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The Biological Resources Of Model Organisms

Author : Robert L. Jarret
ISBN : 9781351587761
Genre : Science
File Size : 43. 75 MB
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This book discusses 14 model organisms and are used by thousands of researchers, teachers, and students each year in laboratories and classrooms, around the globe. Though acknowledged in innumerable scientific journal articles, little is generally known about the origin of these collections, how the organisms contained within them have been acquired, and how they are maintained and distributed. While some collections such as Drosophila have long histories others, such as the collection of Brachionus, are relatively new. They vary greatly in size. Yet, all have contributed and are continuing to contribute to global research efforts in many areas of scientific research as diverse as tissue regeneration, skin cancer, evolution, water purity, gene function, and hundreds of others. In addition to providing the raw materials for national and international research programs, these collections also provide educational tools used by colleges and high schools. The chapters in this book attempt to provide a brief look at the individual organisms, how they came to be accepted as model organisms, the history of the individual collections, examples of how the organisms have been and are being used in scientific research, and a description of the facilities and procedures used to maintain them. Features: • Provides an in-depth look at the collections of 14 model organisms that have enabled innumerable scientific breakthroughs over decades, and that continue to do so. • Includes detailed descriptions of the operating procedures used for the maintenance of each model organism collection. • Discusses the holdings of the collections of model organisms and its relevance to past, current and future scientific research. • Written by the leaders in the field of the management of model organisms.

The Biological Resources Of Model Organisms

Author : Robert L. Jarret
ISBN : 9781351587778
Genre : Science
File Size : 76. 62 MB
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This book discusses 14 model organisms and are used by thousands of researchers, teachers, and students each year in laboratories and classrooms, around the globe. Though acknowledged in innumerable scientific journal articles, little is generally known about the origin of these collections, how the organisms contained within them have been acquired, and how they are maintained and distributed. While some collections such as Drosophila have long histories others, such as the collection of Brachionus, are relatively new. They vary greatly in size. Yet, all have contributed and are continuing to contribute to global research efforts in many areas of scientific research as diverse as tissue regeneration, skin cancer, evolution, water purity, gene function, and hundreds of others. In addition to providing the raw materials for national and international research programs, these collections also provide educational tools used by colleges and high schools. The chapters in this book attempt to provide a brief look at the individual organisms, how they came to be accepted as model organisms, the history of the individual collections, examples of how the organisms have been and are being used in scientific research, and a description of the facilities and procedures used to maintain them. Features: • Provides an in-depth look at the collections of 14 model organisms that have enabled innumerable scientific breakthroughs over decades, and that continue to do so. • Includes detailed descriptions of the operating procedures used for the maintenance of each model organism collection. • Discusses the holdings of the collections of model organisms and its relevance to past, current and future scientific research. • Written by the leaders in the field of the management of model organisms.

The Biological Resources Of Model Organisms

Author : Robert L. Jarret
ISBN : 1138294616
Genre :
File Size : 23. 80 MB
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Bioresources are used by thousands of researchers and represent invaluable assets for large-scale experiments in a wide range of disciplines. These living materials include diverse species such as thale cress, maize, fruit flies, clawed frogs, zebrafish, green algae, tilapia, and sheep spanning across scientific disciplines. This book discusses the history, significance, and biodiversity of various genetic resources; managing existing bioresources through acquisition, maintenance, and distribution policies; characterization and evaluation of these resources; and future goals and improvements in handling them. Key Features: Examines bioresources that are currently available for selected mammalian, microbiological, aquatic, and plant genetic resources. Provides an overview of genetic resource collections for important model organisms, their history and contents. Contains information on management practices of various genetic resources, how to access these materials and how they are used by individuals. Discusses information on scientific approaches used to characterize and evaluate bioresources. practices of various genetic resources, how to access these materials and how they are used by individuals. Discusses information on scientific approaches used to characterize and evaluate bioresources.

Handbook Of Marine Model Organisms In Experimental Biology

Author : Agnes Boutet
ISBN : 9781000464337
Genre : Science
File Size : 20. 67 MB
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The importance of molecular approaches for comparative biology and the rapid development of new molecular tools is unprecedented. The extraordinary molecular progress belies the need for understanding the development and basic biology of whole organisms. Vigorous international efforts to train the next-generation of experimental biologists must combine both levels – next generation molecular approaches and traditional organismal biology. This book provides cutting-edge chapters regarding the growing list of marine model organisms. Access to and practical advice on these model organisms have become a conditio sine qua non for a modern education of advanced undergraduate students, graduate students and postdocs working on marine model systems. Model organisms are not only tools they are also bridges between fields – from behavior, development and physiology to functional genomics. Key Features Offers deep insights into cutting-edge model system science Provides in-depth overviews of all prominent marine model organisms Illustrates challenging experimental approaches to model system research Serves as a reference book also for next-generation functional genomics applications Fills an urgent need for students Related Titles Jarret, R. L. & K. McCluskey, eds. The Biological Resources of Model Organisms (ISBN 978-1-1382-9461-5) Kim, S.-K. Healthcare Using Marine Organisms (ISBN 978-1-1382-9538-4) Mudher, A. & T. Newman, eds. Drosophila: A Toolbox for the Study of Neurodegenerative Disease (ISBN 978-0-4154-1185-1) Green, S. L. The Laboratory Xenopus sp. (ISBN 978-1-4200-9109-0)

Xenopus

Author : Abraham Fainsod
ISBN : 1003050239
Genre : Science
File Size : 59. 84 MB
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This book focuses on the amphibian, Xenopus, one of the most commonly used model animals in the biological sciences. Over the past 50 years, the use of Xenopus has made possible many fundamental contributions to our knowledge in cell biology, developmental biology, molecular biology, and neurobiology. In recent years, with the completion of the genome sequence of the main two species and the application of genome editing techniques, Xenopus has emerged as a powerful system to study fundamental disease mechanisms and test treatment possibilities. Xenopus has proven an essential vertebrate model system for understanding fundamental cell and developmental biological mechanisms, for applying fundamental knowledge to pathological processes, for deciphering the function of human disease genes, and for understanding genome evolution. Key Features Provides historical context of the contributions of the model system Includes contributions from an international team of leading scholars Presents topics spanning cell biology, developmental biology, genomics, and disease model Describes recent experimental advances Incorporates richly illustrated diagrams and color images Related Titles Green, S. L. The Laboratory Xenopus sp. (ISBN 978-1-4200-9109-0) Faber, J. & P. D. Nieuwkoop. Normal Table of Xenopus laevis (Daudin): A Systematical & Chronological Survey of the Development from the Fertilized Egg till the End of Metamorphosis (ISBN 978-0-8153-1896-5) Jarret, R. L. & K. McCluskey. The Biological Resources of Model Organisms (ISBN 978-1-0320-9095-5)

Www Virtual Library

Author : Gerard Manning
ISBN : OCLC:51830688
Genre :
File Size : 62. 96 MB
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This site is a catalog of internet resources relating to biological model organisms, and is part of the Biosciences area of the Virtual Library project. Covers main model organisms, including: E. coli, S. cerevisae, Dictyostelium, Celegans, Drosophula, Arabidopsis, ZebraFish, Xenopus, Mouse, and others.

Science Technology On Bio Hylic And Biomass Resources In China A Roadmap To 2050

Author : Xinshi Zhang
ISBN : 9783642053405
Genre : Science
File Size : 90. 18 MB
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As one of the eighteen field-specific reports comprising the comprehensive scope of the strategic general report of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, this sub-report addresses long-range planning for developing science and technology in the field of bio-hylic and biomass resources. They each craft a roadmap for their sphere of development to 2050. In their entirety, the general and sub-group reports analyze the evolution and laws governing the development of science and technology, describe the decisive impact of science and technology on the modernization process, predict that the world is on the eve of an impending S&T revolution, and call for China to be fully prepared for this new round of S&T advancement. Based on the detailed study of the demands on S&T innovation in China's modernization, the reports draw a framework for eight basic and strategic systems of socio-economic development with the support of science and technology, work out China's S&T roadmaps for the relevant eight basic and strategic systems in line with China's reality, further detail S&T initiatives of strategic importance to China's modernization, and provide S&T decision-makers with comprehensive consultations for the development of S&T innovation consistent with China's reality. Supported by illustrations and tables of data, the reports provide researchers, government officials and entrepreneurs with guidance concerning research directions, the planning process, and investment. Founded in 1949, the Chinese Academy of Sciences is the nation's highest academic institution in natural sciences. Its major responsibilities are to conduct research in basic and technological sciences, to undertake nationwide integrated surveys on natural resources and ecological environment, to provide the country with scientific data and consultations for government's decision-making, to undertake government-assigned projects with regard to key S&T problems in the process of socio-economic development, to initiate personnel training, and to promote China's high-tech enterprises through its active engagement in these areas.

Evolution Of Ecological And Behavioural Diversity

Author : Bernard J. Crespi
ISBN : 0975020617
Genre : Nature
File Size : 35. 36 MB
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This book presents a novel, 'model clades' approach to the study of biodiversification, explicitly integrating behaviour, ecology, taxonomy, phylogenetics, and evolution. A single lineage of over 250 species (30 genera) of phytophagous thrips that has radiated on Australian Acacia is considered. Nine genera are newly described. The book explores causes and consequences of behavioural-ecological diversification with special emphasis on the evolution of social behaviour, host-plant use and exploitative behaviours. Ecological pressures of the arid and unpredictable Australian climate have selected for diverse means of creating, usurping, and co-opting domiciles. Such pressure has generated a positive feedback loop - adoption and modification of new host-plants by some thrips species creates further niches for additional ones. These thrips exhibit remarkable morphological, behavioural and ecological variation. They can be considered as a microcosm for understanding processes that generate biodiversity among all phytophagous insects, and indeed among all animals.

Insect Phenotypic Plasticity

Author : T N Ananthakrishnan
ISBN : MINN:31951D02510215D
Genre : Science
File Size : 31. 6 MB
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It helps to explain such notable phenomena as castes in social insects, phase shifts in locusts, alternation of generations in aphids, color polymorphism in butterflies, allometry and horn length in beetles, and diapause, estivation, quiescence, acclimation, learning, migration, host plant switching, alternative mating tactics, and maternal effects, in a wide range of insects. This book documents the plasticity inherent in insects. In a companion volume, Phenotypic Plasticity of Insects: Mechanisms and Consequences we explore the underlying causes, process, and consequences of plasticity."--Jacket.

Biology Ecology And Evolution Of Gall Inducing Arthropods

Author : Anantanarayanan Raman
ISBN : MINN:31951D02510267U
Genre : Gall insects
File Size : 49. 93 MB
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Animal Models For Microbiome Research

Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
ISBN : 9780309463911
Genre : Science
File Size : 71. 90 MB
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The surface of the human body and its mucous membranes are heavily colonized by microorganisms. Our understanding of the contributions that complex microbial communities make to health and disease is advancing rapidly. Most microbiome research to date has focused on the mouse as a model organism for delineating the mechanisms that shape the assembly and dynamic operations of microbial communities. However, the mouse is not a perfect surrogate for studying different aspects of the microbiome and how it responds to various environmental and host stimuli, and as a result, researchers have been conducting microbiome studies in other animals. To examine the different animal models researchers employ in microbiome studies and to better understand the strengths and weaknesses of each of these model organisms as they relate to human and nonhuman health and disease, the Roundtable on Science and Welfare in Laboratory Animal Use of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a workshop in December 2016. The workshop participants explored how to improve the depth and breadth of analysis of microbial communities using various model organisms, the challenges of standardization and biological variability that are inherent in gnotobiotic animal-based research, the predictability and translatability of preclinical studies to humans, and strategies for expanding the infrastructure and tools for conducting studies in these types of models. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Dictyostelium Discoideum Protocols

Author : Ludwig Eichinger
ISBN : 9781597451444
Genre : Science
File Size : 60. 67 MB
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Dictyostelium discoideum is a simple but fascinating eukaryotic microorg- ism, whose natural habitat is deciduous forest soil and decaying leaves, where the amoebae feed on bacteria and grow as independent single cells. Exhaustion of the bacterial food source triggers a developmental program, in which up to 100,000 cells aggregate by chemotaxis towards cAMP. Morphogenesis and cell different- tion then culminate in the production of spores enabling the organism to survive unfavorable conditions. Dictyostelium offers unique advantages for studying f- damental cellular processes with the aid of powerful molecular genetic, bioche- cal, and cell biological tools. These processes include signal transduction, chemotaxis, cell motility, cytokinesis, phagocytosis, and aspects of development such as cell sorting, pattern formation and cell type differentiation. Recently, D- tyostelium was also described as a suitable host for pathogenic bacteria in which one can conveniently study the process of infection. In addition, Dictyostelium has many of the experimental conveniences of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and is pr- ably the best experimentally manipulatable protozoan, providing insight into this diverse group of organisms, which includes some of the most dangerous human parasites. The recent completion of the Dictyostelium genome sequencing project strengthens the position of D. discoideum as a model organism. The completed genome sequence and other valuable community resources constitute the source for basic biological and biomedical research and for genome-wide analyses.

Systems Biology And Biotechnology Of Escherichia Coli

Author : Sang Yup Lee
ISBN : 9781402093944
Genre : Science
File Size : 82. 66 MB
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Systems biology is changing the way biological systems are studied by allowing us to examine the cell and organism as a whole. Systems biotechnology allows optimal design and development of upstream to downstream bioprocesses by taking a systems-approach. E. coli has been a model organism for almost all biological and biotechnological studies. This book brings together for the first time the state-of-the-art reviews by the world-leading experts on systems biology and biotechnological applications of E. coli. The topics covered include genomics and functional genomics, resources for systems biology, network analysis, genome-scale metabolic reconstruction, modelling and simulation, dynamic modelling and simulation, systems-level analysis of evolution, plasmids and expression systems, protein synthesis, production and export, engineering the central metabolism, synthetic biology, and systems metabolic engineering of E. coli. This book provides readers with guidance on how a complex biological system can be studied using E. coli as a model organism. It also presents how to perform synthetic biology and systems metabolic engineering studies on E. coli with successful examples, the approaches of which can be extended to other organisms. This book will be a complete resource for anyone interested in systems biology and biotechnology.

The Reference Librarian

Author :
ISBN : UCAL:B4924388
Genre :
File Size : 46. 46 MB
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Giardia

Author : Hugo D. Lujan
ISBN : 3709119278
Genre : Medical
File Size : 75. 79 MB
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Giardia is a relatively simple eukaryotic microbe, causing acute and chronic diarrhea which has been used as a model to understand complex biological processes occurring in eukaryotic cells. Further, due to its parasitic lifestyle, Giardia is an excellent system for the study of the mechanisms of adaptation and cell differentiation from the perspectives of molecular and cell biology. This book presents a comprehensive review of the current state of knowledge regarding all aspects of Giardia’s biology, including epidemiology, cell and molecular biology, genetics, pathogenesis, diagnostics, and clinical treatment. It was written by internationally renowned authors, the leading researchers in the field including several chapters with techniques and resources available for the study of this microorganism. Questions that need to be addressed to fully understand the molecular mechanisms of the parasite as well as the cause of its pathology are presented. Furthermore, Giardia’s biology is compared with that of other parasites in relation to their complexity. This volume is an indispensable resource for researchers working with this parasite. It is a “must” for libraries and the bookshelves of everyone interested in the biology of parasites and early-branching eukaryotes.

Devbio Laboratory

Author : Mary S. Tyler
ISBN : 0878938737
Genre : Science
File Size : 44. 65 MB
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This access card code provides access to over 140 interactive videos and 300 labelled photographs instructing students on the life cycles of organisms, a laboratory manual containing challenging experiments, interactive puzzles and web links, a complete glossary with rollover definitions, study questions and a laboratory skills guide.

Molecular Cloning

Author : Joseph Sambrook
ISBN : 0879695773
Genre : Molecular cloning
File Size : 77. 89 MB
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Experiencing

Author : Alvin R. Mahrer
ISBN : STANFORD:36105037319121
Genre : Behavior
File Size : 22. 79 MB
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Dictyostelium Discoideum Protocols

Author : Ludwig Eichinger
ISBN : 1588296237
Genre : Science
File Size : 88. 29 MB
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Dictyostelium discoideum is a simple but fascinating eukaryotic microorg- ism, whose natural habitat is deciduous forest soil and decaying leaves, where the amoebae feed on bacteria and grow as independent single cells. Exhaustion of the bacterial food source triggers a developmental program, in which up to 100,000 cells aggregate by chemotaxis towards cAMP. Morphogenesis and cell different- tion then culminate in the production of spores enabling the organism to survive unfavorable conditions. Dictyostelium offers unique advantages for studying f- damental cellular processes with the aid of powerful molecular genetic, bioche- cal, and cell biological tools. These processes include signal transduction, chemotaxis, cell motility, cytokinesis, phagocytosis, and aspects of development such as cell sorting, pattern formation and cell type differentiation. Recently, D- tyostelium was also described as a suitable host for pathogenic bacteria in which one can conveniently study the process of infection. In addition, Dictyostelium has many of the experimental conveniences of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and is pr- ably the best experimentally manipulatable protozoan, providing insight into this diverse group of organisms, which includes some of the most dangerous human parasites. The recent completion of the Dictyostelium genome sequencing project strengthens the position of D. discoideum as a model organism. The completed genome sequence and other valuable community resources constitute the source for basic biological and biomedical research and for genome-wide analyses.

Muelleria

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015061996248
Genre : Botany
File Size : 84. 89 MB
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