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Systems Biology Of Clostridium

Author : Peter Dürre
ISBN : 9781783264421
Genre : Science
File Size : 30. 19 MB
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Systems Biology of Clostridium provides a comprehensive overview of system biology approaches in clostridia, especially Clostridium acetobutylicum. Systems biology is a rapidly evolving scientific discipline that allows us to understand and predict the metabolism and its changes within the bacterium as a whole. Clostridia represent one of the largest bacterial genera. This group contains organisms with metabolic properties that hold enormous potential for biotechnological processes. A model organism is Clostridium acetobutylicum that has been, and is still used in large-scale industrial production of the solvents acetone and butanol. Systems biology offers a new way to elucidate and understand the complex regulatory network controlling the different metabolic pathways and their interactions. All aspects from the development of appropriate experimental tools to mathematical modeling are covered, including a fascinating historical account on acetone-butanol fermentation in World War II. Written by world-class experts in their fields, Systems Biology of Clostridium is an essential source of reference for all biologists, biochemists, chemists, and chemical engineers working on biotechnological fermentations or industrial applications, as well as biofuels. Contents:Metabolic and Regulatory Networks in Clostridium AcetobutylicumClostridial Gene ToolsSupporting Systems Biology of Clostridium Acetobutylicum by Proteome AnalysisComparative Genomic Analysis of the General Stress Response in Clostridium Acetobutylicum ATCC 824 and Clostridium Beijerinckii NCIMB 8052Mathematical Modeling of the pH-Induced Metabolic Shift in Clostridium AcetobutylicumMathematical Models for Clostridia: From Cultivation Description to Systems BiologyModeling Agr-Dependent Quorum Sensing in Gram-Positive BacteriaComparative Genomic Analysis of the Central Metabolism of the Solventogenic Species Clostridium acetobutylicum ATCC 824 and Clostridium Beijerinckii NCIMB 8052The Strategic Importance of Biobutanol for Japan During WWII: A Case Study of the Butanol Fermentation Process in Taiwan and Japan Readership: Biologists, chemists, biochemists and chemical engineers working on biotechnological fermentations or industrial applications in biofuels. Key Features:First comprehensive overview of systems biology in the genus ClostridiumAuthors are world class experts in the fieldKeywords:Clostridium Acetobutylicum;Metabolic Network;Regulatory Network;proteome Analysis;Systems Biology

Investigating The Progression Of Cross Talk Mechanism In Caco 2 Cells During Clostridium Difficile Infection By Constructing Genetic And Epigenetic Interspecies Networks A Systems Biology Approach

Author : Ming-He Su
ISBN : OCLC:1011761777
Genre :
File Size : 44. 77 MB
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The Bacterial Spore

Author : Adam Driks
ISBN : 9781555819323
Genre : Science
File Size : 73. 22 MB
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The study of bacterial spores spans biosecurity to ecology The first articles describing the sporulation process were published by Robert Koch and Ferdinand Cohn in the late 19th century. Although most of the work accomplished in the past 50 years has focused on the model organism Bacillus subtilis, more recent work significantly expanded the scope of sporulation research to integrate medically relevant spore pathogens, such as B. anthracis and Clostridium difficile, as well as investigations of the ecology of spore-forming species. This new direction is supported by an explosion of novel techniques that can also be applied to nonmodel organisms, such as next-generation sequencing, metagenomics, and transcriptomics. The Bacterial Spore provides a comprehensive series of reviews of the major topics in spore biology that represent intensive, cutting-edge spore research. Editors Adam Driks and Patrick Eichenberger assembled chapters written by a team of diverse and multidisciplinary experts in biodefense and microbial forensics to produce an overview of topics of spore research, such as spore molecular biology, bioremediation, systems biology, issues in biodefense, and the challenge of food safety that is accessible to any reader, regardless of expertise. The Bacterial Spore also encompasses the diversity of spore research, which will appeal to those seeking to broaden their knowledge. The Bacterial Spore is a reference for a wide range of readers, including geneticists, cell biologists, physiologists, structural and evolutionary biologists, applied scientists, advanced undergraduate and graduate students, and nonresearchers, such as national security professionals.

A Systems Biology Approach To Understanding And Improving Butanol Production In Clostridium Beijerinckii

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ISBN : OCLC:932015805
Genre :
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A Functional Genomics Investigation Of Clinically Relevant Heat Stress In Clostridium Difficile Strain 630

Author : Shailesh Jain
ISBN : OCLC:806196025
Genre :
File Size : 43. 90 MB
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Clostridium difficile has raised significant public concern over the past few decades owing to its emergence as a serious and life-threatening nosocomial pathogen. C. difficile-associated disease is often precipitated due to persistent use of broad-spectrum antibiotics which eventually disrupts the normal colonic micro flora thereby promoting the spread of this toxin- producing organism. There are several classical signs and symptoms associated with C. difficile infection including profuse diarrhoea, abdominal cramps, nausea, and fever. The main objective of this investigation was to employ a systems biology approach in order to assess the response of C. difficile strain 630 when exposed to a clinically relevant heat-stress (4l0C relative to 37°C). This was achieved by carrying out gel-based and gel-free proteomic techniques to characterise the soluble subproteome of this bacterium. Several differentially expressed proteins were hence identified, functionally categorised, and physiochemically characterised which made it possible to comment upon the biochemistry of this organism when exposed to heat-stress conditions. Subsequently, in order to complement our proteomics dataset, whole-genome microarrays were performed to gain a transcriptomic overview of the same heat-stress response of C. difficile. Upon data analysis, it was revealed that in addition to several others, the gene expression and protein abundance levels of classical molecular chaperones such as GroEL and DnaK were significantly modulated. Therefore, genes encoding these chaperones were then targeted to attempt and isolate knockout mutants of C. difficile in order to assess the impact of such a disruption upon the overall physiology of this organism. The results obtained from this systems biology investigation provide a comprehensive overview of the heat-stress response of C. difficile and additionally reveals the importance of certain genes in maintaining cellular homeostasis not only upon exposing the organism to stressful environments, but also under optimal growth conditions.

Developing Biofuel Bioprocesses Using Systems And Synthetic Biology

Author : Sylvia M. Clay
ISBN : 9781461455790
Genre : Science
File Size : 53. 47 MB
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Advances in technological and analytical methods have fostered rapid growth of systems biology and synthetic biology. There continues to be rapid changes and discoveries in both fields with a small number of recent peer-reviewed reviews indicating some of the relationships between systems biology and synthetic biology. This proposed SpringerBrief will cover core concepts of systems biology and synthetic biology and illustrate the implementation of associated research methodologies for an integrated approach to specifically address engineering microorganisms for biofuel production.​

Bioinformatics And Systems Biology

Author : Frederick Marcus
ISBN : 9783540783534
Genre : Science
File Size : 45. 43 MB
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Collaborative research in bioinformatics and systems biology is a key element of modern biology and health research. This book highlights and provides access to many of the methods, environments, results and resources involved, including integral laboratory data generation and experimentation and clinical activities. Collaborative projects embody a research paradigm that connects many of the top scientists, institutions, their resources and research worldwide, resulting in first-class contributions to bioinformatics and systems biology. Central themes include describing processes and results in collaborative research projects using computational biology and providing a guide for researchers to access them. The book is also a practical guide on how science is managed. It shows how collaborative researchers are putting results together in a way accessible to the entire biomedical community.

Advances In Microbial Food Safety

Author : C. Pin
ISBN : 9780128089835
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 54. 97 MB
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In this chapter, we endeavour to predict the trends in predictive microbiology that are going to shape its development as a multidisciplinary field. We integrate the most commonly used, population and single-cell models of bacterial kinetics into a top-down framework. We predict that modellers will need to face various complexities induced by interactions at different levels: between food and microorganism, between cells and species and between molecular elements at the intracellular level. Hence, advances in the area of complex systems (e.g. network science, systems biology and stochastic modelling) will have a significant effect on the future development of predictive microbiology.

Emerging Areas In Bioengineering

Author : Ho Nam Chang
ISBN : 9783527803286
Genre : Science
File Size : 71. 81 MB
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With more than 40 contributions from expert authors, this is an extensive overview of all important research topics in the field of bioengineering, including metabolic engineering, biotransformations and biomedical applications. Alongside several chapters dealing with biotransformations and biocatalysis, a whole section is devoted to biofuels and the utilization of biomass. Current perspectives on synthetic biology and metabolic engineering approaches are presented, involving such example organisms as Escherichia coli and Corynebacterium glutamicum, while a further section covers topics in biomedical engineering including drug delivery systems and biopharmaceuticals. The book concludes with chapters on computer-aided bioprocess engineering and systems biology. This is a part of the Advanced Biotechnology book series, covering all pertinent aspects of the field with each volume prepared by eminent scientists who are experts on the topic in question. Invaluable reading for biotechnologists and bioengineers, as well as those working in the chemical and pharmaceutical industries. Advanced Biotechnology Biotechnology is a broad, interdisciplinary field of science, combining biological sciences and relevant engineering disciplines, that is becoming increasingly important as it benefits the environment and society as a whole. Recent years have seen substantial advances in all areas of biotechnology, resulting in the emergence of brand new fields. To reflect this progress, Sang-Yup Lee (KAIST, South Korea), Jens Nielsen (Chalmers University, Sweden), and Gregory Stephanopoulos (MIT, USA) have joined forces as the editors of a new Wiley-VCH book series. Advanced Biotechnology will cover all pertinent aspects of the field and each volume will be prepared by eminent scientists who are experts on the topic in question.

Networks In Systems Biology

Author : Fabricio Alves Barbosa da Silva
ISBN : 9783030518622
Genre : Computers
File Size : 75. 30 MB
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This book presents a range of current research topics in biological network modeling, as well as its application in studies on human hosts, pathogens, and diseases. Systems biology is a rapidly expanding field that involves the study of biological systems through the mathematical modeling and analysis of large volumes of biological data. Gathering contributions from renowned experts in the field, some of the topics discussed in depth here include networks in systems biology, the computational modeling of multidrug-resistant bacteria, and systems biology of cancer. Given its scope, the book is intended for researchers, advanced students, and practitioners of systems biology. The chapters are research-oriented, and present some of the latest findings on their respective topics.

Emerging Policy Issues In Synthetic Biology

Author : OECD
ISBN : 9789264208421
Genre :
File Size : 74. 48 MB
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This book examines policy issues in synthetic biology including R&D funding, company investment, PPP arrangements and innovative financing, infrastructure requirements, education and training, intellectual property (IP), regulation, and public engagement.

Methods In Computational Biology

Author : Ross Carlson
ISBN : 9783039211630
Genre : Science
File Size : 62. 21 MB
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Modern biology is rapidly becoming a study of large sets of data. Understanding these data sets is a major challenge for most life sciences, including the medical, environmental, and bioprocess fields. Computational biology approaches are essential for leveraging this ongoing revolution in omics data. A primary goal of this Special Issue, entitled “Methods in Computational Biology”, is the communication of computational biology methods, which can extract biological design principles from complex data sets, described in enough detail to permit the reproduction of the results. This issue integrates interdisciplinary researchers such as biologists, computer scientists, engineers, and mathematicians to advance biological systems analysis. The Special Issue contains the following sections: • Reviews of Computational Methods • Computational Analysis of Biological Dynamics: From Molecular to Cellular to Tissue/Consortia Levels • The Interface of Biotic and Abiotic Processes • Processing of Large Data Sets for Enhanced Analysis • Parameter Optimization and Measurement

Metagenomic Systems Biology

Author : Shailza Singh
ISBN : 9789811585623
Genre : Science
File Size : 82. 54 MB
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The book serves as an amalgamation of knowledge and principles used in the area of systems and synthetic biology, and targets inter-disciplinary research groups. The readers from diversified areas would be benefited by the valuable resources and information available in one book. Microbiome projects with efficient data handling can fuel progress in the area of microbial synthetic biology by providing a ready to use plug and play chassis. Advances in gene editing technology such as the use of tailor made synthetic transcription factors will further enhance the availability of synthetic devices to be applied in the fields of environment, agriculture and health. The different chapters of the book reviews a broad range of topics, including food microbiome in ecology, use of microbiome in personalized medicine, machine learning in biomedicine. The book also describes ways to harness and exploit the incredible amounts of genomic data. The book is not only limited to medicine but also caters to the needs of environmentalists, biochemical engineers etc. It will be of interest to advanced students and researchers in life sciences, computational biology, microbiology and other inter-disciplinary areas.

The Science And Applications Of Synthetic And Systems Biology

Author : Institute of Medicine
ISBN : 9780309219396
Genre : Science
File Size : 65. 64 MB
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Many potential applications of synthetic and systems biology are relevant to the challenges associated with the detection, surveillance, and responses to emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases. On March 14 and 15, 2011, the Institute of Medicine's (IOM's) Forum on Microbial Threats convened a public workshop in Washington, DC, to explore the current state of the science of synthetic biology, including its dependency on systems biology; discussed the different approaches that scientists are taking to engineer, or reengineer, biological systems; and discussed how the tools and approaches of synthetic and systems biology were being applied to mitigate the risks associated with emerging infectious diseases. The Science and Applications of Synthetic and Systems Biology is organized into sections as a topic-by-topic distillation of the presentations and discussions that took place at the workshop. Its purpose is to present information from relevant experience, to delineate a range of pivotal issues and their respective challenges, and to offer differing perspectives on the topic as discussed and described by the workshop participants. This report also includes a collection of individually authored papers and commentary.

Systems Metabolic Engineering

Author : Christoph Wittmann
ISBN : 9789400745346
Genre : Medical
File Size : 79. 8 MB
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Systems Metabolic Engineering is changing the way microbial cell factories are designed and optimized for industrial production. Integrating systems biology and biotechnology with new concepts from synthetic biology enables the global analysis and engineering of microorganisms and bioprocesses at super efficiency and versatility otherwise not accessible. Without doubt, systems metabolic engineering is a major driver towards bio-based production of chemicals, materials and fuels from renewables and thus one of the core technologies of global green growth. In this book, Christoph Wittmann and Sang-Yup Lee have assembled the world leaders on systems metabolic engineering and cover the full story – from genomes and networks via discovery and design to industrial implementation practises. This book is a comprehensive resource for students and researchers from academia and industry interested in systems metabolic engineering. It provides us with the fundaments to targeted engineering of microbial cells for sustainable bio-production and stimulates those who are interested to enter this exiting research field.

Direct Microbial Conversion Of Biomass To Advanced Biofuels

Author : Michael E Himmel
ISBN : 9780444595898
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 23. 7 MB
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'Direct Microbial Conversion of Biomass to Advanced Biofuels' is a stylized text that is rich in both the basic and applied sciences. It provides a higher level summary of the most important aspects of the topic, addressing critical problems solved by deep science. Expert users will find new, critical methods that can be applied to their work, detailed experimental plans, important outcomes given for illustrative problems, and conclusions drawn for specific studies that address broad based issues. A broad range of readers will find this to be a comprehensive, informational text on the subject matter, including experimentalists and even CEOs deciding on new business directions. Describes an important new field in biotechnology, the consolidated conversion of lignocellulosic feedstocks to advanced fuels Up-to-date views of promising technologies used in the production of advanced biofuels Presents the newest ideas, well-designed experiments, and outcomes Provides outstanding illustrations from NREL and contributing researchers Contains contributions from leaders in the field that provide numerous examples and insights into the most important aspects of the topic

Annual Plant Reviews Plant Systems Biology

Author : Gloria Coruzzi
ISBN : 1444312235
Genre : Science
File Size : 22. 88 MB
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Plant Systems Biology is an excellent new addition to theincreasingly well-known and respected Annual Plant Reviews.Split into two parts, this title offers the reader: A fundamental conceptual framework for Systems Biologyincluding Network Theory The progress achieved for diverse model organisms: Prokaryotes, C. elegans and Arabidopsis The diverse sources of “omic” information necessaryfor a systems understanding of plants Insights into the software tools developed for systemsbiology Interesting case studies regarding applications includingnitrogen-use, flowering-time and root development Ecological and evolutionary considerations regarding livingsystems This volume captures the cutting edge of systems biologyresearch and aims to be an introductory material for undergraduateand graduate students as well as plant and agricultural scientists,molecular biologists, geneticists and microbiologists. It alsoserves as a foundation in the biological aspects of the field forinterested computer scientists. Libraries in all universities andresearch establishments where biological and agricultural sciencesare studied and taught and integrated with Computer Sciences shouldhave copies of this important volume on their shelves.

Synthetic Biology For The Sustainable Production Of Biochemicals In Engineered Microbes

Author : Shuobo Shi
ISBN : 9782832500637
Genre : Science
File Size : 52. 60 MB
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Metabolic Engineering

Author : Sang Yup Lee
ISBN : 9783527823451
Genre : Science
File Size : 70. 53 MB
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Learn more about foundational and advanced topics in metabolic engineering in this comprehensive resource edited by leaders in the field Metabolic Engineering: Concepts and Applications delivers a one-stop resource for readers seeking a complete description of the concepts, models, and applications of metabolic engineering. This guide offers practical insights into the metabolic engineering of major cell lines, including E. Coli, Bacillus and Yarrowia Lipolytica, and organisms, including human, animal, and plant). The distinguished editors also offer readers resources on microbiome engineering and the use of metabolic engineering in bioremediation. Written in two parts, Metabolic Engineering begins with the essential models and strategies of the field, like Flux Balance Analysis, Quantitative Flux Analysis, and Proteome Constrained Models. It also provides an overview of topics like Pathway Design, Metabolomics, and Genome Editing of Bacteria and Eukarya. The second part contains insightful descriptions of the practical applications of metabolic engineering, including specific examples that shed light on the topics within. In addition to subjects like the metabolic engineering of animals, humans, and plants, you’ll learn more about: Metabolic engineering concepts and a historical perspective on their development The different modes of analysis, including flux balance analysis and quantitative flux analysis An illuminating and complete discussion of the thermodynamics of metabolic pathways The Genome architecture of E. coli, as well as genome editing of both bacteria and eukarya An in-depth treatment of the application of metabolic engineering techniques to organisms including corynebacterial, bacillus, and pseudomonas, and more Perfect for students of biotechnology, bioengineers, and biotechnologists, Metabolic Engineering: Concepts and Applications also has a place on the bookshelves of research institutes, biotechnological institutes and industry labs, and university libraries. It's comprehensive treatment of all relevant metabolic engineering concepts, models, and applications will be of use to practicing biotechnologists and bioengineers who wish to solidify their understanding of the field.

Practical Handbook Of Microbiology

Author : Lorrence H Green
ISBN : 9781000245035
Genre : Science
File Size : 82. 13 MB
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Practical Handbook of Microbiology, 4th edition provides basic, clear and concise knowledge and practical information about working with microorganisms. Useful to anyone interested in microbes, the book is intended to especially benefit four groups: trained microbiologists working within one specific area of microbiology; people with training in other disciplines, and use microorganisms as a tool or "chemical reagent"; business people evaluating investments in microbiology focused companies; and an emerging group, people in occupations and trades that might have limited training in microbiology, but who require specific practical information. Key Features Provides a comprehensive compendium of basic information on microorganisms—from classical microbiology to genomics. Includes coverage of disease-causing bacteria, bacterial viruses (phage), and the use of phage for treating diseases, and added coverage of extremophiles. Features comprehensive coverage of antimicrobial agents, including chapters on anti-fungals and anti-virals. Covers the Microbiome, gene editing with CRISPR, Parasites, Fungi, and Animal Viruses. Adds numerous chapters especially intended for professionals such as healthcare and industrial professionals, environmental scientists and ecologists, teachers, and businesspeople. Includes comprehensive survey table of Clinical, Commercial, and Research-Model bacteria.

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