable to violence and expropriation. Fanons status as a French colonial subject means that his archive will consist of the Ngritude movement, Sartrean phenomenology, and psychoanalysis. By working through these discourses it will be possible to see how Fanon links his new humanism to an invention of gender. From this opening I move to Sylvia Wynter of English speaking British Caribbean and her specifically Jamaican sensibilities of colonialism. Wynter moves through the English speaking and Spanish speaking Caribbean to the United States. Thus, her articulation of the trajectory of Black life will be distinct from Fanons and explicitly call attention to how Western academic institutions impose a global genre of what it is to be human across the planet. Wynter reveals how a genre endeavors to reproduce itself through bourgeois notions of gender that must be rewritten. Finally, Spillers writes from the United States about the movement of the slave trade from West Africa to the Americas. Her thought takes place about a generation after Fanon and, thus, makes use of different theoretical tools such as semiotics. All three thinkers provide a constellation through which one can understand the necessarily multiple dynamics of invention.The centrality of gender to the thought of Fanon, Wynter, and Spillers consists in their comprehension of how Black life has historically been mobilized to make possible the reproduction of systems of Western exploitation and expropriation. From Fanon, Wynter, and Spillers, I claim, we can derive a blackened humanism that would arrest this reproduction and open the space for new systems of meaning. By undoing dominant systems of meaning the historical experiences of Black life are revealed as sites of constant invention that we may engage today. The theme of invention allows us to read Fanon, Wynter, and Spillers differently and, therefore, begin to change our own archives of historical experience.

Edward Said And Jacques Derrida

Author : Mina Karavanta
ISBN : STANFORD:36105131639887
Genre : Philosophy
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Features essays that invoke Said and Derrida's rigorous examination of humanism in their works. This title addresses social change and political questions and analyze humanism from the perspectives of literature, theory, history, gender studies, and art in view of the intellectual impact of Said and Derrida on contemporary philosophy.

Handbook Of Research On Multicultural Education

Author : James A. Banks
ISBN : UOM:49015002974716
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 89. 69 MB
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The second edition of the award-winning Handbook of Research on Multicultural Education brings together in one volume the major research and scholarship related to multicultural education that have developed since the field emerged more than forty years ago. This essential resource includes discussions and summaries of research using experimental and quasi-experimental designs, historical and philosophical inquiry, ethnographic studies, case studies, survey research, scholarship broadly defined, and insights gained from practice. A comprehensive resource, the Handbook of Research on Multicultural Education assembles the most distinguished and recognized scholars conducting research in a range of disciplines that comprise the foundations of multicultural education. In this second edition, twenty-nine classic chapters have been revised and updated and twenty new chapters have been added to reflect how the field has evolved since the first edition of the Handbook was published in 1995. This landmark volume describes and analyzes changes such as increased immigration to the United States and new developments in theory and research related to race, culture, ethnicity, and language. It addresses new issues such as findings on the increase in the number of interracial children and the characteristics of children of immigrant families. The educational implications of new research and trends are also discussed. The Handbook's forty-nine chapters are divided into twelve parts that clarify the meaning and boundaries of multicultural education. Topics covered include trends and developments, ethnic groups in historical and social science research, language issues, academic achievement, higher education, and international perspectives on multicultural education. The volume also offers comprehensive and balanced analyses of key controversies and debates in the field.

Symbolic Narratives African Cinema Audiences Theory And The Moving Image

Author : June Givanni
ISBN : STANFORD:36105111791955
Genre : Performing Arts
File Size : 22. 90 MB
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This volume provides a unique and unprecedented forum for debate between the different African cinematic communities (including North African filmmakers). Views are exchanged on topics ranging from the problems of production, exhibition, and distribution to questions of "modernity," postcolonial theory, and the (arguably increasing) presence of western cultural imperialism. The papers and the responses to the papers edited by critic and programmer June Givanni are presented in full and Imruh Bakari's introduction places the material in the context of previous and subsequent debate. Contributors: Manthia Diawara, Teshome Gabriel, Clyde Taylor, John Badenhorst, Ferid Boughedir, Gaston Kabore, Tafatoana Mahoso. Contributing film-makers: Ousmane Sembene, Idrissa Ouédraogo, Haile Gerima, Nouri Bouzid, John Akomfrah, Kobena Mercer, Ella Shohat, Ngugi Wa Thiongo, Tahar Cheriaa, and Sylvia Wynter

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